The first-year courses of the master track MII aim for the students to reach an advanced level in clinically relevant technology, related to imaging and interventions. There is also an increasing focus on therapies to interact with (patho) physiological processes. Besides these courses, which are described in detail below, students are trained in clinical skills, work on two cases and take two optional courses of their own choice.
The first semester and part of the second semester focus on medical imaging. In the course “Molecular Interaction for Imaging Technologies” students will get familiar with the physical and chemical aspects that are crucial in the field of molecular imaging. They will focus on the interactions that determine the properties and prospects of existing and future techniques in magnetic resonance and nuclear imaging.
In the course “Imaging Technologies” imaging methods are covered in depth. The practical aspects of a range of imaging modalities are treated in combination with various intensive hands-on courses on MRI, CT, X-ray and ultrasound. Students will learn to apply and combine imaging techniques to get the best possible images for diagnosis and therapy.
The course on “Radiation Expertise” is an integral part of this track to make sure students can work safely in the clinic and design safe procedures for imaging and interventional techniques. The course leads to the nationally recognized ‘Diploma voor Coördinerend Deskundige’ (stralingsdeskundige niveau 3), that allows graduates to work as radiation expert anywhere in the Netherlands.
In “Segmentation and Visualisation” students will gain expertise on the quantitative analysis, segmentation and visualisation of medical imaging data. This will enable them to transform, analyse and utilize complex image structures in multiple dimensions and originating from various modalities.
In the second semester the focus is more on interventions, although usually in combination with imaging. In the course “Surgical Navigation Technology” students will learn the basics of medical robotics and navigation technology for accurate and reliable medical interventions. This technology provides the surgeon with visual feedback, and it possibly also provides the navigation data needed to control a robotic support. Students will learn to analyse and design an image-guided surgical navigation system.
Most diseases that result from malfunctioning, damaged, or failing tissues may be potentially cured with biomaterials or through regenerative medicine therapies, e.g. by regenerating the damaged tissues or growing the tissues and organs in vitro and (re-) implanting them into the patient. In “Clinical Biotechnology” students will focus on the latest advances in technology and medicine for replacing tissues and organs damaged by disease and developing therapies for previously untreatable conditions, such as diabetes, heart disease, liver disease, and renal failure.
Each semester has two clinical skills courses: “Injections, punctures and catherizations” and “Surgical skills” in the first and “Advanced life support” and “Endoscopic skills” in the second semester. The students learn to perform the clinical skills in a simulated environment (level 3).
One optional subject is included in each semester. Students can freely choose from all master subjects on offer at the University of Twente or other universities. Also self-study topics are possible.
The courses in each semester are integrated in the framework of a clinical case in which students apply and integrate the technological and technical-medical expertise from the other courses. These cases are real cases from the clinic and are presented and (co-)assessed by clinicians. The case in the first semester focuses on imaging; in the second semester on interventions. Typical subjects in the first semester include localizing tumour tissue (before and during an intervention) and accurate monitoring of displacements (e.g. brain-shift, respiratory and abdominal movements). Typical subjects for the case in the second semester include neuro-surgery and interventional-radiology and the development of a new surgical procedure for a (minimal) invasive intervention.