** NOTE: DURING THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS THE ETHICAL REVIEW OF YOUR RESEARCH REQUEST PROBABLY WILL TAKE LONGER.
Welcome at the website of the BMS Ethics Committee (EC). This committee facilitates and monitors the ethical conduct of all research involving human beings in the Faculty of BMS.
To ensure an ethically responsible research practice, it is mandatory for employees and students from the Faculty of BMS to submit their research project for ethical assessment in case your research involves human participants or/and using potentially sensitive data about and/or from individuals, groups or organizations.
This webpage offers all the information you need about the assessment procedure and the ethical principles and criteria used.
If you plan to do research with human subjects you have to submit your proposal for ethical assessment. This is in principle for all intended research within the faculty of BMS involving humans in an indirect (i.e. file or social media research) or direct manner (i.e. experiments, surveys, interviews). You can only start the research after you gained ethical approval. The BMS Ethics Committee will assess whether the research proposed conforms to ethical standards. This applies to all research that is conducted by BMS staff, PhD’s, postdocs and students (BA-/MA-thesis), regardless of where it is conducted. This means that even if the organization where you plan to do your research does not require any ethical approval, you still have to submit your research for approval of the BMS EC. If research is conducted by students or trainees, the supervising staff member bears the ultimate responsibility (because there needs to be an employment relationship with the University). Read more below under 'BMS Research or not' and in the FAQ, also important for Bachelor and Master students.
If your research has undergone ethical assessment outside the Netherlands, we ask you to submit it for assessment by us as well, as ethical guidelines for conducting research may differ between countries. If your research has been assessed and approved by an ethics committee in the Netherlands, but outside the Faculty of BMS, the BMS Ethics Committee will adopt the previous decision. You should nevertheless always provide the Secretary of the BMS Ethics Committee with documentation on the external submission and the decision. Also, identify whether the organization with which you will be working has its own requirements and policy for the ethical review of research. If it does, submit your proposal to this organization, and provide us with a copy of your application and the resulting decision.
In case of a research subject to WMO/non-WMO read further under 'medical-ethical review'.
Research with human subjects can take many different forms. Basically, it is scientific research that depends on the participation of humans to generate data for further analysis. It includes interviews, surveys, observations, laboratory and field experiments, recording and manipulation of physiological functioning, interventions in human behavior and/or physiological functioning, focus groups, ethnography, but also living labs and analysis of social media content. In all these cases, the interests of the human beings studied may conflict with the interests of the researcher and the value of science as a whole. Therefore, a careful ethical assessment is necessary. Such assessment is carried out by the BMS Ethics Committee (EC) or - in case of research that is medically oriented - by an accredited MREC or the CCMO.
In the Netherlands, medical research involving human subjects is regulated by law: the Medical Research Involving Human Subjects Act (WMO). Research is subject to the WMO if:
- It concerns medical-scientific research, and
- Participants are subject to procedures or are required to follow rules of behavior.
Read more information to decide if your research falls under the WMO. (also in Dutch)
If your research satisfies these two criteria, you have to undergo a review by an accredited MREC or the CCMO, instead of a review by our BMS Ethics Committee. In practice, there will always be cases in which it is not clear immediately if a study is or is not subject to the WMO: the so-called grey area. When in doubt it is best you contact the MREC or CCMO.
Cooperation between the University of Twente and CMO Arnhem-Nijmegen
The METC Twente will close down April 1st, 2019. The University of Twente and Rehabilitation Centre Het Roessingh have sought cooperation with the accredited MREC 'Research Ethics Committee in the region Arnhem-Nijmegen (CMO A/N)'. You can submit your research dossier to the CMO A/N through their online portal. There is an instruction manual available for submission to CMO A/N. This procedure can also be used for advice on WMO applicability (non-WMO statement).
NOTE: The local hospitals, MST and ZGT, have decided to further cooperate with the Medical Research Ethics Committees United (MEC-U) in Nieuwegein. Ongoing studies, approved by the METC Twente in the past, will be transferred to the MEC-U. Details regarding this transfer and implications for involved researchers will become apparent in the coming months.
TechMed supports UT researchers with this type of research. Get in contact.
If your research does not fall under the scope of the WMO then it does not have to be reviewed by an accredited MREC or the CCMO. However, please note you may need a non-WMO declaration in case you carry out your research in a hospital or another medical institution. Also, identify whether the organization with which you will be working has its own requirements and policy for the ethical review of research. If it does, submit your proposal to this organization, and provide us with a copy of your application and the resulting decision. The MREC/CCMO also assess research that does not fall under the scope of the WMO.
NOTE: Non-WMO research needs to be submitted for review by our BMS Ethical Committee (BMS EC). A declaration that your research is ‘not subject to WMO’ does NOT constitute proof that it is ethically unproblematic. If you have a non-WMO declaration, add this to the attachments in your application request.
However, you should always notify the BMS EC that you plan to submit your research project to a METC. You need to provide us with a copy of your submission and the formal reaction by the MREC/CCMO.
Both documents concerning the METC assessment should be sent to the secretary (Lyan Kamphuis-Blikman).
Costs involved with WMO/non-WMO research
If you have notified the BMS EC the costs of the medical-ethical review of your study will be covered by centrally administered research funds of the BMS Faculty, instead of by the department. Note: The refund of costs is only applicable to the main study review, not to amendments or non-wmo assessment (mostly free of costs).
If you have questions about this procedure you can contact the secretary of the BMS EC, Lyan Kamphuis-Blikman.
Please note that the BMS Ethics Committee assesses research with human subjects carried out by, or under supervision of, employees of the BMS Faculty only. Researchers from other faculties have to comply with the rules and procedures within their own faculty. If researchers from different faculties are involved in the same project, the human subjects research should be assessed by the faculty of the principal investigator.
Students from programs offered by other UT-faculties, in which BMS employees are involved as supervisors should comply with the ethical regulations of their (first) supervisor’s faculty. This means that students from, for example 'the Health Sciences program', should submit their project for ethical approval to the BMS Ethics committee only if their first supervisor is a BMS-employee.
Bachelor and Master students
Ethical review of research by students is obligatory for all bachelor and master thesis projects using human subjects. In addition, teachers may decide that ethical review of research by students in the context of courses, modules or internships is necessary after all. If this is the case, the teacher should contact the representative of the EC assigned to the department of the teacher to discuss how this can best be arranged.
Ethically responsible research is based on a broad set of general ethical principles, which guide the ethical assessment. These include:
- Avoidance of exploitation;
- Just distribution of benefits and burden;
- Respect for persons:
1. Participants are treated as autonomous agents;
2. Participants with diminished autonomy are entitled to protection;
- Respect for human dignity;
- Scientific validity;
- Scientific, societal and/or educational relevance;
- Respect for rights and specific interests of (specific groups of) research participants, and/or the community/society
- Safeguarding confidentiality and respecting privacy matters.
The BMS Faculty subscribes to the Dutch Code of Ethics for Research in the Social and Behavioral Sciences involving human participants that is intended as a guideline involving research not covered by the WMO.
BMS Data management Policy
In 2015 the UT published the Research data policy UT. This document sets out minimum criteria for the management and storage of data. Since the way in which research data is handled varies from one academic discipline to another, it is up to each faculty to supplement the university’s policies by setting up their own faculty data policy. These policies specify how scientists within the faculty are required to handle research data. Because of national and international laws, regulations and funder requirements, data management soon becomes very important for the research department and researchers. The BMS data policy is available in Dutch & English. Many steps in improving the infrastructure, facilities and support have already been taken, which can be found on the BMS LAB website and the BMS Datalab website.
You can submit the request for ethical assessment of your research via a web application (New ethical review application since 10 Dec'18). The person responsible for the research fills in a number of questions regarding the project. The questions in the web application consisting of a general part (questions on, for example, purpose and research question) and a specific part (questions on, amongst others, sessions, consent, provided information and expectations of participants). If you do not finish the questionnaire right away, the web application allows for provisional saving of the filled in answers, so you can continue later.
Once you have completed and submitted the questionnaire, the web application will automatically forward the request to the supervisor involved (if any). After the supervisor has approved the request, it will be sent by the EC secretary to the relevant member of the Ethics Committee. For more information, read the review procedure at this website. The questionnaire is made available in PDF format to all concerned when the Ethics Committee has approved the request.
Guides BMS Ethical Review web application
Guides can be downloaded here.
A PDF of the questions in the web application (and the informational notes accompanying each question) is available here (e.g. for use when preparing the answers to the questions with your supervisor in advance).
An FAQ is available as well.
Changes to your research after the ethical review is completed?
If any substantive changes (amendment) are made to the research proposal (eg., methods or design) after the ethical review has been completed, these changes must be submitted to the ethical committee. Send your changes to Lyan Kamphuis-Blikman stating your request number. The changes will be presented to the involved EC-member and it will be decided if they are approved or if the changes are too substantial such that a new research request should be submitted.
The Ethics Committee member will first assess whether the submitted research proposal satisfies the characteristics and conditions for standard research as defined by the department involved. If this is the case, the Ethics Committee member can independently assess the proposal. He or she may ask some further questions for clarification or suggest some improvements, to which the applicant is expected to respond. The final assessment (approval/rejection) will be communicated via the web application within 10 working days after the initial submission of the request.
If the submitted research is not classified as ‘standard research’, the proposal will be forwarded to a subset of EC members for a more extensive assessment. Again, further questions may be asked, via the web application or via e-mail. The EC may pose additional conditions before giving approval. The final decision will be communicated within 10 working days after the full EC received the submission. In difficult cases, the researcher may be invited to a committee meeting to personally explain and discuss the proposal before a decision is taken. This means the procedure may take more time; if so, the researcher will always be informed when a decision can be expected.
More information on the SONA test subject pool via the BMS Intranet.
Click for more information on informed participation & consent procedures and examples of informed consent forms (in Dutch and English).
For more info on Research and Privacy (GDPR) go to BMS Datalab.
Each BMS department has formulated what is considered as ‘standard research’ within that department, and under which conditions such research is thought to be ethically responsible. Please consult the description of the relevant department before you submit your research proposal. If you are uncertain as to whether, or under which conditions, the research proposed would be acceptable, please consult the EC member or contact person of your department, mentioned at the top of each standard research description.
In many scientific disciplines, professional codes for ethical conduct of research have been published, outlining what is considered good ethical practice in a specific domain of research. These codes offer general principles and guidelines to take into account when you are designing your own research, and are often slightly more specific than the general ethical principles mentioned above. We have listed a few of them here. Please note that you need to consult only the code that is relevant to your discipline and/or research method, and that the list is not exhaustive.
The Ethics Committee has representatives in all BMS departments; they are listed below. Some of them are EC members, and others are EC contact persons. They all function as the first person to consult in that department when you have questions regarding the ethics of human subjects research. They also stimulate attention for research ethics in their department. EC members are involved in the assessment of research proposals and participate in policy discussions in committee meetings. Some of the EC contact persons are involved in the assessment of research proposals but do not participate in committee meetings.
The Committee members meet 4-5 times a year to discuss controversial cases, reflect on ongoing developments on research and their ethical implications, and advise the dean on policy issues regarding the ethics of human subjects research.
The EC is supported by a secretary, who you can contact in case of general questions concerning the EC and its functioning, the web application and also in case of complaints, Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org. The current secretary is Lyan Kamphuis-Blikman. Administrative tasks with regard to the assessment procedure and SONA are taken care of by the secretariat, whom you can also contact with questions regarding the web application.
Secretary, Web application, Complaints
Faculty of BMS
Secretariat, Web application, SONA
Faculty of BMS
SONA (substitute in absence of Marcia)
Faculty of BMS
Dr. R.H.J. van der Lubbe
Cognitive Psychology and Ergonomics (CPE) (also reviewer OMD)
Dr. M. Galetzka
Communication Studies (CS)
Prof.dr. J.H. Walma van der Molen
Teacher's Programmes (ELAN)
Dr. H. van der Meij
Instructional Technology (IST)
Dr. P. M. ten Klooster
Psychology, Health and Technology (PHT)
Dr. P.W. de Vries
Psychology of Conflict, Risk and Safety (PCRS)
Dr. A.M. von Raesfeld Meijer
Centre for Entrepreneurship, Strategy, International Business and Marketing (NIKOS)
Dr. G Jansen
Public Administration (PA) (also reviewer CHEPS, CSTM)
Dr. P. Stegmaier
Science, Technology & Policy Studies (STEPS)
Dr. H. Boer
Educational Services BMS
Dr. Anke Lenferink
Health, Technology and Services Research (HTSR)
Prof. dr. C.P.M. Wilderom
contact person, reviewer
Change Management & Organizational Behaviour (CMOB)
Dr. J.G. Meijerink
contact person, reviewer
Human Resource Management (HRM)
Dr. H.C. van Beusichem
contact person, reviewer
Finance & Accounting (FA)
Dr. M. de Visser
contact person, reviewer
Technology Management and Supply (TMS)
Prof. dr. M Junger
contact person, reviewer
Industrial Engineering & Business Information Systems (IEBIS)
Dr. J.J. Vossensteyn
Centre for Higher Education Policy Studies (CHEPS)
Dr. V.I. Daskalova
Governance and Technology for Sustainability (CSTM)
Dr. M.D. Endedijk
Educational Science (OWK)