Most PhD researchers in the Netherlands are paid employees, often working directly for the university. In the Netherlands, PhD candidates are generally recruited and appointed as staff. Some PhD researchers come to the Netherlands with an international scholarship. There are no annual admission deadlines.
Some PhD researchers come to the Netherlands with an international scholarship. In addition to the regular PhD positions offered on the UT vacancies webpage, Twente Graduate School offers several integrated master/PhD programmes.
Although PDEng and PhD are both recognized as postgraduate titles, the PDEng is a more practical oriented doctorate in engineering than the PhD and is better suited to the needs of industry. The three most pronounced differences between a PhD and PDEng programme are: