Within the theme of regional sustainable development, CSTM focuses on the emerging interrelatedness between rural and urban areas in spatial, temporal, and sectoral perspectives. This links to the fact that cities occupy up to 60 times as much space outside their limits as within. Population growth, migration, and changes in lifestyles, preferences and consumption patterns confront us with extremely complex situations. Rivalry within and between regions can also easily lead to unwanted distributional effects and even exclusion.
Existing rurban challenges illustrate that balance is needed between market mechanisms and governance in the organization of sustainable social, technical and biophysical systems. We need to elaborate spatial and social implications of ‘rurbanization’ alike and assess and rethink institutions and governance in order to deal with contemporary challenges—and opportunities—in rurban settings. CSTM and other sections of the Department of Technology, Policy and Society team up in developing a Rurban innovations platform. Insights are needed upon the roles of 1) markets, bottom-up interactions and self-organization and 2) collective, multiscale and spatially relevant public and private decision-making, while dealing with the rural-urban interaction between technological innovation, society and the biophysical system in the contexts of sustainability, climate change and resilience.
CSTM’s emphasis is upon how contemporary innovations such as energy transition, evolving mobility and location patterns, climate adaptation, carbon sequestration, bio-circular economy, sustainable farming and food influence rurbanization, and how systems of rules that structure social and spatial organization (e.g., laws and regulations, policies, networks and boundary organizations, as well as values and preferences at multiple levels of human agency) can be improved.
In collaboration with regional stakeholders, practices, trends and impacts in diverse social and technological settings are evaluated and outlooks and improvements are developed. The knowledge from this socio-spatial sustainability analysis will feed novel educational programs, foresight exercises with stakeholders, as well as regional policy designs and programmes.
Mohammadzadeh, L., Ghanian, M., Shadkam, S. , Özerol, G., & Marzban, A. (2021). Application of a land use change model to guide regional planning and development in the south basin of the Urmia Lake, Iran. Environmental earth sciences, 80(17), . https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-021-09837-7
Andriamihaja, O. R. , Metz, F., Zaehringer, J. G., Fischer, M., & Messerli, P. (2021). Identifying agents of change for sustainable land governance. Land use policy, 100, . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2020.104882
Özerol, G., Dolman, N., Bormann, H. , Bressers, H. , Lulofs, K., & Böge, M. (2020). Urban water management and climate change adaptation: A self-assessment study by seven midsize cities in the North Sea Region. Sustainable Cities and Society, 55, . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2020.102066