Peer reviewed Journal articles
Brugnach, M. 2017. The space in between: where multiple ways of knowing in water management meet. Research paper prepared for the Special Issue on Helen Ingram and her contributions to water, environment, and policy scholarship. Journal of the Southwest. In press.
Warmink J, M Brugnach, J Vinke de Kruijf, R M J Schielen and D C M Augustijn. Coping with uncertainty in river management: challenges and ways forward. Under review in Water Resources Management. Accepted.
Giordano R, M Brugnach and I Pluchinotta. 2017. Ambiguity in problem framing as a barrier to collective actions: some hints from groundwater protection policy in the Apulia Region. Group Decision and Negotiation. On line.
Brugnach M, M Craps and A Dewulf. 2017. Including indigenous peoples in climate change mitigation: addressing issues of scale, knowledge and power. Climatic Change, DOI 10.1007/s10584-014-1280-3
Hassenforder E, M Brugnach, B Cullen, N Ferrand, O Barreteau, KA Daniell and J Pittok. 2016. Managing frame diversity in environmental participatory processes - Example from the Fogera Woreda in Ethiopia. Journal of Environmental Management. 177, 288-297
Leskens JG, M Brugnach and AY Hoekstra. 2014. Climate proof cities: application of an Interactive Water Simulation Model in Urban Water Management, a case study in Amsterdam. Water Science and Technology. 70(11)1729-1739
Van den Hoek RE, M Brugnach, JPM Mulder and AY Hoekstra. 2014. Uncovering the origin of ambiguity in nature-inclusive flood infrastructure projects, Ecology and Society, 19(2): 51. http://dx.doi.org/10.5751/ES-06416-190251
Van den Hoek RE, M Brugnach, JPM Mulder, AY Hoekstra. 2014. Analyzing the cascades of uncertainty in flood defense projects: How “not knowing enough” is related to “knowing differently”. Global Environmental Change, 24: 373–388
Leskens JG, M Brugnach, A Hoekstra and W Schuurmans. 2014. Why are decisions in flood disaster management so little supported by information from flood models? Environmental Modelling & Software, 53: 53-61 Best PhD paper of the year 2015 award of the Twente Water Centre
Brugnach M and H Ingram, 2012. Ambiguity: The challenges of knowing and deciding together. Environmental Science and Policy, 15: 60-71
Van den Hoek RE, M Brugnach and AY Hoekstra, 2012. Shifting to ecological engineering in flood management: introducing new uncertainties in the development of a Building with Nature pilot project, Environmental Science and Policy, 22(1): 85-99
Henriksen H-J, P Zorrilla-Miras, A de la Hera, and M Brugnach. 2012. Use of Bayesian networks for dealing with ambiguity in integrated groundwater management. Integrated Environmental Assessments and Management, 8(3): 430-444
Brugnach M, A Dewulf, HJ Henricksen and P van der Keur. 2011. More is not always better: Coping with ambiguity in natural resources management. Journal of Environmental Management, 92(1):78-84
Pahl-Wostl C, P Jeffrey, N Isendahl and M Brugnach. 2011. Maturing the new water management paradigm: Progressing from aspiration to practice. Water Resources Management, 25(3)837-856. DOI: 10.1007/s11269-010-9729-2
Van der Keur P, M Brugnach, A Dewulf, JC Refsgaard, P Zorilla, M Poolman, N Isendahl, GT Raadgever, HJ Henriksen, JJ Warmink, M Lamers and J Mysiak. 2010. Identifying Uncertainty Guidelines for Supporting Policy Making in Water Management Illustrated for Upper Guadiana and Rhine Basins. Water Resource Management, 24(14):3901-3938
Rupp DE, RF Keim, M Ossiander, M Brugnach, and JS Selker. 2009. Time Scale and Intensity Dependency in Multiplicative Cascades for Temporal Rainfall Disaggregation.Time scale and intensity dependency in multiplicative cascades for temporal rainfall disaggregation. Water Resour. Res., 45, W07409, doi:10.1029/2008WR007321
Isendahl N, A Dewulf, M Brugnach, G François, S Möllenkamp and C Pahl-Wostl. 2009. Assessing framing of uncertainties in water management practice. Water Resources Management, 23(15): 3191
Hart Q, M Brugnach, B Temesgen, C Rueda, S Ustin, K Frame. 2009. Daily reference evapotranspiration for California using satellite imagery and weather station measurements interpolation. Civil Engineering and Environmental Systems. http: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10286600802003500 (IF 0.50, citations in Scopus 36)
Brugnach M, A Dewulf, C Pahl-Wostl and T Taillieu. 2008. Towards a relational concept of uncertainty: about knowing too little, knowing too differently and accepting not to know. Ecology & Society, 13(2). http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol13/iss2/art30
Van der Keur P, HJ Henriksen, JC Refsgaard, M Brugnach, C Pahl-Wostl, A Dewulf and H Buiteveld. 2008. Identification of Major Sources of Uncertainty in Current IWRM Practice Illustrated for the Rhine basin. Water Resources Management, 22:1677–1708. DOI 10.1007/s11269-008-9248-6
Holtz G, M Brugnach and C Pahl-Wostl. 2007. Specifying “Regime” - A Framework for defining and describing Regimes in Transition Research. Technological Forecasting and social change. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00401625
Brugnach M, A Tagg, F Keil, and W de Lange. 2007. Uncertainty matters: computer models at the science-policy interface. Water Resources Management, 21:1075-1090
Brugnach M, C Pahl-Wostl, KE Lindenschmidt, JAEB Janssen, T Filatova, A Mouton, G Holtz, P van der Keur and N Gaber. 2007. Complexity and uncertainty: rethinking the modelling activity. Environmental Modelling and Software and Decision Support - Developments in Integrated Environmental Assessment (DIEA) - Vol – 3.
Brugnach M. 2005. Process level sensitivity analysis for complex ecological models. Ecological Modelling, 187:99-120
Kittel TGF, NA Rosenbloom, JA Royle, C Daly, WP Gibson, HH Fisher, P Thornton, DN Yates, S Aulenbach, C Kaufman, R McKeown, D Bachelet, DS Schimel, VEMAP2 Participants. 2004. VEMAP Phase 2 bioclimatic database. I. Gridded historical (20th) century climate for modeling ecosystem dynamics across the conterminous USA. Climate Research, 27(2):151-170
Brugnach M, J Bolte and G Bradshaw. 2003. Determining the significance of threshold uncertainty in rule-based classification models. Ecological Modelling, 160:63-76
Bachelet D, M Brugnach and RP Neilson. 1998. Sensitivity of a biogeography model to soil properties. Ecological Modelling, 109:77-98
Manuscripts and book chapters in Advanced stage of Preparation
Leskens J, M Brugnach and AY Hoekstra. Assessing the influence of using interactive simulation models on the knowledge construction process in flood policy decision-making. Under review in Environmental Modelling & Software.
Van den Hoek RE, M Brugnach and AY Hoekstra. Coping with uncertainty: the benefits of interrelatedness. In Prep.
Brugnach M, N Ferrand, S de Waard, S Farolfi, O Barreteau. Towards a relational concept of uncertainty: setting an experimental agenda. In Prep.
Refereed Book Chapters
Brugnach M and H Ingram. 2017. Ways of Knowing and the co-Production of Blended Knowledge. Book chapter in Science and Scientists in the Contemporary Policy Process: Changing Context, Changing Science and the Challenge of Science Impact, E. Weber, D. Lach and B. Steel. Eds. Oregon State University Press.
Craps M and M Brugnach. 2015. A relational approach to deal with ambiguity in multi-actor governance for sustainability, Management of Natural Resources, Sustainable Development and Ecological Hazards IV, Vol (199), 233 pages. WIT press Publisher.
Dewulf A, M Brugnach, C Termeer and H Ingram. 2013. Bridging knowledge frames and networks in climate and water governance. In Water Governance as Connective Capacity Edelenbos J, Bressers N and P Scholten Eds. Ashgate, ISBN 978-1-4094-4746-7.
Brugnach M and H Ingram. 2012. Rethinking the role of humans in water management: towards a new model of decision-making. In Water, cultural diversity and environmental change: emerging trends, sustainable futures? B Rose Johnston, Editor-in-chief, Springer, ISBN 978-94-007-1773-2.
Brugnach M, P van der Keur, H-J Henriksen and J Mysiak. 2009. Uncertainty in adaptive water management. NeWater Synthesis Product # 2. http://www.newater.info/index.php?pid=1045
Brugnach M, P van der Keur, J Mysiak, H-J Henriksen. 2009. Uncertainty in water management. In The Adaptive Water Resource Management Handbook. Edited by Jaroslav Mysiak, Hans Jørgen Henrikson, Caroline Sullivan, John Bromley and Claudia Pahl-Wostl. Earthscan, pp216. ISBN 9781844077922.
Brugnach M and C Pahl-Wostl. 2007. A broadened view on the role for models in natural resource management: Implications for model development. In Pahl-Wostl C, Kabat P and J Möltgen. 2007. Adaptive and Integrated Water Management. Coping with Complexity and Uncertainty, Springer Verlag, 184-203.
Reports and Non-peered reviewed publications
Brugnach M. 2016. Knowledge co-production: a new trend in global assessments? September issue of TIAS Newsletter (http://www.tias.uni-osnabrueck.de)
Brugnach M, H Nieße, C Varela and C Pahl-Wostl. Modeling transitions to adaptive management: considering values and beliefs in decision making. 2009. Deliverable of the EU 6th FP NeWater project (www.newater.info).
Dewulf A, G François, M Brugnach, N Isendahl, T Taillieu, C Pahl-Wostl, S Moellenkamp. 2008. The role of uncertainty, ambiguity and framing in transition to adaptive management. About knowing too little, accepting not to know and knowing too differently. Deliverable of the EU 6th FP NeWater project (www.newater.info).
Brugnach M and C Pahl-Wostl. 2007. Putting uncertainty into context: implications of model purpose in dealing with uncertainty. Global Assessments: Bridging Scales and Linking to Policy. GWSP, Issues in Global Water System Research. Report 2: 108-113.
Pahl-Wostl C, P Jeffrey, M Brugnach and J Sendzimir. 2007. Adaptive water management: How to cope with uncertainty. NeWater 6th framework program. Policy Brief. CAIWA International Conference on Adaptive and Integrated Water Management - Coping with Complexity and Uncertainty. Basel, Switzerland.
Brugnach M and C Pahl-Wostl. 2007. Development of a model to analyze transitions to adaptive management regimes: Incorporating the role of humans and culture in decision making. Report on the CoMo model summarizing methods and first results. NeWater 6th framework program, Report D1.7.4a.
Pahl-Wostl C, N Isendahl, S Möllenkamp, M Brugnach, P Jeffrey, W Medema and T Tessa de Vries. Paradigms in water management. NeWater 6th framework program, Report D1.1.2.
Van der Keur P, M Brugnach, C Pahl-Wostl and JC Refsgaard. 2006. The importance of uncertainties and how they are addressed in IWRM. In Framework for adaptive water management regimes and for the transition between regimes. NeWater 6th framework program, Report D 1.7.1.
Hart QJ, M Brugnach and SL Ustin. 2005. Calculation of daily reference evapotranspiration for California using goes satellite measurements and CIMIS weather station interpolation. Technical report, California Department of Water Resources.
Oral, Poster presentations and Publications In Conference Proceedings & Workshops
Craps M, M Brugnach. 2017. Jugando a colaborar: el caso de la reserva de la biosfera del macizo del Cajas. Presentación en simposio: La Universidad y las Metodologias Participativas, coordinated by G Rodríguez y R Rodríguez. ARNA Conference. June 12-17, Cartagena, Colombia.
Craps M, M Brugnach and M Bouwen. 2017. The “Mining in the Biosphere” simulation as a learning tool to deal with power in multi-actor collaboration. In session Constructing and Overcoming Power Inequalities in Cross-Sector Collaborative Forums, Organized by B Gray. Conference of the International Association for Conflict Management, July 9-12, Berlin, Germany.
Vinke-de Kruijf J, M Brugnach and C Pahl-Wostl. 2017. Knowledge co-production in European cooperation projects: evidence from a comparative study (title max 20 words). 3rd European Climate Change Adaptation Conference. Glasgow 5-9 June, 2017.
Brugnach M. 2017. Uncertainty in water management: when things are poorly known and differently understood. University of California, Santa Cruz, USA. February 1, 2017. Invited
Brugnach M. 2016. Narrowing the policy-science divide through the co-production of knowledge: the case of ground water management. 6th Congreso Nacional de Investigación en Cambio Climático. 17-21 October. Mexico. Oral presentation. Invited.
Brugnach M. 2016. Towards a relational concept of uncertainty for natural resources management: can contemplative practices help? International Symposium for Contemplative Studies (ISCS). 10-13 Nov, San Diego, CA. Poster presentation.
Craps M and M Brugnach. 2016. Learning from spirituality for sustainability. Spirituality, Symbolism, and Storytelling. 11th Organization Studies Summer Workshop 2016. 19-21 May. Mykonos, Greece. Oral presentation.
Giordano R, M Brugnach and I Pluchinotta. 2016. Integrating conflict analysis in drought risk management: Some hints from the Mediterranean area. Adaptation Futures: practices and solutions. 10 May. Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Oral presentation.
Brugnach M. 2015. Interazioni politica-scienza e la co-produzione della conoscenza: Implicazioni per l'attuazione delle politiche di cambiamento climatici. In workshop: Dagli impatti dei cambiamenti climatici sulle risorse idriche alle strategie di adattamento: come superare le barriere tra comunità scientifica e decisori. organizzate dall’Istituto di Ricerca Sulle Acque (IRSA) e del Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR), Aquae Venezia 2015 - Expo Venice, 21 - 23 October 2015, Venice, Italy. Oral presentation.
Giordano R and M Brugnach. 2015. Policies in context: the Apulia case of ground water protection. 10th International Conference in Interpretative Policy Analysis, 8-10 July, 2015. Lille, France. Paper and oral presentation.
Craps M and M Brugnach. 2015. A relational view on dealing with ambiguities in multiactor governance of natural resources. Ravage of the Planet IV: 4th International Conference on Management of Natural Resources, Sustainable Development and Ecological Hazards, 1-3 July. Opatija, Croatia. Paper and oral presentation.
M Brugnach, R Giordano. 2015. Ambiguity in problem framing as a barrier to collective actions. International Conference on Group Decision & Negotiation, 22- 26 June. Warsaw, Poland. Paper and oral presentation.
Giordano R, I Pluchinotta and M Brugnach. 2015. A System Dynamic Analysis approach to deal with complexity in water resources management: the case of groundwater protection in the Apulia region (Southern Italy). EGU General Assemby. Vienna, Austria. . Extended abstract and oral presentation.
Brugnach M. 2014. Incertidumbres y ambigüedades: desafíos del manejo colectivo de recursos naturales. 2 Oct. Ciencias Exactas. Universidad Nacional del Centro. Tandil, Pcia Bs As, Argentina. Oral presentation.
Brugnach M and H Ingram. 2014. Ways of knowing and the production of blended knowledge when managing for resilience Resilience 2014: Resilience and development: mobilizing for transformation. 4-8 May. Montpellier, France. Extended abstract and oral presentation.
Brugnach M. 2014. Ambiguity: The challenge of making decisions in River Management. In workshop: Uncertainty in river management: How to deal with It? 27 March. Utrecht, The Netherlands. Oral presentation.
Lach D, M Brugnach, and H Ingram. 2013. Pannel session on New roles for science and scientists? In workshop Science and Scientists in the Contemporary Policy Process: Changing Context, Changing Science and the Challenge of Science Impact, organized by E. Weber, D. Lach and B. Steel. 3-6 October. Oregon State University, Oregon, USA. Invited.
Leskens, JG and M Brugnach. 2013. Interactive modelling with stakeholders in two cases in flood management. EGU General Assembly, 7-12 April. Vienna, Austria. Oral presentation.
Van den Hoek R, M Brugnach, A Hoekstra. 2013. How do local stakeholders respond to the uncertain implications of an innovative flood infrastructure project?, Geophysical Research Abstracts, vol. 15, EGU General Assembly 2013, Vienna, Austria. Oral presentation.
Brugnach M, M Craps, R Bowen and T Taillieu. 2012. Creating decision spaces that support collaboration: what type of practices can better support coping with ambiguity and conflict? International Association for Conflict Management (IACM) Conference, 11-14 July. Cape Town, South Africa. Extended abstract and oral presentation.
Giordano R, M Brugnach and M Vurro. 2012. System Dynamic Modelling for conflicts analysis in groundwater management. International Environmental Modelling and Software Society (iEMSs) 2012 International Congress on Environmental Modelling and Software. Managing Resources of a Limited Planet, Sixth Biennial Meeting, Leipzig, Germany. R. Seppelt, A.A. Voinov, S. Lange, D. Bankamp (Eds.) http://www.iemss.org/society/index.php/iemss-2012-proceedings. Paper and oral presentation by first author.
Leskens JG and M Brugnach. 2012. Applying a network approach to identify reasons for the limited use of flood models. In: 19th Annual Conference on Multi-Organisational Partnerships, Alliances and Networks. 2-4 July. Wageningen, The Netherlands. Paper and oral presentation by first author.
Van den Hoek RE, Brugnach M, AY Hoekstra. 2012. Uncertainty in nature-inclusive flood policy development: the origin of multiple knowledge frames, in: Teixeira de Almeida, A., Costa Morais, D., de França Dantas Daher, S. (eds.), Group Decision and Negotiation 2012, Proceedings: volume I, Recife: Ed. Universitária da UFPE, 2012 (282 p.): 202-203. Paper and oral presentation by first author.
Brugnach M. 2011. Creating decision spaces that support collaboration: the role of dialogue, facilitation and mediation in coping with ambiguity. Presented in workshop: Mediation In Environmental Conflicts Management New Frontiers, organized by G. Concilio, C. Pacchi and V. Monno. 28-29 November. Polytechnic of Milan, Milan, Italy. Oral and paper presentation. Invited.
Giordano R, M Brugnach and M Vurro. 2011. Fuzzy Cognitive Map for ambiguity and conflict analysis in drought management. Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 13, EGU General Assembly 2011, Vienna, Austria. Oral presentation by first author.
Van den Hoek RE, M Brugnach, and AY Hoekstra. 2011. Towards resilience-based water management: understanding the role of uncertainty in policy evaluation, Resilience 2011 – 2nd International Science and Policy Conference, Tempe, Arizona, USA. Extended abstract and oral presentation by first author.
Van den Hoek RE and M Brugnach. 2011. Uncertainties in policy development of Building with Nature projects: is ambiguity more important than content?, IGS-SENSE Conference: Resilient Societies. 19-21 October. Enschede, the Netherlands. Extended abstract and oral presentation by first author.
Van den Hoek RE, M Brugnach, MS Krol and AY Hoekstra. 2010. Policy-relevant uncertainties in an innovative sand nourishment project: identification and classification, IGS Conference 2010: Tentative Governance in Emerging Science and Technology, Enschede, the Netherlands: 51-53. Extended Abstract
Brugnach M. More information is not always better: coping with uncertainty in adaptive water management. International Workshop Advances in Flood Forecasting and the Implications for Risk Management. 25-26 May. Alkmaar, The Netherlands. Oral and poster presentation. Invited
Brugnach M. 2010. From prediction to learning: the implications of changing the purpose of the modelling activity. Proceedings of the iEMSs Fifth Biennial Meeting: International Congress on Environmental Modelling and Software (iEMSs 2010), Ottawa, Canada, 5-8 July. Oral and poster presentation.
Brugnach M and H Ingram. 2009. Rethinking the role of humans in water management: towards a new model of decision-making. Symposium: “Water cultural diversity and global environmental change: emerging trends, sustainable futures?”Organized by RIHN, UNESCO-IHP and UNESCO-IAS. Kyoto, Japan, 1-3 October. Oral and poster presentation. Invited
Dewulf A, M Brugnach and H Ingram. 2009. The Co-Production of Knowledge about Water Resources: Framing, Uncertainty and Climate Change. 7th International Science Conference on Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change. Bonn, Germany. Paper and oral Presentation.
Brugnach M. 2008. Managing uncertainty in ecological models: Linking model development and use. Public Lecture. Zentrum für Marine Tropenökologie. Bremen, Germany. Oral presentation. Invited.
Brugnach M, P van der Keur, M Mysiak and HJ Henriksen. 2008. Uncertainty Guidelines. NeWater Final Conference. Sevilla, Spain. Oral presentation
Brugnach M and C Pahl-Wostl. 2007. How can models better aid the decision processes for the management of water resources? American Geophysical Union, San Francisco, USA. Oral presentation. Invited.
Brugnach M, A Dewulf, C Pahl-Wostl and T Taillieu. 2007. Towards a relational concept of uncertainty: Including the human experience. CAIWA International Conference on Adaptive and Integrated Water Management - Coping with Complexity and Uncertainty. Basel, Switzerland. Oral presentation.
Isendahl N, A Dewulf, M Brugnach, G François, S Möllenkamp, C Pahl-Wostl. 2007. How to assess framing of uncertainties in water management practice. CAIWA International Conference on Adaptive and Integrated Water Management - Coping with Complexity and Uncertainty. Basel, Switzerland. Paper and oral presentation.
Brugnach M, A Dewulf, C Pahl-Wostl and T Taillieu. 2007. Towards a relational concept of uncertainty: about knowing too little, knowing too differently and accepting not to know. Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Multi-Organisational Partnerships, Alliances & Networks MOPAN. Leuven, Belgium. Paper and oral presentation.
Brugnach M and C Pahl-Wostl. 2007. Putting uncertainty into context: Implications of model purpose in dealing with uncertainty. 7th International IWA Symposium on Systems Analysis and Integrated Assessment in Water Management. Watermatex. Washington DC, USA. Paper and oral presentation.
Brugnach M, A Dewulf, G Francois, T Taillieu and C Pahl-Wostl. 2006. The role of uncertainties in water management: connecting theory and practice. NeWater General Assembly. Hortobagy, Hungary. Poster presentation.
Brugnach M and C Pahl-Wostl. 2006. Uncertainty, models and decision making. HarmoniRib workshop. Brussels, Belgium. Poster presentation.
Brugnach M and C Pahl-Wostl. 2006. Complexity and uncertainty and a new role for models. 3rd Biennial meeting of the International Environmental Modelling and Software Society. Vermont, USA. Paper and oral presentation.
Brugnach M and P van der Keur. 2005. Characterization of uncertainties. NeWater General Assembly. Mallorca, Spain. Oral presentation.
Brugnach M. 2004. On ecological models, uncertainty and inference. International Institute of Applied Systems Analysis. Laxenburg, Austria. 4 June. Oral presentation. Invited.
Brugnach M, RP Neilson and J Bolte. 2001. A Sensitivity Analysis Method to Study the Behavior of Complex Process-based Models. Eos Trans. AGU, 82(47). Poster presentation.
Brugnach M, J Bolte, G Bradshaw and RP Neilson. 2000. Distinguish Ecological Significant Pattern from Modeling Artifacts: A Spatially-Explicit Method to Identify and Classify Model Uncertainty. 85th Annual Meeting of Ecological Society of America. Utah. USA. Poster presentation.
Rupp DE, RF Keim, M Brugnach, M Ossiander and JS Selker. 2000. A scale variant random cascade model of temporal rainfall. Eos Trans. AGU, 81(48). Poster presentation.
Ossiander M, EC Waymire, JS Selker, DE Rupp, RF Keim and M Brugnach. 2000. Estimation for multiplicative cascades, some statistical developments. Eos Trans. AGU, 81(48). Poster presentation.
Brugnach M, J Bolte, G Bradshaw and RP Neilson. 1999. Behavioral changes of Global Vegetation Models across scales. 2nd European Ecological Modelling Conference. Pula, Croatia. Oral presentation.
Brugnach M, G Bradshaw and RP Neilson. 1999. Effects of scaling bias introduced by spatial pattern-resolution interactions in Dynamic Global Vegetation Models. 84th Annual Meeting of Ecological Society of America. Spokane, Washington. USA. Oral presentation.
Waichler S, M Wigmosta, RP Neilson, M Brugnach. 1998. A hydrology-biogeochemistry model for investigating impacts of climate change and timber harvest on watersheds. EOS Trans. AGU, 79(45), 353. Poster presentation.
Hibbard .A, M Brugnach, A Franz, JM Lenihan, S Waichler, RP Neilson and SW Running. 1998. Implications of changing land-use on global carbon and water budgets: Simulations with the BIOME-BGC-MAPSS Dynamic Global Vegetation Model. GCTE/LUCC, Barcelona, Spain. Oral presentation.
Bradshaw G, M Brugnach and RP Neilson. 1997. Articulating the science policy gap: The problem of validation for global change models. Chile National Ecological Conference. Pucon, Chile 10-15 Nov. 1997. Oral presentation.