Students, society and the labor market need to be able to trust the value of a diploma. To assure and safeguard the value of the diploma's is an effort of the programme management as well as the examination board.
The Students' Charter governs the rights for student and the way we treat each other at the UT. The Student Charter consists of an institutional section, this part applies to all students, irrespective of the programme, and the programme specific section as described in the EER for the programme. In the Student Charter is described what is considered academic misconduct and fraud.
The Examination Board of each programme specifies in its Rules & Guidelines what they consider to be fraud, which may include additional provisions. In the R&G they also set out what action will be taken in cases of (suspected) academic misconduct. In the case of suspicion of fraud, the fraud case must be reported to the EB. The EB will then determine whether the fraud actually occurred and what measurement need to be taken. In all cases, the Examination Board will decide whether academic misconduct has occurred and what kind of measures will be taken.
It can be recommended to make sure that students will be well informed about what will be seen as fraud (including plagiarism and freeriding) and what may be the consequences. As an example: The faculty of BMS has set up a website on fraud and freeriding to inform the students and staff.
There is also a specific site to inform examiners: Guide for examiners and supervisors.
Fraud may occur when written tests are taken. The Platform Examination Boards has developed a Rules of order for written tests. This document describes the rules and procedures to be followed for written tests tak (including those that are taken digitally). It applies to tests in those study programmes of which the Examination Board has adopted these rules as part of their Rules & Guidelines.
To make students aware what kind of behaviour is expected and allowed during the time a test is taken, a cover sheet is recommended. An example of a cover sheet as used by BMS can be foud [here].
What can be done to secure the testing process? What can be done to prevent or detect fraud? Here are some resources (NB. Not all are available in English):
- Werkboek Veilig toetsen. Surf, Editie 2017 (Dutch only) In order to support institutions in making the assessment process safe, SURF, together with experts from various higher education institutions, has developed the workbook Veilig Toetsen. The workbook contains tools for setting up the entire assessment process safely and applies to both the paper and the digital process.
- The EUR made a nice leaflet on fraud and plagiarism for the students: Folder Fraude en Plagiaat (links to an external site.). In a slightly different form, also in English: Cheating & plagiarism. They also made a short video in English Fraud or plagiarism. It doesn’t make you any better!
- The TUE has drawn up an explicit fraude policy document.
- (Dutch) PPT presentatie Van Fraudepraktijk naar Fraudebeleid. Arie de Wild (Hogeschool Rotterdam)
en Ludo van Meeuwen (Technische Universiteit Eindhoven).
- The University of Berkeley has a very informative site about fraud: Academic Misconduct: Cheating, Plagiarism, and Other Forms.
- This site seems heavily sponsored by Amazon but nevertheless provides some good tips for reasons for plagiarism and ways to prevent or detect plagiarism. https://virtualsalt.com/antiplag.htm
- More focused on scientific personnel, but also interesting: Netherlands Code of Conduct for Research Integrity 2018 English or in Dutch Nederlandse gedragscode wetenschappelijke integriteit 2018 :yes'> <
- (Dutch) Book: TUSSEN FOUT EN FRAUDE. Integriteit en oneerlijk gedrag in het wetenschappelijk onderzoek. Kees Schuyt (2014). Leiden University Press.
- (Dutch) Een 5D strategie tegen werkstukfraude. Maurice de Volder, George Moerkerke, Fred de Roode, 2007. Onderwijstechnologisch expertisecentrum OU.
Examples of fraud cases
We've collected some concrete (anonymised) fraud cases. Click [here] to read more about it.