See Recognizing incidents

Examples of incidents

A hacker can carry out an attack on you in various ways. Problems often occur when your computer has been infected and/or your data has been seized. This page lists some of the most common types of attack.


Phishing is a way of finding out someone’s personal details, such as password, bank account number or other personal information. The fraudster assumes the identity of a trusted institution making the request for information very credible. More can be found under incidents.


Malware is a container term for software that is damaging to your computer and that is intentionally malicious. Most malware is immediately detected by an up-to-date virus scanner. Below, some examples of malware are briefly explained:

  • Ransomware

    Ransomware takes your data hostage and encrypts it on your hard drive. A ransom is demanded to decrypt your data. Never pay the ransom as there is no guarantee whatsoever that you will then get your data back.

  • Adware

    Your device can become infected with adware. In that case, advertising software is installed and ads will pop up at all sorts of moments.

  • Virus

    A virus is a small program that influences a computer’s operation. The virus may, for example, damage computer data or even delete the entire hard disc and often sends emails in an attempt to spread further.

  • Trojan Horse

    A Trojan Horse, Trojan for short, is a functionality hidden in a program that has been installed by the user. In this way, malicious persons attempt to damage a computer or obtain data. A Trojan can also be deployed to use your computer for a DDoS attack. This attack makes a website or internet service inaccessible by bombarding it with huge amounts of network traffic.

Have you seen or experienced something that doesn't add up?
Report an incident