Title: Eco-Industrial Park design (talk given by Claudio Castiglione)
- Abstract: New technologies are becoming available to capture and reuse pollutants, especially carbon dioxide, the most produced climate-altering gas. These technologies could play a pivotal role in the framework of Industrial Ecology, where there is a constant search of matching waste of a company with raw material demand of another, to create added value from waste. However, designing the so-called Eco-industrial Park, the network of Industrial Symbioses, i.e. those exchanges of waste among companies to use them as a resource is a critical task. Often, there are several possible combinations of multiple emerging and underperforming technologies to choose from. Furthermore, the system sizing and the investments for stocking, transportation and transformation infrastructures must be designed to be as compatible as possible with the existent system of one or more companies. Finally, the designed Eco-Industrial Park must prove to bring environmental benefits and be an economically sustainable investment to convince companies to improve the promising emerging technologies on which it is based.
Three different types of microbial factories are considered because of their capability to absorb carbon dioxide for producing high added-value chemicals. Their introduction in an existent waste-to-energy supply chain is assessed by a mathematical programming approach. The solutions of the mathematical model come from the separate optimization of two different objective functions that represent (i) economic and (ii) environmental performances of the emergent Eco-Industrial Park. Several runs of optimization are performed for each objective function to properly catch the interactions with the existent waste-to-energy supply chain, which, at least for the part concerning the waste treatment, is assumed given and affected by variability. Since there is high uncertainty about the environmental regulations in the next future in Europe, scenario analysis has to be performed to assess the robustness of Eco-Industrial Park design. Therefore, final products demand and prices are adjusted to model three different scenarios: (i) current regulation, (ii) zero-tolerance of carbon dioxide emissions, (iii) hydrogen usage as an energy vector.
- Bio: Claudio Castiglione is Ph.D. Candidate of the XXXIII Doctoral Program in “Production, Management and Design” of Politecnico di Torino, Italy. He graduated in Management Engineering from Politecnico di Torino in 2016. He worked as a junior research fellowship in a project supported by Politecnico di Torino and Fiat Chrysler Automobiles, for the development of algorithms to solve multi-objective problems of component capacity saturation, considering final product margin for a firm, and final product attractiveness for customers. His Ph.D. thesis is focused on facilitating the transition from linear to the circular economy by the development of models to concurrently design supply chains and industrial symbiosis networks to create value from waste through new technologies. His research is empirical and carried out and supported by Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia. He is a member of International Society for Industrial Ecology.
Title: Defining, Designing, and Implementing Rural Smartness (talk given by Iqbal Mukti)
- Abstract: The adoption of urban smartness concept for rural areas is recently gaining attention, especially as the means to improve the citizens' economic welfare. In this context, this research explores the adoption of urban smartness to rural areas through the development of e-government service platform, particularly to facilitates the entrepreneurial discovery as the key for rural area's economic growth. This research follows the design science research methodology (DSRM) as the guidance in defining, designing, and implementing the research artefacts. There are two main research artefacts will be delivered from this research. First, the theoretical model that explains the mechanisms through which urban smartness is contributing to the achievement of economic welfare improvement. Second, the architectural design of e-government service platform customised to the rural context. These research artefacts will be demonstrated and validated using a case study in West Java, Indonesia, as the region has a strong vision to improve the economic welfare of the people in their rural areas through digital initiatives.
- Bio: Iqbal Yulizar Mukti is a PhD student within the Department of Industrial Engineering and Business Information System. He holds master degree in Industrial Engineering & Management and bachelor degree in Mathematics from Institute Technology of Bandung (ITB), Indonesia. His current research topic is the architectural design of e-government service platform as a means to improve the economic welfare of people in rural areas.