Human Centred Design for Smart Mobility

Applications of Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) are intended to make mobility safer, more comfortable, better accessible (e.g. for the elderly) and to reduce environmental impact. Examples are Travelling Advice, Lane Keeping, Speed Control or Traffic Sign Recognition. While the technology for intelligent transport systems develops fast, their application is limited to boundary conditions of technical capabilities and infrastructure. The trade-off between these aspects, their context and traffic participants’ behaviour define to a large extend the success of an ITS application.

Sustainable development of intelligent transport solutions needs true understanding of the users involved and their use situations. Deficits in understanding may cause counterproductive effects, like drivers who take increased speeding risks as they assume to be compensated by the ITS-application. For the development of ITS applications it is crucial to involve users, traffic participants and all stakeholders to ensure that their application will be effective, meaningful, ethically feasible and practically usable.

The track Human Centred Design of Intelligent Transport Systems researches the interaction between technology, context and user to develop better ITS applications. We develop methods to improve the balance between the capabilities of the technology and the ‘fit’ to human needs. An important focus is to avoid counterproductive effects and to add value through stakeholder involvement.



Integrated Cooperative Automated Vehicles. Human Factors of driver-vehicle cooperation of highly automated vehicles in urban environments. – STW project 2016-2020


Developing tools and methods to license drivers of automated vehicles in their role as supervisor. – commissioned research 2017-2019

Exploring automated bus lines and cooperative driving 

Master thesis project M. Waalkens

Talking Traffic 

Human Factors evaluation and design exploration of in-vehicle traffic light information. 2017

Driving automation interface design: supporting drivers' changing role

Design and evaluation of interfaces that provide directional cues on the place and importance of traffic elements that need attention. These interfaces are intended to support drivers in their role to supervise driving automation. – PhD project 2013-2016, co-funded by Ford Motor Cooperation. A.P. van den Beukel (Arie Paul)
Assistant Professor