Foreign words and phrases used in an English text should be italicised (no quotation marks or inverted commas) and should have the appropriate accents:
- EXAMPLE: acquis, carte blanche, raison d’être, gezellig, hygge
- AVOID: 'hygge' (inverted commas)
Not all foreign words are italicised, however; a number have been assimilated into current English and are written in roman:
- EXAMPLE: alias, detour, ad hoc, per capita, per se, vis-à-vis, etc.
Italics should not be used for proper names, names of persons, institutions, places, etc.
- EXAMPLE: Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, University of Barcelona (Universitat de Barcelona)
Personal names should retain their original accents
- EXAMPLE: Cañete, Malmström, Šefčovič.
Place verbatim quotations in foreign languages in single quotation marks without italicising the text.
- EXAMPLE: 'Ich bin ein Berliner' is a quotation from President John F. Kennedy.
Latin should be used sparingly as even common phrases are often misused or misunderstood.
Write all Latin abbreviations in roman (with a full stop to show when abbreviations are used):
- EXAMPLE: eg., et al., ibid., ie., NB, cit.
Latin words that are not considered common should usually be written in italics
- EXAMPLE: ex ante, cum laude, summa cum laude
Common Latin phrases need not be italicised
- EXAMPLE: ad hoc, ad infinitum, per capita, status quo
Latin phrases are not hyphenated when used as adjectives
- EXAMPLE: an ad hoc meeting
Many Latin phrases have English equivalents and these should be preferred.
- EXAMPLE: ‘a year’ or ‘/year’ rather than ‘per annum’.
Just use ‘e’ spellings, not ae or æ, when the words are in common British usage.
- EXAMPLE: encyclopedia medieval
- EXAMPLE: archæology hæmatology orthopædics
European Commission English Style Guide - A handbook for authors and translators in the European Commission Eighth edition: January 2016 Last updated: May 2018 "[PDF File]" Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/info/files/styleguide_english_dgt_en.pdf
University of Oxford Style Guide. "[PDF File]" Retrieved from https://www.ox.ac.uk/public-affairs/style-guide?wssl=