# Percentages, units of measurements, fractions and ranges of numbers

## Writing Percentages

Always use figures and symbols for percentages, measurements and currency.

• EXAMPLE:  Question 12 is worth 10% of the available marks.
• EXAMPLE: The average height of a woman in the UK is 1.61m.
• EXAMPLE: The cost, at £5.99, was less than their overall budget of £50.

Note, that in British English per cent is two words.  Use per cent where the number is also spelt out in words:

• EXAMPLE: twenty per cent.

With figures, use the per cent sign (%) preceded by a hard space

• EXAMPLE: 25 %

## Writing units of measurement

Always use figures with units of measurement that are denoted by symbols or abbreviations.

• EXAMPLE: EUR 50, 250 kW, 205 μg, 5 °C

The converse does not hold. If the units of measurement are spelt out, the numbers do not also have to be spelt out but may be written with figures:

• EXAMPLE: 250 kilowatts, 500 metres.

## Writing units of measurements (tips for tricky words)

Write gram, kilogram      AVOID: gramme, kilogramme

However, use tonne       AVOID:  ton (‘ton’ refers to the non-metric measure).

Write metre for the unit of length, meter for measuring instruments.

• EXAMPLE: the track was 6 metres
• EXAMPLE: you should check the electricity meter regularly

Insert hyphens when a fraction is used as an adverb or adjective

• EXAMPLE: two-thirds complete, a two-thirds increase

Do not insert hyphens when the fraction is used as a noun

• EXAMPLE: an increase of two thirds

Avoid combining figures and words:

• EXAMPLE: two-thirds completed  AVOID: 2/3 completed

When using figures for a fraction, use the fraction symbol where possible and close it up to any previous figure

• EXAMPLE: 11⁄2 years.

## Ranges of numbers

When a range is written out, repeat symbols and multiples (ie. thousand, million, etc.):

• EXAMPLE: from EUR 20 million to EUR 30 million between 10 °C and 70 °C

## Abbreviated form of a range

When a range is indicated by a hyphen, do not repeat the symbol or multiple if they do not change and close up the hyphen between the figures:

• EXAMPLE: €20-30 million, 10-70 °C

If the symbol or multiple changes, however, leave a blank space on either side of the hyphen:

• EXAMPLE: 100 kW - 40 MW