See Scientific impact

Scientific publications



Engelbertink, M.M.J., Colomer, J., Woudt- Mittendorff, K.M., Alsina, A., Kelders, S.M., Ayllón,S., & Westerhof, G.J. (2021). The reflection level and the construction of professional identity of university students, Reflective Practice22, 73-85.

Engelbertink, M.M.J., Kelders, S.M., Woudt- Mittendorff, K. M., & Westerhof, G. J. (2021). The added value of autobiographical reflexivity with persuasive technology for professional identities of Social Work students: A randomized controlled trial, Social Work Education.


Arevalo, J.V., Verbrugge, C., Sools, A., Brugnach, M., Wolterink, R., Hulscher, S. J. M. H. (2020). Storylines for practice : a visual storytelling approach to strengthen the science ‑ practice interface. Sustainability

Beernink, J., & Westerhof, G.J. (2020).  Effectiveness of a life story intervention for adults with intellectual disability and depressive and trauma‐related complaints. Journal of Applied Research in Intellect Disabilities33, 1340– 1347.

Catala, A., Nazareth, D. S., Felix, P., Truong, K.P., & Westerhof, G. J. (2020). Emobook: A multimedia life sorty book app for reminiscence intervention. 22nd International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction with Mobile Devices and Services, MobileHCI 2020.

Engelbertink, M.M.J., Kelders, S.M., Woudt-Mittendorff, K., & Westerhof, G.J. (2020). Evaluating the value of persuasive technology and the role of teachers in a blended learning course for social work students. Social Work Education.

Engelbertink, M.M.J., Kelders, S.M., Woudt-Mittendorff, K.M., & Westerhof, G. J. (2020). Participatory design of persuasive technology in a blended learning course: A qualitative study. Education and Information Technology25, 4115–4138.

Goor, J., Sools, A.M., & Westerhof, G.J. (2020). The emergence of meaning from meaningful moments in life. Journal of Humanistic Psychology.

Goor, J. van, Sools, A., Westerhof, G. J., & Bohlmeijer, E. T. (2020). Wonderful life: Exploring wonder in meaningful moments. Journal of Humanistic Psychology60, 147-167.

Goor, J., Sools, A., & Westerhof, G. J. (2020). Cultivating a Mindset of Wonder: A Narrative Analysis on the Mechanisms of Seeing the Extraordinary within the Ordinary. In A. Schinkel (Ed.), Wonder, Education and Human Flourishing. Theoretical, Empirical and Practical Perspectives (pp. 271–295). Amsterdam: VU University Press.

Sools, A. (2020). Back from the future: a narrative approach to study the imagination of personal futures. International Journal of Social Research Methodology23(4), 451–465.

Triliva, S., Sools, A. M., & Philippas, T. (2020). Using Narrative Futuring as a Means of Facing Liminal Employment Status and Space. Qualitative Psychology.

Vansteenkiste, T., Morrens, M. & Westerhof, G.J. (2020). Images of recovery: A photovoice study on visual narratives of personal recovery in persons with serious mental illness. Community Mental Health Journal.

Visser, A., Uwland-Sikkema, N., Westerhof, G. J., & Garssen, B. (2020). The role of the spiritual meaning system in coping with cancer. Religions11, 49.

Westerhof, G. J., Alea, N., & Bluck, S. (2020). Narrative and identity: The importance of our personal past in later life. In A. K. Thomas & A. Gutchess (Eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Cognitive Aging: A Life Course Perspective (pp. 383-399). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


Goor, J. van, Sools, A., & Westerhof, G. J. (2019). Unraveling the wonder of the ordinary: A narrative analysis of meaning construction in memories of familiar routines. Journal of Constructivist Psychology32, 292-308.

Nazareth, D. S., Burghardt, C., Capra, A., Cristoforetti, P., Lam, W., van Waterschoot, J. B., Westerhof, G. J. & Truong, K. P. (2019). Babbelbord: A personalized conversational game for people with dementia. Communications in Computer and Information Science1117, 169-173.

Nazareth, D.S., Tournier, E., Leimkotter, S., Janse, E., Heylen, D., Westerhof, G.J., & Truong, K. (2019). An acoustic and lexical analysis of emotional valence in spontaneous speech: Autobiographical memory recall in older adults. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association, pp. 3287-3291.

Nazareth, D.S., Janssen, M. P. Truong, K., Westerhof, G.J., & Heylen, D. (2019). MEMOA: Introducing the multi-modal emotional memories of older adults database. 8th International Conference on
Affective Computing & Intelligent Interaction, 8925462, 697-703.

Nazareth, D.S., Janssen, M. P. Truong, K., Westerhof, G.J., & Heylen, D. (2019). Using autobiographical memories in older adults for emotion recognition. Affective Computing pre conference at International Society for Research on Emotions.

Smink, W.A.C., Fox, J.P., Tjong Kim Sang, E. F., Sools, A.M., Westerhof, G.J., & Veldkamp, B.P. (2019). Understanding therapeutic change process research through multilevel modeling and text mining. Frontiers in Psychology10, 1186.

Smink, W. A. C., Sools, A. M., van der Zwaan, J. M., Wiegersma, S., Veldkamp, B. P., & Westerhof, G. J. (2019). Towards text-mining therapeutic change: A systematic review of text-based methods for therapeutic change process research. Plos One14(12), e0225703.

Tjong Kim Sang, E.F., de Vries, B., Smink, W.A.C., Westerhof, G.J., & Sools, A.M. (2019). De-identification of Dutch medical tekst. Healthcare Text Analysis Conference.

Venrooij, I. Van, Spijker, J., Westerhof, G. J., Leontjevas, R., & Gerritsen, D. L. (2019). Applying intervention mapping to improve the applicability of precious memories, an intervention for depressive symptoms in nursing home residents. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health16, 5163.

Westerhof, G. J. (2019). Life review: Lifespan development, meaning processes, and interventions. In F. Gibson (Ed.), International Perspectives on Reminiscence, Life Review and Life Story Work (pp. 312-326). London: Jessica Kingsley.

Westerhof, G. J., Lamers, S. M. A., Postel, M. G., & Bohlmeijer, E. T. (2019). Online therapy for depressive symptoms: An evaluation of counselor-led and peer-supported life review therapy. Gerontologist59, 135-146.

Westerhof, G. J., & Slatman, S. (2019). In search of the best evidence for life review therapy to reduce depressive symptoms in older adults: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, e12301.


Elfrink, T. E., Zuidema, S. U., Kunz, M., & Westerhof, G. J. (2018). Life story books for people with dementia: A systematic review. International Psychogeriatrics.

Liao, H.W., Bluck, S., & Westerhof, G. J. (2018). The longitudinal relation between self-defining memories and self-esteem: Role of memory valence, function, and meaning. Imagination, Cognition, & Personality37, 318-341.

Uwland-Sikkema, N. F., Visser, A., Westerhof, G. J., & Garssen, B. (2018). How is spirituality part of people's meaning system? Psychology of Religion and Spirituality.

Westerhof, G. J., & Lamers, S. M. A. (2018). Life review. In M. Bornstein (Ed.), Sage Encyclopedia of Lifespan Development (pp. 1285-1286). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. doi:10.4135/9781506307633.n482


Elfrink, T. R., Zuidema, S. U., Kunz, M., & Westerhof, G. J. (2017). The effectiveness of creating an Online Life Story Book on persons with early dementia and their informal caregivers: A protocol of a randomized controlled trial. BMC Geriatrics17(1), 95.

Lohuis, A. M., van Vuuren, H. A., Sools, A. & Bohlmeijer, E. (2017). Ambiguities of ‘doing what works’: how professionals make sense of applying solution-focused support for people with intellectual disabilities. International Journal of Developmental Disabilities63, 170-183.

Sools, A. M., Triliva, S. & Filippas, T. (2017). The role of desired future selves in the creation of new experience: The case of Greek unemployed young adults. Style51, 318-336.

van Stenus, C. M. V., Gotink, M., Boere-Boonekamp, M. M., Sools, A. & Need, A. (2017). Through the client’s eyes: using narratives to explore experiences of care transfers during pregnancy, childbirth, and the neonatal period. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 17, 182.

Vos, J. A., LaMarre, A., Radstaak, M., Bijkerk, C. A., Bohlmeijer, E. T., & Westerhof, G. J. (2017). Identifying fundamental criteria for eating disorder recovery: A systematic review and qualitative meta-analysis. Journal of Eating Disorders5, 34.

Vowinckel, J., C., Westerhof, G. J., Bohlmeijer, E. T., & Webster, J. D. (2017). Flourishing in the now: Initial validation of a present-eudaimonic time perspective scale. Time and Society26, 203-226.

Westerhof, G. J. (2017). Technologies to remember or forget?: A perspective from reminiscence and life review. International Journal of Reminiscence and Life Review4, 8-13.

Westerhof, G. J., Bohlmeijer, E. T., & McAdams, D. P. (2017). The relation of ego-integrity and despair to personality traits and mental health. Journals of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences72, 400-407.

Westerhof, G. J., Korte, J., Eshuis, S., & Bohlmeijer, E. T. (2017). Precious Memories: A randomized controlled trial of the effects of an autobiographical memory intervention delivered by trained volunteers in residential care homes. Aging and Mental Health20, 1-8.


Kleijn, G., Post, L., Witte, B.I., Bohlmeijer, E.T., Westerhof, G.J. Cuijpers, P., & Verdonck-de Leeuw, I. M. (2016). Psychometric characteristics of a patient reported outcome measure on ego-integrity and despair among cancer patients. Plos ONE11(5): e0156003.

Lohuis, A., Sools, A., Vuuren, M., Bohlmeijer, E. (2016). Narrative reflection as a means to explore team effectiveness. Small Group Research, 47(4), 406-437.

Lohuis, A., Vuuren, M., Sools, A., Bohlmeijer, E. (2016). Ambiguities of "doing what works": How professionals make sense of applying solution-focused support for people with intellectual disabilities. International Journal of Developmental Disabilities.

Westerhof, G. J., Beernink, J. & Sools, A. (2016). "Who am I? A life story intervention for persons with intellectual disabilities and psychiatric problems". Intellectual and developmental disabilities54(3), 173-186.

Westerhof, G. J., & Lamers, S. M. A. (2016). Life review. In M. H. Bornstein (Ed.), Sage encyclopedia of lifespan development. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Wiegersma, S., Sools, A.M. & Veldkamp, B.P. (2016). Exploring “Letters from the Future” by visualizing narrative structure. Proceedings Computational Models of Narrative ’16.  Krakau, Poland, 12-16 July 2016.


Korte, J., Majo, C., Bohlmeijer, E. T., Westerhof, G. J., & Smit, F. (2015). Cost-effectiveness of life-review for older adults with moderate depressive symptomatology: A pragmatic randomized controlled trial. Journal of Aging Studies34, 146 - 154.

Lamers, S. M. A., Bohlmeijer, E. T., Korte, J., & Westerhof, G. J. (2015). The efficacy of life-review as online-guided self-help for adults: A randomized trial. Journals of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences70, 24-24.

Murray, M., & Sools, A. (2015). Narrative research in clinical and health psychology. In P. Rohleder, & A. Lyons (Eds.), Qualitative research in clinical and health psychology. PalgraveMacmillan.

Sools, A. M., Murray, M., & Westerhof, G. J. (2015). Narrative health psychology: Once more unto the breach. Journal of Health Psychology, 20, 239-245.

Sools, A., & Murray, M. (2015). Promoting health through narrative practice. In M.Murray (Ed.), Critical Health Psychology, Palgrave Macmillan.  

Sools, A., Tromp, T. & Mooren, J.H.M. (2015). Mapping letters from the future: Exploring narrative processes of imagining the future. Journal of Health Psychology, 20, 350-364.

Vuuren, M. van, & Westerhof, G. J. (2015). Identity as ‘knowing your place’: The narrative construction of space in a healthcare profession. Journal of Health Psychology20, 326-337.

Westerhof, G. J. (2015). Life review and life story work. In S. K. Whitbourne (Ed.), The encyclopedia of adulthood and aging (Vol. 2, pp. 776-776). Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.


Bohlmeijer, E. T., Lamers, S. M. A., & Westerhof, G. J. (2014). The development and initial validation of the narrative foreclosure scale. Aging and Mental Health18, 879-888.

Heerings, M., Egmond, S. van, & Sools, A. (2014). What TA can learn from patient narratives. Using narrative methodology to assess the role of patients in Dutch hospitals. In Technology Assessment and Policy Areas of Great Transitions.

Korte, J., Drossaert, C. H. C., Westerhof, G. J., & Bohlmeijer, E. T. (2014). Life-review in groups? An explorative analysis of social processes that facilitate or hinder the effectiveness of life-review. Aging and Mental Health18, 376-384.

Lamers, S., Truong, K.P., Steunenberg, B., de Jong, F., &  Westerhof, G.J. (2014). Applying prosodic speech features in mental health care: An exploratory study in life-review intervention for depression. Proceedings of the ACL workshop on Computational Linguistics and Clinical Psychology: From Linguistic Signal to Clinical Reality, pp. 61-68.

Sools, A., & Schuhmann, C. (2014). Theorizing the narrative dimension of psychotherapy and counseling: A big and small story approach. Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy.

Truong, K. P., Westerhof, G. J., de Jong, F., & Heylen, D. (2014). An annotation scheme for sighs in spontaneous dialogue. Interspeech-2014, 228-232.

Truong, K., Westerhof, G. J., Lamers, S. M. A., & Jong, F. de. (2014). Towards modeling expressed emotions in oral history interviews: using verbal and non-verbal signals to track personal narratives. LLC: The Journal of Digital Scholarship in the Humanities29, 621-636.

Webster, J. D., Bohlmeijer, E. T., & Westerhof, G. J. (2014). Time to flourish: The relationship of temporal perspective to well-being and wisdom across adulthood. Aging and Mental Health18, 1046-1056.

Webster, J. D., Westerhof, G. J., & Bohlmeijer, E. T. (2014). Wisdom and mental health across the lifespan. Journals of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences69, 209-218.

Westerhof, G. J., & Bohlmeijer, E. T. (2014). Celebrating fifty years of research and applications in reminiscence and life review: State of the art and new directions. Journal of Aging Studies29, 107-114.

Westerhof, G. J., Vuuren, M. van., Brummans, B., & Custers, A. F. J. (2014). A Buberian approach to the co-construction of relationships between professional caregivers and residents in nursing homes. Gerontologist, 54, 354-362.


Bohlmeijer, E. T., & Westerhof, G. J. (2013). Life review as a way to enhance personal growth in midlife: A case-study. International Journal of Reminiscence and Life Review1, 13-18.

Truong, K.P., Westerhof, G.J., Lamers, S.M.A., & de Jong, F. (2013). Multidisciplinary analysis of oral history collections: Emotions in narrative psychology and automatic human behavior analysis. Proceedings Digital Testimonies on War and Trauma.

Truong, K.P., Westerhof, G.J., Lamers, S.M.A., De Jong, F., & Sools, A.M. (2013). Emotional expression in oral history narratives: Comparing results of automated verbal and nonverbal analyses. Proceedings of Computational Models of Narrative, pp. 310-314.


Korte, J., Bohlmeijer, E. T., Cappeliez, P., Smit, F., & Westerhof G. J. (2012). Life-review therapy for older adults with moderate depressive symptomatology: A pragmatic randomized controlled trial. Psychological Medicine42 (6), 1163-1172.

Korte, J., Cappeliez, P., Westerhof, G. J., & Bohlmeijer, E. T. (2012). Meaning in life and mastery mediate the relationship of negative reminiscence with psychological distress among older adults with mild to moderate depressive symptoms. European Journal of Aging, 9, 343-351.

Korte, J., Westerhof, G. J., & Bohlmeijer, E. T. (2012). Mediating processes in an effective life review intervention. Psychology and Aging27, 1172-1181.

Sools, A. & Basten, F. (2012). Editoral Narrative on the Move. Narrative Works, Vol 2(1).  

Sools, A. (2012). “To see a world in a grain of sand”: Towards future-oriented what-if analysis in narrative research. Narrative Works2(1).

Sools, A. (2012). Narrative health research: Exploring big and small stories as analytical tools. Health: An interdisciplinary journal for the social study of health, illness, and medicine, 17(1), 93-110.

Sools, A., & Basten, F. (2012). Narrative on the move. Narrative Works2(1).

Sools, A., & Mooren, J. H. M. (2012). Towards narrative futuring in psychology: Becoming resilient by imagining the future. Graduate Journal of Social Science, 9(2), pp. 203-226.

Westerhof, G. J., & Bohlmeijer, E. (2012). Life stories and mental health: The role of identification processes in theory and interventions. Narrative Works, 2(1), 106-128.



Sools, A., Tromp, T., & Mooren, J. H. (2021). Narratieve toekomstverbeelding. In E. Bohlmeijer, N. Jacobs, J. A. Walburg, & G. I. Westerhof (Eds.), Handboek positieve psychologie. Theorie, onderzoek, toepassingen (Herziene d, pp. 413–428). Amsterdam: Boom.

Westerhof, G.J. (2021). Zingeving. In E. Bohlmeijer, N. Jacobs, J.A. Walburg, & G.J. Westerhof (Eds.), Handboek positieve pscyhologie (2nd Ed., pp. 347-362). Amsterdam: Boom.


Westerhof, G.J. (2020). Verhalen en gezondheid. In G. Pool, F. Heuvel, A.V. Ranchor, & R. Sanderman (Eds.), Handboek psychologische interventies bij somatische aandoeningen (pp. 203-210). Assen: Van Gorcum.

Westerhof, G.J. (2020). De menselijke maat: Een psychologisch perspectief op de rol van zingeving in positieve gezondheid. In T. Wobbes & M. van den Muijsenbergh (Eds.), De menselijke maat: Grenzen aan de gezondheidszorg? (pp. 32-48). Nijmegen: Valkhof Pers.


Sools, A. A. M. (2019). De verbeelding van veerkracht in toekomstverhalen van mensen die psychiatrische zorg ontvangen. In W. Krikilion & J. Pieper (Eds.), Positieve Psychologie en Zingeving: Integratie en toepassingen (pp. 67–88). Tilburg: KSGV.

Westerhof, G. J. (2019). Gelukkig of zinvol leven: Ontwikkelingen binnen de positieve. In W. Krikilion & J. Pieper (Eds.), Positieve psychologie en zingieving: Integratie en toepassingen (pp. 21-40). Tilburg: KSGV.


Van Tuyll van Serooskerken, M., Sools, A., & Westerhof, G. J. (2018). Back to life: Participatie, herstel en narratieve toekomstverbeelding in een re-integratie behandelprogramma voor cliënten met persoonlijkheidsproblematiek – een pilot-studie. Tijdschrift voor Psychotherapie44, 281-298.

Westerhof, G. J. (2018). Narratieve technologie voor gezondheid en zorg. De Psycholoog53 (12), 10-20.

Wijnen, R., & Vanderleyden, L. (2018). Interview met Gerben Westerhof. Levenskunst en technologie: Een (on)gewone combinatie. Geron20 (4), 25-30.


Beernink, J., Westerhof, G. J., & Sools, A. (2017). De levensverhaleninterventie Wie ben ik? : Veranderingen in psychische klachten en welbevinden bij mensen met psychiatrische problemen en een verstandelijke beperking of zwakbegaafdheid. Nederlands Tijdschrift voor de Zorg43, 18-34.

Haar, I. ter, Sools, A., & Westerhof, G. J. (2017). Meer dan een online dagboek: Persoonlijk bloggen. Tijdschrift Positieve Psychologie3(3), 29-33.

Kuin, Y., & Westerhof, G. J. (2017). Zingeving en levensvragen. In M. Vink, Y. Kuin, G. J. Westerhof, S. M. A. Lamers, & A. M. Pot (Eds.), Handboek ouderenpsychologie (pp. 201-220). Utrecht: Tijdstroom.

Lamers, S. M. A., Westerhof, G. J., & Bohlmeijer, E. T. (2017). Life review. In M. Vink, Y. Kuin, G. J. Westerhof, S. M. A. Lamers, & A. M. Pot (Eds.), Handboek ouderenpsychologie (pp. 399-414). Utrecht: Tijdstroom.

Sools, A. M., Triliva, S., Fragkiadaki, E., & Tzanakis, M. (2017). De casus van het Griekse Referendum in 2015: Persoonlijke toekomstverbeelding als prospectief reflectie-instrumentTijdschrift voor Positieve Psychologie2(10), 26-31


Sools, A., Borgmann, T. & Kleine, E. (2016). De zin van vervreemdende toekomstverbeelding. Tijdschrift voor Positieve Psychologie,I(3).

Westerhof, G. J. (2016). Zin in je verhaal. Tijdschrift Positieve Psychologie2(4), 47-51.


Westerhof, G. J., & Stevens, C. (2015). Book review of Cretien van  Campen (2015). The Proust Effect – The senses as doorways to lost memories. Oxford University Press. Tijdschrift voor Gerontologie en Geriatrie46, 125-127.

Willems-Jongsma, M., van Bruggen, V., & Westerhof, G. J. (2015). Zinvolle zingeving: Onderzoek naar de ervaringen van zingeving bij gasten in behandeling op ‘De Hezenberg’. Psyche & Geloof26, 190-201.


Westerhof, G. J. (2014). Zingeving en ouder worden. In A. M. Pot & S. Visser (Eds.), Ouderen in de geestelijke gezondheidszorg (pp. 25-32). Houten: Bohn, Stafleu, van Loghum.

Westerhof, G. J. (2014). Een gerontologisch en psychologisch perspectief op ontwikkeling door loslaten. Geron16(4), 7-9.


Sools, A., & Mooren, J. H. M. (2013). Futuring in Psychotherapie und psychologischer Beratung. Instrument zur Förderung von Resilienz. Psychotherapie im Dialog 14(1), 14-15.

Sools, A., Mooren, J. H., & Tromp, T. (2013). Positieve gezondheid versterken via narratieve toekomstverbeelding. In E. Bohlmeijer, L. Bolier, G. Westerhof, & J. A. Walburg (Eds.), Handboek positieve psychologie. Theorie, onderzoek en toepassingen (pp. 91-103). Amsterdam: Boom.

Westerhof, G. J. (2013). Levenskunst in de medische psychologie: Navigatie als metafoor in de therapeutische behandeling. Tijdschrift voor Psychotherapie39, 343-350.

Westerhof, G. J. (2013). Levenskunst: De betekenis van levensverhalen. In J. Wijsbek (Ed.). Levenskunt à la carte (pp. 119-130). Leidschedam: Quist.

Westerhof, G. J. (2013). Zingeving en ouder worden. PsychoPraktijk5, 15-18.


Bohlmeijer, E. (2012). De verhalen die we leven: Narratieve psychologie als methode. Boom: Amsterdam.

Boksebeld, B., Westerhof, G. J., & Wessels, A. M. (2012). Schuldhulp en herstel: Verhalen van cliënten. Maandblad Geestelijke Volksgezondheid67.

Sools, A. (2012). Narratief Onderzoek. Kwalon1, maart 2012. 

Sools, A.M. (2012). Het verleden als uitdaging: richtingwijzer voor herinneren als methode in de ouderenzorg. Geron.