C.M.E. Alvial (Carla) MSc

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PhD Student
Ravelijn room RA 4301

Carla Alvial Palavicino
PO Box 217
NL - 7500 AE Enschede

E-mail: c.alvialp (at)
Telephone: (053) 489 4235/3353
Fax: (053) 489 2159


Carla Alvial Palavicino has a bachelor degree in Molecular Biology Engineering, School of Science, University of Chile, Chile and a Master’s degree on Sustainability Sciences, Graduate School of Frontier Science, University of Tokyo, Japan. She has worked in technology transfer and more recently, in Smart Grids and local scale renewable energy provision.


Governance of and by expectations in nanotechnology: the case of graphene.

From its origins the field of nanotechnology has been populated of expectations. Pictured as “the new industrial revolution” the economic promise holds strong, but also nanotechnologies as a cure for almost all the human ills, sustainers of future growth, prosperity and happiness. In contrast to these promises, the uncertainties associated to the introduction of such a new and revolutionary technology, and mainly risks of nanomaterials, have elicited concerns among governments and the public. Nevertheless, the case of the public can be characterized as concerns about concerns, based on the experience of previous innovations (GMO, etc.).

Expectations, both as promises and concerns, have played and continue playing a central role in the “real-time social and political constitution of nanotechnology” (Kearnes and Macnaghten 2006). A circulation of visions, promises and concerns in observed in the field, from the broadly defined umbrella promises to more specific expectations, and references to grand challenges as moral imperatives. These expectations have become such an important part of the social repertoire of nano applications that we observe the proliferation of systematic and intentional modes of expectation building such as roadmaps, technology assessment, etc.; as well as a considerable group of reports on risk, concerns, and ethical and social aspects. This different modes of expectation building (Konrad 2010) co-exist and contribute to the articulation of the nano field.

This project seeks to identify, characterize and contextualize the existing modes of expectations building, being those intentional (i.e. foresight, TA, etc.) or implicit in arenas of public discourse, associated to ongoing and emerging social processes in the context of socio-technical change.

This dynamics are being explored in relation to the new material graphene.


Introduction to Policy Analysis, (2013) teaching assistant, for Bachelor in European Studies.


Other activities


te Kulve, H., Konrad, K., Palavicino, C. A., & Walhout, B. (2013). Context Matters: Promises and Concerns Regarding Nanotechnologies for Water and Food Applications. NanoEthics, 1-11.

Alvial-Palavicino, C., Garrido-Echeverría, N., Jiménez-Estévez, G., Reyes, L., and Palma-Behnke, R.; A methodology for community engagement in the introduction of renewable based smart microgrid, Energy for Sustainable Development, Volume 15, Issue 3, September 2011, Pages 314-323, ISSN 0973-0826, 10.1016/j.esd.2011.06.007.