Technical Medicine

module 3: Philosophy of science
In this course, students learn to recognize the role of scientific research in technological design. They learn to distinguish between different kinds of knowledge, and to reflect on (logical aspects) of scientific reasoning and methodology. Keywords are: Scientific reasoning: Induction (and problem of induction), Deduction, Falsification; Hypothetical-deductive model of scientific method; Correlation versus Causation; Inductive versus Causal mechanistic explanations; Empirical knowledge versus theoretical knowledge; The role of literature research in scientific research; Scientific modeling.

module 7: Ethics of diagnostics
This course enables students to reflect critically and systematically on what it means to diagnose, and on the underlying concepts of disease and health. It engages students in reflecting on analyzing the potential ethical and societal implications of diagnostic technologies, focusing in particular on diagnostics for Alzheimer’s Disease (the topic of the module’s project). Students learn to include reflection on the ethical and societal conditions for novel Alzheimer’s Disease diagnostic technologies.

module 9: Research ethics
This course introduces students to the ethical principles guiding regulation of research with human subjects. Students get an overview on the history of human subject research, reflect on the motivation and justifiability of the research, and learn about the motivation of current guidelines. The course discusses the acceptability of research with human subjects with a focus on the study course, it reflects on questions of informed consent, and on responsibilities in research. Students learn to reflect on human subject research ethics in general, they deepen their awareness of the historical background of today’s guidelines, they learn how the questions matter for their particular research project, and they work on examplary patient information forms as part of the informed consent process for their project within this module.

module 11: Medical ethics
The course introduces students to the ethical issues, theories, principles and values associated with the development and use of technologies in and for medicine and medical practice. The course explores what ethics is and the variety of types of ethics: descriptive, normative, and applied ethics. The course addresses and studies the main normative theories of deontology, consequentialism, virtue and care ethics. The course also introduces students to the main theories in the domain of ethics and technology, specifically mediation theory and the embedded values approach (including value sensitive design).