Regulation model aircraft drones RPAS

Introduction
The use of RPAS (Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems) is slowly but steadily increasing. More and more applications for drones are being devised. Within the UT, research is carried out on or with RPAS. Existing regulations distinguish between commercial/business and leisure use. Neither really applies to the research situation within the UT.
In order to create a workable situation in the short term, this provisional measure has been drawn up. HR now takes the initiative towards a definitive measure, this in collaboration with the users and competent authorities.

Procedure
The customary procedure at the UT consists of a Risk Inventory and Evaluation being prepared for all experiments. This results in an overview of the risks and the measures to be taken to experiment safely, within the applicable laws and regulations. The HSE coordinator of the Faculty is to be involved in this.
When laws and regulations create practical problems in connection with the research, a procedure will be sought, in consultation with HSE HR, which is at least equivalent and, if necessary, will be coordinated with the competent authorities.
The underlying principle remains: the prevention of accidents and dangerous situations.

For experiments with RPAS, the following considerations shall be used as a basis:

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control failure due to failure of servo,

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fatal error,

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loss of engine power,

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low battery voltage,

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loss of GPS signal,

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radio control link failure,

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ground control station communication failure.

Other issues that must be addressed in the RI&E include:

How is contact with people prevented? Dealing with the source has priority in this respect;

How has the demarcation and monitoring of the area for flying on the UT campus been regulated?
What measures have been implemented to perform the proper actions in case of an accident (how has the CERT been organised?).
Precautionary measures must also be taken outside the Campus. Preferably, a location with restricted access must be selected, a monitored area (e.g. a closed-off area, a meadow or a field for model airplanes).

In addition, it must be established how compliance with the preconditions set out below is guaranteed.

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All activities must take place in daylight;

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At least 3 km away from civil and military airports;

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At least 150 m (horizontal distance) from crowds and buildings;

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Not higher than 120 m above land/water (AGL);

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With continuous good view of your plane;

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Distance to pilot/captain not exceeding 500 m

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Not above connected buildings;

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Not above roads, railways, waterways, ports, or large structures (bridges, etc.), with the exception of 30 km/h and 60 km/h roads

Note: use of RPAS is not covered by the UT insurance policies.