In the last fifty years the composition of natural gas in the Dutch gas grid was very constant. It is expected that the gas quality bands are going to vary much more due to changes of the main gas supply streams in Europe and the increasing use of LNG. Furthermore, the introduction of biogas in the gas grid will lead to a multiplication of the gas injection points. The project aims at the realization of a miniaturized Wobbe index meter for the measurement of the energy content of fuel gases, with most parts integrated on a single silicon chip. Fuel gas and air are heated and mixed on-chip, resulting in spontaneous combustion. The combustion energy is estimated from the resulting elevation in temperature and, combined with density and flow rates measured by also integrated micro Coriolis mass flow sensors, the Wobbe index can be calculated. The micro Wobbe meter is a unique device that can replace existing bulky and expensive Wobbe meters.
See also: http://www.stw.nl/nl/content/integrated-wobbe-index-meter