Development of hyper cross-linked membranes for pre-combustion properties

Farzaneh Radmanesh (PhD Candidate), Nieck Benes (promotor)

Duration: 2018-2022

Funding: European Commission Research and Innovation (GENESIS), Partners: SINTEF, CTI, Funzionano, TNO

Global warming due to greenhouse gas emissions is one of a worldwide concern. Among these gases, CO2 has been recognized as the most responsible one. The largest source of CO2 emission in the world is the energy-driven consumption of fossil fuels, which has led to a rapid increase in its emission. With the current technologies, there is no possibility of replacing fossil fuels with alternative sources of energy in the near future. Thus, the development of new, innovative and flexible methods to reduce emissions of CO2 at high temperatures are very important in the industrial processes. Besides, energy is conventionally produced via high-temperature processes. Therefore, gas separation in many industrial processes is desirable in elevated temperatures in order to reduce efficiency losses associated with cooling down gas streams. Membrane separation is a viable method offering an alternative CO2 capture technology.  The goal of this research is to optimize the current and fabricate a polymeric membrane, which can separate H2/CO2 and H2/CH4 at elevated temperatures.

Key words
Gas separation, Interfacial polymerization, Polyimide, POSS

Technological challenges
- Optimizing poly(POSS)imide membranes [1]: Study the effect of ion and solvent on the performance of gas permeation membrane

Research goal
Synthesizing the new type of membrane suitable for selective separation of hot small gases

[1] Raaijmakers, M.J., et al., Sieving of hot gases by hyper-cross-linked nanoscale-hybrid membranes. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2013. 136(1): p. 330-335.