Liquid-vapor phase transition or boiling heat transfer is a classical, yet actively pursued heat transfer topic. Most advances are made in surface texturing using organic molecules to modify wetting characteristics with the liquid. However, these modifications have little or no impact with cryogenic liquids because organic compounds freeze at low temperatures.
Our interest is to study the quenching of a material with cryogenic fluids. Several factors influence this liquid-vapor phase change transition phenomena as illustrated in the cartoon.