Karolina Janeczek Portalska, Liliana Moreira Teixeira, Jeroen C. H. Leijten, Rong Jin, Clemens van Blitterswijk, Jan de Boer and Marcel Karperien
Tissue Engineering Part A 2013
Angiogenesis and neo-vascularization are fundamental for the success of clinically relevant- sized tissue engineered (TE) constructs. The next generation of TE constructs relies on providing instructive materials combined with the delivery of angiogenic growth factors and cells to avoid tissue ischemia. However, the majority of materials and cell types screened so far show limited clinical relevance, either due to insufficient number of cells or due to the use of animal-derived matrixes. Here we investigated whether endothelial-like cells derived from mesenchymal stromal cells (EL-MSC) can be used for vascular TE in combination with injectable dextran-hyaluronic acid hydrogels (Dex-g-HA). These hydrogels can be easily modified, as demonstrated by the incorporation of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). We examined in vitro the reciprocal influences between cells and matrix. Dex-g-HA enabled higher EL-MSC metabolic rates associated with optimal cell sprouting in vitro, compared to HUVECs. In vivo evaluation demonstrated absence of an acute inflammatory response and EL-MSCs incorporated within Dex-g-HA formed a functional vascular network integrated with the host vascular system. This work demonstrates that Dex-g-HA is an efficient delivery method of VEGF to induce angiogenesis. Additionally, functional neo-vascularization can be achieved in vitro and in vivo by the combination of Dex-g-HA with EL-MSC.