The Indonesian Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education (RISTEKDIKTI) and the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) granted six joint research projects that focus on food, water and rule of law. Two of these projects are led by researchers of the ITC Faculty of Geo-information Science and Earth Observation of the University of Twente.
RISTEKDIKTI and NWO work together in the Cooperation Indonesia-The Netherlands programme to finance joint research that is in alignment with the national science agendas of Indonesia and the Netherlands, the UN Sustainable Development Goals and the EU Grand Societal Challenges. A long term scientific collaboration exists between Indonesia and The Netherlands which is further strengthened in this new collaboration to address scientific and societal issues of interest to both countries.
A blueprint for an Indonesian Landslide Early Warning System (BILEWS)
Main applicant: Dr V.G. Jetten, University of Twente
In Indonesia, landslides triggered by extreme weather conditions cause hundreds of casualties each year. The main aim is to derive local alarm levels for rainfall triggered landslides and debris flows that are sufficiently reliable on a community level. We will generate a deeper understanding of the triggering mechanisms of precipitation to landslide and debris flow initiation on Java, and investigate an ensemble of historical precipitation-landslide data. By introducing homogenous physiographic units based on historical landslide occurrences, the system will be capable of predicting landslide activity near settlements. We apply tailored precipitation forecasting data, in combination with physically based hydrology, slope instability and mass movement modelling, and assess the prediction performance using the active physiographic units. This leads to a scientifically based method for local warning thresholds, which we will make actionable in discussion with community stakeholders to increase their resilience and strengthen their capacity for adaptation to extreme weather.
Informal Economies and Creative Industry strategies (INECIS) - Governance arrangements, socio-spatial dynamics and informal economies in urban kampongs in Indonesia
Main applicant: Prof. K. Pfeffer, University of Twente
Studies that specifically address the contribution of urban kampongs to the city economy are scarce of it is yet unclear how can and should strategies formulated at the local government level integrate and collaborate with co-existing informal economies. Therefore, our research aims to analyze the relationship between the informal economies of kampongs and formal creative industries strategies, and how these impact the spatial, social and economic development of kampongs. The study will identify: the commodification of informal industries and their contribution to local economy, social and economic opportunities for Small Medium Enterprises, and the mutual relationship between the informal economy and land use patterns. The study also addresses the issue of justice for vulnerable communities, by analysing the relationship between government-led strategies and changes to socio-economic characteristics, land, and tenure security in urban kampongs. The interdisciplinary research combines qualitative and quantitative approaches, including socio-economic, policy, and spatial methods of analysis.