Research into biological and medical systems, such as cells, protein structures and membranes is carried out in the MESA+ BioNanoLab which has been in use since 2012.

A wide range of microscopic and spectroscopic techniques can be used in the laboratory to carry out highly detailed measurements. Facilities are also available for conducting numerous fully automated tests. For instance, this equipment is used for research into potentially hazardous effects of all sorts of nano particles on humans and the environment. A biochemical and cell culture laboratory are also housed in the BioNanoLab. 

Whereas these facilities are frequently used by researchers of the University of Twente and other knowledge institutes, they are also expressly available for use by other parties such as hospitals and companies.