Garde J.A.



Assistant Professor Industrial Design Engineering

  Telephone: +31 53 489 4729




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Co-design, Participatory Design, Scenario Based Design, Design for Healthcare

Research interests

Julia is a practice oriented researcher in the field of Co-design and Participatory Design. She has set-up and managed product design- and work process design projects for industry and hospitals.

Julia uses techniques such as scenario’s, role-playing games, and serious games to enable participants, who are not used to working and thinking as a designer, to contribute to innovation processes, develop new concepts and evaluate the consequences of their design decisions.

Specific research projects


2011-2012: Participatory design of new work practices for nurses within the new building of the MST hospital (Enschede, The Netherlands)




Since 2016 and ongoing-: MinD EU Rise Project – Designing for people with dementia. This project aims to help people with dementia engage in social contexts to improve psychosocial wellbeing.


Julia coordinates and gives classes and projects in the field of Scenario Based Design, Co-Design and Human Product Relations.



2007 MSc Industrial Design Engineering (cum laude). Redesign of a NICU patient space (conducted at the Isala Clinics, Zwolle)


2007 – present: University of Twente, Department of Design, Production and Management, Human Centered Design


2013 PhD: Games and Participatory Design in Healthcare


Garde, J.A., van der Voort, M.C. (2016). Could LEGO® Serious Play® be a useful technique for product co-design? Proceedings of DRS 2016, Design Research Society 50th Anniversary Conference. Brighton, UK, 27–30 June 2016.

Amstel, F., van, & Garde, J. A. (2015). The Transformative Potential of Game Spatiality in Service Design. Simulation & Gaming Vol. 47(5), p. 628-650.

Garde, J.A. & M.C. van der Voort (2014). Participants' view on personal gains and PD process. In: Proceedings of the 13th Participatory Design Conference 2014, Volume 2, p. 79-82. Windhoek, Namibia. ACM.

Garde, J. A. (2013). Games and Participatory Design in Healthcare. (PhD), University of Twente, Enschede.

Garde, J. A., & van der Voort, M. C. (2013). The Activity-Flow Co-Design Game: Designing for scheduled and unscheduled use situations. Paper presented at the IASDR, Tokyo.

Thalen, J. & J. Garde (2013). Capturing use: user involvement and participatory design. In C. d. Bont, E. d. Ouden, R. Schifferstein, F. Smulders and M. v. d. Voort (Ed.), Advanced design methods for succesful innovation (pp. 33-54). Den Haag, The Netherlands.

Garde, J.A. & M.C. van der Voort (2012). Participant’s interpretation of PD workshop results. In: Proceedings of the 12th Participatory Design Conference 2012 Volume 2, p. 5-8. Roskilde, Denmark. ACM.

Garde, J. A., & van der Voort, M. C. (2012). Co-designing better work organization in healthcare Advances in Human Aspects of Healthcare (pp. 23–32): CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group.

Garde, J.A. & M.C. van der Voort (2011). An experience in organizing participatory innovation for a medical company. In: Proceedings of Participatory Innovation conference 2011. Pp.183-186. Sonderborg, Denmark.

Huijing, S.V.S. & J.A. Garde (2011). Applying Virtual Reality for Participatory Design: supporting end-users in the design of an endoscopic operating theatre. In Proceedings of IASDR conference 2011 ‘Diversity and Unity’. Delft, the Netherlands.

Garde, J.A. & M.C. van der Voort (2010). Participation in the Design of Endoscopic Operating Theatres in the Netherlands. In: Proceedings of the PDC conference 2010 ‘Participation::the challenge’. Pp. 263-266. Sidney, Australia. ACM.

Nijkamp, M. & J. A. Garde (2010). A practical approach to translating social cultural patterns into new design. In: Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Engineering and Product Design Education, pp. 154-259. Trondheim, Norway. Design Society.

Garde, J.A. & & M.C. van der Voort (2009). The Procedure Usability Game: A Participatory Game for Development of Complex Medical Procedures & Products. In: Proceedings of the CIRP IPS2 Conference 2009. Cranfield, UK.

Garde, J.A. & M.C. van der Voort (2008). The design of a NICU Patient Area: Combining Design for Usability and Design for Emotion. In: Proceedings of the Design Research Society Biennial Conference 2008. Sheffield, UK.