Academic staff

Olde Scholtenhuis, Leon Léon olde Scholtenhuis (PhD)
Department Construction Management & Engineering
Room Hortsring-Z216
Tel. 053-489 6857
Tel. secretary 053-489 4254/2670
Position Assistant professor

Postal address

University of Twente
Faculty of Engineering Technology
Department of Construction Management & Engineering
P.O. Box 217
7500 AE Enschede
The Netherlands

Check also:

LinkedIn (personal page)
ResearchGate (personal page)
ZoARG | ReDUCE (leading researcher in this programme)
VISICO (holder of a Living Lab in the Visualization & Simulation for Construction group)



MSc Construction Management and Engineering, University of Twente, Enschede, the Netherlands
Master Thesis: "Streamlining Inner City Utility Projects ", host: University, in cooperation with local municipalities


Bachelor Civil Engineering and Management, University of Twente, Enschede, the Netherlands
Bachelor Thesis: Visualizing and Simulating Inner City Construction Work to Support Multi-Stakeholder Meetings; hosts Axis Media-Ontwerpers, Municipality of Enschede, MST-Hospital

Employment record

Assistant professor at Civil Engineering department. Topics:

  • Inner city infrastructure construction
  • Excavation damages & safety (see ZoARG | ReDUCE page)
  • Virtual design and construction (see VISICO page)

PhD student at the department of Construction Management and Engineering, University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands
Topic: High Reliability Organizing in Construction
Coordination of Inner City Utility Reconstruction Projects

Research assistant, Dept. of Construction Management and Engineering, University of Twente, the Netherlands

Positions as Teaching Assistant and Secondary School Student Tutor


Current research: Reduction of Damages to Utilities and Careful Excavation

One of the main issues during society’s transition toward smarter cities relates to the maintenance and upkeep of public infrastructure. It becomes more complicated, for example, to add new networks (e.g. fiber optics, smart grids, submerged waste transport etc.) and maintain existing buried utilities. Besides the physical limitations, information uncertainty (inaccurate or incomplete maps) and coordination issues caused by privatization make add more complexity to execution of inner city streetworks. The ZoARG | ReDUCE research programme that I lead aims to study and improve the existing situation by. Key research activities are centered on information, coordination and supporting technologies. Currently, we have a growing research and industry consortium that collaboratively:

  • Identifies how subsurface information can be effectively modelled to support life cycle decisions;
  • Further develops and implements subsurface mapping technologies, practices, and codes;
  • Implements detection and information solutions in practice to iteratively improve the tools, engage practice in advancing the field of smart inner city engineering, and develop new education curricula for inner city engineering.

Most recent projects in this domain are:

  • 3TU.Lighthouse project Spying the Underground
    This project aims to develop data models that stores fuzzy location information of visualizing underground utilities. Collaboration with Dr. Sisi Zlatanova TU Delft and her students
  • NOW STW TISCALI project
    Project to be started by 2017. Focus is on developing a three stage approach for systematic areal sewage inspection that uses thermal imaging, ground penetrating radar and in-pipe inspection. In collaboration with Ir. W. Timmermans, Prof. M. van der Meijde & Dr. E. Dertien.

More information about ongoing projects can be found on the ZoARG | ReDUCE & VISICO websites (see URL above)

PhD research: Enhancing Reliability in Subsurface Utility Construction Projects

Supervisors: Dr. Timo Hartmann, Prof. Dr. Ir. Ing. A.G. Dorée

Subsurface utility reconstruction projects have a great impact on their surroundings. Especially in densely occupied urban space, utility reconstruction works appears difficult to plan and coordinate. Despite good intentions and significant coordination efforts, the projects are often on hold, causing re-planning and over-runs. I used the lens of High Reliability Organizing to study reliable coordination in these projects. In 2012, I conducted ethnographic studies to describe coordination practices in five sewer projects. In 2013-2014 I evaluated how 4D visualization tools supported this practice, by meaningfully formalizing and integrating multi-actor project schedules. Additionally, municipal project coordination decisions, 4D-CAD implementation, causes of excavation damage, and simulation of sewer line works were investigated in supervised student projects. I defended my thesis work on Oct-22 2015. Findings showed that virtual design and construction tools such as 4D CAD help to mindfully enhance coordination in multi-stakeholder utility projects.


Smart Ways to get Smart Cities Smarter (module coordinator)

Building Information Modelling 5D, and Planning (main instructor)
Markets organization and Innovation in Construction Industry (co-instructor and examiner)

Supervision of various BSc. & MSc. thesis projects and PDEng students in domain of smart inner city construction.

Other Activities

Peer-reviewed publications

Olde Scholtenhuis, L., Hartmann, T., and Dorée, A. (2016). Testing the Value of 4D Visualizations for Enhancing Mindfulness in Utility Reconstruction Works. J. Constr. Eng. Manage. , 10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0001126 , 04016015.

Olde Scholtenhuis, L. L., Hartmann, T., & Dorée, A. G. (2016). 4D CAD Based Method for Supporting Coordination of Urban Subsurface Utility Projects. Automation in Construction, 62, 66-77. doi:

Olde Scholtenhuis, L. L. (2015). Enhancing mindful coordination in fragmented utility construction practices : By developing, implementing and evaluating virtual design and construction models. Enschede: University of Twente. [PhD-thesis]

High reliability organizing at the boundary of the CM domain, 2014, Construction Management and Economics 32(7-8)pp. 658-664 (co-author: A.G. Dorée)

Fieldwork-Based Method for End-User Engagement in Domain Ontology Development, accepted, in press, ASCA Ontology Monograph

Peer-reviewed conference publications

Comparing Mindfulness in Manual and 4D-Supported Coordination Practices, 2014, Construction Research Congress, Atlanta (co-authors: T. Hartmann, A.G. Dorée)

Changing Scheduling Purposes and Evolving 4D-CAD Models: A Study of Planning and Realization in a Utility Project, International Conference on Computing in Civil and Building Engineering, 2014, Florida (co-author: T. Hartmann)

Challenges for Construction IT adoption on project level, 2011, 27th Association for Researchers in Construction Management (ARCOM) Annual Conference, Bristol (co-authors: A.G. Dorée and T. Hartmann)

Systems Architecture for a Virtual Construction Site to support utility construction

management tasks2012, Annual Workshop European Group for Intellignet Computing in Engineering (EG-ICE),Herrsching (co-authors: A.G. Dorée and T. Hartmann)

An object model to support visualizations and simulations of subsurface utility construction activities, 2012, 14thInternational Conference on Computing in Civil and Building Engineering (ICCCBE), Moscow (co-author: T. Hartmann)

Welcoming High Reliability Organising in Construction management, 2013, 29th Association for Researchers in Construction Management (ARCOM) Annual Conference, Bristol (co-authors: A.G. Dorée)

Professional publications

Afstemmen van kabel- en leidingonderzoek. toepasbaarheid van de Engelse PAS:128 standaard voor de Nederlandse geotechniek sector, 2016, CROW Infradagen, Ermelo (co-author)

Smart cities bouwen volgens de knieoperatiemetafoor: onderzoeksrichtingen binnen het domein van binnenstedelijke (infra)reconstructie, 2016, CROW Infradagen, Ermelo (co-author A.G. Dorée)

Van 2D- naar 3D/4D- bouwprocesvisualisaties van binnenstedelijke ondiepe infrastructuurprojecten: een voorbeeld uit Twente, 2014, CROW Infradagen, Ermelo (co-authors: A.G. Dorée and T. Hartmann)

EMVI en snellere binnenstedelijke rioleringsprojecten: wat te doen met nutscoördinatie, 2014, CROW Infradagen, Ermelo(co-authors: E. Meijberg and H. Boes)

Stop het graven! In 2024 liggen in alle kabels en leidingen in goten, 2014, CROW Infradagen, Ermelo (co-author: E. Meijberg)

De Gordiaanse Knoop van kabels en leidingen: hakken we hem door? 2012, CROW Infradagen, Papendal (co-author: A.G. Dorée)