Dozens of hoists such as chain hoists, slewing cranes and overhead cranes can be found at the University of Twente. Besides the fact that we want to see that these tools are handled safely and responsibly, there are also legal obligations that we have to adhere to. To ensure that we deal with this unambiguously and clearly as an organization, this document describes how this can be achieved.
The Working Conditions Act states: 'The employer shall ensure that the employees are provided with effective instruction, adapted to their respective tasks, with regard to the working conditions.' risks, as well as the measures aimed at preventing or limiting these risks'. Training must therefore be given that addresses the risks to be expected in the work (source: Working Conditions Act Articles 5 and 8).
European regulations prescribe that hoisting and lifting equipment are provided with instructions for use. Manufacturers and suppliers of hoisting and lifting equipment are responsible for complete and correct instructions for use and users must follow these instructions correctly when using the hoisting and lifting equipment.
There is an inspection and inspection obligation for cranes. The inspection for cranes with a working load of less than 2 tons must be carried out by an expert. Certification is not required.
Cranes with a working load from 2 tons must have a logbook in the form of a crane book. This must include notes regarding maintenance, checking, inspection, testing, repair and replacement of vital parts (such as the hoisting cable and hoisting block).
Hoisting tools (chains, slings, slings, D- and H-closures, etc.) are the means of connection between the load to be moved and the hoisting equipment. These tools must be checked annually by an expert. Chain work must be inspected every 4 years.
To ensure that the inspector is really expert, he must be AMTek or EKH certified.
It can be found in the Working Conditions Decree 7.4a (inspections) 7.18 (hoisting and lifting equipment) and the Commodities Act Decree on machines, chapter 4 (inspection of cranes).
The basic principles for safe lifting at the UT are:
- Every person who is going to work with UT hoisting equipment has demonstrably received sufficient and effective information and instruction to be able to perform the hoisting activities responsibly and safely. This also includes the circumstances and the environment in which the work is done (RI&E).
- Every hoisting gear has been inspected and / or approved in accordance with legal requirements.
- A crane book is available for hoisting equipment above 2 tons.
- All lifting equipment has been checked by an expert.
- Chain work is approved.
- Instructions for use of the hoisting equipment are available.
- Every person who is going to work with UT hoisting equipment has a valid hoisting certificate or has demonstrably received sufficient instruction for the work to be carried out.
- Each hoisting gear is assigned a manager or supervisor who ensures that the agreements described in this document are actually applied.
- The owner of the hoisting equipment is responsible for inspection and maintenance.
- All hoisting equipment is checked annually by an expert. If applicable, also inspected. This is recorded in writing.
- There is a crane book for hoisting equipment above 2 tons in which all checks, inspections and modifications are kept.
- All lifting equipment is checked annually by an expert. This is recorded in writing and is the responsibility of (the department of) the user.
- Chain work is inspected every 4 years. This is recorded in writing.
- Instructions for use are available for every user.
All UT lifting equipment is inventoried. It is known who the owner (faculty, service or CFM) is and who the supervisor / manager is for each tool. The supervisor / manager ensures that inspections and tests are carried out by or on behalf of the owner. The supervisor / manager also ensures that all users are adequately and effectively instructed.
The user's unit is responsible for maintenance, replacement and inspection of all lifting equipment.