In the second year of the programme you will continue to acquire essential skills and knowledge. As in the first year, your projects will be strongly embedded in the theme of each module.
During this fifth module you will learn about the principles of modelling and analyzing dynamic systems. Using basic principles, such as conservation laws and continuity relations, you will learn how to make a fairly realistic description of a system, or part of a system, by using a mathematical model. First you will get familiar with these principles through various examples taken from mathematics and physics. Then, using advanced mathematics and simulation techniques, you will study how to predict the behaviour of these systems. You will also learn how to analyze signals and models in the field of frequency, as systems can react very differently at different frequencies. You will discover how signal response is used to research system dynamics, how to solve linear differential equations using the description of signals in time and frequency, and how to describe and analyse stochastic signals.
In your team project during this module, you will design, build and test a measuring device. This allows you to apply all the knowledge on modelling and signal processing that you will have acquired during the module. Check the video below for an example of a measuring device built by Advanced Technology students.
a) Materials Engineering
Materials Engineering will familiarize you with the relations between the basic properties of materials and their functional application. Every piece of equipment, after all – whether it is an electronic transistor, an artificial hip or a pair of sunglasses – combines the properties of different materials to achieve a certain functionality. In this module, you will attend lectures on material synthesis and characterization, while also gaining practical experience. You will discuss the mechanical, thermal and dielectric properties of materials.
In the second part of the module, you can choose a theme. For instance, you can focus on physics/electrical engineering and the use of charged particles manipulation in semiconductor applications. Alternatively, you might focus on the chemical aspects of materials, delving into catalysis, or the wetting of liquids in contact with materials – a field that is vital to many technological applications, such as print technology and self-cleaning surfaces.
b) Physical Transport
In this module you will learn how to apply the fundamental aspects and basic equations for describing impulse, mass, and energy transport to situations in the real (engineering) world. The ability to formulate and resolve conservation laws (balances) is a core competence for (chemical) engineers. In the modelling project you will be immediately applying what you have learned. By experimenting you will verify the models and identify any unknown parameters within them.
c) Systems and Control
This module will give you an introduction to electronics, and introduce you to methods including differential and difference equations, state description, convolution and integral transformations. The descriptions it provides extend to systems functioning in other domains, such as mechanical or thermal systems. You will design and develop a mechatronic system.
Complex engineering problems – like describing a wing's airflow profile, or an electrical spool's magnetic field – require a mathematical description. This can be quite a challenge. During the seventh module you will use vector calculus formulations in the field of electromagnetism. You will learn more about fields (for example, vector and scalar fields), waves, electrostatics, magnetostatics and electrodynamics. The team project will be the final test of your knowledge and skills, as you design and produce an antenna that works as well as possible within the 100 MHz range.
The eighth module centres on the development and commercialization of a complex technological system. You will obtain hands-on project experience of the entire innovation process, from working on an initial technological idea to delivering a commercially viable product and/or service. You will learn key theories, tools and methods from systems engineering, entrepreneurship, innovation management, knowledge production and science and technology. You will be able to understand complex system design as well as the commercial, organizational and societal factors that are at least as important for success as the technology itself. Group work is a key element of the module, providing a substantial test of your capacity for effective collaboration, reflection and presentation skills.