Research projects

Bikeways quality mapping index for Curitiba

Student

Paul Schilte

Project type

Bachelor assignment

Study

Civil Engineering (bachelor)

Period

April-June 2016

Host

SETRAN

UT supervisor

Karst Geurs (CTW)

Local supervisor

Thais Martins (UTFPR)

Bachelor thesis

http://essay.utwente.nl/71060/

Summary
The research will be performed in Curitiba, a fast growing city in the state of Parana (PR) in southern Brazil of 1.9 million inhabitants. In the last 50 years, the population of Curitiba has quadrupled and this has significant consequences. At the time of the huge growth of the population, the individual motorized transport became affordable for the middle class. This was the reason why almost everybody got a car. Because of that, there was no need for public transport facilities. Nowadays the roads are overcrowded and there is little space to add new roadways. It has already been proven that adding more roadways is not the solution to reduce the traffic jams, because it will only lead to more people buying an individual motorized transport. So there is need for another solution, to get  more people to use non-motorized transports, like bicycles, or public transport, like busses.

There is need for a change from cars and motorcycles to other types of vehicles. In this thesis the focus will lie on increasing the bicycle use in Curitiba. Therefore the existing bicycles roads and parking facilities for bicycles need to be and will be validated. The set objectives are reached by answering the following three research questions:

  1. How bicycle friendly arethe cycle routes in Curitiba?
  2. How much inhabitants of Curitiba have access to the bicycle network and what is their position in the society?
  3. What kinds of places have facilities to store bicycles and how are these facilities distributed throughout the city? 
Mapping Bicycle friendly areas for the city of Curitiba – Brazil

Student

Bruno Motta

Project type

Master assignment

Study

Civil Engineering (master)

Period

May-June 2016

Host

SETRAN

UT supervisor

Karst Geurs (CTW)

Local supervisor

Tatiana Gadda (UTFPR)

Master thesis

http://essay.utwente.nl/71736/

Summary
The city of Curitiba, in the southern region of Brazil is seeking to increase the bicycle network with the construction of new bicycle paths and bicycle lanes, parking locations for bicycles and in the maintenance of the existent cycling infrastructure. Spatial analysis tools, such as the Bikeability Index is a useful approach to incorporate different aspects of bicycle use in a local perspective, giving inputs for decision-makers when deciding to implement new bicycle infrastructure in order to increase the cycling conditions within the city, providing positive cycling experiences and encourage more people to use bicycle for transportation. Therefore, the purpose of this investigation is to build a Bikeability Index for the city of Curitiba, considering local perspectives about bikeability and bicycle use. The index will be represented in a form of a map, highlighting areas that are more and less propitious to cycle. The map intends to support a potential bicycle network expansion of the city, by identifying areas where cycling conditions needs to be improved. The map was built using Geographic Information System (GIS) data, with the bicycle use aspects being assessed through a quantitative study conducted with the citizens of Curitiba. The index is composed by Residential Density, Mixed Land-use, Topography, Safety and Types of Infrastructure. GIS data was collected thanks to the open data policy from the Municipality of Curitiba and to previous investigations conducted in the city. A Questionnaire was also applied in the city, with the objective of gaining more insights about the aspects that affects bicycle use in Curitiba. 231 individuals participated in the survey. To analyse possible differences between in the survey responses, participants were divided in cyclists versus non-cyclists, and higher income versus lower income. Results demonstrated that cyclists and non-cyclists perceive differently the aspects related with bikeability and bicycle use. No consistent differences were found between higher and lower income group. Consequently, three bikeability maps were produced. One based on the responses from the whole sample size, one based on the cyclists’ evaluation and one based on non-cyclists’ evaluation. The map indicates areas with good conditions for cycling and areas where the conditions need to be improved. The map is focused on cycling for utilitarian purposes, rather than sports or recreation.

Cycling infrastructure planning in Curitiba

Student

Deliang Gao

Project type

Master assignment

Study

Urban planning and management

Period

August 2016 to March 2017

Host

 Prof. Tatiana Gadda

UT supervisor

Anna Grigolon and Mark Brussel

Local supervisor

Prof. Tatiana Gadda

Summary
In recent years, Curitiba is experiencing an increase in the usage of cycling as a mode of transport. Consequently, the number of accidents involving cyclists have also increased. A spatial analysis of cycling accidents would allow a location analysis and the identification of spatial patterns. In addition, after the identification of clusters of accidents, urban design aspects are to be assessed in order to confirm whether improvements related to cycling safety could be realized. The results of this research could therefore be useful in future studies on cycling infrastructure planning in Curitiba.

Designing for appropriate bicycle stalls

Student

Cedric Rodriguez and Katya Langeveld

Project type

Minor

Study

Industrial design (bachelor)

Period

July 2016-January 2017

Host

SETRAN

UT supervisor

Marten Toxopeus (CTW) and Maya van den Berg (IGS)

Local supervisor

André Turbay (PUCPR)

Summary
The aim of this project is to design a bicycle rack for the city of Curitiba. To get a better understanding of the needs and demands of the city, but most important of the cyclists a research is done. This research focusses on the cycling culture and behaviour of the cyclists in Curitiba, but also analyses the current bicycle racks. The outcome of this research was a problem definition which is used as starting point for the ideation phase. The problem that came out of the research did, surprisingly, not focus on the current design of the bicycle rack, but focused on the accessibility of the bicycle racks. The current bicycle racks are not used very often, because their location is not near the destinations of cyclists. Resulting in a use of other objects in the streets as bicycle rack, for example traffic poles, benches and flower pots.

Knowing this the ideation phase focused on the use of current ‘obstacles’ in the streets that could be adapted to an ideal bicycle rack. Every obstacle is analyzed and being searched for solutions to make it a better bicycle rack. During this ideation phase the knowledge of the city and its systems became bigger and the preference of pedestrians became clear. This is where the idea came from to integrate a bench with a bicycle rack. In this way the bicycle rack will not be an obstacle for pedestrians, which is how it is seen often in Curitiba. Another idea was to improve the traffic poles, which are currently often used as bicycle rack. This improvement would make sure that the bicycle stands firmly and in the right direction (parallel to the road and the sidewalk). With this object could also be made clear which traffic poles can and can’t be used. Due to their location or the stability of a specific traffic pole.

The initial idea was to develop the bench and the attachment to the traffic pole, but due to time limitations the choice is made to develop the bench. Institutes were more enthusiastic about this product and because they are the ones installing it the bench would improve the accessibility more.

The final design is a result from a development phase focusing on strength, ease of use, geometry, sustainability and costs. Due to these aspects some changes had to be made. The geometry of the bench, for example, should fit pedestrians, but most importantly should fit the majority of bicycles in Curitiba. Therefor some changes are made to grab the wheel of the bicycle at the most ideal place. The material of the outer slats is also changed from wood to metal profiles. In this way the slats could be smaller and they are stronger.

This project is a very realistic project due to all the different parties involved and the possibility to install a prototype in the city. Due to this the product should be completely functional, otherwise it will not stand against weather conditions or vandalism. The final product is not completely ready for real implementation, but the development needed is stated in the recommendations. This includes a last design iteration that could not be made due to a lack of time.

Designing for increasing safety

Student

Cedric Rodriguez and Katya Langeveld

Project type

Minor

Study

Industrial design (bachelor)

Period

July 2016-January 2017

Host

SETRAN

UT supervisor

Marten Toxopeus (CTW) and Maya van den Berg (IGS)

Local supervisor

André Turbay (PUCPR)

Summary
The safety of cyclists is a topic that should be paid attention to very well and with this project a proposition is made to contribute to this safety of cyclists. In Curitiba, but also in the rest of Brazil, the amount of deaths in traffic is shockingly high. In the period from 2013 until 2015 40 cyclists died in traffic, so this does not even include the deaths of pedestrians and car drivers. 

Another motive for the need for a safer situation for cyclists is to promote cycling. Curitiba is a big city with a huge amount of people traveling to and from the center every day. Most of those people use cars and the other mode of transportation used often is public transportation. In the peak hours the cars create a massive traffic jam and the busses are overcrowded. If cycling becomes a more important mode of transportation this could reduce amount of cars and with that the major traffic jams. 

The structure used to research the current situation and develop solutions is divided in a macro- and microscale. The microscale contains general problems and solutions, whom are consistent for all crossings, which can be used as guideline for redesigns of other crossings. Other types of problems and solutions are on a more detailed level and are specific per crossing. 

On a macroscale is focused on the current traffic flows going through the certain areas and if this is in line with the type of zone the certain neighborhood is. Most of the time this was not the case and to relieve the areas that are residential and contain a cycle path, the big corridor of car and bus travel is moved to another bigger road. This also relieves the block in front of PUCPR, which is an area with a high density of pedestrians for which the new situation is much safer. To create a more local feeling in the residential area all the streets are made two directional. In this case the drivers have to pay more attention and cannot drive too fast. 

The general solutions on a microscale contain a sequence in the division of the different modes of traffic. This will be cars in the middle, than a cycle path or lane and after that the pedestrian area. In this way the pedestrians will be protected the best. To protect the cyclists as well the parking lane is placed between the cycle path and the car lane. Also the zebras are only used on local roads in combination with a lifted area to ensure a safe situation. 

All these general solutions are used at every crossing. Some crossings needed some specific changes as well, like changement in alignment or adding an exclusive bus lane. 

Promoting the use of the bike sharing system in Curitiba

Student

Luisa Sanchez Diez

Project type

Internship

Study

Communication sciences (bachelor)

Period

March 2017 -  June 2017

Host

URBS

UT supervisor

Mark Tempelman (BMS)

Local supervisor

André Turbay (PUCPR)

Summary

Follows


Student

Willem Trommelen

Study

Civil Engineering

Level

Bachelor

Topic(s) of interest

Transport Engineering and Management

UT supervisor

Karst Geurs (ET) and Anna Grigolon (ITC)

Local supervisor

Tatiana Gadda (UTFPR)

Period

April-July 2017

Summary
In my bachelor thesis I will investigate what design solutions can lead to more travelers on a bus station in Curitiba. Mainly people who live on cycle distance to the bus station do not use the bus in Curitiba. The first step is to find a bus station that has more potential travelers doing a GIS study. The next step is to investigate what barriers people have to cycle to that bus station. The last step is to determine solutions for these problems and find how effective these are.

Investigating Actors in the Field of Sustainable Mobility in Curitiba, Brazil. A Case Study Research

Students

Curitiba Crew - Natasha, Birari, Mélanie S. Droogleever Fortuyn, Saskia R. van Kesteren, Florian T.H. Kleinhoven, Titus Venverloo, and Joost Voskuil

Project type 

ATLAS semester project (with voluntary extension)

Study

ATLAS

Period

February-July 2017 (internship in Curitiba July to August 2017)

Host

Pontifical Catholic University of Paraná


UT supervisor 

Maya van den Berg 

 Local supervisor 

André Luiz Braga Turbay


 Bachelor   thesis 

 http://essay.utwente.nl/73785/


Summary

This research aimed to provide a selective analysis of the most important actors in the field of sustainable mobility in Curitiba, and find mutually beneficial interventions to improve the overall performance of Curitiba's urban transport system. Interviews were held to discover the actors’ aims and inhibiting factors and empirical data of several means of transportation were gathered, to get an overview of the current mobility system. Interventions to target the aims and inhibiting factors of the actors were extracted from the interview analyses and the subsequent actor brainstorm session. The research and interventions will continue to be developed and implemented by a working group of academics in Curitiba.