Scientific Staff

Scientific Staff

Steven Watson


  • Verbal and non-verbal markers of malevolent behaviour
  • Interview rapport
  • Risk perception
  • Trust

Research Interests

I am based at Lancaster University in the UK where I am currently working on projects focussed upon identifying non-verbal and linguistic markers of malevolent and deceptive behaviour, and understanding the communication dynamics of investigative interviewing. I am a multi-disciplinary researcher and in the past I have explored the effects of androgen exposure on human development, medication taking, and unlawful file sharing. I also have an interest in research synthesis and meta-analysis. While visiting the University of Twente I will be collaborating on two projects. The first will utilise virtual reality and motion capture technology to help us develop an immersive training suite for investigative interviewers. A second will explore interpersonal sense-making in a novel negotiation scenario to help us better understand how incorrect assumptions about our conversation partners can disrupt communicative processes, and how we can remedy this to attain cooperative outcomes.


  • Watson, S. J., Zizzo, D. J., & Fleming, P. (2015). Determinants of Unlawful File Sharing: A Scoping Review. PLoS ONE, 10(6), e0127921. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0127921
  • Bhattacharya, D., Easthall, C., Willoughby, K. A., Small, M., & Watson, S. (2012). Capecitabine non-adherence: Exploration of magnitude, nature and contributing factors. Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice, 18(3), 333-342. doi:10.1177/1078155211436022
  • Hönekopp, J., & Watson, S. (2011). Meta-analysis of the relationship between digit-ratio 2D:4D and aggression. Personality and Individual Differences, 51(4), 381-386. doi:
  • Hönekopp, J., & Watson, S. (2010). Meta-analysis of digit ratio 2D:4D shows greater sex difference in the right hand. American Journal of Human Biology, 22(5), 619-630. doi:10.1002/ajhb.21054