Ramses A. Wessel


University of Twente, Centre for European Studies,

Faculty of Behaviourial, Management & Social Sciences

P.O. Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands

E-mail secretariat (+31)(0)53.489.3260 (Ravelijn Building, room 4216)

Personal e-mail Visits: Ravelijn Building, room 4278



  978-90-6704-902-3 (1)  Informal International Lawmaking  



My whereabouts

  • 2-6 July 2018: Academy of European Law, European University Institute, Florence, Italy
  • 29-30 June 2018: Workshop General Principles of EU Law, College Court of the University of Leicester, Leicester, UK
  • 23-26 May 2018: National Rapporteur of The Netherlands at the FIDE Conference on European Law, Estoril, Portugal
  • 18-19 May 2018: European Union in International Affairs conference (#EUIA18), Brussels, Belgium
  • May 2018: Visiting Research Fellow, La Sapienza - Università di RomaRome, Italy
  • April 2018: Visiting Research Fellow, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Sevilla, Spain
  • 29 March 2018: Giving The Hague University Lecture on EU External Relations after Brexit, The Hague, The Netherlands
  • 12-16 March 2018: PLATO project, Institute of Advanced Studies, Vienna, Austria
  • February-April 2018: Visiting Fellow, European University Institute, Florence, Italy
  • 20 January 2018: PhD Jury Sanderijn Duquet, The Contribution of the European Union to Diplomatic and Consular Law, KU Leuven, Leuven Belgium
  • 17-19 January 2018: Serra Húnter Programme, selection committee, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain
  • 16 January 2018: Roundtable Law, Legitimacy and the EU, PLATO Project, Berlin Graduate School for Transnational Studies, Berlin, Germany
  • 4-15 December 2017: Research project European integration, La Sapienza - Università di Roma, Rome, Italy
  • 1 December 2017: Presentation on Public Authority in Multilevel Technocratic Regulation, Netherlands Institute for Law and Governance (NILG) Conference: Law & Governance Taking a Technocratic Turn? The Future of Law & Technocratic Regulation by Standardisation, Certification, Accreditation & Normalisation (‘SCAN’), Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  • 31 November 2017: Presentation on Consequences of Brexit for International Agreements Concluded by the EU and its Member States, conference Brexit and the Future of the European Union (register here), Europa Institute, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands
  • 24 November 2017: Inaugural Lecture by Prof. Janne Nijman, Seeking Change by Doing History, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  • 22 November 2017: Giving a presentation on Terrorism, Democracy and the Rule of Law, Week of the Inspiration, University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands
  • 20 November 2017: Moderating the debate on the Ethics of Politics with Jan Terlouw, Week of the Inspiration, University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands
  • 9-10 November 2017: Giving presentations on EU foreign and security policy and The external dimension of Brexit, Jean Monnet Chair EU External Action, University of Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain
  • 9 November 2017: Keynote speech Jean-Claude Juncker at the occasion of receiving an Honoris Causa Doctorate by the University of Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain
  • 7 November 2017: Moderating the debate Beyond Fortress Europe with Henk van Houtum, Studium Generale, University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands
  • 18-20 October 2017: PLATO Kick-off Conference, ARENA, Oslo, Norway
  • 10 October 2017: Giving the RENFORCE Lecture on EU Law as a Source of International Law?, RENFORCE External Effects of EU Law project, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
  • earlier events


International law (Internationaal recht) – European law (Europees recht) – European Union competences (bevoegdheden Europese Unie) – European integration (Europese integratie) – the European Union and the world (de Europese Unie in de wereld) – European foreign and security policy (Europees buitenlands en veiligheidsbeleid) – EU external relations (EU externe betrekkingen) – International organisations (internationale organisaties) – United Nations (Verenigde Naties) – EU-Member State relations (relatie EU-lidstaten) – globalisation (globalisering) – international security (internationale veiligheid) – EU and international regulation (EU en internationale regulering) – law, governance & technology (regulering & technologie)


All planned and published publications


Research expertise lies in the field of international and European institutional law and governance, with a focus on (the influence of technological developments on) global governance, international organizations, EU external relations, European and global foreign, security and defence policy, and the vertical relations between legal orders (global-EU-domestic). The effects of international developments on the EU and its Member States (and vice versa) forms a central theme. This theme is approached from the perspective of new developments and innovations in EU and global governance and multilevel regulation as part of the multi-disciplinary and highly acclaimed research program Innovation of Governance, which focuses on changes in the relationships between citizens and their government at various levels, with specific attention for the emergence of multilevel governance, from the viewpoints of legitimacy and effectiveness. Research projects increasingly deal with the regulation of technological innovations in various sectors (including railways, nanotechnology, medical devices, telecom, (cyber) security, (green) energy and the internet). Research activities are furthermore embedded in the program Constitutional Processes: The Interaction between the National and the European Dimension of the international Ius Commune Research School as well as in the Netherlands Institute of Government (NIG).

Key Projects

  • 2016-now: PLATO (Horizon 2020): The Post-Crisis Legitimacy of the European Union
  • 2015: Evaluatie crisisbeheersing MH17
  • 2014-2015: PROCON (Horizon 2020): Europe's contribution to a value-based global order
  • 2014-2015: The Influence of the EU on Sub-National Authorities (Ministry for the Interior)
  • 2012-2014: EEAS 2.0 project – Redrafting the 2010 Decision on the organisation and functioning of the European External Action Service
  • 2011-2015: NanoNextNL, project 01C.04 Governance and regulation
  • 2010-2012: Informal International Law-Making (INLAW), HiiL (Geneva, Leuven, Twente)
  • 2010-2011: Marie Curie Initial Training Network EXACT in the field of EU External Action
  • 2008-now: EUPERFORM network on the performance of the EU in multilateral institutions
  • 2004-2008: EU Network of Excellence Connecting Excellence on European Governance (CONNEX)


The Chair is responsible for the European/International Law and International Relations perspectives in the European Public Administration,  European Studies and International Business Administration programs, as well as in the Post-graduate Master of Public Management

Visiting professorships held in Rome, Sevilla, Trier, Leiden. Selected guest lectures: Salamanca, Bogotá, Grenoble, Moscow, Trier, Sevilla, Berlin, Luxembourg, Sheffield, Cologne, Riga, Helsinki, Dubrovnik, Münster, Leuven, Rome

Ph.D supervision

  • Karolien Pieters, The Integration of the Mediterranean Neighbours into the EU Internal Market (successfully defended October 2009)
  • Chris Breuer, The Regional Conundrum: How Regions and Encompassed Actors are Involved in EU Regional Policy (successfully defended April 2011)
  • Martin Holterman, The Transaction Costs of Semi-Public Institutions: The History of the Railways as a Challenge for Coase (successfully defended September 2011)
  • Nupur Chowdhury, European Regulation of Medical Devices: Regulatee Expectations of Legal Certainty (successfully defended September 2013)
  • Maurits Sanders, Publiek-Private Samenwerking in de Nederlandse energiesector: vorm en legitimiteit (successfully defended December 2013)
  • Lesley Broos, ‘Publieksvriendelijk’ versnellen van innovatie in netwerksectoren: exploratie van wetstechnische mogelijkheden ter bevordering van innovatie in de telecomsector, met behoud van de bescherming van publieke belangen (successfully defended February 2014)
  • Marcel Kiers, Er zijn meerdere wegen die naar Brussel leiden. Strategie en doelbereiking van Nederlandse provincies in Europa (successfully defended February 2014)
  • Evisa Kica, The Legitimacy of Transnational Private Governance Arrangements Related to Nanotechnologies: The Case of International Organization for Standardization (successfully defended January 2015)
  • Claudio Matera, The European Union as an International Actor in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice. A Legal Constitutional Analysis (successfully defended June 2016)
  • Tatiana Nascimento Heim, The Governance and Regulation of Cybersecurity (in progress)
  • Radu Triculescu, Border Controls the Flow of Asylum Seekers in Europe (in progress)
  • Dominika Proszowska, The Impact of Variations in the Vertical Distribution of Competences and Economic Conditions on Citizens' Trust in the EU (in progress)
  • Julien Bois, The Role of Courts during the Eurozone Crisis (joint project with the Berlin Graduate School for Transnational Studies (BTS); in progress)
  • As member of an assessment committee