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Ramses A. Wessel


University of Twente, Centre for European Studies,

Faculty of Behaviourial, Management & Social Sciences

P.O. Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands

E-mail secretariat (+31)(0)53.489.3260 (Ravelijn Building, room 4216)

Personal e-mail Visits: Ravelijn Building, room 4278


Former Dean and Vice Rector. As Full Professor Ramses Wessel is responsible for research and teaching in international and European law and governance, with a focus on the interface between international law, EU law and domestic law, changes in international and EU governance, EU External Relations Law, the Law of International Organizations and Regulation & Technology. He is a prolific writer and is frequently invited as a (key-note) speaker at international conferences and seminars. As Dean of Educational Innovation (vice-rector), Dean of the School of Management & Governance, Vice-Dean of Education and Programme Director, Professor Wessel gained ample experience in the governance of an institution for higher education. He has frequently been involved in the assessment of educational quality assurance at other higher education institutions.


   978-90-6704-902-3 (1)  Informal International Lawmaking   



My whereabouts

  • 19-20 September 2019: Co-organisation of the 5th Geneva Jean Monnet Doctoral Workshop: 'Bilateralism versus Multilateralism', Université de Genève, Geneva, Switzerland
  • 12-14 September 2019: 15th ESIL Annual Conference Sovereignty: A Concept in a State of Flux?, Athens, Greece
  • 14 June 2019: Speaking on EU International Responsibility at the ESIL–CJEU Symposium: Adjudicating the International Responsibility of the EU, Court of Justice of the European Union, Luxembourg, Luxembourg
  • 23-24 May 2019: Speaking on Differentiated Integration in EU Foreign, Security and Defence Policy, conference  Beyond EU ‘Membership’? Current Issues and Future PerspectivesCentre for European Research in Maastricht (CERiM), Maastricht, The Netherlands
  • 15 April 2019: Speaking on The European Union as  Global Actor at the Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italy
  • 3-5 April 2019: ESIL Research Forum The International Rule of Law and Domestic Dimensions: Synergies and Challenges, Göttingen, Germany
  • 26 March-2 April 2019: Eurosim Student Study Trip, Rochester/New York, USA
  • 22 March 2019: Workshop Practices of Repetition in International Law, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  • 21 March 2019: Speaking on Brexit and the EU's External Relations, Hague University of Applied Science, The Hague, The Netherlands
  • 13-14 March 2019: COST ENTER project on EU Foreign Policy Facing New Realities: Perceptions, Contestation, Communication and Relations, Technische Universität Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany
  • 12 March 2019: Speaking on Brexit from the Perspective of EU and International Law, Università degli Studi di Salerno (UNISA), Salerno, Italy
  • 7-8 March 2019: Co-organisation workshop on EU External Relations after Brexit: Implications under EU and International Law, and speaking on Post-Brexit Participation of the UK in CFSP and CSDP, University of Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain
  • 25 February - 15 March 2019: Visiting Professor LUISS Guido Carli, working on Technology, the State, and Transational LawRome, Italy
  • 15 February 2019: Speaking on Exiting International Organizations and Brexit, University of Leiden, Leiden, The Netherlands
  • 8-12 February 2019: Project Cyber Attacks and Cyber Secuity at the International Level, speaking on Regulation of Cybersecurity by the European Union, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Sevilla, Spain
  • 5 February 2019: Speaking on Legal Acts in EU Common Foreign and Security Policy: Combining Legal Bases and Questions of Legality at the workshop Contemporary Challenges to EU Legality, European University Institute, Florence, Italy
  • 29 January-1 February 2019: Master European Studies Study Trip, Brussels, Belgium
  • 24 January 2019: Speaking on 10 Myths about the European Union, Municipality of Zwolle, Zwolle, The Netherlands
  • 18 January 2019: Inaugural Lecture by Prof. Andrea Ott on Swiss Cherry-Picking, Brexit Fudge and Icelandic Skyr: Third Country Integration into the European Legal Space, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Nehterlands
  • 14 January 2019: Speaking at the ACIL/ACELG Lecture Seminar on Exploring New Types of Interactions between EU Law and International Law, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  • earlier events


All planned and published publications


Research expertise lies in the field of behaviour and resilience of global and European institutions and normative systems with a view to their increasing interconnectedness. Research in this area is done from the perspective of comparative, international and European institutional law and governance, with a focus on (the influence of technological developments on) global governance, international organizations, EU external relations, European and global foreign, security and defence policy, trade policy and the vertical relations between legal orders (global-EU-domestic). All of this is approached from the perspective of new developments and innovations in EU and global governance and multilevel regulation with a focus on changes in the relationships between citizens and their government at various levels. Concrete research projects deal and have dealt with with the regulation of technological innovations in various sectors (including cybersecurity, the internet, nanotechnology, medical devices, telecom, (green) energy and railways). Research activities are furthermore embedded in the Netherlands Institute of Government (NIG) and connections exist with the program Constitutional Processes in the Global Legal Order of the international Ius Commune Research School.

Key Projects

  • 2018-2020: Cyber Attacks and Sovereignty: The New Challenge of the International Order, in cooperation with the Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Sevilla (Reference: DER2017-85612-R)
  • 2018-2022: COST Action ENTER: EU Foreign Policy Facing New Realities: Perceptions, Contestation, Communication and Relations [CA17119 NL]
  • 2016-now: PLATO (Horizon 2020): The Post-Crisis Legitimacy of the European Union
  • 2015: Evaluatie crisisbeheersing MH17
  • 2014-2015: PROCON (Horizon 2020): Europe's contribution to a value-based global order
  • 2014-2015: The Influence of the EU on Sub-National Authorities (Ministry for the Interior)
  • 2012-2014: EEAS 2.0 project – Redrafting the 2010 Decision on the organisation and functioning of the European External Action Service
  • 2011-2015: NanoNextNL, project 01C.04 Governance and regulation
  • 2010-2012: Informal International Law-Making (INLAW), HiiL (Geneva, Leuven, Twente)
  • 2010-2011: Marie Curie Initial Training Network EXACT in the field of EU External Action
  • 2008-now: EUPERFORM network on the performance of the EU in multilateral institutions
  • 2004-2008: EU Network of Excellence Connecting Excellence on European Governance (CONNEX)
  • 2004-2005: The Internationalisation of Law, Hague Institute for the Internationalisation of Law (HiiL)
  • 1996-1999: Full-time NWO Research Grant The European Union's Foreign and Security Policy


The Chair is responsible for the European/International Law, Regulation & Governance, and International Relations perspectives in the Management, Society and Technology,  European StudiesInternational Business Administration and Health Sciences programs, as well as in the Post-graduate Master of Public Management, the High Tech Human Touch (HTHT) minor Cybersecurity and Cybercrime and the university's Pre-U programs.

Visiting professorships were held in Rome, Sevilla, Trier, and Leiden. Selected guest lectures: Salamanca, Bogotá, Grenoble, Moscow, Trier, Sevilla, Berlin, Luxembourg, Sheffield, Cologne, Riga, Helsinki, Dubrovnik, Münster, Leuven, Rome

Ph.D supervision

  • Karolien Pieters, The Integration of the Mediterranean Neighbours into the EU Internal Market (successfully defended October 2009)
  • Chris Breuer, The Regional Conundrum: How Regions and Encompassed Actors are Involved in EU Regional Policy (successfully defended April 2011)
  • Martin Holterman, The Transaction Costs of Semi-Public Institutions: The History of the Railways as a Challenge for Coase (successfully defended September 2011)
  • Nupur Chowdhury, European Regulation of Medical Devices: Regulatee Expectations of Legal Certainty (successfully defended September 2013)
  • Maurits Sanders, Publiek-Private Samenwerking in de Nederlandse energiesector: vorm en legitimiteit (successfully defended December 2013)
  • Lesley Broos, ‘Publieksvriendelijk’ versnellen van innovatie in netwerksectoren: exploratie van wetstechnische mogelijkheden ter bevordering van innovatie in de telecomsector, met behoud van de bescherming van publieke belangen (successfully defended February 2014)
  • Marcel Kiers, Er zijn meerdere wegen die naar Brussel leiden. Strategie en doelbereiking van Nederlandse provincies in Europa (successfully defended February 2014)
  • Evisa Kica, The Legitimacy of Transnational Private Governance Arrangements Related to Nanotechnologies: The Case of International Organization for Standardization (successfully defended January 2015)
  • Claudio Matera, The European Union as an International Actor in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice. A Legal Constitutional Analysis (successfully defended June 2016)
  • Tatiana Nascimento Heim, The Governance and Regulation of Cybersecurity (in progress)
  • Radu Triculescu, Border Controls the Flow of Asylum Seekers in Europe (in progress)
  • Dominika Proszowska, The Impact of Variations in the Vertical Distribution of Competences and Economic Conditions on Citizens' Trust in the EU (in progress)
  • Julien Bois, The Role of Courts during the Eurozone Crisis (joint project with the Berlin Graduate School for Transnational Studies (BTS) (in progress)
  • Yeongsool Yoon, A New Anti-trust Framework in the Age of Big Data (in progress)
  • Elena Escalante Block, The (De)politicisation of State Aid Policies and its Impact on the EU’s Legitimacy (joint project with SciencesPo Paris) (in progress)
  • Mohamed Ezzat, The International Responsibility of the State for Violations by Non-State Actors through Cyberspace (proposal pending for funding)
  • As member of an assessment committee