Ramses A. Wessel

Professor of International and European Law & Governance

University of Twente

Centre for European Studies

Faculty of Behaviourial, Management & Social Sciences

P.O. Box 217

7500 AE Enschede

The Netherlands

E-mail secretariat

(+31)(0)53.489.3260 (Ravelijn Building, room 4216)

Personal e-mail

Visits: Ravelijn Building, room 4278


  978-90-6704-902-3 (1)  Informal International Lawmaking  



My whereabouts

  • 23-26 May 2018: National Rapporteur of The Netherlands at the FIDE Conference on European Law, Estoril, Portugal
  • 2-17 December 2017: Visiting Professor at Sapienza – Università di Roma, Department of International and European Law, Rome, Italy
  • 18-20 October 2017: PLATO Kick-off Conference, ARENA, Oslo, Norway
  • 21-22 September 2017: Chair and Presentation on 'Access to Justice in EU Foreign and Security Policy', at the workshop Fundamental Guarantees in European Judicial Proceedings: Coexistence, Comparison and Conflicts Among Legal SystemsRome, Italy
  • 7-9 September 2017: Panel Chair, 13th Annual Conference of the European Society of International Law (ESIL)Naples, Italy
  • 6 September 2017: Chair and co-organisor of the Workshop Exiting International Institutions, ESIL Interest Groups on International Organizations and the EU as a Global ActorNapels, Italy
  • 4-6 September 2017: Presentations on The Non-Ratification of Mixed Agreements  (panel chair) and on EU External Relations, International Law and Questions of 'Territory', UACES 47th Annual Conference, Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland
  • 17 July 2017: Presentation on The Court of Justice’s Role in EU External Relations, Seminar Scoping the Field of EU External Relations Law at Sixty, Centre for Global Governance Studies, Leuven, Belgium
  • 6-7 July 2017: Presentation on EU External Action and Security and Defence: Parliamentary and Judicial Scrutiny, 3rd Jean Monnet workshop The EU as a Global Actor in... , Geneva, Switzerland
  • 30 June 2017: Presentation on The EU as a Global Normative Actor: Objectives and Instruments at the Jean Monnet Summer School The EU and Human Rights in a Time of Crisis, Maynooth University, Maynooth, Ireland
  • 27 June 2017: Masterclass EU Decision-making, Master of Public Management, Brussels, Belgium
  • 22-23 June 2017: Presentation on EU External Relations and Mixed Agreements, Europaïsche Rechtsakademie (ERA), Trier, Germany
  • 12 June 2017: Contribution to the Parliamentary Hearing on the use of the term genocide by politicians, Chambers of Parliament, The Hague
  • 9 June 2017: Chairing a session at the conference The Limits of Mutual Recognition and Mutual Trust, Utrecht University, Utrecht
  • 29 May 2017: Seminar Current Issues of EU External Relations, University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg
  • 4-6 May 2017: Presentation Legal Consequences of ‘Brexit’ for the Role of the EU and the UK in Global Affairs, Fifteenth Biennial Conference of the European Union Studies Association (EUSA), Miami, United States
  • 27-28 April 2017: Presentation Consequences of the Relationship between International and European Law for the Study of these Disciplines at the conference The Interface between EU and International Law, College of Europe, Bruges, Belgium
  • 10 April 2017: Presentation at the Workshop EU Trade Law and Policy: Current Developments and Challenges, Università LUISS Guido Carli, Rome, Italy
  • 4 April 2017: PLATO network meeting, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic
  • 23-24 March 2017: Universidad Internacional de Andalucía, Sevilla, Spain
  • 20 March-14 April 2017: Visiting Professor at the Università LUISS Guido Carli, Rome, Italy
  • earlier events


International law (Internationaal recht) – European law (Europees recht) – European Union competences (bevoegdheden Europese Unie) – European integration (Europese integratie) – the European Union and the world (de Europese Unie in de wereld) – European foreign and security policy (Europees buitenlands en veiligheidsbeleid) – EU external relations (EU externe betrekkingen) – International organisations (internationale organisaties) – United Nations (Verenigde Naties) – EU-Member State relations (relatie EU-lidstaten) – globalisation (globalisering) – international security (internationale veiligheid) – EU and international regulation (EU en internationale regulering) – law, governance & technology (regulering & technologie)


All planned and published publications


Research expertise lies in the field of international and European institutional law and governance, with a focus on (the influence of technological developments on) global governance, international organizations, EU external relations, European and global foreign, security and defence policy, and the vertical relations between legal orders (global-EU-domestic). The effects of international developments on the EU and its Member States (and vice versa) forms a central theme. This theme is approached from the perspective of new developments and innovations in EU and global governance and multilevel regulation as part of the multi-disciplinary and highly acclaimed research program Innovation of Governance, which focuses on changes in the relationships between citizens and their government at various levels, with specific attention for the emergence of multilevel governance, from the viewpoints of legitimacy and effectiveness. Research projects increasingly deal with the regulation of technological innovations in various sectors (including railways, nanotechnology, medical devices, telecom, (cyber) security, (green) energy and the internet). Research activities are furthermore embedded in the program Constitutional Processes: The Interaction between the National and the European Dimension of the international Ius Commune Research School as well as in the Netherlands Institute of Government (NIG).

Key Projects

  • 2016-now: PLATO (Horizon 2020): The Post-Crisis Legitimacy of the European Union
  • 2015: Evaluatie crisisbeheersing MH17
  • 2014-2015: PROCON (Horizon 2020): Europe's contribution to a value-based global order
  • 2014-2015: The Influence of the EU on Sub-National Authorities (Ministry for the Interior)
  • 2012-2014: EEAS 2.0 project – Redrafting the 2010 Decision on the organisation and functioning of the European External Action Service
  • 2011-2015: NanoNextNL, project 01C.04 Governance and regulation
  • 2010-2012: Informal International Law-Making (INLAW), HiiL (Geneva, Leuven, Twente)
  • 2010-2011: Marie Curie Initial Training Network EXACT in the field of EU External Action
  • 2008-now: EUPERFORM network on the performance of the EU in multilateral institutions
  • 2004-2008: EU Network of Excellence Connecting Excellence on European Governance (CONNEX)


The Chair is responsible for the European/International Law and International Relations perspectives in the European Public Administration,  European Studies and International Business Administration programs, as well as in the Post-graduate Master of Public Management

Selected guest lectures: Bogotá, Grenoble, Moscow, Trier, Sevilla, Berlin, Luxembourg, Sheffield, Cologne, Riga, Helsinki, Dubrovnik, Münster, Leuven, Rome

Ph.D supervision

  • Karolien Pieters, The Integration of the Mediterranean Neighbours into the EU Internal Market (successfully defended October 2009)
  • Chris Breuer, The Regional Conundrum: How Regions and Encompassed Actors are Involved in EU Regional Policy (successfully defended April 2011)
  • Martin Holterman, The Transaction Costs of Semi-Public Institutions: The History of the Railways as a Challenge for Coase (successfully defended September 2011)
  • Nupur Chowdhury, European Regulation of Medical Devices: Regulatee Expectations of Legal Certainty (successfully defended September 2013)
  • Maurits Sanders, Publiek-Private Samenwerking in de Nederlandse energiesector: vorm en legitimiteit (successfully defended December 2013)
  • Lesley Broos, ‘Publieksvriendelijk’ versnellen van innovatie in netwerksectoren: exploratie van wetstechnische mogelijkheden ter bevordering van innovatie in de telecomsector, met behoud van de bescherming van publieke belangen (successfully defended February 2014)
  • Marcel Kiers, Er zijn meerdere wegen die naar Brussel leiden. Strategie en doelbereiking van Nederlandse provincies in Europa (successfully defended February 2014)
  • Evisa Kica, The Legitimacy of Transnational Private Governance Arrangements Related to Nanotechnologies: The Case of International Organization for Standardization (successfully defended January 2015)
  • Claudio Matera, The European Union as an International Actor in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice. A Legal Constitutional Analysis (successfully defended June 2016)
  • Renuka Dhinakaran, The Legal Regime governing Employment Relations in International Organisations (in progress; joint project with Utrecht University)
  • Morid Pagardi, EU Sanctions and Iran (in progress)
  • Tatiana Nascimento Heim, The Governance and Regulation of Cybersecurity (in progress)
  • Radu Triculescu, Border Controls the Flow of Asylum Seekers in Europe (in progress)
  • Dominika Proszowska, The Impact of Variations in the Vertical Distribution of Competences and Economic Conditions on Citizens' Trust in the EU (in progress)
  • As member of an assessment committee