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Ramses A. Wessel


University of Twente, Centre for European Studies,

Faculty of Behaviourial, Management & Social Sciences

P.O. Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands

E-mail secretariat (+31)(0)53.489.3260 (Ravelijn Building, room 4216)

Personal e-mail Visits: Ravelijn Building, room 4278


Former Dean and Vice Rector. As Full Professor Ramses Wessel is responsible for research and teaching in international and European law and governance, with a focus on the interface between international law, EU law and domestic law, changes in international and EU governance, the changing role of the nation-state, EU External Relations Law, the Law of International Organizations and Regulation & Technology. He is a prolific writer and is frequently invited as a (key-note) speaker at international conferences and seminars. As Dean of Educational Innovation (vice-rector), Dean of the School of Management & Governance, Vice-Dean of Education and Programme Director, Professor Wessel gained ample experience in the governance of an institution for higher education. He has frequently been involved in the assessment of educational quality assurance at other higher education institutions.


    978-90-6704-902-3 (1)  Informal International Lawmaking   



My whereabouts


All planned and published publications


Research expertise lies in the field of resilience of global and European institutions and normative systems with a view to their increasing interconnectedness and their effects on the chanhing role of the nation-state. Research in this area is done from the perspective of comparative, international and European institutional law and governance, with a focus on (the influence of technological developments on) global governance, international organizations, EU external relations, European and global foreign, security and defence policy, trade policy and the vertical relations between legal orders (global-EU-domestic). All of this is approached from the perspective of new developments and innovations in EU and global governance and multilevel regulation with a focus on changes in the relationships between citizens and their government at various levels. Concrete research projects deal and have dealt with with the regulation of technological innovations in various sectors (including cybersecurity, the internet, nanotechnology, medical devices, telecom, (green) energy and railways). Research activities are furthermore embedded in the Netherlands Institute of Government (NIG) and connections exist with the program Constitutional Processes in the Global Legal Order of the international Ius Commune Research School.

Key Projects

  • 2018-2020: Cyber Attacks and Sovereignty: The New Challenge of the International Order, in cooperation with the Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Sevilla (Reference: DER2017-85612-R)
  • 2019-2021: The externalisation and informalisation of the EU migration, asylum and border management policies: new legal challenges (EUMABEXT), funded by the Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities (RTI2018-099097-B-I00)
  • 2018-2022: COST Action ENTER: EU Foreign Policy Facing New Realities: Perceptions, Contestation, Communication and Relations [CA17119 NL]
  • 2016-now: PLATO (Horizon 2020): The Post-Crisis Legitimacy of the European Union
  • 2015: Evaluatie crisisbeheersing MH17
  • 2014-2015: PROCON (Horizon 2020): Europe's contribution to a value-based global order
  • 2014-2015: The Influence of the EU on Sub-National Authorities (Ministry for the Interior)
  • 2012-2014: EEAS 2.0 project – Redrafting the 2010 Decision on the organisation and functioning of the European External Action Service
  • 2011-2015: NanoNextNL, project 01C.04 Governance and regulation
  • 2010-2012: Informal International Law-Making (INLAW), HiiL (Geneva, Leuven, Twente)
  • 2010-2011: Marie Curie Initial Training Network EXACT in the field of EU External Action
  • 2008-now: EUPERFORM network on the performance of the EU in multilateral institutions
  • 2004-2008: EU Network of Excellence Connecting Excellence on European Governance (CONNEX)
  • 2004-2005: The Internationalisation of Law, Hague Institute for the Internationalisation of Law (HiiL)
  • 1996-1999: Full-time NWO Research Grant The European Union's Foreign and Security Policy


The Chair is responsible for the European/International Law, Regulation & Governance, and International Relations perspectives in the Management, Society and Technology,  European StudiesInternational Business Administration and Health Sciences programs, as well as in the Post-graduate Master of Public Management, the High Tech Human Touch (HTHT) minor Cybersecurity and Cybercrime and the university's Pre-U programs. Teaching experience exists on European Law (institutions, decision-making, internal market, legal protection, external relations), and International Law (international organizations, international security, human rights).

Visiting professorships were/are held in Rome, Sevilla, Trier, and Leiden. Selected guest lectures: Salamanca, Bogotá, Grenoble, Moscow, Trier, Sevilla, Berlin, Luxembourg, Sheffield, Cologne, Riga, Helsinki, Dubrovnik, Münster, Leuven, Rome, Salerno, Bologna

Ph.D supervision

  • Karolien Pieters, The Integration of the Mediterranean Neighbours into the EU Internal Market (successfully defended October 2009)
  • Chris Breuer, The Regional Conundrum: How Regions and Encompassed Actors are Involved in EU Regional Policy (successfully defended April 2011)
  • Martin Holterman, The Transaction Costs of Semi-Public Institutions: The History of the Railways as a Challenge for Coase (successfully defended September 2011)
  • Nupur Chowdhury, European Regulation of Medical Devices: Regulatee Expectations of Legal Certainty (successfully defended September 2013)
  • Maurits Sanders, Publiek-Private Samenwerking in de Nederlandse energiesector: vorm en legitimiteit (successfully defended December 2013)
  • Lesley Broos, ‘Publieksvriendelijk’ versnellen van innovatie in netwerksectoren: exploratie van wetstechnische mogelijkheden ter bevordering van innovatie in de telecomsector, met behoud van de bescherming van publieke belangen (successfully defended February 2014)
  • Marcel Kiers, Er zijn meerdere wegen die naar Brussel leiden. Strategie en doelbereiking van Nederlandse provincies in Europa (successfully defended February 2014)
  • Evisa Kica, The Legitimacy of Transnational Private Governance Arrangements Related to Nanotechnologies: The Case of International Organization for Standardization (successfully defended January 2015)
  • Claudio Matera, The European Union as an International Actor in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice. A Legal Constitutional Analysis (successfully defended June 2016)
  • Tatiana Nascimento Heim, The Governance and Regulation of Cybersecurity (in progress)
  • Radu Triculescu, Border Controls the Flow of Asylum Seekers in Europe (in progress)
  • Dominika Proszowska, The Impact of Variations in the Vertical Distribution of Competences and Economic Conditions on Citizens' Trust in the EU (in progress)
  • Julien Bois, The Role of Courts during the Eurozone Crisis (joint project with the Berlin Graduate School for Transnational Studies (BTS) (in progress)
  • Yeongsool Yoon, A New Anti-trust Framework in the Age of Big Data (in progress)
  • Elena Escalante Block, The (De)politicisation of State Aid Policies and its Impact on the EU’s Legitimacy (joint project with SciencesPo Paris) (in progress)
  • Mohamed Ezzat, The International Responsibility of the State for Violations by Non-State Actors through Cyberspace (proposal pending for funding)
  • As member of an assessment committee