Ramses A. Wessel


University of Twente, Centre for European Studies,

Faculty of Behaviourial, Management & Social Sciences

P.O. Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands

E-mail secretariat (+31)(0)53.489.3260 (Ravelijn Building, room 4216)

Personal e-mail Visits: Ravelijn Building, room 4278



  978-90-6704-902-3 (1)  Informal International Lawmaking  



My whereabouts

  • 13-15 September 2018: 14th Annual Conference of the European Society of International Law, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
  • 2-6 July 2018: Teaching at the Academy of European Law Summer School, European University Institute, Florence, Italy
  • 29-30 June 2018: Speaking on Principles of Foreign and Security Policy at the Workshop General Principles of EU Law, College Court of the University of Leicester, Leicester, UK
  • 27-28 June 2018: Lecturing on European integration in the Master of Public Management, Brussels, Belgium
  • 26 June 2018: Speaking on The Role of the Court in CFSP at the 4th CLEER Summer School on EU External Relations Law, Brussels, Belgium
  • 13-15 June 2018: Speaking on ‘Soft’ International Agreements in EU External Relations at the ECPR Standing Group on European Union (SGEU), Sciences Po, Paris, France
  • 23-26 May 2018: National Rapporteur of The Netherlands at the FIDE Conference on European Law, Estoril, Portugal
  • 18-19 May 2018: Chairing a panel on the Engagement of the EU with Other International Institutions, European Union in International Affairs conference (#EUIA18), Brussels, Belgium
  • 30 April 2018: Speaking at the conference International Organizations as Law-Makers, University of Salerno, Salerno, Italy
  • 23-29 April 2018: Visiting Research Fellow, La Sapienza - Università di RomaRome, Italy
  • April 2018: Visiting Research Fellow, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Sevilla, Spain
  • 29 March 2018: Giving The Hague University Lecture on EU External Relations after Brexit, The Hague, The Netherlands
  • 19-20 March 2018: Speaking on Legal consequences of Brexit for international agreements concluded by the EU and its Member States, ERA Workshop Brexit and External Relations, Brussels, Belgium
  • 12-16 March 2018: PLATO project, Institute of Advanced Studies, Vienna, Austria
  • 21 February 2018: Editorial Board meeting European PapersRome, Italy
  • February-March 2018: Visiting Fellow, European University Institute, Florence, Italy
  • 1 February 2018: Speaking on The Division of International Responsibility between the EU and its Member States in External Action at the Odysseus Network’s 3rd Annual Conference, Conflict and Compromises between Law and Politics in EU Migration and Asylum Policies, Brussels, Belgium
  • 20 January 2018: PhD Jury Sanderijn Duquet, The Contribution of the European Union to Diplomatic and Consular Law, KU Leuven, Leuven Belgium
  • 17-19 January 2018: Serra Húnter Programme, selection committee, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain
  • 16 January 2018: Speaking on Law, Legitimacy and the EU, roundtable at the PLATO PhD course in legitimacy theory, PLATO Project, Berlin Graduate School for Transnational Studies, Berlin, Germany
  • earlier eventsPublications

All planned and published publications


Research expertise lies in the field of behaviour and resilience of global and European institutions and normative systems with a view to their increasing interconnectedness. Research in this area is done from the perspective of international and European institutional law and governance, with a focus on (the influence of technological developments on) global governance, international organizations, EU external relations, European and global foreign, security and defence policy, and the vertical relations between legal orders (global-EU-domestic). The effects of grand global challenges on the EU and its Member States (and vice versa) forms a central theme. This theme is approached from the perspective of new developments and innovations in EU and global governance and multilevel regulation as part of the multi-disciplinary and highly acclaimed research program Innovation of Governance, which focuses on changes in the relationships between citizens and their government at various levels, with specific attention for the emergence of multilevel governance, from the viewpoints of legitimacy and effectiveness. Research projects increasingly deal with the regulation of technological innovations in various sectors (including railways, nanotechnology, medical devices, telecom, (cyber) security, (green) energy and the internet). Research activities are furthermore embedded in the Netherlands Institute of Government (NIG) and connections exist with the program Constitutional Processes: The Interaction between the National and the European Dimension of the international Ius Commune Research School.

Key Projects

  • 2018-2020: Cyberattacks and Global Governance, in cooperation with the Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Sevilla (Referencia: DER2017-85612-R)
  • 2016-now: PLATO (Horizon 2020): The Post-Crisis Legitimacy of the European Union
  • 2015: Evaluatie crisisbeheersing MH17
  • 2014-2015: PROCON (Horizon 2020): Europe's contribution to a value-based global order
  • 2014-2015: The Influence of the EU on Sub-National Authorities (Ministry for the Interior)
  • 2012-2014: EEAS 2.0 project – Redrafting the 2010 Decision on the organisation and functioning of the European External Action Service
  • 2011-2015: NanoNextNL, project 01C.04 Governance and regulation
  • 2010-2012: Informal International Law-Making (INLAW), HiiL (Geneva, Leuven, Twente)
  • 2010-2011: Marie Curie Initial Training Network EXACT in the field of EU External Action
  • 2008-now: EUPERFORM network on the performance of the EU in multilateral institutions
  • 2004-2008: EU Network of Excellence Connecting Excellence on European Governance (CONNEX)
  • 1996-1999: NWO Research Grant (4 m€) The European Union's Foreign and Security Policy


The Chair is responsible for the European/International Law and International Relations perspectives in the Management, Society and Technology,  European StudiesInternational Business Administration and Health Sciences programs, as well as in the Post-graduate Master of Public Management, the High Tech Human Touch (HTHT) minor Cybersecurity and Cybercrime and the university's Pre-U programs.

Visiting professorships were held in Rome, Sevilla, Trier, and Leiden. Selected guest lectures: Salamanca, Bogotá, Grenoble, Moscow, Trier, Sevilla, Berlin, Luxembourg, Sheffield, Cologne, Riga, Helsinki, Dubrovnik, Münster, Leuven, Rome

Ph.D supervision

  • Karolien Pieters, The Integration of the Mediterranean Neighbours into the EU Internal Market (successfully defended October 2009)
  • Chris Breuer, The Regional Conundrum: How Regions and Encompassed Actors are Involved in EU Regional Policy (successfully defended April 2011)
  • Martin Holterman, The Transaction Costs of Semi-Public Institutions: The History of the Railways as a Challenge for Coase (successfully defended September 2011)
  • Nupur Chowdhury, European Regulation of Medical Devices: Regulatee Expectations of Legal Certainty (successfully defended September 2013)
  • Maurits Sanders, Publiek-Private Samenwerking in de Nederlandse energiesector: vorm en legitimiteit (successfully defended December 2013)
  • Lesley Broos, ‘Publieksvriendelijk’ versnellen van innovatie in netwerksectoren: exploratie van wetstechnische mogelijkheden ter bevordering van innovatie in de telecomsector, met behoud van de bescherming van publieke belangen (successfully defended February 2014)
  • Marcel Kiers, Er zijn meerdere wegen die naar Brussel leiden. Strategie en doelbereiking van Nederlandse provincies in Europa (successfully defended February 2014)
  • Evisa Kica, The Legitimacy of Transnational Private Governance Arrangements Related to Nanotechnologies: The Case of International Organization for Standardization (successfully defended January 2015)
  • Claudio Matera, The European Union as an International Actor in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice. A Legal Constitutional Analysis (successfully defended June 2016)
  • Tatiana Nascimento Heim, The Governance and Regulation of Cybersecurity (in progress)
  • Radu Triculescu, Border Controls the Flow of Asylum Seekers in Europe (in progress)
  • Dominika Proszowska, The Impact of Variations in the Vertical Distribution of Competences and Economic Conditions on Citizens' Trust in the EU (in progress)
  • Julien Bois, The Role of Courts during the Eurozone Crisis (joint project with the Berlin Graduate School for Transnational Studies (BTS) (in progress)
  • Yeongsool Yoon, A New Anti-trust Framework in the Age of Big Data (in progress)
  • As member of an assessment committee