Driven by ongoing technological advancements and far-reaching digitization, industrial structures are changing. More specifically, Smart Industry, also called Industry 4.0, are not a future perspective but it is happening right now. It is built on a combination of three pillars: use of production technology, digitization, and a network approach. The aim of smart industries is to become more competitive through faster and better adoption of what the information technologies have to offer.

The effects surrounding Smart Industries, digitalization extends the impact towards monitoring consumer behaviors, Big Data interferes in monitoring and steering the work processes and job tasks with high level of preciseness and globalization turns offshoring to reshoring, results in a shift of employment relations from High Performance Work Practices (known as HPWPs) towards High-Resolution HR Practices. Usual tasks of managers and HR professionals, like managing knowledge – skills – abilities of employees, get a new dimension in times of Smart Industries, sometimes called “Do – It – Yourself” management.

This PhD project joins the initiative on Smart Industries from the Human Resource Management point of view. It aims to conceptualize and explore new HR practices to support the progress of Smart Industries as well as examine characteristics of Human Capital (knowledge, skills and attitudes) that best influence the performance of Smart Industries.