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BHF1 – Eco-driving assistance tools in electric cars – are they safe?

SUPERVISOR: MARLISE WESTERHOF, MSC (4 students)


Introduction

With the rising concern about climate change, Electric Vehicles (EVs) are seen as a promising way to reduce carbon emissions. However, although the amount of electric vehicles (EVs) on the European roads is increasing, there is still a long way to go to achieve the ambitious climate goals such as 30% market share for EVs in 2030 (EAFO, 2019). Limited range is one of the major barrier towards the acceptance of EVs among consumers (Biresselioglu, Demirba, & Yilmaz, 2018). Also among EV-drivers is range a topic of discussion, since many EV-drivers experience range anxiety: the fear of not reaching one’s destination due to insufficient range of the EV (Rauh, Franke, & Krems, 2015).

To encourage an EV-driver to drive more energy-efficient and thus maximize the vehicle’s range, electric vehicles are provided with various eco-driving assistance tools which present information to reduce energy consumption. Examples of such eco-driving tools are displays providing real-time feedback about the driving efficiency or showing a post-ride summary. These eco-driving assistance systems contribute to environmental sustainability, but on the other hand might distract drivers and thus interfere with safe driving.

The assignment

In this bachelor assignment, you will conduct experiments using a driving simulator. The study investigates whether and which effects the focus on energy-efficient driving has on driving behaviour in electric vehicles. For example, two different designs of displays showing energy-efficiency in an electric car could be compared based on workload.

Four students will work on this project, each having his/her own research topic. Example topics for research questions are range anxiety, workload, trust in range estimation, actual driving behaviour etc.

Sources

Bingham, C., Walsh, C., & Carroll, S. (2012). Impact of driving characteristics on electric vehicle          energy consumption and range. IET Intelligent Transport Systems6(1).             doi:29-35. 10.1049/iet-its.2010.0137

Biresselioglu, M. E., Demirbag Kaplan, M., & Yilmaz, B. K. (2018). Electric mobility in Europe: A     comprehensive review of motivators and barriers in decision making processes.        Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 109(October 2017), 1–13.        doi:10.1016/j.tra.2018.01.017

EAFO, https://www.eafo.eu/vehicles-and-fleet/m1, accessed on 15-12-2019

McIlroy, R. C., Stanton, N. A., & Harvey, C. (2013). Getting drivers to do the right thing: a review of the potential for safely reducing energy consumption through design. IET Intelligent       Transport Systems8(4), 388-397. doi: 10.1049/iet-its.2012.0190

Rauh, N., Franke, T., & Krems, J. F. (2015). Understanding the impact of electric vehicle driving experience on range anxiety. Human factors57(1), 177-187. doi: 10.1177/0018720814546372