- BHF1 – Eco-driving assistance tools in electric cars – are they safe?
SUPERVISOR: MARLISE WESTERHOF, MSC (4 students)
With the rising concern about climate change, Electric Vehicles (EVs) are seen as a promising way to reduce carbon emissions. However, although the amount of electric vehicles (EVs) on the European roads is increasing, there is still a long way to go to achieve the ambitious climate goals such as 30% market share for EVs in 2030 (EAFO, 2019). Limited range is one of the major barrier towards the acceptance of EVs among consumers (Biresselioglu, Demirba, & Yilmaz, 2018). Also among EV-drivers is range a topic of discussion, since many EV-drivers experience range anxiety: the fear of not reaching one’s destination due to insufficient range of the EV (Rauh, Franke, & Krems, 2015).
To encourage an EV-driver to drive more energy-efficient and thus maximize the vehicle’s range, electric vehicles are provided with various eco-driving assistance tools which present information to reduce energy consumption. Examples of such eco-driving tools are displays providing real-time feedback about the driving efficiency or showing a post-ride summary. These eco-driving assistance systems contribute to environmental sustainability, but on the other hand might distract drivers and thus interfere with safe driving.
In this bachelor assignment, you will conduct experiments using a driving simulator. The study investigates whether and which effects the focus on energy-efficient driving has on driving behaviour in electric vehicles. For example, two different designs of displays showing energy-efficiency in an electric car could be compared based on workload.
Four students will work on this project, each having his/her own research topic. Example topics for research questions are range anxiety, workload, trust in range estimation, actual driving behaviour etc.
Bingham, C., Walsh, C., & Carroll, S. (2012). Impact of driving characteristics on electric vehicle energy consumption and range. IET Intelligent Transport Systems, 6(1). doi:29-35. 10.1049/iet-its.2010.0137
Biresselioglu, M. E., Demirbag Kaplan, M., & Yilmaz, B. K. (2018). Electric mobility in Europe: A comprehensive review of motivators and barriers in decision making processes. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 109(October 2017), 1–13. doi:10.1016/j.tra.2018.01.017
EAFO, https://www.eafo.eu/vehicles-and-fleet/m1, accessed on 15-12-2019
McIlroy, R. C., Stanton, N. A., & Harvey, C. (2013). Getting drivers to do the right thing: a review of the potential for safely reducing energy consumption through design. IET Intelligent Transport Systems, 8(4), 388-397. doi: 10.1049/iet-its.2012.0190
Rauh, N., Franke, T., & Krems, J. F. (2015). Understanding the impact of electric vehicle driving experience on range anxiety. Human factors, 57(1), 177-187. doi: 10.1177/0018720814546372