Publications

Theses


Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., 2006. Natural Resourse Use for Food: Land, Water and Energy in Production and Consumption Systems. Ph.D. thesis University of Groningen, the Netherlands.


Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., 1999. Indirect ruimte- en energiebeslag van de Nederlandse voedselconsumptie. Groningen, IVEM-onderzoeksrapport nr. 102. Center for Energy and Environmental Studies (IVEM), University of Groningen, the Netherlands. Master thesis.


Publications in peer reviewed journals


17. Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y., 2013. The water footprint of poultry, pork and beef: A comparative study in different countries and production systems, Water Resources and Industry, 1-2, 25-36.


16. Liu, C., Kroeze, C., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Gerbens-Leenes, W., 2012. Past and future trends in grey water footprints of anthropogenic nitrogen and phosphorus inputs to major world rivers, Ecological Indicators, 18, 42-49.


15. Gerbens-Leenes, W. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2012) The water footprint of sweeteners and bio-ethanol. Environment International, 40, 202-211.


14. Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., Van Lienden, A.R., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Van der Meer, Th.H., 2012. Biofuel scenarios in a water perspective: The global blue and green water footprint of road transport in 2030. Global Environmental Change, 22, 764-775.


13. Gerbens-Leenes, W. and Hoekstra, A.Y., 2011. The water footprint of biofuel-based transport. Energy & Environmental Science, 4 (8), 2658-2668.


12. Hoekstra, A.Y, Gerbens-Leenes, W. and Van der Meer, T.H., 2009. Reply to Pfister and Hellweg: Water footprint accounting, impact assessment, and life-cycle assessment. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science (PNAS), 106, (40), E114.


11. Hoekstra, A.Y, Gerbens-Leenes, W. and Van der Meer, T.H., 2009. Reply to Jongschaap et al.: The water footprint of Jatropha curcas under poor growing conditions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science (PNAS), 106 (42), E119.


10. Gerbens-Leenes, W., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Van der Meer, T.H., 2009. Reply to Maes et al.: A global estimate of the water footprint of Jatropha curcas under limited data availability. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science (PNAS), 106 (40), E113.


9. Gerbens-Leenes, W., Hoekstra, A.Y and Van der Meer, T.H., 2009. The water footprint of bioenergy. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science (PNAS), 106 (25), 10219-10223.


8. Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., Nonhebel, S. and Krol, M.S., 2010. Food consumption and economic growth. Increasing affluence and the use of natural resources. Appetite, 55, 597-608.


7. Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Van der Meer, T.H., 2009. The Water Footprint of bio-energy and other primary energy carriers. Ecological Economics, 68 (4), 1052-1060.


6. Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Van der Meer. Th., 2008. The water footprint of energy consumption: an assessment or water requirements of primary energy carriers. Isesco Science and technology vision, 4 (5), 38-42.


5. Gerbens-Leenes, P.W. and Nonhebel, S., 2005. Food and land use. The influence of consumption patterns on the use of agricultural resources. Appetite, 45, 21-31.


4. Gerbens-Leenes, P.W. and Nonhebel, S., 2004. Critical water requirements for food, methodology and policy consequences for food security. Food Policy, 29, 547-564.


3. Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., Moll, H.C. and Schoot Uiterkamp, A.J.M., 2003. Design and development of a measuring method for environmental sustainability in food production systems. Ecological Economics, 46, 231-248.


2. Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., Nonhebel, S. and Ivens, W.P.M.F., 2002. A method to determine land requirements relating to food consumption patterns. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment, 90, 47-58.


1. Gerbens-Leenes, P.W. and Nonhebel, S., 2002. Consumption patterns and their effect on land required for food. Ecological Economics, 42, 185-199.


Other publications

Book chapters


Gerbens-Leenes, P.W. and Hoekstra, A.Y., 2013. Water footprint quantification of energy at a global level. In: Dallemand, J.F. and Gerbens-Leenes, P.W. (eds.) (2013) Bioenergy and water, Joint Research Centre, European Union, Ispra, Italy.


Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., De Vries, G.J., Xu, L., 2013. The water footprint of biofuels from microalgae. In: Dallemand, J.F. and Gerbens-Leenes, P.W. (eds.) (2013) Bioenergy and water, Joint Research Centre, European Union, Ispra, Italy.

Winnie P. Gerbens-Leenes, Arjen Y. Hoekstra, Theo H. van der Meer, 2012. Water for Bioenergy, A Global Analysis. In: Socioeconomic and environmental impacts of biofuels. A. Gasparatos and P. Stromberg eds. Cambridge university press, New York, USA.

Winnie P. Gerbens-Leenes, Arjen Y. Hoekstra, Theo H. van der Meer, 2012. Water for energy, the use of the water footprint for the assessment of water use for bioenergy. In: Energy Water Interactions of water reuse. Lazarova, V., Choo, K.H., Cornel, P., eds. IWA pubishing, UK. Chapter 21, 293-304.


Hoekstra, A.Y., Gerbens-Leenes, P.W. and Van der Meer, T.H., 2010. The water footprint of bio-energy. In: Howe, C., Smith, J.B. and Henderson, J. (eds.) Climate change and water: International perspectives on mitigation and adaptation, American Water Works Association, IWA Publishing, London, UK, pp. 81-95.


Gerbens-Leenes, P.W. Nonhebel, S., Moll, H.C., 2002. Energy use in food production chains: the consequences of reduction strategies. In: Paradoxes in food chains and networks. J.H. Trienekens, S.W.F. Omta (editors), Wageningen Academic Publishers, The Netherlands.


Gerbens-Leenes, P.W. and Nonhebel, S., 2002. Food consumption patterns and the land required for the production of this food. In: Changes at the other end of the chain; Everyday consumption in a multidisciplinary perspective. C.A.A. Butijn, J.P. Groot-Marcus, M. van der Linden, L.P.A. Steenbekkers, P.M.J. Terpstra (editors), Shaker Publishing BV, Maastricht.


Reports


Dallemand, J.F. and Gerbens-Leenes, P.W. (eds.), 2013. Bioenergy and water. Joint Research Centre, European Union, Ispra, Italy.


Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y., 2011. A comparative study on the water footprint of poultry, pork and beef in different countries and production systems. Value of Water Research Report Series No. 55, UNESCO-IHE.


Gerbens-Leenes, P.W. and Hoekstra, A.Y., 2010. Burning water: The water footprint of biofuel-based transport. Value of Water Research Report Series No.44, UNESCO-IHE.


Van Lienden, A.R., Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Van der Meer, T.H., 2010. Biofuel scenarios in a water perspective: The global blue and green water footprint of road transport in 2030. Value of Water Research Report Series No.43, UNESCO-IHE.


Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., Hoekstra, A.Y., 2009. The water footprint of sweeteners and bio-ethanol from sugar cane, sugar beet and maize. Value of water report series no. 38. UNESCO-IHE Delft, the Netherlands.


Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., Hoekstra, A.Y., Van der Meer, Th., 2008. Water Footprint of Bio-energy and other primary energy carriers. Value of water report series no. 29. UNESCO-IHE Delft, the Netherlands.


Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., Hoekstra, 2008. Business Water Footprint accounting: A tool to assess how production of goods and services impacts on freshwater resources worldwide. Value of water report series no. 27. UNESCO-IHE Delft, the Netherlands.


Verkerk, M.P., Hoekstra, A.Y., Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., 2008. Global Water Governance: Conceptual design of global institutional arrangements. Value of water report series no. 26. UNESCO-IHE Delft, the Netherlands.


Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., Hoekstra, A.Y., 2007. The water footprint of the Netherlands: analysis of international impacts and options for change. University of Twente, CE&M research report 2007R-008/WEM-005. ISSN 1568-4652. Enschede, the Netherlands.


Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., 2006. Resource use for food. The case of changing food consumption patterns and use of natural resources in Nigeria. Groningen, IVEM-onderzoeksrapport 114. Center for Energy and Environmental Studies (IVEM), University of Groningen, the Netherlands.


Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., 2002. Indicators for corporate environmental responsibility in the food production chain. IVEM working paper May 2002-1. Center for Energy and Environmental Studies (IVEM), Center for Energy and Environmental Studies (IVEM), University of Groningen, the Netherlands.


Steg, L., Vlek, C., Feenstra, D., Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., Karsten, L., Kok, R., Lindenberg, S., Maignan, I., Moll, H.C., Nonhebel, S., Schoot Uiterkamp, A.J.M., Sijtsma, T., Van Witteloostuijn, A., 2001. Towards a comprehensive model of sustainable corporate performance. Three-dimensional modeling and practical measurement. University of Groningen, The Netherlands. Department of Economics, Environmental Sciences, Management Science, Psychology and Sociology. Interim report RUG, pp. 56.


Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., 2000. Groen Kookboek. Groningen, IVEM-onderzoeksrapport 103. Center for Energy and Environmental Studies (IVEM), University of Groningen, the Netherlands.




Conference proceedings


Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y., 2011. The water footprint of poultry, pork and beef: A comparative study in different countries and production systems. In: proceedings conference IGS-SENSE ‘Resilient societies’, October 19-22 2011, Enschede, the Netherlands.


Scanlon, B.R., Schilling, K., Young, M.H., Duncan, I.J., and Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., 2011. Impacts of past land use changes on water resources: an analog for assessing effects of proposed bioenergy crops (abs.). In: proceedings Fall AGU Meeting, San Francisco, CA, Abstract H11M-06.


Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., Hoekstra, A.Y., Van der Meer, T.H., 2010.Water for energy, The use of the water footprint concept for the assessment of water use for bioenergy. In: proceedings conference ‘Water and Energy’, International Water Association (IWA), Amsterdam, November 10-12.


Van Lienden, A.R., Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., Hoekstra, A.Y., Van der Meer, T.H., 2010. The water footprint of energy scenarios. In: proceedings conference International Society for Ecological Economics ‘Advancing Sustainability in a time of crisis’. Oldenburg-Bremen, Germany, 22-25 August 2010, pp276.


Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., Hoekstra, A.Y., 2010. The water footprint of sweeteners and bioethanol. In: proceedings conference ‘VII Anque international congress, Integral water cycle: Present and future, A shared commitment’. 13-16 June 2010, Oviedo, Spain.


Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., Sun, Y., Asare-Bediako, B., 2010. The water footprint of a swimming pool. In: proceedings conference ‘VII Anque international congress, Integral water cycle: Present and future, A shared commitment’. 13-16 June 2010, Oviedo, Spain.


Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., Hoekstra, A.Y., Van der Meer, T.H., 2010. The water footprint of renewable transport fuels in Europe. In: proceedings conference ‘Innovation for sustainable production I-SUP2010’, 18-22 April 2010 Brugge, Belgium, pp. 3-9.


Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., Hoekstra, A.Y., Van der Meer, T.H., 2009. Water footprints of primary bio-energy in the Netherlands, Brazil, the United States and Zimbabwe. In: proceedings 15th Annual International Sustainable Development Research Conference, 5-8 July 2009, Utrecht, the Netherlands, pp 116-117.


Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., 2009. The hidden water consumption; virtual water. In: proceedings of the HENVI Science Day, 16th April 2009. Kaisa Korhonen-Kurki (Ed.) Helsinki University Centre for Environment HENVI, Helsinki, Finland.


Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., 2009. The water Footprint of Energy from biomass. In: proceedings of the 26th Annual Water and the Future of Kansas Conference. Bill Hargrove (Ed.). K-state University, Minnesota, Kansas, US.


Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., Hoekstra, A.Y., Van der Meer, T.H., 2008. The water footprint of energy carriers. In: proceedings 13th IWRA World water Congress, 1-4 September 2008, Montpellier, France.


Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., Hoekstra, A.Y., Van der Meer, T.H., 2008. The water footprint of secondary energy carriers. In: proceedings International Society for Ecological Economics ‘Applying Ecological Economics for social and environmental sustainability’, 7-11 August 2008, Nairobi, Kenia.


Gerbens-Leenes, P.W. and Hoekstra, A.Y., 2008. The Water Footprint of the Netherlands. In: proceedings ‘Sustainable Consumption and Production: Framework for action’, 10-11 March 2008, Brussels, Belgium. Conference of the Sustainable Consumption Research Exchange (SCORE!) Network, supported by the EU’s 6th Framework Programme.


Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., Hoekstra, A.Y., Van der Meer, T.H., 2007. The water footprint of energy consumption: an assessment of water requirements of primary energy carriers. In: proceedings ‘First World Water Sustainability-Renewable Energy Congress and Exhibition’. 25-28 November 2007, Maastricht, the Netherlands.


Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., Hoekstra, A.Y., Van der Meer, T.H., 2007. The water footprint of energy from biomass. In: proceedings IGU/LUCC Central Europe Conference 2007 ‘Man in the landscape across frontiers: Landscape and land use change in Central European border regions’. 28 August-4 September 2007. Slovenia, Austria, Slovakia, Czechia.


Winnie Gerbens-Leenes and Henri C. Moll, 2006. Pathways towards Sustainable Food Consumption Patterns. In: proceedings of the start conference of the SCORE! network, 24-26th November, Wuppertal, Germany.


Gerbens-Leenes, P.W. and Moll, H.C., 2005. Measurement of Environmental Sustainability of Food Companies using a Life Cycle Approach. In: proceedings of the ‘11th Annual International Sustainable Research Conference’, Helsinki, Finland, 6-8 June 2005.


Gerbens-Leenes, P.W. and Nonhebel, S., 2005. Dietary Trends and Land use. The impact of changing food consumption patterns on agricultural land resources. In: proceedings 3rd international Conference ‘Industrial Ecology for a Sustainable Future’. June 12-15 2005, Stockholm, Sweden, pp136-138.


Hippler, D., Biewald, A., Graef, F., Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., Post, J., Jones, L., Leemans, R., 2004. Vulnerability of The Netherlands to global change, a case study. Summerschool Peyresq, France.


Gerbens-Leenes, P.W. and Nonhebel, S., 2004. Food and land use. The influence of consumption patterns on the use of agricultural resources. In: proceedings elfde sociaal wetenschappelijke studiedagen SISWO, Amsterdam, 22-23 april 2004. Eating and drinking. Trends and tensions after 1945.


Gerbens-Leenes, P.W. and Schilstra, A.J., 2004. An historic perspective on the vulnerability of the Netherlands to environmental change: life in a cut-away. In: proceedings 12th International peat congress 6-11 June 2004 ‘Wise use of Peatlands’, Tampere, Finland.


Nonhebel, S. and Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., 2001. Resource use efficiencies in primary production systems: comparison between two disciplines. In: S. Ulgiati, M.T. Brown, M. Giampietro, R.A. Herendeen, K. Mayumi (eds.). Proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop Advances in Energy studies, exploring supplies, constraints and strategies. Porto Venere, Italy, May 23-27th, 2000, pp. 235-242.


Other publications


Hoekstra, A.Y. and Gerbens-Leenes, P.W. ,2012. Voetafdruk geeft juiste stappen aan, Milieu, 2012 (7), 42-44.


Gerbens-Leenes, P.W. and Van Meekeren, B., 2008. Bio-energie werkt watercrisis in de hand. Milieu 14 (6), 12-13.


Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., 2008. Zes bijdragen aan de Wetenschappelijke scheurkalender 2008. Veen Magazines ISBN10: 908571060X | ISBN13: 9789085710608. …….


Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., 2007. Kritische consument eet duurzaam voedsel. Agrarisch Dagblad, woensdag 9 mei, pp. 14.


P.W. Gerbens-Leenes, 2007. Mondiale druk op natuurlijke hulpbronnen voor voedsel stijgt. Meer land, water en energie in productie- en consumptiesystemen nodig. Voeding Nu 9 (2), 11-14.


P.W. Gerbens-Leenes, 2003. Het Groene Kookboek voor energiezuinige maaltijden. Voeding Nu 12, 22-23.


P.W. Gerbens-Leenes and Nonhebel, S., 2003. Voedselconsumptiepatronen beïnvloeden behoefte aan landbouwgrond. Voeding Nu 9, 28-29.


Vlek, C.A.J., Steg, E.M., Feenstra, D., Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., Lindenberg, S., Moll, H.C., Schoot Uiterkamp, A.J.M, Sijtsma, F., Van Witteloostuijn, A., 2002. Een praktisch model voor duurzaam bedrijfspresteren. Economisch Statistische Berichten 87, 524-527.


Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., 1999. Consumptiepatronen beïnvloeden ruimte- en energiebeslag voor voeding. Arena, mei 1999, pp. 18.


Invitations presentations and workshops


Keynote presentation symposium on water and biofuels. Pietermaritzburg, South Africa, February 10-11 2010.


Keynote presentation 7 energy days, Nuclear Energy & Energy from Wind and Water, Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, December 10 2009


Keynote presentation at the Conference at the Hague University of Applied Sciences (Haagse Hogeschool). January 2009.


Keynote presentation 26th Annual Water and the Future of Kansas Conference. K-state University, Minnesota, Kansas, US. The water Footprint of Energy from biomass.


Participation COST Exploratory Workshop. The Energy-Water Nexus: Managing the Links between Energy and Water for a Sustainable Future, 19-21 January 2009 in Brussels.


Keynote presentation Water and Business Summit 2008, 26-27 November, London, UK, organized by the Ethical Corporation. The water footprint of business.


Keynote presentation Gordon research conference of Industrial Ecology, August 17-22 2008, New London, New Hampshire, US. Globalization of water.


Keynote presentation First World Water Sustainability-Renewable Energy Congress, November 25-28 2007, Maastricht, the Netherlands The water footprint of energy consumption: an assessment of water requirements of primary energy carriers.


Presentation Studium Generale TU Delft. Kritisch consumentisme. December 3 2007. Cultureel Centrum Delft.


Keynote presentation HENVIScience Day, April 16 2009. Helsinki University Centre for Environment HENVI, Helsinki, Finland, The hidden water consumption; virtual water.


Television program. Adams Appel, TV noord. March 2007.


Presentation Studium Generale Rijksuniversiteit Groningen. Moderne aardappeleters? Kritische consument eet duurzaam voedsel. March 26 2007, Academiegebouw Groningen.


Conference presentations


Keynote presentation symposium water-energy food nexus, University of Cologne, Germany. November 26 2012. Biomass for energy.


Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., 2011 (19 October). Oral presentation at the IGS-SENSE conference Resilient Societies, 19-22 October 2011, Enschede, the Netherlands. A comparative study on the water footprint of poultry, pork and beef in different countries and production systems.


Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., 2010. Oral presentation (10 November) at the conference Water and Energy organized by the International Water Association (IWA), Amsterdam, November 10-12. Water for energy, The use of the water footprint concept for the assessment of water use for bioenergy.


Gerbens-Leenes, 2010. Oral presentation (25 August 2010) at the conference of the International Society for Ecological Economics ‘Advancing Sustainability in a time of crisis’. Oldenburg-Bremen, Germany, 22-25 August 2010. The water footprint of energy scenarios.


Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., 2010. Oral presentation (13 June 2010) at the conference ‘VII Anque international congress, Integral water cycle: Present and future ‘ A shared commitment”. 13-16 June 2010, Oviedo, Spain. The water footprint of a swimming pool.


Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., 2010. Oral presentation (13 June 2010) at the conference ‘VII Anque international congress, Integral water cycle: Present and future ‘ A shared commitment”. 13-16 June 2010, Oviedo, Spain. The water footprint of sweeteners and bioethanol.


Gerbens-Leenes, P.W. 2010. Oral presentation at the conference Innovation for sustainable production I-SUP2010, 20 April 2010 Brugge, Belgium. The water footprint of renewable transport fuels in Europe.


Oral presentation 15th Annual International Sustainable Development Research Conference, July 5-8 2009, Utrecht, the Netherlands. Water footprints of primary bio-energy in the Netherlands, Brazil, the United States and Zimbabwe.


Oral presentation 13th IWRA World water Congress, September 1-4 2008, Montpellier, France. The water footprint of energy carriers.


Oral presentation at the Sustainable Consumption and Production conference: Framework for action, March 10-11 2008, Brussels, Belgium.Conference of the Sustainable Consumption Research Exchange (SCORE!) Network, supported by the EU’s 6th Framework Programme. The Water Footprint of the Netherlands.


Oral presentation at the IGU/LUCC Central Europe Conference 2007 “Man in the landscape across frontiers: Landscape and land use change in Central European border regions”. August 28th - September 4th 2007. Slovenia, Austria, Slovakia, Czechia. The water footprint of energy from biomass.


Poster presentation at the Conference of the European Society for Ecological Economics (ESEE), Integrating natural and social sciences for sustainability, June 5-8 2007, Leipzig Germany. The water footprint of Energy Carriers.


Oral presentation with H.C. Moll at the start conference of the SCORE! network on sustainable consumption November 24-26, Wuppertal, Germany. Pathways towards Sustainable Food Consumption Patterns.


Oral presentation with S. Nonhebel at the 3td international Conference “Industrial Ecology for a Sustainable Future”. June 12-15 2005 Stockholm, Sweden. Dietary Trends and Land use, the impact of changing food consumption patterns on agricultural land resources.


Oral presentation at the 11th Annual International Sustainable Research Conference, Helsinki, Finland, June 6-8 2005. Measurement of Environmental Sustainability of Food Companies using a life Cycle Approach.


Poster presentation at the PROFETAS Symposium “Transition towards sustainable protein supply chains. Wageningen, the Netherlands 20th Oktober. Consumption patterns and land required for food.


Oral presentation at the IIASA midsummer workshop, organized by the International Institute for Applied Systems Analyses, Laxenburg, Austria, June 2004. Resourse use in food systems.


Oral presentation with A.J. Schilstra at the International peat congress June 6-11 2004, Tampere, Finland. An historic perspective on the vulnerability of the Netherlands to environmental change: life in a cut-away.


Oral presentation at the conference “Elfde Sociaal wetenschappelijke studiedagen SISWO, Eating and drinking. Trends and tensions after 1945. Amsterdam, the Netherlands, April 22-23 2004: Food and land use. The influence of consumption patterns on the use of agricultural resources.


Poster presentation summer school “Integrated assessment of vulnerable ecosystems under global change”, organized by Potsdam-Institute für Klimafolgenforschung (PIK), Germany, in Peyresq, France September 14th 2003. Resource use in food systems.


Poster presentation at the conference “Paradoxes in Food Chains and Networks”, organized by the Management Studies Group of Wageningen University, the Netherlands in Noordwijk June 6-8 2002. Energy Use in Food Production Chains: The Consequences of Reduction Strategies.


Oral presentation at the conference “Changes at the other end of the chain”, organized by Wageningen University, the Netherlands May 16 -17 2001. Food consumption patterns and the land required for the production of this food.