Summary Pascal Eijkelenbergh
Pascal Eijkelenberg (TNO, business unit Mobility and Logistics) gave a presentation on Global System for Telematics – Implementation of an open in-car platform. GST (Global System for Telematics) is a 6th Framework Programme, funded by the EU. It started in March 2004 and will finish in February 2007. The total Programma has a budget of 21,5 million Euro.
Currently, in-car telematics is already an existing market. Several applications are available on the market, such as e-call (emergency call), breakdown call, dynamic route guidance, points of interest, in-car email, etc. Behind this in-car telematics market there are several drivers. One of the drivers is legislation. The White Paper “European transport policy for 2010 – Time to decide” mentions the goal of reducing road fatalities and casualties. One of the means is the introduction of e-call in 2009 all over Europe. Others drivers are the improvement of business and reduction of costs and a pressure arising from competition.
There are also a number of constraints for in-car telematics. First of all there is a limited use of the services, because of high costs. The services are also custom-made, which means less choice and specific hardware. Two major issues are the awareness of the driver and the fact that the life cycle of a vehicle doesn’t match the life cycle of telematics services.
The GST Programma aims at realizing common agreements about the architecture and interface that can be used for in-car telematics. This allows new parties to enter the market easily, and gives the end user a large freedom of choice. This is based on the idea that new and more technology in vehicles comes available and allows new possibilities such as floating car data, vehicle to vehicle communication and others.
Two examples of these possibilities were presented; enhanced floating car data and rescue. Enhanced floating car data means that apart from speed and location, also safety related parameters can be distributed, such as headway and road conditions. By using an open communication structure, such an application can easily be developed. The rescue system is an implementation of e-call, where the vehicle or the driver can warn emergency operators in case of an accident. Besides these two, there are many more possible applications supported by GST, such as tracking of stolen vehicles, parking place reservation, etc.
The lessons learned so far in the GST Programme can be separated into barriers and stimuli. The barriers are again, the different business models or life cycles of a vehicle and telematics, the difficulty of introducing some services as commercially viable, the legislation issues and willingness to pay for services. The stimuli for realizing a GST platform can be the freedom for marketeers to introduce various services. It also can be used on various environments, such as a PDA or pc, not just a vehicle. It is also very important to communicate the benefits of an open telematics platform.
Click here for the slides of the presentation.