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Draft Work Programme EU/FP7, 2011-2012 (March 2010)

Work Programme 2011-12

Version 26-02-2010

Cooperation THEME 3
ICT – Information and Communications Technologies

(European Commission C(2010) XXXXX)

  • ICT - Information and Communication Technologies 4
  • 1 Objective 4
  • 2 ICT research drivers 4
  • 2.1 ICT, the engine for sustainable growth in a low carbon economy 4
  • 2.2 Changing value chains and new market opportunities 5
  • 2.3 Many technology developments at a cross-roads 5
  • 3 Strategy 6
  • 3.1 Focus on a limited set of Challenges 6
  • 3.2 A commitment to reinforce Europe's presence in the basic ICT technologies and infrastructures 6
  • 3.3 A reinforced and more visible ICT contribution to major SE challenges 7
  • 3.4 A strengthened support to FET 8
  • 3.5 A reinforced and focused support to international cooperation 8
  • 3.6 Incentives to develop further Pre-Commercial Procurement in Europe 8
  • 3.7 Contribution to the general activities of the Coop. Specific Programme 9
  • 3.8 ICT research for a more sustainable and energy efficient economic growth 9
  • 3.9 Involving SMEs and users and feeding innovation 9
  • 3.10 Contributing to European and global standards 10
  • 4 Links to related activities 10
  • 4.1 Joint Technology Initiatives and Joint National Programmes 10
  • 4.2 Links with other FP7 themes 11
  • 4.3 Links with other FP7 Specific Programmes 11
  • 4.4 Co-ordination of non-EU-level research programmes 11
  • 4.5 Links with the ICT part of the Competitiveness and Innovation Programme 11
  • 5 Funding schemes 11
  • 5.1 Collaborative Projects (CP) 11
  • 5.2 Networks of Excellence (NoE) 12
  • 5.3 Coordination and Support Actions (CSA) 12
  • 6 Content of Calls for Proposals 12
  • 6.1 Challenge 1: Pervasive and Trusted Network and Service Infrastructures 12
  • 6.2 Challenge 2: Cognitive Systems and Robotics 35
  • 6.3 Challenge 3: Alternative Paths to Components and Systems 38
  • 6.4 Challenge 4: Technologies for Digital Content and Languages, 55
  • 6.5 Challenge 5 – ICT for Health, Ageing Well, Inclusion and Governance 63
  • 6.6 Challenge 6: ICT for a low carbon economy 77
  • 6.7 Challenge 7: ICT for the Enterprise and Manufacturing 90
  • 6.8 Challenge 8: ICT for Learning and Access to Cultural Resources 96
  • 6.9 Future and Emerging Technologies 100
  • 6.10 International Cooperation 121
  • 6.11 Horizontal Actions 127
  • 7 Implementation of calls 129
  • 8 Indicative priorities for future calls 131
  • Appendix 1: Minimum number of participants 131
  • Appendix 2: Funding schemes 131
  • Appendix 3: Coordination of national or regional research programmes 132
  • Annex X: Specific Requirements related to third party financing with EU funding through Pre-Commercial Procurement 132
  • Appendix XX: Future Internet PPP programme logic, evaluation, selection and award criteria 135

This work programme for the ICT theme of the FP7 Specific Programme 'Cooperation' defines the priorities for calls for proposals closing in 2011 and 2012 and the criteria that will be used for evaluating the proposals responding to these calls.

The priorities reflect the input received from the Programme Committee, the ICT Advisory Group (ISTAG), the European Technology Platforms in ICT and other preparatory activities including workshops involving the main stakeholders.

ICT - Information and Communication Technologies

1. Objective

Improving the competitiveness of European industry and enabling Europe to master and shape future developments in ICT so that the demands of its society and economy are met. ICT is at the very core of the knowledge‑based society. Activities will continue to strengthen Europe's scientific and technology base and ensure its global leadership in ICT, help drive and stimulate product, service and process innovation and creativity through ICT use and value creation in Europe, and ensure that ICT progress is rapidly transformed into benefits for Europe's citizens, businesses, industry and governments. These activities will also help reduce the digital divide and social exclusion.

2. ICT research drivers

This Work Programme defines the priorities for calls for proposals that will result in projects to be launched in the period 2011-12. These projects will start having impacts on markets in 5-10 years, on average. By then, the global ICT/knowledge infrastructure – networks, devices, services – as well as the market structures, value chains and business models are likely to have changed considerably from today's situation. The research challenges in this Work Programme are expressed with this in mind. They focus on high-risk ICT collaborative research forming part of a medium to long-term agenda.

In the context of defining priorities for this Work Programme, a number of socio-economic, business and technology developments stand out and are described in the following paragraphs.

2.1 ICT, the engine for sustainable growth in a low carbon economy

The recent financial and economic crisis has shown vulnerability of the world economies and the need to improve in Europe the conditions for more sustainable growth and higher industrial competitiveness. As highlighted by a recent OECD report, "investment in a networked recovery will preserve ICT as a key engine of growth" given its impact on productivity and innovation across manufacturing and service sectors.

The move towards a lower carbon economy will govern policies and drive economic and societal development for the decades to come. ICT R&D plays a major role in reducing carbon emissions, not only by making ICT itself more energy efficient but also, and mainly, by contributing substantially to energy and resource savings across the economy

Societal challenges such as energy efficiency, climate change, the ageing population, more sustainable health and social care systems, better inclusion and education and higher security will remain important concerns for the society to which ICT can provide significant responses. The impact of ICT on social behaviours, on democratic processes and on creativity will continue to grow with the wider diffusion of web-based social networking and user generated content and services, driven by the roll-out of broadband to more than half of European households.

In this context, international cooperation becomes a must to address the global challenges and to build win-win partnerships for technology, economic and social developments.

2.2 Changing value chains and new market opportunities

In the general consumer markets, business growth is foreseen in the short to mid term in new Web and Internet-based services taking advantage of the new generations of smart phones, of networked sensors and of convergence around IP (Internet Protocol). In addition to access to digital media, and generation of all types of content and leisure services, new opportunities are foreseen particularly in areas such as energy efficiency at home, personalised health systems and new location-based services. The capacity of Europe's industry to innovate is essential to benefit from the wide range of new opportunities arising at local, national or global level.

Cloud computing, that encompasses "Software as a service", "Platform as a service" and "Infrastructure as a service", is transforming the software and the service industry and can have a profound impact on business ICT strategies in all sectors.

Open innovation, and open web-based platforms is an important development adopted by businesses to ensure rapid market uptake of innovations, access to new ideas and win-win partnerships.

2.3 Many technology developments at a cross-roads

Alternative paths to components and system development - including nano-electronics, more integration of functionalities on chips, the use of new materials (organic, bio-electronics, etc) and progress in photonics - will most likely drive a large part of technology developments. They open the door for a wide range of new ICT based products and services.

New software development technologies and parallelisation tools will be needed to better exploit the computing capabilities of multi-core architectures as chips with 64 cores on a die are announced. .

The Future Internet including both the evolutionary progress of the current Internet and the possible emergence of completely new network and service infrastructures are key developments in ICT. In the short to medium term, breakthroughs are expected from the adaptation and integration of networking (IP-based) and service development tools into open platforms for the development of innovative internet-empowered applications. In the medium to longer term, technology breakthroughs such as all optical networks combined with advances in wireless communication, sensor networks, computing, autonomic network/service management capabilities, trust and security are expected to yield totally new network architectures beyond IP-based systems.

As the Internet increasingly moves to highly visual and multimodal interactions including 3D video and games-like interfaces, networked media and content technologies have a strong potential for service innovation in all sectors.

More intelligent and smart environments e.g. making use of adaptive, learning, cognitive and bio-inspired systems as well as distributed and embedded control is an important avenue for the medium to long term development of the whole ICT sector.

3. Strategy

3.1 Focus on a limited set of Challenges

The Work Programme helps mobilise the necessary resources around key ICT research challenges and objectives. It continues to focus on a limited set of challenges with mid-to-long term goals that require trans-national collaboration, in addition to the FET scheme. Each challenge is addressed through a limited set of objectives that form the basis for Calls for Proposals. Each objective specifies the set of outcomes targeted by the research work and their expected impact on industrial competitiveness and on addressing policy and socio-economic goals.

A key principle underlying the Work Programme is to ensure a leveraging of EU budget with higher private spending and with increased synergies between the private and public sector across Europe. The impact of EU support should extend beyond the ICT sector by fostering collaboration across various sectors of the economy and by addressing Europe's societal challenges for the benefits of citizens. Leveraging private spending is obtained notably by focussing the EU research budgets on risky areas where market failures may impede investment.

With a budget to support more than 15000 researchers per year, and its clear impact on furthering collaboration and partnership, ICT in FP7 has an increasingly essential role in reinforcing Europe's underlying innovation capacity, helping industry explore new avenues and take higher risk with higher returns.

3.2 A commitment to reinforce Europe's presence in the basic ICT technologies and infrastructures

The Work Programme builds on EU strengths, seize opportunities in emerging fields and intervenes where public and EU support is needed to share risk and build partnerships. This is reflected in reinforced support to the following ICT research challenges.

Challenge 1: networking, networked media and service infrastructures
The main additional feature of Challenge 1 in this Work Programme compared to previous years is its strengthened focus on tools and platforms for novel Internet application development and deployment through the launch of a partnership on Future Internet. At the same time, key technological developments in networking, digital media and service infrastructures of the future will be addressed.

Challenge 2: cognitive systems and robotics
Challenge 2 aims to enhance the performance and manageability of artificial cognitive systems and to expand and improve the functionalities of robotic systems operating under circumstances that were not fully planned for explicitly at design time. It supports both research on endowing artificial systems with cognitive capabilities as well as research more specifically related to the design and engineering of robotic systems.

Challenge 3: alternative paths to components and systems
Challenge 3 covers electronic and photonic components, integrated micro/nanosystems, embedded systems, and monitoring & control methods and technologies. Its focus reflects different technology trends: further miniaturisation and increased performance in electronics and in cooperating, or complex systems, addition of new functionalities (like sensing, actuating, communicating) and alternative routes to new components and systems such as new nano-electronic devices, photonics and organic electronics.

Challenge 4: Technologies for digital content and languages
Challenge 4 reflects the growing importance of media and content technologies for service innovation, for creativity and for cultural diversity. It aims at enabling individuals and small organisations to create quality content and innovative services and at allowing people to access and use online content and services across language barriers; it also aims at ensuring reliability of retrieval and use of digital resources across applications and platforms and at scaling up data analysis to keep pace with extremely large data volumes.

3.3 A reinforced and more visible ICT contribution to major socio-economic challenges

ICT research can help us address Europe's key socio-economic challenges, from a lower carbon economy, to health and well-being in an ageing society, learning and sharing of cultural resources, competitive businesses and manufacturing for a sustainable recovery. This is reflected in renewed efforts to the following ICT research challenges.

Challenge 5: ICT for health, ageing well, inclusion and governance
Challenge 5 addresses ICT for disease prediction, early diagnosis, prevention, minimally invasive treatment, and overall disease management and support to healthy lifestyle.. The Challenge aims also at ICT solutions for prolonging independent living and for extending active working life, as well as ICT solutions enabling accessibility of emerging mainstream ICT solutions, and assistive technologies for people with disabilities Finally, this Challenge also supports ICT tools for governance and policy modelling.

Challenge 6: ICT for a lower carbon economy
Challenge 6 covers the development of ICT to achieve substantial efficiency gains in the distribution and use of key resources such as energy and water, as well as the application of ICT to decarbonise transport and make it safer. This incorporates the ICT contributions to the Public-Private Partnerships on Energy Efficient Buildings and on Green Cars: ICT for the fully electric vehicle.

Challenge 7: ICT for manufacturing & factories of the future
Challenge 7 incorporates the ICT contributions to the Public-Private Partnership on Factories of the Future. It improves technological base of manufacturing across a broad range of sectors by improving not only the efficiency and adaptability, but also the sustainability of manufacturing systems as well as their better integration within business processes in an increasingly globalised industrial context.

Challenge 8: ICT for learning and access to cultural resources
Challenge 8 covers the development of ICT tools for learning and for access to cultural resources. On the learning side, the objective is to develop technologies and methodologies that make people learn more effectively and support the acquisition of new skills. In order to ensure the effective use and exploitation of the cultural resources, technologies will be developed to make them available, usable and re-usable regardless of their form, location, time sphere or other restraining characteristic.

3.4 A strengthened support to FET

The Future and Emerging Technologies (FET) scheme acts as the pathfinder for the mainstream ICT research. The scheme aims to lay new foundations for future ICT by exploring new unconventional ideas that can challenge our understanding of the scientific concepts behind ICT and that can impact future industrial ICT research agendas. Hence, its priorities are influenced by new developments and emerging opportunities in a wide range of scientific areas, as well as by the need to nurture the emergence of new, often multidisciplinary, European research communities. FET will continue to operate with a Proactive and an Open scheme. In addition, new activities are foreseen to attract and support new talents and high-tech SMEs, to prepare the set-up of Flagship Initiatives addressing major scientific and technological challenges, and to strengthen the international dimension of FET.

3.5 A reinforced and focused support to international cooperation

International cooperation in the programme aims to support European competitiveness and to jointly address, with other regions of the world, issues of common interest and mutual benefit, thereby supporting also other EU policies (sustainable development, environmental protection, disaster response, security etc).

International cooperation activities in this Work Programme have three main objectives: (1) To jointly respond to major global technological challenges by developing interoperable solutions and standards, (2) To jointly develop ICT solutions to major global societal challenges, and (3) To improve scientific and technological cooperation for mutual benefit.

This Work Programme includes priorities for coordinated calls for international cooperation with Brazil and Russia. It also includes a set of targeted calls and targeted opening of areas throughout the Challenges and FET.

3.6 Incentives to develop further Pre-Commercial Procurement in Europe

A number of coordination and support actions aim to promote the use of pre-commercial procurement in ICT by public authorities at local, regional and EU level.

By acting as technologically demanding first buyers of new R&D, public procurers can drive innovation from the demand side.

This not only enables European public authorities to innovate faster in the provision of public services to make them more efficient and effective. It also increases the research capacity and innovation performance of European companies and creates new opportunities to take international leadership in new markets.

Pre-commercial procurement enables an earlier reality check of industry R&D against concrete public purchasing needs, which can help to maximize the effectiveness of the R&D process and optimize public spending in research.

This work programme contains both calls for PCP CSAs open to proposals adressing ICT solutions for any domain of public sector needs (under the horizontal actions objective 11.1), as well as calls for PCP CSAs focusing on specific areas of public interest such as in the challenges in ICT for health (Objective 5.3), ICT for ageing well (Objective 5.4) and photonics (Objective 3.5).

3.7 Contribution to the general activities of the Cooperation Specific Programme

The ICT Theme will continue to support other general activities such as the RSFF scheme, the Cordis service, EUREKA membership, the COST Programme, cross-cutting ERA-NETs, the International Human Frontier Science Programme and the Intelligent Manufacturing Systems secretariat.

3.8 ICT research for a more sustainable and energy efficient economic growth

The contribution of ICT R&D to a greener economy is a priority that cuts across all objectives of this Work Programme.

This notably comprise "ICT for greening", such as smart grids for efficient energy supply and distribution and for integrating renewable energy sources, and ICT-solutions to improve the environmental and energy performance of buildings, of transport and logistics services and of manufacturing. Challenges 6 and 7 concentrate on these priorities and incorporate the ICT contributions to the Public-Private Partnerships of the European Economic Recovery Plan. These partnerships – on Energy Efficient Buildings, Factories of the Future, and Green Cars – aim to further develop green technologies and smart energy infrastructures in the buildings, manufacturing and transport domains. A significant budget increase is allocated for these challenges.

This Work Programme also includes significant contributions to "Greener ICT" through developments leading to reduction in the energy intensity and carbon emissions of ICT components, systems, services and processes involved in their manufacturing and distribution. This spans from low energy consumption networks and systems in Challenge 1 to components with reduced power consumption notably photonic components e.g. for lighting in Challenge 3.

3.9 Involving SMEs and users and feeding innovation

SMEs are at the heart of innovation in ICT. They play a vital role with their capacities to generate new ideas and quickly transform these into business assets. This Work Programme provides major opportunities for innovative SMEs, not only to finance R&D and innovate their products and services, but also to build strategic partnerships and to operate in wider markets.

SMEs are present notably in areas of high potential growth (such as photonics, security, embedded systems, and ICT for health and ageing) that have been boosted during FP7 in successive Work Programmes, JTIs and PPPs. Significant opportunities also exist for SME involvement in areas focusing on the development of open platforms for digital content and service provision and delivery. Such open innovation models are particularly attractive to SMEs that could participate both as technology providers and in the building of applications on top of such platforms (see e.g. the Future Internet PPP).

In addition to careful selection of priority topics of interest to SMEs, several areas express a preference for support also to projects of relatively small size executed by consortia dominated by SMEs and with only a few partners. Some areas also offer a lighter scheme for proposal submission, evaluation and contracting (see Objective 4.1 and FET-Open).

Another set of vital players in ICT research and innovation are the users. More than one-third of the budget is specifically dedicated to address priorities arising from innovation driven by demands in the areas of health, ageing, energy, environment, transport, manufacturing, learning and culture (see Challenges 5-8). Actions on basic ICT technologies and infrastructures (see Challenges 1-4) are also motivated and guided by highly demanding usage scenarios.

3.10 Contributing to European and global standards

Standardisation is recognised as an important research outcome and as a visible way to promote research results. Contribution and active support to industrial consensus eventually leading to standards is strongly encouraged. Integrated Projects are considered as important vehicles to promote research results through standardisation. Set up of project clusters will also be encouraged, such that industrial consensus can be facilitated across projects dealing with similar issues and such that Specific Targeted Research Projects can be fully integrated in the picture.

Standards are also considered as an important element in the field of international cooperation. Beyond access to non available research capability in Europe, international cooperation in the context of industrial research should have global consensus and standards as a main target.

4. Links to related activities

4.1 Joint Technology Initiatives and Joint National Programmes

Joint Technology Initiatives (JTI) are a pioneering approach to pooling public and private efforts, designed to leverage more R&D investments from Member States, Associated Countries and industry, and to reduce the fragmentation of EU R&D.

The focus of the ENIAC JTI in nanoelectronics is on industrial application-driven developments addressing mainly next generation technologies in the 'More Moore' and 'More than Moore' domains. This complements activities under this Work Programme that essentially cover the 'Beyond CMOS' and more advanced 'More than Moore' domains preparing Europe for the design and manufacturing of the next generation components and miniaturised systems.

The ARTEMIS JTI focuses on developing industrial platforms for the development and implementation of embedded systems responding to industry requirements in specific application domains (e.g. for the automotive and aerospace sector, for smart homes and public spaces, energy efficiency, manufacturing etc.). This complements activities under this Work Programme that mainly cover new concepts, technologies and tools for engineering next generation systems characterised by wide distribution and interconnection and responding, in addition to timeliness and dependability, to more stringent constraints in terms of size, power consumption, modularity and interactivity.

The Ambient Assisted Living (AAL) joint national programme covers market-oriented R&D on concrete ICT-based solutions for ageing well with a time to market of 2-3 years, with a particular focus on involvement of SMEs and the business potential. This complements activities under this Work Programme that focuses on longer tem research topics in this field which integrates emerging ICT concepts with 5-10 years time to market as well as essential research requiring larger scale projects at EU level, e.g. with strong links to standardisation.

4.2 Links with other FP7 themes

Synergies are sought with other FP7 themes to ensure higher impact. This is achieved notably with the three jointly funded Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) of the European Economic Recovery Plan: Energy Efficient Buildings, Factories of the Future, and Green Cars. These PPPs are presented within the relevant ICT Challenges. They will, however, be called for separately in coordination with the other FP7 themes.

4.3 Links with other FP7 Specific Programmes

In addition to the ICT theme in the Cooperation Specific Programme, the ICT research and development community will also be able to benefit from the other specific programmes that are open to all research areas including the Ideas, People and Capacities programmes.

In particular, support is provided to ICT-based research infrastructure (eInfrastructure) under the Research Infrastructures part of the FP7 Capacities programme. This will provide higher performance computing, data handling and networking facilities for European researchers in all science and technology fields.

Coordination between this activity and the ICT theme in the cooperation programme will ensure that the latest and most effective technology is provided to European researchers.

4.4 Co-ordination of non-EU-level research programmes

The actions undertaken include the coordination of national and/or regional research programmes or initiatives and the participation of the Union in jointly implemented national research programmes (notably Ambient Assisted Living8 and Eurostars9). Actions are also be used to enhance the complementarity and synergy between the Framework Programme and activities carried out in the framework of intergovernmental structures such as EUREKA6, EIROforum and COST7.

4.5 Links with the ICT part of the Competitiveness and Innovation Programme

The ICT theme in FP7 is one of the two main financial instruments in support of the i2010 initiative that is the Union’s policy framework for the information society. The other main financial instrument is the ICT specific programme within the Competitiveness and Innovation programme (CIP). ICT in the CIP aims at ensuring the wide uptake and best use of ICT by businesses, governments and citizens. ICT in FP7 and ICT in the CIP are therefore complementary instruments aiming at both progressing ICT and its applications and at making sure that all citizens and businesses can benefit from ICT.

5. Funding schemes

The activities supported by FP7 will be funded through a range of 'Funding schemes' as specified in Annex III of the Framework Programme decision. These schemes will be used, either alone or in combination, to fund actions implemented throughout the Framework Programme. The funding schemes used for the research objectives identified in this work programme are the following:

5.1 Collaborative Projects (CP)

Support to research projects carried out by consortia with participants from different countries, aiming at developing new knowledge, new technology, products, demonstration activities or common resources for research. The Funding Scheme allows for two types of projects to be financed: a) 'small or medium-scale focused research actions' (STREP), b) 'large-scale integrating projects' (IP).

STREPs target a specific research objective in a sharply focused approach while large scale integrating projects have a comprehensive 'programme' approach and include a coherent and integrated set of activities dealing with multiple issues (see Appendix 2 for more details on funding schemes).

Both instruments play an important and complementary role. With this work programme, the objective is to support a balanced portfolio of projects that will enable on one hand focused and agile scientific and technological exploration through STREPs and on the other hand concentration of efforts - where needed - through IPs.

To this end, an indicative budget distribution per instrument is specified for each objective and also to some extent per funding scheme. The distribution is based on the size of the available budget per objective and on the nature of the research needed to achieve the relevant target outcome and expected impact.

The overall aim is to ensure that about half of the support for Collaborative Projects is delivered through IPs and about half through STREPS.

5.2 Networks of Excellence (NoE)

Support to Joint Programme of Activities implemented by a number of research organisations integrating their activities in a given field, carried out by research teams in the framework of longer term cooperation.

5.3 Coordination and Support Actions (CSA)

Support to activities aimed at coordinating or supporting research activities and policies (networking, exchanges, coordination of funded projects, trans-national access to research infrastructures, studies, conferences, etc). These actions may also be implemented by means other than calls for proposals. The Funding Scheme allows for two types of projects to be financed: a) 'Coordination Actions' (CA), b) 'Specific Support Actions' (SA).

This work programme specifies for each of the research objectives, the type(s) of funding scheme(s) to be used for the topic on which proposals are invited.

6. Content of Calls for Proposals

6.1 Challenge 1: Pervasive and Trusted Network and Service Infrastructures

The main additional feature of Challenge 1 in WP 11-12 is its strengthened focus towards tools and platforms for novel Internet application development and deployment through the launch of a PPP on Future Internet. At the same time, key technological developments in networking, digital media and service infrastructures of the future will be addressed through objectives on network technologies and architectures; trustworthy ICT; software, service and cloud computing technologies; and immersive interactive networked media and search systems. The Challenge also supports an objective on experimental facilities for research related to the Internet of the future.

The medium to long term perspective of the Future Internet is addressed through a comprehensive set of objectives outlined below:

  • Future Networks work is targeting the development of the technologies for the future European network infrastructure and broadband access: network architectures and protocols; flexible and cognitive network management and operation, transport and routing, Internet mobility and scalability; coupled with research on the underlying technologies: in particular mobile and wireless broadband systems (towards 100s Mbit/s, flexible radio technology, spectral efficiency etc) and ultra-high capacity energy-efficient all-optical networks (towards 100Gb/s per wavelength; optimised protocols, routing, and traffic exchange; optical switching etc).
  • Software, services and cloud computing technologies that will focus on technologies specific to the networked distributed dimension of software and the distributed access to services and data. This includes support for mobility, massive scalability, verification and validation of software-based services, self-management etc. Included is also cloud computing technologies such as virtualized infrastructures and energy efficiency issues, platform management aspects like data consistency and protection, and inter-cloud-operability.
  • Architectures and systems for the interconnection of sensors, actuators and embedded computational and intelligent elements connected to the Internet and other relevant networks: These architectures provide a consistent integration and interoperability framework for the massively heterogeneous environments that have appeared so far through developments framed by vertical sectors.
  • Networked media and search systems that will focus on developing end-to-end immersive, interactive media systems that enable personalised and enhanced new media experiences. It encompasses 3D scene acquisition, representation, encoding, adaptation to networks, context and user interface devices. To facilitate users' access, it will also develop new networked multimedia search paradigms that are both context, network and event-aware..
  • Trustworthy ICT includng security in networked service and computing environments; trust, privacy and claims management infrastructures; underpinning engineering principles like biometry, certification and cryptography; and data policy, governance and socio-economic aspects of trustworthy ICT. This objective provides the enabling technologies and design methods for identification and trust to be used by network, software, system and service developers.
  • Challenge 1 supports an objective on experimental facilities (known as FIRE) for experimentally-driven research on the Future Internet. The facilities will provide larger scale and diversity to test and validate the developments at closer to reality conditions.

A Future Internet Public Private Partnership will target early results with a medium-term outlook before 2015, i.e. a ~5 years horizon. As such the PPP will complement the other Challenge 1 objectives which address longer-term research challenges. The PPP will focus on the development of innovative open network and service platforms with generic common enablers (horizontal foundation) serving a multiplicity of demand-driven use cases in "smart applications" (vertical sectors). The PPP includes a strong piloting and validation dimension, among others based on catalysers like "smart cities". In order to achieve a good balance between "application pull", driven by the needs of applications, and "technology push" matching the research agendas of major European technology suppliers, the PPP activities are implemented as a coherent programme with strong interdependencies between the different activities and objectives under the common PPP goals. The PPP is based on a phased approach with two dedicated Calls under this Work Programme and a third Call under Work Programme 2013.

Objective ICT-2011.1.1 Future Networks
Target Outcomes

The target is the development of Future network infrastructures that support the convergence and interoperability of heterogeneous mobile, wired and wireless broadband network technologies as enablers of the future Internet. This includes ubiquitous fast broadband access and ultra high speed end-to-end connectivity, with optimised protocols, addressing and routing capabilities supporting multiple operation schemes and provision of open generic services and applications.

a) Wireless and mobile broadband systems

  • LTE-Advanced and post-LTE systems; with focus on medium term evolution of LTE systems towards higher rate LTE-Advanced with support to standardisation; in the longer-term, R&D targeting new radio transmission paradigms and system designs taking into account new constraints such as the need for radical cost and energy per bit reduction and lower electromagnetic field exposure.
  • Enabling technologies for flexible spectrum usage for mobile broadband, including new ambitious approaches to cognitive radio as well as proof-of-concept reference implementations, taking into account commercial and regulatory constraints and opportunities.
  • Novel radio network topologies, taking into account the need for autonomy, energy efficiency, high capacity backhaul, low EMF radio exposure, and smaller low power base stations.
  • Integration of radio technologies with optical fibre networks, for consolidation of mobile and wireless networks into integrated communication systems (using e.g. femto-cells) which can deliver ultra high speed wireless access in the home, the street or in the enterprise.

b) High capacity end-to-end infrastructure technologies

  • Ubiquitous fast broadband access: convergence and interoperability of dynamic heterogeneous broadband and mobile network technologies; broadband networks with optimised traffic exchange between heterogeneous core, metro and edge networks, wired and wireless, in multiple operator and service provider domains, seamless transparent end-to-end connectivity using optimised protocols and routing for energy efficiency and cost reduction.
  • Ultra high capacity all-optical networks supporting ever-increasing service bandwidth demands, including network virtualisation; reducing the need for electronic-optical conversion, to solve the problem of the unsustainable growth of power consumption of electronic routers; WDM technologies enabling transportation of 160 wavelengths at 40Gb/s, in combination with TDM technologies which should enable higher optical transmission speeds, e.g. 100Gb/s per wavelength, in particular for 100G Ethernet.
  • An efficient functional split between optics and electronics and between circuit, flow and packet switching as well as integration with packet transport in the data, control and management planes should be addressed.
  • The work on optical core and access networks provides the system perspective to the development of the necessary photonic components and sub-systems undertaken in Objective 3.5

c) Novel Internet architectures and management and operation frameworks

  • Future Internet architectures that are resilient and trustworthy and designed to support open access, increasing heterogeneity of end-points (multimode devices, people, things) and networks (ad-hoc networks, opportunistic networks, networks of networks), with the need of a seamless and generalised handover, in support of the complete range of services and applications. Networks should sustain a large number of devices, many orders of magnitude higher than the current Internet, handle the large irregular information flows, and be compatible with ultra high capacity end-to-end connectivity.
    Visionary multi-disciplinary research on new architectures are encouraged, consisting of iterative cycles of research, design and large-scale experimentation of innovative architectures for the Future Internet from an overall system perspective.
  • Network management and operation frameworks to support generic service platforms, organisation of information exchange, addressing and naming, personal networks, scalability issues, agile connectivity, and the explosion of traffic and endpoints. Work should also address Internet mobility, virtualization, and backward compatibility strategies with the current Internet.
  • Self or distributed management approaches leading to a better handling of the control of new heterogeneous networks. Optimisation of control and management may also address tighter integration between network functionalities and overlay service functionalities to optimise integration of services provided by data centres and server farms with the network capabilities.

d) Flexible, resilient, broadband satellite communication

  • Innovative system architectures and technologies making possible the advent of ultra high capacity satellite communication systems, radically lowered transmission cost, broadband end-to-end connectivity one order of magnitude higher than that of current operational systems, seamless integration capabilities with Future Internet terrestrial based networks, notably through capability of dynamic joint reconfiguration of satellite-terrestrial protocols.
  • Novel technologies and architectures for resilient and flexible networks enabling global, multi service, secure and dependable communication (including mobility), for institutional missions. It requires network availability and efficiency, fast information processing and reaction, and interoperability with terrestrial public safety networks, and integration with navigation systems and sensor networks.

 e) Coordination and Support Actions [and Networks of Excellence]

Coordination and support for European network/service requirement definition and (pre)standardisation.

Definition of a joint policy framework fostering the development and integration of terrestrial and satellite communications to achieve broadband for all and serve the institutional/public service demand.

Analysis of international research agendas and preparation of concrete initiatives/projects for international cooperation, notably with USA and Japan.

[Networks of Excellence should become a platform for a critical mass of researchers in new and emerging key topics, for the Future Network development TBC]

Expected Impact

  • Strengthened positioning of European industry in the fields of Future Internet technologies, mobile and wireless broadband systems, optical networks, and network management technologies.
  • Increased economic efficiency of access/transport infrastructures (cost/bit).
  • Contributions to standards and regulation as well as the related IPRs, with a predominant role for Europe in standardization bodies and fora.
  • Industry adoption of integrated all optical networks and of spectral-efficient wireless systems.
  • Industrial acceptance of novel Internet architectures and technologies

Funding Schemes: IP, STREP, [NoE TBC] CSA

Indicative budget distribution:
EUR 160 million of which a minimum of 50% allocated to IPs and 30% to STREPs

Call: Call 8

Objective ICT-2011.1.2 Cloud Computing, Internet of Services and Advanced Software Engineering
The objective focuses on technologies specific to the networked, distributed dimension of software and access to services and data. It supports long-term research on new principles, methods, tools and techniques enabling software developers in the EU to easily create interoperable services based on open standards, with sufficient flexibility and at a reasonable cost.

Target outcomes

a) Cloud Computing

  • Innovative architectures supporting intelligent and autonomic management of cloud resources, ensuring agile elastic scalability. Scalable data management strategies, addressing the issues of consistency, availability, privacy and supporting security.
  • Architecture and technologies supporting integration of computing and networking environments to enable implementation of fully isolated and secure distributed environments.
  • Technologies for infrastructure virtualisation, cross platforms execution as needed for service composition across multiple environments, autonomous management of hardware and software resources.
  • Interoperability amongst different clouds, portability, control of data distribution and latency.
  • Energy efficiency and sustainability for software and services on the cloud.
  • Seamless support of mobile, context-aware applications, integration of mobile service environments.

b) Internet of Services

  • New software engineering principles, methods and tools supporting development for the Internet of Services, including languages and tools to model parallelism.
  • Services enabled by technologies for seamless integration of real and virtual worlds, including networked objects (internet of things ) and networked media and content.
  • Massive scalability, self-management, verification and validation of software-based services.
  • Methods and tools to manage life cycle of secure and resilient Internet-scale applications from requirements to run-time and their adaptive evolution over time.

c) Advanced software engineering

  • Advanced engineering for services, service architectures and front ends spanning across all abstraction levels.
  • Tools and methods for community-based and open source service development, composition and life cycle management.
  • Quality measure and assurance techniques which adapt to changing and/or individual requirements and contexts, to flexibly deal with the complexity and openness of the Future Internet.
  • Management of non-functional requirements typical of Internet-scale applications, like concurrency levels which will be orders of magnitude larger than in today's applications, huge data stores and guaranteed performance over time.

d) Coordination and support actions

  • Support for standardization and collaboration in software and services technologies.
  • Support for the uptake of open source development models in Europe and beyond.
  • Collaboration with Japanese initiatives on cloud computing, particularly on common standards for data portability and on interoperability; services having more efficient energy usage.

Expected impact

  • Lower barriers for service providers and users to develop, select, combine and use value-added services through significant advances in cloud computing technologies and standardised and open interfaces.
  • A strengthened industry in Europe for software-based services offering a large choice of services satisfying key societal and economical needs, with reinforced capabilities to engineer and produce software solutions and on-line services.
  • Efficient implementation of mainstream software applications on massively parallel architectures enabled by new technologies.
  • Emergence of scalable database models supporting highly concurrent access.
  • Easier evolution of legacy software over time, thanks to innovative methods and tools managing the complete lifecycle of software from requirements to run-time.
  • Emergence of European interoperable clouds contributing to an internal market of services in the EU whilst providing very significant business opportunities to SME's.
  • Fast innovation cycles in service industry, e.g. through the use of Open Source development model.

Funding schemes

a), b), c): IP, STREP; d): CSA

Indicative budget distribution

    EUR 68.5 million of which a minimum of 50% allocated to IPs and 30% to STREPs
  • CSA: EUR 1.5 million

Call: ICT Call 8

Objective ICT-2011.1.3 Internet-connected objects
The objective is to provide the architecture and technological foundations for developing context-aware, reliable, energy-efficient and secure distributed networks of cooperating sensors actuators and other smart devices and objects.. This should enable object-to-person, and person-to-object, and object-to-object Internet-based communications opening a new range of Internet enabled services. The key challenges of the architecture are to move beyond the sector specific boundaries of the early realisations of the "Internet of Things", to cope with the heterogeneity of the underlying technologies, and to enable integration of the novel set of supported services with enterprise business processes.

Target outcomes

a) An open networked architecture for Internet-connected objects, with end-to-end characteristics that can conceal the heterogeneity of the underlying network technologies required to support the multiplicity of communication requirements across objects in the physical world, be resilient to disruption of these technologies, and optimally manage a large population of resource constrained devices.

The architecture should maximise interoperability across providers and consumers of information and services, allow for re-use of object entities in the physical world across several application domains, and provide a coherent framework with open interfaces to manage the physical entities. Multiplicity of roles of an object/entity in various application scenarios also calls for an architecture that supports self-management, self-configuration and self-healing properties. Due to the mobility of objects and multiplicity of applications contexts, the architecture should also support dynamic assignment of resources and of services to entities in the physical world. This requires an advanced resolution infrastructure for services and applications, allowing scalable look up and discovery of "Internet of Things" resources and services and their subsequent mapping onto entities of the real world.

Supporting technologies need to ensure: (a) the efficient integration of the "Internet of Things" into the service layer of the future Internet, in particular for moving intelligence and service capabilities for filtering, pattern recognition, machine learning and decision-making towards the very edges of the network, up to users' terminals and things, (b) secure and efficient distribution and aggregation of information from the physical and virtual worlds, management of events, transfer of data ownership, and cooperation between objects, (c) communication among networked objects located in diverse, seamlessly connected geographical locations, to make information, knowledge and services available to people (or machines/applications) when and where they actually need it, augmenting their social and environmental awareness.

b) Adaptive software supporting data acquisition from a large number of sensors and providing integration with mainstream business platforms and components. Focus is on software to interpret the environmental and context information, detect information related to human intentions/behaviours, enable human-like inferences and multi-modal interactions, and eventually act on behalf of the users’ intentions. High attention should be given to interoperability, privacy, security, and the discovery and mapping of real, digital and virtual entities and on the integration of these functionalities in advanced business processes.

c) Coordination and support actions

  • Roadmaps, standards, benchmarks and selection criteria for future industrial deployment of novel Internet of Things applications.
  • Analysis of international research agendas and preparation of concrete initiatives/projects for international collaboration, notably with Asia, USA and Brazil 
  • Coordination of related national, regional and EU-wide R&D programmes/activities.

Expected impact

  • Opening a new range of Internet enabled services based on truly interconnected physical and virtual objects and person/object and object/object communications, and their integration with enterprise business processes.
  • Novel business models based on object connectivity and supporting innovative Internet services
  • Emergence and growth of new companies, in particular SMEs, offering innovative technical solutions for making everyday objects readable, recognisable, locatable, addressable and/or controllable via the Internet.
  • Consensus by industry on the need (or not) for particular standards. More widely accepted benchmarks. Consensus by all stakeholders on the governance of the "Internet of Things" including key management aspects.

Funding schemes

1)-2)-3): IP and STREP; 4): CSA

Indicative budget distribution

  • IP and STREP: EUR 27 million; the objective is to support two IPs in addition to STREPs
  • CSA: EUR 3 million

Calls: ICT Call 7

Objective ICT-2011.1.4 Trustworthy ICT
Target outcomes

The objective is a trustworthy Information Society based on an ecosystem of digital communication, data processing and service provisioning infrastructures, with trustworthiness in its design, as well as respect for human and societal values and cultures. Research and technology development described in this Objective must ensure strong interplay with legal, social and economic research in view of development of a techno-legal system that is usable, socially accepted and economically viable.

(a) Heterogeneous networked, service and computing environments.

  • Trustworthy (meta) architectures and protocols for scalability and interoperability, taking account of heterogeneity of domains, partitions, compartments and environments in ecosystems and underlying infrastructures; architectural standards, including meta-level specifications, for conformity, emergency and security policy management.
  • A trustworthy polymorphic future internet with strong physical security in balance with privacy; federated, seamless, transparent and user-friendly security of the edge networks in smart ecosystems, ensuring interoperability throughout the heterogeneous landscape of access networks.
  • Virtualisation and other techniques to provide protection, assurance and integrity in complex, high-demand critical services; and security in the presence of scarce resources, and in legal domains with different priorities. Trustworthy global computing with contextual security and secure smart services in the cloud.
  • Metrics and tools for quantitative security assessment and predictive security in complex environments and for composition and evaluation of large scale systems.
  • Enabling technologies, such as declarative languages, biometry, certification and cryptography for the above.

(b) Trust, eIdentity and Privacy management infrastructures.

  • Development of trust architectures, protocols and models for trust assurance, including measures and rating models and other services to enable trust assessment (e.g. by claims on identity, reputation, recommendation, frequentation, voting), to delegate trust and partial trust; and for trust instrumentation and high-level tools at the end-user stage (cognitive and learning instrumentation for trust, profiling services and communities).
  • Protocols for privacy infrastructures enabling multi-identity and tools to check privacy assurance and enable un-observability and un-linkability through search engines or social networks. Advancement of privacy at the hardware level.
  • Interoperable or federated management of identity claims integrating flexible user-centric privacy, accountability, non-repudiation, traceability as well as the right to oblivion at the design level. Technologies and standardisation for use of multiple authentication devices, applicable to a diversity of services, and providing auditing, reporting and access control.

(c) Data policy, governance and socio-economic ecosystems.

  • Management and governance frameworks for consistent expression and interpretation of security and trust policies in data governance and means for implementation, including in the ubiquitous scale-less Web or Cloud. Technology supported socio-economics frameworks for risk analysis, liability assignment, insurance and certification to improve security and trust economics in the EU single market.
  • Multi-polar governance and security policies between a large number of participating and competitive stakeholders, including mutual recognition security frameworks for competing operators; transparent security for re-balancing the unfair, unequal face-to-face relationship of the end-user in front of the network; tools for trust measurement, based on cost-benefit analysis.

(d) Networking and Coordination activities

Support for networking, road-mapping, coordination and awareness raising of research and its results in Trustworthy ICT.

Priority will be given to (i) stimulating and organising the interplay between technology development and legal, social and economic research through multi-disciplinary research communities; (ii) promoting standards, certification and best practices; (iii) coordination of national RTD activities.

Expected impact:

  • Improved European industrial competitiveness in markets of trustworthy ICT, by: facilitating economic conditions for wide take-up of results; offering clear business opportunities and consumer choice in usable innovative technologies; and increased awareness of the potential and relevance of trustworthy ICT.
  • Adequate support to users to make informed decisions on the trustworthiness of ICT. Increased confidence in the use of ICT by EU citizens and businesses. Increased usability and societal acceptance of ICT through understanding of legal and societal consequences.
  • Demonstrable improvement (i) of the trustworthiness of increasingly large scale heterogeneous networks and systems and (ii) in protecting against and handling of network threats and attacks and the reduction of security incidents.
  • Significant contribution to the development of trustworthy European infrastructures and frameworks for network services; improved interoperability and support to standardisation. Demonstrable usability and societal acceptance of proposed handling of information and privacy.
  • Improved coordination and integration of research activities in Europe or internationally.

Funding schemes

(a)-(b)-(c): IP and STREP; (d): NoE, CSA [provisional, will be completed/confirmed in the next iteration]

Indicative budget distribution

  • IP/STREP: EUR 70 million of which a minimum of 50% allocated to IPs and 30% to STREPs
  • NoE, CSA: maximum EUR 10 million

Call: ICT 8

Objective ICT-2011.1.5 Networked Media and Search Systems
The objective is to develop advanced digital media platforms and technologies that should: a) overcome the inherent limitations of the Internet as a media delivery platform; b) make available immersive and interactive media technologies providing users with more sophisticated forms of media and enhanced experience; c) empower users to search the relevant media information corresponding to their usage and context requirements.

Target outcomes

a) Digital Media Delivery Platforms
Architectures and technologies for networking and delivery of digital media, provided through open environments enabling immersive, personalised and high user involvement capabilities.

Technologies for automatic dynamic media adaptation to delivery platforms, either network controlled or edge controlled, facilitating just-in-time and ad-hoc media objects adaptation and fusion. Novel architectures to allow for co-operation between media overlays delivery and underlying networks, i.e. optimisation of available infrastructure capacity and of media delivery. Higher quality video/audio to the web relying on content-aware networking, low latency for real time applications and quality-of-service guarantees. The work covers fixed and mobile environments as well as a multiplicity of user contexts, within or outside of the home.

Novel platforms for customised and context adapted hybrid broadcast internet services enabling new user behaviours.

b) End-to-end Immersive and Interactive Media Technologies
Immersive media capture, representation, encoding, adaptation to user devices, production and compression technologies and tools, prosumer-friendly and with automation and collaboration features. Evolution towards a mix of real and virtual worlds with improved interaction capabilities as applied in games; increased media quality as well as multimodality and hypermedia augmentation implemented through open environments and interfaces.
Technologies and tools to enable end-to-end diffusion of 3D immersive, interactive media over the Internet. Improvement of quality of user experience: surrounding, immersive and interactive environments on the move, at home and at work, also moving quality and resolution beyond the current HD capabilities.

c) Multimedia Search
Scalable, multimodal, real-time media search technologies deployed over open platforms with search engines that facilitate and personalize fast access to web-scale digital media objects, beyond text based indexing and retrieval capabilities of currently available search technologies. Dynamic modelling of sophisticated digital objects with searchable features, natural interaction and navigation capabilities, intelligent caching/ storing relying on the sharing of network resources. Integration of novel search technologies in networked platforms, especially for mobile, enterprise and location-based search also supporting combined search targeting virtual information and information captured from the physical world through object/sensor connectivity.

d) Coordination and Support Actions
Coordination of related national and EU-wide R&D programmes/activities and cooperation between the relevant authorities
Dissemination of results and organisation of scientific and/or policy events.
Research and technology development roadmaps and stakeholder coordination.
Analysis of international research agendas and roadmaps, pre-standardisation initiatives and preparation of concrete initiatives/projects for international cooperation.

Expected impact

  • Reinforced positioning of the European ICT and digital media industry, and wider market opportunities, in particular for technology-providing SME's.
  • Digital media/service platforms aggregators provided with innovative offers for immersive, interactive and personalised digital media.
  • Effective contribution to global standards and European IPRs reflecting federated and coherent roadmaps.
  • Greater creativity stimulated through tools to capture/produce/exchange professional and user generated immersive and interactive digital media content.
  • Education and professional training opportunities enhanced through immersive environments and interactivity.
  • Reduced carbon footprint through use of immersive platforms for video-conferencing.

Funding schemes

a), b), c): IP and STREP; d): CSA

Indicative budget distribution

  • IP and STREP: 68 M€ of which a minimum of 50% to IPs and 30% to STREPs
  • CSA: 2M€

Call: ICT Call 8

Objective ICT-2011.1.6 Future Internet Research and Experimentation (FIRE)
Target outcomes

  1. FIRE Facility: Maturing and expanding the FIRE Experimental Facility and making it dynamic, open and sustainable towards 2015:
    1. New areas: complementing the offerings of the FIRE Experimental Facility projects (ec.europa.eu/fp7/fire) by new facilities in research areas insufficiently supported by existing prototypes, e.g. social networking, 3D Internet. Each project should provide an operational prototype at an early stage in the project, being gradually expanded in a demand-driven and open way. Each project should also use the mechanism of open calls and dedicate at least 20% of its budget to innovative usage experiments, each of them not exceeding a funding of 200 K€.
    2. Extension: advancing early FIRE prototypes to serve the demands of the Future Internet research communities; the prototypes to be extended should clearly demonstrate the success of the services already being offered in terms of number of users, scale and diversity of experiments going beyond of what can be tested on the current internet. Each project should use the mechanism of open calls and dedicate at least 20% of its budget to innovative usage experiments, each of them not exceeding a funding of 200 K€.
    3. Federation: implementing a demand-driven high level federation framework for all FIRE prototype facilities and beyond making the facility self-sustainable towards 2015 based on credible business models assuming a significant decrease of EU funding; including the development of a joint FIRE portal, operated until the end of 2015 and a set of common tools addressing issues such as brokering, user access management, one-stop-shopping, measurement and performance analysis. Provisions shall be made for openness towards additional testbeds and facilities, for the use of open standards, for standardisation and certification policies, and for cooperation with EU national and international initiatives on experimental facilities.
  2. FIRE Experimentation: Experimentally-driven research in the broad field of the Future Internet using one or more of the existing FIRE facility prototypes. Projects should be challenging both in terms of visionary R&D to be undertaken, e.g. on holistic network and service architectures, on applications with high social value, on low energy and cost solutions, etc.; and in terms of innovative usage of the facility, e.g. large scale & diversity of experiments, broad involvement of large groups of end-users, complex system-level testing, assessment of socio, economic, or environmental impact, and methodology and tools used for measurements and benchmarking. Proposers must demonstrate a clear commitment of the FIRE facilities they intend to use. Where appropriate, participation from countries outside Europe at use level is encouraged.
  3. FIRE Science: A multidisciplinary Network of Excellence in the area of holistic Future Internet research to overcome fragmentation and to integrate life and human sciences (e.g. networking, computing, telecommunications, complex systems, security, trust and identity, privacy, sociology, psychology, energy, user interfaces, anthropology, economics, knowledge management). The network shall lay the foundations of an Internet Science allowing a better understanding of the complex nature of Internet networks, services and applications, and their design based on desirable social, economic or environmental objectives, thereby creating an “internet scientist” profile.
  4. Coordination and Support Actions: EU-wide co-operation with related EU-level and Member States activities such as the Public Private Partnership on the Future Internet, or national experimentation facilities; international co-operation with initiatives in industrial countries and emerging economies; co-operation on standardization in order to exploit synergies; socio-economic requirements gathering and awareness creation.

Expected impact:

  • Research projects saving costs on experimentation activities, while at the same time being able to do more diverse and larger scale testing closer to reality, leading to a better and faster exploitation of research results in infrastructures, products and services.
  • Improved European competitiveness in Future Internet research by providing European researchers, in industry and academia, with a unique operational, sustainable, dynamic, and integrated large scale Experimental Facility.
  • Broad and innovative use of the Experimental Facility by a significant number of Future Internet research projects in European and national programmes and beyond.
  • Better understanding by European industry and academia of the complex nature of the Internet as a system of systems, and enabling them to take this knowledge into account when considering changes, when providing services, and when seeking to take advantage of new market opportunities, including at international level.
  • Strategic capability to assess a priori the evolution of Internet networks, services and applications in terms of broad implications at societal, economic and environmental levels, taking into account aspects such as sustainability, privacy, openness, neutrality, and market evolution.

Funding schemes

  1. IPs - it is expected that a minimum of one IP is supported for each of the three sub-objectives, requested funding per IP should normally not exceed EUR 5 million.
  2. STREPs - requested funding per STREP should normally be in the order of EUR 1 – 1.5 million with a duration of up to 24 months.
  3. NoE; (d): CSA

Indicative budget distribution: EUR 45 million
IP/STREP: EUR 38 million of which EUR 23 million for IP and EUR 15 million for STREP
NoE: EUR 5 million
CSA: EUR 2 million

Call: ICT Call 7

Future Internet Public Private Partnership (FI-PPP)
The growing complexity of the Internet fuelled by the current and future blossoming of services and usages, the connection of trillions of "things", the exacerbation of security and privacy threats, the advent of a "mobile Internet", and the trend towards personalisation of content and services, calls for a decisive action aiming at enhancing or even reshaping the Internet.

Against this background, the Future Internet Public Private Partnership (FI-PPP) is Europe's concerted action to enable a new wave of Internet-enabled industrial spin offs and to ensure that the future evolutions of the Internet will meet the expectations of an increasingly connected society. It puts forward consistent phases, under a single, structured and sustained initiative, in order to provide European Internet stakeholders with the opportunity to investigate different technological options and to put them at work to address the irreversible policy "megatrends" to make economies, business processes, infrastructures and societies "smarter" and more sustainable.

The objectives under this Work Programme denote the first two phases of this PPP under Framework Programme 7 with two dedicated Calls, which are envisaged to be continued by a third phase and Call under Work Programme 2013.

The goal of the FI PPP is twofold: a) to strengthen and further expand the competitive position of the European ICT industry, particularly telecommunication operators, mobile devices manufacturers, software and service industries, content providers and media; b) to contribute to the irreversible policy trend towards a more sustainable society, by demonstrating that key business processes can be made smarter through tighter integration with Internet capabilities. In order to help closing the traditional gap existing in Europe between R&D and innovation, the FI PPP combines a medium-term "market pull" approach driven by the needs of applications, with a "technology push" approach matching the research agenda of major European technology suppliers. The resulting ecosystem is expected to bring together the demand and the supply sides, and will allow involving users early into the research lifecycle, thus contributing to shorten time to market of products and services. There is a high potential for exploiting synergies between the use-case related activities under this PPP and the projects under application-oriented Challenges and Objectives of the ICT Programme.

The FI PPP will pave the way towards a new Internet that will address the technical shortcomings of today's infrastructure, while promoting innovation and competition; allow Europe to effectively respond to the emerging societal challenges be it in terms of transport services, green energy and sustainable development or health services; and provide economic actors with opportunities to devise and launch new business ventures in the above application sectors.

The implementation of the FI PPP is targeted to enable early availability of a framework (specification, standards, implementation and research/usage validation trials) to ease and speed up the development, deployment and take-up of novel and innovative added-value services in Europe, based on Internet-enabled smart infrastructures. The main result of the Initiative will be a pan European demonstration of Future Internet services. This will target facilitation of an early uptake of the results in the European marketplace, benefiting European citizens, and a competitive advantage for European industry in the global market place.

Typical targeted validation environments include (without being restrictive to) “Integrated Smart Cities” or "smart regions" as catalyser and federating theme for the FI PPP programme and projects, and also as focal points of the public contribution to the initiative. Future “Smart Cities” or regions will be penetrated by a multitude of Internet technologies enabling real time communication and processing of massive volumes of data making it possible to cover innovative applications and typically covering several use cases.

The PPP will pursue an industry-driven, holistic approach encompassing R&D on network and communication infrastructures, software, service and content/media technologies and their deployment on real application contexts. The main technical outcome of the PPP will be a versatile (multi-use case) and open communications and service platform, complemented by reusable, generic and commonly shared technology enablers. The platform will be used by many actors, in particular by SMEs and public administration services, to develop new and more competitive services, to enable more flexible business processes and more sustainable public infrastructures and utilities. Contribution to EU policies is expected to be through focused pilot applications having a public local/regional dimension, e.g. in smart cities or regions. Strong efforts are expected related to openness, standardisation, and certification.

The objective is composed of four tightly related Objectives. The overall budget foreseen under this Work Programme is EUR 170 million with the budgets per Objective being only indicative. Projects to be selected under the Objectives outlined below are expected to collaborate under a common governance structure at programme level (see Annex TBC).

Objective FI.ICT-2011.1.7 Technology foundation: Future Internet Core Platform

Target outcomes

Design, development and implementation of a generic, trusted and open network and service platform making use of and integrating advanced Internet features enabling take up in innovative "smart applications". This includes the specification of open interfaces from this Core Platform to domain-specific instantiations addressed by projects under the "Use case scenarios and pilots" activity. The target platform may draw upon resources from several independently controlled domains through ad-hoc aggregation of resources. The target platform can be generically reused for multiple user contexts and to develop the "smart applications" corresponding to specific use cases, with an important focus on use cases of public/social or economic value. In the second and third phase of the PPP the implementation of prototypes of the core platform across the testing infrastructures made available by the "Use case scenarios and pilots" activity will form the baseline for large-scale experimentation and validation across multiple use case scenarios with widely distributed geographical coverage.

The major innovation in this research and development work is expected from the engineering and scaling-up of advanced Internet technologies currently researched in Europe, enriched by the necessary integration and functional components, enabling a comprehensive capability for generic and domain specific services and applications. The work should take a comprehensive system view of the Internet, underpinning the convergence of network-centric approaches of operators and telecom equipment manufacturers with web-based and service-oriented approaches of the software and service providers and integrators. Generic Enablers are a key feature of the Core Platform. They offer functionalities that can be reused and composed for a multiplicity of use cases and are at the heart of the platform versatility. Core platform functionalities should include:

  • the general capability to draw upon resources from several independently controlled domains through ad-hoc aggregation of resources;
  • upgraded network capabilities covering requirements derived from innovative Internet use cases and from the operational needs of smart infrastructures;
  • information processing capabilities enabling the generation, composition sharing and exploitation of huge amounts of data in support of context aware applications and enabling "mash up" applications (e.g. running on top of different use case-specific instantiations);
  • generic service infrastructure capabilities enabling application-related services, "things" and contents to be visible and accessible by end-users within and across domain-specific instantiations in a uniform way enabling "services mash-up";
  • real time application capabilities based on coupling sensor and actuator networks to the internet, through a uniform reference architecture;
  • adapted network/service management schemes including traffic flow optimisation, trust and security;
  • trust and identity capabilities enabling end-users, devices, digital objects and service providers to be identified globally and across multiple domains in a trusted manner;
  • use case-independent application and service development tools including application programming interfaces and software development kits;
  • Where and if appropriate, platform federation and interoperability between platforms or instantiations thereof from an architectural perspective and beyond data integration.

The dynamic specification of the Core Platform functionalities largely depends on the requirements stemming from the identified use cases. In addition, the testing infrastructure, on which the core platform is to be implemented will be provided by the "Use Case scenarios and pilots" activity. Therefore, an efficient collaboration with the projects generated under the "Use Case scenarios and pilots" (see b) below) is a mandatory requirement. It is in particular expected that the chief architect of the core platform chairs an architectural board with participants from all other activities.

The Target Outcome of this phase covering phases 1 and 2 of the PPP includes:

  1. System design: through research covering the specification and design of the functionality and interfaces of the core network and service platform;
  2. Early prototyping: the phased development and maturing of a reference implementation with a convincing subset of the targeted capabilities of the Future Internet Core Platform;
  3. Early implementation and validation: the provisioning of the Core Platform on a medium scale pan-European FI testbed infrastructure supporting use case specific experiments.

Funding schemes
One IP

Indicative budget distribution and duration

  • EUR 40 million; a minimum of 30% of the budget is expected to be kept flexible for distribution among partners complemented by Open Calls to allow for responding to emerging user needs not known from the outset.
  • Duration: 3 years

Call: FI-PPP 2010

Another call under this line of action is planned under WP 2013, which is expected to address the extension and maturing of the Core Platform prototypes and their implementation on the large scale FI testbed infrastructure. At this stage, the final outcome of this line of activity will be a reference implementation of all targeted capabilities in an operational prototype of the Future Internet Core Platform, on which application domains have built their domain-specific instantiations and run large scale demonstrations.

Objective FI.ICT-2011.1.8 Use Case scenarios and pilots

Target outcomes

The work focuses on vertical use case scenarios whose efficiency, sustainability and performances can be radically enhanced through a tighter integration with Internet based advanced network and service capabilities. The target use cases should cover innovative applications scenarios with high social or economic impact making used of advanced Future Internet capabilities. Without being restrictive, examples of such target use cases expected to be elaborated in dedicated projects include systems

  • for utilities like the electricity grid,
  • for communication,
  • for traffic and mobility management,
  • for healthcare,
  • and for ubiquitous access to networked digital media.

Each proposed use case is expected to make use of technologies and functionalities leapfrogging current innovative internet technologies, such as

  • context awareness and sensor networks,
  • advanced real time information processing capabilities handling huge volume of information,
  • ad-hoc service composition and mash ups,
  • managed broadband connectivity and services,
  • embedded media support for interfaces easing the interpretation of processed contextual data.

The work covers a full R&D&I cycle, including use case characterization; specification of platform requirements; development; technological validation prototypes, and large scale pilot demonstration/validation. Of particular importance for each selected use case is the identification of usage specific requirements versus generic requirements that can be implemented through common technological enablers. The latter will be developed by the "Core platform" activity which takes a central role in collecting requirements and defining generic enabling capabilities and interfaces, feeding them back into the specifications for the usage area pilots. The definition and preparation of the pilot sites shall be based on the provisions made by the "Capacity Building and Infrastructure Support" activity. A pan European approach is targeted for the implementation of pilots and validation trials.

These sequential activities will be split over two phases:

Target outcomes Phase one:

  1. A comprehensive set of detailed technical, functional and non-functional specifications for a pilot in the given usage area:
    1. use case characterisation;
    2. architectural model outlining how the infrastructure supporting the use case interworks and integrates with the PPP core platform and the Internet in general;
    3. framework of functional and non-functional specifications, requirements, technology enablers and use cases;
    4. design of the domain-specific instantiation of the core platform consisting of a selection of functionalities complemented by domain-specific capabilities, including the definition of open interfaces and interoperability requirements.
  2. Development of domain-specific capabilities and conceptual prototypes demonstrating critical technological solutions and the overall feasibility and approach suggested for Phase 2.
  3. A Phase 2 implementation plan, which also includes a detailed analysis of the pilot sites and the locally provided infrastructures, and a plan for consortium and user community building.

Target outcomes Phase two:

  1. Working pilots and test-beds building upon common components and enablers as provided under the Core Platform activity and covering the selected pilot sites.
  2. Selected test applications implemented on pilot sites.
  3. Validation of the openness and versatility of the core platform and its software development kid, through implementation of mixed use case scenarios originating from more than one use case project.
  4. A detailed plan for how to move into Phase 3 in which a massive expansion of the platform usage is envisaged, facilitated by local and regional stakeholders including SMEs.

i) Phase One

Funding schemes: up to 8 IPs

Indicative budget distribution and duration

  • EUR 5 million per use case project
  • Duration: max 24 months

Call: FI-PPP 2010

ii) Phase Two

Funding schemes: up to 5 IPs, i.e. consolidation of up to 5 different use cases

Indicative budget distribution and duration

  • 13M€ per use case project; a minimum of 10% of the budget is expected to be allocated through Open Calls to allow for local solution providers and system integrators to get involved.
  • Duration: max 24 months

Call: FI-PPP 2011

Objective FI.ICT-2011.1.9 Capacity Building and Infrastructure Support

Target outcomes

The goal is to leverage existing public investments in advanced infrastructures to support the deployment of advanced pilots demonstrating the versatility of the Core Platform across a multiplicity of heterogeneous environments. Several European regions or cities are increasingly becoming equipped with advanced infrastructures (e.g. sensor platform, broadband islands..). The objective of this activity is hence to identify, taking a pan European perspective, those infrastructures that could eventually be integrated with the platform to support the large scale trial phase, and to identify the related interoperability requirements. These interoperability requirements will also help the definition of 'common enablers', under the "core platform" activity, as they will drive the required level of virtualisation making it possible to seamlessly integrate various heterogeneous infrastructures and to federate them according to use case requirements. This activity requires putting in place a partnership strategy with the infrastructure owners and a detailed understanding on the operational usage taking into account that these supporting infrastructures will be used in "shared" modes. Finally, supporting infrastructures need to be upgraded according to research results driving additional requirements and constraints to support the target use cases

The Target Outcome of this activity consequently covers:

  1. The identification of existing and future advanced test and experimental infrastructures across Europe and the associated technological constraints that need to be overcome to use these for conducting large scale (ultimately user driven) trials of new innovative and integrated Future Internet Applications. As typical – but not exhaustive - examples these infrastructures may include sensor platforms, advanced broadband wireless networks, server farms and service environments, energy grids, content delivery networks
  2. The maintenance of a web based repository of available infrastructure potentially engaged in trials within this initiative and of their key functional characteristics;
  3. The identification of the usage-related operational constraints derived from these infrastructures;
  4. The interoperability requirements fuelling the "common enabler" definition of the core platform and making it possible to assemble a pan-European federation of test and experimental infrastructures where the results of the Initiative can be implemented.
  5. The controllability of key functionalities of these infrastructures across Europe through the common APIs/SDK of the core platform by the start of phase 3 so that the application providers from the industry sectors can validate their application scenarios in a representative environment.
  6. The necessary adaptation and validation of these infrastructures in view of supporting additional usage requirements stemming from the selected pilot use cases and a mix of those.
  7. The integration of these infrastructures within the selected pilot use cases targeted in phase 2 (it is expected that targeted use cases are implemented through specific islands only requiring integration of a subset of all available infrastructures).

Funding schemes, indicative budget distribution, Calls:

i) to cover items 1. to 3. above:

Funding schemes: One CSA

Indicative budget distribution and duration

  • EUR 3 million
  • Indicative duration: 3 years

Call: FI-PPP 2010 (starting from phase 1)

ii) to cover items 4. to 7. above:

Funding schemes: One IP

Indicative budget distribution and duration

  • EUR 12 million
  • Indicative duration: 2 years

Call: FI-PPP 2011 (starting from phase 2)

Objective FI.ICT-2011.1.10 Programme Management and Support

Target outcomes

The implementation of the PPP activities across a limited set of interrelated projects requires the setting up of a comprehensive management and support organisation. Beyond pure management and co-ordination issues, the objective of this activity is to address the non research activities that are needed for a successful implementation of the PPP.

The objective is also to prepare for the large participation of SME's at the level of the validation & large scale trial phases. As the pilot experiments will be implemented following a "user driven innovation" scheme, SME's will be targeted in priority to develop the validation experiments running across the target platform and for the selected use cases. Participation of SME's to this phase hence needs to be planned sufficiently in advance.

The Target Outcome of this activity covers:

  • The co-ordination and planning of the necessary flow of information across the various projects implementing the PPP; the management of dependencies and synchronisation of the project activities across the programme;
  • Planning of trials and large scale experiments; platform operator function (scheduling and planning)
  • Support and coordination of the necessary standardisation stemming from the openness requirements of the target platform; set-up a certification programme for relevant enablers and services; coordination of PPP contributions to international standardisation as to maximise impact in terms of industry in Europe capitalising on the results;
  • Develop, agree with participating project, implement and operate the necessary and adequate programme governance structures for an efficient and effective implementation of the programme, catering for effective day-to-day management of programme execution and for advisory roles. To this regard, programme governance models developed by joint undertakings such as FCH, CLEANSKY or ARTEMIS might be used as examples to build on. It is expected that all programme activities adhere to the programme governance structures;
  • Contributions related to regulation and EU policies made to the relevant bodies; support to the necessary regulatory evolution making it possible to operate such a distributed platform across Europe, with a perspective of an internal market for trusted and secure e-services for data repositories, in particular for what concerns use cases related to public sector priorities;
  • Identification of SME's participating in the trials of phase 3, training programme and support to application developments.
  • Co-ordination of dissemination and awareness activities, including dissemination activities towards European cities and regions, awareness raising actions targeted at policy makers responsible for local or regional developments; co-ordination of participation to large events like international exhibitions and fairs; preparation of high quality dissemination material; etc.
  • Set-up and co-ordination of programme boards in agreement with participating projects.
  • Maintenance of a programme-level IPR regime.

Funding schemes: One CSA

Indicative budget distribution and duration

  • EUR 10 million
  • Indicative duration: 3 years

Call: FI-PPP 2010

Expected Impact of the FI PPP (The 4 objectives described above)

  • Significant increase of the effectiveness of business processes and novel approaches to the operation of infrastructures and applications of high societal value. This will be supported by a reappraised internet architectures, services and technologies in large-scale application contexts;
  • Reinforced industrial capability on novel service architectures and platforms, building on the longer-term requirements of the internet and encouraging European players to embrace the challenges of smart infrastructures, whilst contributing to EU policies in terms of innovation, sustainable growth, energy and environmental targets;
  • New opportunities for novel business models based on cross-sector industrial partnerships built around Future Internet value chains, involving users and public authorities at local, regional and national levels, and providing SME players with opportunities to offer new products, equipments, services and applications.
  • Creation of new European-scale markets, overcoming potential fragmentation, for smart infrastructures, with integrated communications functionality, contributing to economic growth and to European leadership in global ICT applications markets.
  • Evolution (not clean slate) of Future Internet infrastructure compatible with the emergence of open, secure and trusted service platform for building networked applications that can be leveraged through user-centred open innovation schemes;
  • A comprehensive approach towards regulatory and policy issues such as interoperability, openness, standards, data security and privacy within the context of the Future Internet complex and ‘smart’ usage scenarios. This may also address the required methodologies, procedures and best practice needed to address transnational aspects where a high degree of public-private co-operation is needed. Participation of the public sector in the PPP will be a key asset to progress in these non-technological issues.

6.2 Challenge 2: Cognitive Systems and Robotics

Challenge 2 focuses on artificial cognitive systems and robots that operate in dynamic, non-deterministic, real-life environments. Such systems must be capable of responding in a timely and sensible manner and with a suitable degree of autonomy to gaps in their knowledge, and to situations not anticipated at design time. Actions under this Challenge support research on engineering robotic systems and on endowing artificial systems with cognitive capabilities. Both research strands are intricately intertwined: many functionalities and desirable properties of robotic systems rely on cognitive capabilities. Conversely, robotic systems are suitable platforms for motivating, guiding and validating more basic cognitive systems work.

Hard scientific and technological research issues still need to be tackled in order to make robots fit for rendering high-quality services, or for flexible manu­fac­turing scenarios. Sound theories are requisite to underpinning the development of robotic systems and providing pertinent design paradigms, also informed by studies of natural cognitive systems (as in the neuro- and behavioural sciences).

Research under Challenge 2 will fuel progress for instance from robots that are largely pre-programmed, to robots that are programmable through teaching and learning; from robots that are largely tele-operated, to robots that autonomously plan complex tasks; from robots with rigid components and structures, to those with dexterity and manipulation skills going beyond human level; from robots that operate in tightly controlled environments, to robots that can properly interact and cooperate with people in real-world environments. Future robots will also come in various shapes and sizes (including miniature) and will increasingly incorporate intelligent materials, as well as advanced sensor, actuator and effector, (distributed, brain-inspired) memory and control technologies, and where needed, they will exhibit physical compliance.

Cognitive systems research extends beyond robotics. Hence, this Challenge will also address issues related to monitoring, assessing, and controlling heterogeneous multi-component and multi-degree-of-freedom systems, where this hinges on implementing cognitive capabilities. At an elementary level, such capabilities include establishing and recognising patterns in sensor-generated data. This is a prerequisite to higher-level operations such as scene interpretation, reasoning, planning, intelligent control, and complex goal-oriented behaviour. Learning, in appropriate modes, is essential at all levels.

It is equally important to be able to measure and compare progress towards the ambitious goals set under this Challenge. Developing suitable benchmarks, conducting benchmarking exercises and supporting scenario-based competitions are therefore firmly placed on the agenda.

Although Challenge 2 does not target any specific application area, research will be motivated, guided and validated by realistic, demanding and scalable real-world scenarios, where appropriate backed by industrial stakeholders. Gearing up cross-fertilisation between relevant industry and research communities is a key issue in this respect and industrial participation is therefore greatly encouraged.

Work under Challenge 2 will improve competitiveness in existing and future markets (e.g., manufacturing, professional and domestic services), and provide innovative solutions in areas that include (but are not limited to) assistance and co-working, production, logistics and transport, construction, maintenance and repair, search and rescue, exploration and inspection, systems monitoring and control, consumer robotics, education and entertainment.

Objective 2.1: Cognitive Systems and Robotics
Target outcomes

a) Robotic systems operating in real-world environments: Expanding and improving the functionalities of robotic systems and further developing relevant features, such as autonomy, safety, robustness, efficiency, and ease of use. As appropriate, work will include exploring ways of integrating, in robotic systems, new materials and advanced sensor, actuator, effector and leading edge memory and control technologies.

b) Cognition and control in complex systems: Enabling technologies based on the acquisition and application of cognitive capabilities (e.g., establishing patterns in sensor data, classification, conceptualisation, reasoning, planning) for enhancing the performance and manageability of complex multi-component and multi-degree-of-freedom artificial systems, also building on synergies between cognitive systems and systems control engineering. This outcome complements Objective 3.3 / target outcome (d).

Realistic, highly demanding, scalable real-world scenarios will motivate and guide research related to targets a) & b), and serve to validate its results. Specific Targeted Research Projects (STREP) are particularly suited to high-risk endeavours, breaking new grounds, with high potential rewards. They are also appropriate for component-level research for particular domains. Integrated Projects (IP) are preferred for system-oriented efforts; they are expected to encompass all stages of the research and development lifecycle and, where appropriate, cutting across research topics.

c) Gearing up and accelerating cross-fertilisation between academic and industrial robotics research to strengthen synergies between their respective research agendas through joint industrially-relevant scenarios, shared research infrastructures; joint small- to medium-scale experimentation with industrial platforms and implementation of comparative performance evaluation methodologies and tools.

d) Fostering communication and co-operation between robotics and cognitive systems research communities through: identification of common interests and areas of co-operation; knowledge sharing between EU, national, and international initiatives; supporting open-source hardware and software developments; updating R&D roadmaps taking account of work under relevant past and ongoing European programmes; addressing issues such as market potential, user acceptance, standardisation, continuing education, ethics, and socio-economic impacts; outreach to relevant professional and general audiences.

e) Speeding up progress towards smarter robots through targeted competitions based on suitably evolving reference scenarios focused on capabilities at issue under this Objective, and involving relevant stakeholders. This includes soliciting private sponsorships, organising and managing pertinent events as well as accompanying dissemination measures and public relations activities.

Expected impact 
For a), b) and c):

  • Integrated and consolidated scientific foundations for engineering cognitive systems under a variety of physical instantiations.
  • Significant increase in the quality of service of such systems and of their sustainability in terms of, for instance, energy consumption, usability and serviceability, through the integration of cognitive capabilities.
  • Innovation capacity in a wide range of application domains through the integration of cognitive capabilities.
  • Improved competitive position of the robotics industry in existing and emerging markets for instance in the following sectors: manufacturing; professional and domestic services; assistance and co-working, production, logistics and transport, construction, maintenance and repair, search and rescue, exploration and inspection, systems monitoring and control, consumer robotics, education and entertainment.
  • Consensus by industry on the need (or not) for particular standards. More widely accepted benchmarks. Strengthened links between industry and academia.

For d):

  • Stronger cohesion between relevant industrial and academic R&D communities; and a higher level of awareness among wider (including non-professional) audiences of the potential of the technologies at issue.

For e):

  • Greater innovation through competitions which allow to measure and compare progress towards the ambitious goals set under this Challenge.

Funding schemes:
a)-b): STREP, IP; c) IP; d-e) CSA

Indicative budget distribution: EUR 155 million
Calls: ICT call 7: target outcomes (a), (d)

  • IP/STREP: EUR 70 million of which a minimum of 50% to IPs and a minimum of 30% to STREPs
  • CA: EUR 3 million

ICT call 9: target outcomes (b), (c), (e)

  • IP/STREP: EUR 80 million of which a minimum of 50% to IPs and a minimum of 30% to STREPs
  • CA: EUR 2 million

6.3 Challenge 3: Alternative Paths to Components and Systems

Challenge 3 covers electronic and photonic components, integrated micro/nanosystems, embedded systems, and monitoring & control technologies. Its focus reflects different technology trends: further miniaturisation and increased performance in electronics and in systems, addition of new functionalities (like sensing, actuating, communicating), mastering system complexity, and alternative routes to new components and systems such as new nanoelectronic devices, photonics and organic electronics.

Two related objectives address the deep miniaturisation and performance increase of nano-electronic devices and the integration of new functionalities for the next generation of application-specific components and smart systems. In Objective 3.1 (very advanced nano-electronic components) the emphasis is on energy-efficient and powerful devices using alternative solutions to the traditional miniaturisation path for information and communication systems in 2020 and beyond, as well as techniques to design, engineer and produce these. Objective 3.2 (smart components and smart systems integration) supports the convergence of microelectronics, nano-materials, biochemistry, measurement technology and ICT, leading to the emergence of a totally new class of miniaturised smart systems. It also covers technology and business diversification exploring nanoelectronics processes monolithically integrated in new devices for enhanced functionalities. These two objectives complement the development of the next CMOS technology nodes and next generations of systems on a chip and systems in a package undertaken in the ENIAC JTI.

Another two objectives are in the area of embedded and computing systems. 3.3 new paradigms for embedded systems, monitoring and control towards complex systems engineering focuses on three industrial pillars: the design, modelling, building, operating and maintaining of systems composed of a large number of different independent, heterogeneous and interacting intelligent embedded systems; the engineering, monitoring and control techniques capable of dealing with huge amounts of distributed sensory data and implemented via networked and embedded intelligence; and the launch of a new research activity addressing the challenge of linking and connecting together large yet autonomous systems, thus creating "Systems of Systems". Objective 3.4 (computing systems) addresses parallelisation and programmability methods including scheduling and compiling tools and supporting environments, to allow the adaptation of existing software to multicore computing architectures and systems, from embedded devices to general-purpose and to high performance computing. These two objectives complement the development and integration of embedded systems in real world scenarios undertaken in the ARTEMIS JTI.

Finally, two closely related objectives support photonics and organic electronics. Objective 3.5 (core and disruptive photonics technologies) provides the basis for a variety of photonic components and equipment (such as lasers, waveguides, photodetectors, amplifiers, LEDs, optical fibres etc) that are now fundamental in strategic applications such as medicine, communications, lighting, sensing and measurement, and manufacturing. Objective 3.6 (flexible, organic and large area electronics and photonics) covers low temperature processing, and potentially printable devices and systems on large area and/or flexible substrates (such as light emitting and sensing devices, photovoltaics, displays and e-paper, printed electronics for smart tags, and wearable smart textiles).

Objective ICT-2011.3.1 Very advanced nanoelectronic components: design, engineering, technology and manufacturability
This objective covers the combination and convergence of advanced More-than-Moore elements with Beyond-CMOS devices and their integration and interfacing with existing technology. It addresses new materials-technology-design-manufacturing-architectures research from a "System Perspective", i.e. technology solutions linked with advanced system design, for advanced components to support miniaturised electronic systems, communication technologies and application scenarios for 2020 and beyond. Where appropriate and dependent on their maturity, developed components and technologies need to fulfil the criteria of "systemability", "integratability" and "manufacturability".

The objective is to stimulate the interaction and merging of circuit, device and technology research communities, to trigger research for disruptive approaches, and to provide more integrated holistic research solutions to address the new levels of miniaturisation facing large amounts of new materials, high parameter variability, parasitic energy, large power consumption and reliability problems at component and system level. It also targets novel manufacturing solutions for disruptive technologies and devices and access to manufacturing technologies and integration platforms for European equipment and material suppliers.

The activities under this objective are complementary to the activities in the ENIAC JTI.

Target outcomes

a) Beyond CMOS technology:

  • New switches which offer scalability, performance and energy efficiency gains, operational reliability and room temperature operation with preferably CMOS process and architectural compatibility: addressing e.g. new devices, new ways to interconnect, new methods for computation and to manage heat and new methods of fabrication.
  • Emerging memories targeting the concept of non-volatile universal memory.
  • Nano-photonic devices and interconnects for integration with nanoCMOS and Beyond–CMOS.
  • Carbon based electronic devices.
  • Novel materials to extend interconnects, for nano-packaging, for Beyond-CMOS (logic and memory): e.g. magnetic and multi-ferroic materials, complex metal oxides. Understanding fundamental artefacts and limits; nano-scale thermal processes; computational material and device science.

b) Circuit-technology solutions, addressing in a combined manner:

  • Architectures: addressing e.g. energy efficiency, emerging architectures and spin devices; hybridizing silicon with molecular switches; ferromagnetic logic; heterogeneous and morphic system architectures.
  • Circuit design: addressing e.g. power dissipation constraints; SRAM stability; analogue and digital-analogue convergence; device variability and model accuracy; design methodology and tools; reliability; novel functionality.
  • Technology: addressing e.g. device leakage current, growing power dissipation, increased process variability, monolithic integration as well as 3D integration of Beyond-CMOS and advanced More-than-Moore on advanced silicon nanoCMOS; co-integration of photon and electron based devices on silicon.
  • Modelling and simulation: addressing e.g. quantum and atomic scale effects; holes; thermo-electro-mechanical effects; band-to-band tunnelling; drift diffusion effects; variability; process modelling and modelling for new materials and device architectures, as well as higher abstraction level models allowing cross technology cross IP level simulation.
  • Design-technology solutions for energy efficiency and reliability: addressing e.g. energy efficient design (reversible, adiabatic, bio-inspired); ultra low power design techniques and zero-power concepts (zero-power standby PC); design for high reliability and thermal aware design, design solutions for ultra complex integrated single or multi-technology systems; reuse and standardisation with respect to IPs.

c) Nano-manufacturing and Joint Equipment Assessment, comprising the complete manufacturing supply chain for flexible and customised manufacturing of integrated nano- and Beyond-CMOS components:

  • Manufacturing approaches to Beyond-CMOS and advanced More-than-Moore', and to integrate Beyond-CMOS and advanced Moore-than-Moore' with nanoCMOS including 3D integration.
  • Enhanced variability control; integrated metrology/inspection/analysis concepts and tools to support 3D approaches; functionalised assembly and packaging.
  • Joint Assessments of (combined) equipment/metrology/process solutions, novel equipment and materials ranging from proof of concept for potentially 'disruptive' approaches and for 450 mm to prototype testing in close cooperation with suppliers and users;
  • Supporting 200/300 mm wafer integration platforms hosted by research institutes and short user-supplier feedback loops to the benefit of smaller suppliers.

d) Coordination and Support Actions

  • Broker services to offer European universities, research institutes and SMEs access at affordable cost to training, to commercially available CAD tools for educational use and to advanced technologies, design kits and IP blocks for prototyping and small volume production.
  • Roadmaps, benchmarks and selection criteria, studies of limits and assessment of Beyond-CMOS and advanced More-than-Moore processes, devices and architectures w.r.t systemability, integratability, energy efficiency, scalability and manufacturability with the aim to identify further research needs.
  • Stimulation of the interest of young people in electronics careers; training and education for high school students; access for students and PhDs to production lines and research labs.
  • Linking of R&D strategies and stimulation of international cooperation, in particular with the USA, Taiwan, Korea and Japan.
  • Support, coordination and standardisation actions including preparatory work for 450 mm wafer processing targeting material and equipment companies including process requirements, metrology, equipment metrics, test wafers, carriers and physical interfaces.

Expected impact

  • Increased critical mass and European knowledge and skills at the frontier of nanoelectronics technology and in miniaturised electronic systems, enabling further European partnerships in world-wide collaborations. European research organisations maintained in leading positions.
  • A more integrated nano-electronics technology, device and design research community, better targeted to the business strategy of the European industry.
  • Contribution to increased attractiveness for investments in components miniaturisation, functionalisation and manufacturing in Europe; increased business opportunities and market share.
  • New electronic applications of high economic and socio-economic relevance.
  • Strengthened competitiveness of the European nanoelectronics industry through risk-sharing in generic developments and collaboration in advanced research between materials, equipment and component suppliers, integrators, semiconductor manufacturing plants and institutes.

Funding schemes
a): STREP; b): IP, STREP; c): IP, STREP; d): CSA

Indicative budget distribution

  • IP/STREP: EUR 55 million; the objective is to support at least one IP under b) and at least one IP under c) in addition to STREPs.
  • CSA: EUR 5 million

Call: ICT Call 8

Objective ICT-2011.3.2 Smart components and smart systems integration
The common device and process oriented approach to micro and nanotechnology is increasingly replaced by a consideration of the unique potentials and challenges at the levels of system functions and applications.

Smart (miniaturized) systems have the ability to sense, describe, and qualify a given situation, as well as to mutually address and identify each other. They are able to predict, decide or help to decide, and to interact with their environment by using highly sophisticated interfaces between systems and users. They range from an ensemble of strongly cross-linked but widespread parts to a single integrated miniaturised system. They can be standalone, networked, or embedded into larger systems, and they comprise heterogeneous devices for sensing, predicting, actuating, information processing, data storage, energy scavenging and management, and communication. They thus require the integration of inter-disciplinary knowledge and skills. Future generations of smart (miniaturized) systems will excel in self-reliance and adaptability.

Smart components demonstrate enhanced performance and functionality derived from the advanced core micro and nanoelectronics technology. Research is needed on specific devices, processes, technologies and design platforms to support applications in 2017 and beyond. The activities in this area are complementary to the activities in the ENIAC JTI and to the activities of the 'Green Car' initiative (cf. Objective 6.8).

A particularly relevant area of convergence is the one of Micro-Nano Bio Systems (MNBS), combining microsensing & microactuation, microelectronics, nano-materials, molecular biology, biochemistry, measurement technology and ICT for new classes of systems. They have a high potential to create a strong impact on a wide range of applications, going from healthcare and environmental monitoring to food quality assurance and cell engineering.

Within this objective, a high level of industry participation is expected and demonstration aspects are encouraged.

Target outcomes

a)Future smart components and smart systems
Materials, technology, process and manufacturing techniques for:

  • Innovative nanoelectronics smart components (Systems on Chip or Systems in a Package) demonstrating very advanced performance (very high performance analogue, very high frequency, integrated passives); high voltage and high power operation or operating under special conditions (e.g. high temperature, high reliability, long lifetime).
  • Miniaturized and integrated smart systems with advanced functionality and performance
  • Autonomously operating, power efficient and networked smart systems
  • Robust systems, compatible and adaptive to environment and lifetime requirements.

Projects should address one or more of these components/systems and provide novel smaller, higher performing, more sensitive, faster and cheaper smart components and/or systems. Research should be driven by advanced system requirements and address innovation at the various levels: advanced functionalities, key enabling technologies, basic methodologies.

Advanced Functionalities include: Nanoscale, multidimensional sensing; Communication and data processing through micro/nanoscale and RF devices; Scavenging, storage and management of energy and power; Interfacing and interaction requiring very high analogue or frequency performances, operation under harsh temperature, voltage or power conditions; Human-Machine Interfacing using gesture, tactile and motion detection; Comfort and ergonomy, e.g. by wearable solutions.

Key Enabling Technologies include: Material combination of e.g. semiconductors, ceramics, polymers, glass, textiles, cellular tissue, rigid and flexible substrates; Advanced materials and technologies for monolithical integration of smart components (on silicon or other materials e.g. SiC, GaN, …); New devices, processes, packaging and integration technologies that can meet advanced, high performance requirements; New sensors, actuators and components (RF, etc.) exploring the nano dimension.

Basic Methodologies include: New architectures for devices and smart components that can fulfil the very advanced, very high performance requirements; Tools for modelling and design of smart components and smart systems with optimum embedded software; Fabless industry concepts taking advantage of the European research infrastructure; Manufacturing approaches, which are flexible and modular where additional functionalities can be cost efficiently integrated; Techniques, processes and equipments for optimized yield, reliability, reproducibility, testing and validation; Standardization of interfaces and levels of quality, reliability and robustness.

b)Micro-Nano Bio Systems (MNBS)

  • Increased intelligence of devices (computation/decision power, sensing capabilities)
  • Enhanced miniaturisation and integration of devices and systems
  • Increased integration of bioactive components (molecular & cellular components) as well as processes.
  • The novel generation of MNBS shall be smaller, perform better, and be faster and cheaper. Nevertheless they shall still deliver highly reproducible results, exhibit increased sensitivity and be extremely, and proven, reliable.
  • Research actions should be driven by application requirements from application sectors such as health, medical and pharmaceuticals, transport and mobility, security and safety, environment and food quality assurance, etc

For those actions addressing in particular the health area, emphasis is on:

  • highly integrated, safe, active and autonomous “smart” implants which provide real-time performance feedback and are able to tolerate interfering body signals;
  • integrated systems for rapid, sensitive, specific and multi-parametric in vitro molecular analysis/detection and cellular manipulation based on biodegradable materials. Disease early detection, therapy follow-up and drug discovery are among the major targeted applications. Cost, manufacturing and real scenarios validation should be considered;
  • autonomous body sensor and actuator based systems for non- or minimally-invasive targeted early detection, diagnosis and therapy. These include smart systems, inside, on or outside the body, for early detection and treatment of major diseases or for supporting minimally invasive surgery, as well as MNBS which contribute to the realisation of personalised health solutions.

The focus of projects targeting environment and food/beverage safety and quality control should be on:

  • integrated multisensing micro-nano systems able to analyse environment, food and beverage samples for the simultaneous and rapid identification of potentially dangerous species e.g. pathogens, allergens, chemicals, etc. Of paramount importance are selectivity, sensitivity, modularity and detection that is capable to identify several species. Data analysis and decision support in real scenarios should be also considered.
  • for initiatives targeting safety and security the focus is on integrated sensor and actuator systems able to support the individuals operating in harsh environments through contextual monitoring, feedback and networking capabilities.

MNBS projects should address, whenever relevant, bio-chemical calibration and bio-molecule stability aspects.

c) Coordination and Support Actions

  • Coordination and interaction of national and EU R&D programmes in the area of smart systems
  • Actions aiming at strengthen the cooperation between the various actors along the value chain of smart systems integration, from scientific research to industrialisation.
  • Actions aiming at stimulate the take-up of smart systems approaches by relevant industrial sectors
  • Roadmaps to link very advanced application requirements with smart components and smart system needs; benchmarks with the aim to identify new research needs.
  • Linking of R&D strategies and stimulation of international cooperation

These coordination and support actions should involve relevant smart components and systems stakeholders.

Expected impact

  • Closer business relationships between materials, equipment and component suppliers, integrators, manufacturing plants and institutes. Strong involvement of industry participants interacting closely with R&D organisations and users.
  • Increased European knowledge and skills at the frontier of smart component and smart systems integration, increased efficiency and effectiveness of smart components and smart systems engineering contributing to the competitiveness of the European industry involved, increased attractiveness to investments and putting European research organisations in leading positions.
  • Substantial market shares gained in high end markets requiring very high performance smart products and new electronic applications.
  • Contributing to environment protection through smart solutions for energy management and distribution, smart control of electrical drives, smart logistics or energy-efficient facility management.

Funding schemes
a-b) IP/STREP c) CSA

Indicative budget distribution

  1. EUR 38 million of which a minimum of 50% to IPs and a minimum of 30% to STREPs
  2. EUR 39 million of which a minimum of 50% to IPs and a minimum of 30% to STREPs10
  3. EUR 3 million


  • ICT Call 7 for a) and c)
  • ICT Call 8 for b)

Objective ICT-2011.3.3 New paradigms for embedded systems, monitoring and control towards complex systems engineering
The objective is to push forward the limits of embedded systems, monitoring, control and optimisation technologies and "System-of-Systems" engineering. The aim is to develop novel methodologies and advanced engineering approaches for designing, developing and executing/running complex/large scale, distributed, and cooperating systems. These systems need to satisfy high performance, reliability, survivability and power-awareness requirements and cope with internal and/or external uncertainties/disturbances. Linking and connecting together large yet autonomous adaptive systems, call for new paradigms of systems design, towards "System of Systems" engineering, e.g. complementing the "correct by construction" by a " correct by evolution" design approach. Multi-disciplinary cooperation and multi-aspect concurrent design (where appropriate) from the computing, control, communications, energy consumption and information theory & engineering points of view is highly encouraged, including, whereas relevant, support or enhancements of new educational curricula and training.

Target outcomes
To facilitate the design and development of advanced Embedded Systems composed of any number of independent, mainly heterogeneous and interacting intelligent embedded components and sub-systems, emphasis is on:

  1. Novel dependable and scalable architectures and tools mainly for energy efficient and energy-aware, heterogeneous embedded systems; projects may include, whereas relevant, enhancements of educational curricula.
  2. Secure composition concepts, methods and novel validation / verification / testing techniques and tools, including meta-modelling.
    To achieve stable and robust behaviour of (in particular closed loop) real life systems, actions should address the systematic engineering, through (embedded) intelligence, diagnostics, advanced control and optimisation techniques and the development of systems capable of dealing with complex, distributed and/or uncertain dynamics and/or very large amounts of sensory data. Emphasis is on:
  3. Robust distributed estimation/prediction, cooperative networked control, synchronisation and optimisation methods in industrial environments.
  4. Energy-aware, self-organising, monitoring and control systems including fault-adaptive methods for adjusting to/recovering from failures. Projects may include usage of wireless sensor/actuator networks in closing reliably the control loops. Research actions should demonstrate proof of concept.
    At a much higher and at global system level, actions should analyse and advance the management of behaviour of very large scale, or complex man-made systems towards the design, development and engineering of System-of–Systems (SoS). Emphasis will be on concepts, methods, architectures and tools towards building SoS addressing societal needs e.g. in distributed energy systems and grids, multi-site industrial production, emergency coordination and global traffic control. The work should demonstrate its potential use across more than one application sectors. Focus is on:
  5. Basic underpinning technologies such as large scale modelling and simulation to understand the operation and behaviour of the constituent systems of SoS and of their interdependencies and to allow them to work together for a common goal and/or a global end-to-end optimisation of behaviour. Concepts, methods, architectures or tools addressing the autonomy versus cooperation challenges in SoS engineering as well as the management of dynamic properties as constituent systems of SoS change, are added or removed as the SoS structure and goals evolve.
  6. Coordination and support actions for elaborating strategic research and engineering roadmaps by bringing together all the relevant stakeholders and elaborating representative case studies.
    To facilitate and promote international cooperation, focus is on:
  7. Analysis of international research agendas and preparation of concrete joint R&D initiatives for international collaboration, in particular with the USA mainly in the area of SoS and Western Balkan Countries (WBC), mainly in the monitoring and control area. Separate proposals per geographic area are expected.

Expected Impacts

  • Improved industrial competitiveness through strengthened capabilities in advanced embedded systems, in monitoring, control and optimisation of large-scale complex systems, in areas like energy, transport, and production, and in engineering SoS.
  • New business eco-systems providing innovative products and services based on SoS.
  • Reinforced European scientific excellence and technological leadership in the design and operation of large-scale complex systems.
  • wider educational and training activities in Systems and control engineering in Europe at all levels.
  • Increased international cooperation with targeted geographical areas furthering European interests.

Funding schemes

  • (a), (b), (c), (d): IP, STREP
  • (e): IP; It is expected that a minimum of one IP is supported.
  • (f), (g): CSA. Funding per CSA under (g) should not exceed EUR 0.5 million

Indicative Budget distribution: IP/STREP: EUR 46 million of which a minimum of 50% to IPs and a minimum of 30% to STREPs
CSA: EUR 4 million
Call: Call 7

Objective ICT-2011.3.4 Computing Systems
The objective is to achieve breakthroughs in the transition to multi-core architectures across the whole computing spectrum: embedded computing, general-purpose computing (PC/servers) and high-performance computing (HPC). This transition affects the underlying hardware, the system software (compilers, tools, OS, etc) and the programming paradigms.

Target outcomes

a) Parallel and Concurrent Computing
Automatic parallelisation, new high-level parallel & concurrent programming languages and/or extensions to existing languages (including their runtime implementation) that provide portable performance taking into consideration that user uptake is a crucial issue. Projects should go beyond on-chip, off-chip boundaries addressing the challenges of programming, testing, verification and debugging, performance monitoring and analysis, and power management especially for large scale parallel systems and data centres, and heterogeneous and accelerator-based multi-core systems. Research priorities include domain-specific languages; concurrent algorithms and transformation of concurrency to parallelism through adaptive compilers and runtime systems; new verification and optimisation environments for parallel software; efficient execution exploiting heterogeneous cores; new approaches to scalability of high-performance computing application codes.

(b) Virtualisation 
Virtualisation technologies that are ensuring task isolation and optimised resource allocation as well as guaranteeing performance, timing and reliability constraints. The focus is on full virtualisation solutions for heterogeneous multicore platforms including the design of virtualisation-ready heterogeneous multicore hardware platforms and support for accelerator virtualisation.

(c) Customisation 
Unifying hardware design and software development with emphasis on rapid discovery and production of optimal customisations of heterogeneous single-chip multicore systems and associated tool-chains for particular applications. Research priorities include: reconfigurable architectures, automatic tool-chain generation; system modelling and simulation; efficient exploration of the customisation space; customisation for power efficiency; parallel programming for single-chip multicore architectures; architectural and system-level reliability techniques to counter increasingly probabilistic behaviour of transistors in lower geometries.

(d) Architecture and Technology 
The focus is on the impact of next-generation chip fabrication technology on system architectures, tools and compilers. Research areas include: implications of 3D stacking; alternative (non von Neumann) models of computation. The key challenge is to bridge parallel computing architectures and chip fabrication technology.

(e) International Collaboration
The purpose is to analyse international research agendas and to prepare concrete initiatives for international collaboration, in particular with the USA, India, China and Latin America, for all topics of this objective. Separate proposals per geographic area are expected.

Expected Impact

  • Drastically improved programmability of future parallel multicore/multichip computing systems, providing efficient execution and portable performance of codes on a large variety of computing platforms
  • Efficient and ubiquitous use of virtualisation for heterogeneous multi-cores.
  • Accelerated system development and production, enabling new products to be realised with a considerably shorter time-to-market.
  • Reinforced European excellence in multi-core computing architectures, system software and tools.
  • Strengthened European leadership in cross-cutting technologies that are applicable to different market segments of computing systems and, in particular, European leadership in parallel computing systems for large data centres.

Funding schemes

  • (a)-(d): STREP, NoE
  • (e): CSA

Indicative budget distribution

  • STREP: EUR 40 million
  • NoE: EUR 4 million
  • CSA: EUR 1 million

Call: ICT Call 7

Objective ICT-2011.3.5 Core and disruptive photonic technologies
Target Outcomes

a) Core photonic technologies
Extending the state-of-the art for application fields where Europe is strong, including notably application-specific photonic components and sub-systems (such as laser and other light sources, modulators, transmitters and receivers, multiplexers, cross-connects, detectors and sensors, fibre components) for a given set of application fields. The aim is to provide new opportunities for advanced products, with a view to industrialisation. Priority is given to innovative or 'breakthrough' approaches rather than incremental developments. The interrelated materials, processing and device integration issues including electronics/photonics integration may also be dealt with. Cross-cutting technology actions further address device integration in a more systematic way.

Research actions should be driven by user requirements, should include validation of results for the targeted applications, and should cover the supply chain as appropriate (in particular in Integrated Projects).
Application-specific photonic components and subsystems should cover one of the following application fields:

1.Optical data communications:

  1. Communication networks that are more transparent, dynamic, energy efficient and faster. For core networks, the goal is scalable technology for truly cost effective transport at 100 Gb/s single-channel rate and beyond (including gains through higher spectral efficiency), scalable towards 100 Tb/s systems (node-throughput). For access networks, the goal is affordable technology enabling 1-10 Gb/s data-rate per client over more than 100 km.
  2. Optical interconnects aiming at cost- and energy-effective technology for Tb/s optical data links in short range communication. Applications range from on-board and board-to-board links at the smaller scale, to links in data centres and local area networks at the larger scale.

Further to "digital" optical transmission also "radio-over-fibre" techniques may be addressed, in particular for local area networks and access networks. Research actions should bring together researchers, component manufacturers and suppliers of communication equipment.

2.Biophotonics for early, fast and reliable medical diagnosis of diseases, such as cancer, infectious and eye-related diseases. The applications vary from point-of-care diagnosis to functional imaging. Typical issues are high sensitivity, selectivity, resolution, and depth of penetration, according to the targeted technique and disease. Particular emphasis is on a strongly multidisciplinary approach involving also medical end-users. Technical results should be evaluated in a clinical environment, but clinical trials are excluded.

3.Imaging and sensing for safety and security:

  1. CMOS integrated, compact, affordable, high-performance mega-pixel image sensors (with CMOS-compatible detection layer) operating at ambient temperature and low power. Focus is on single-photon detection at video-rate read-out speed and very high dynamic range, and/or functional integration based on smart pixels with sub-picosecond temporal resolution, pixel-level hyperspectral or multispectral resolution, and polarisation sensitivity.
  2. Compact, cost effective, widely tuneable, high-performance photonic sources enabling a highly sensitive, selective and reliable detection of hazardous organic and inorganic substances. Emphasis is on advanced technology such as novel quantum cascade lasers and terahertz sources.

Technical results should be validated for safety and security applications. Research actions should bring together researchers, component manufacturers and suppliers of safety & security imaging/sensing equipment.

4.Lighting and displays:
High brightness LEDs and 'light engines' (i.e. LED with driver electronics, optics and thermal management for lighting applications; or LED backlighting modules for displays). Focus is on:

  • Improved efficacy at high brightness at LED and light engine level (in particular light engines for warm white light with efficacy above 130 lm/W, CRI at least 90, and consistent colour over 25000 hours);
  • High brightness, high efficiency green components with intensity peak around 540 nm;
  • Novel approaches to white components (e.g. new phosphors, monolithic sources, hybrid approaches).

Also the relevant system integration issues may be addressed to a minor extent. Research actions should demonstrate a potential for significant system and operating cost reduction. LED manufacturers should be involved.

Cross-cutting technology covers:

5.Photonics integration platforms that enable the cost-effective, automated volume manufacturing of a large variety of complex, compact, high-performance photonic integrated circuits ("PICs") combining active and passive components. Platforms should address a range of different application fields. The technology must be scalable for new technology generations, in particular for higher integration complexities at reduced cost per function. The platforms should address also the relevant design, modelling and simulation tools and generic manufacturing and packaging technology. Research actions should present a credible route to industrial manufacturing in Europe.

b) Disruptive photonic technologies
Technologies at the proof-of-principle stage that offer a potential for breakthrough advances in functionality, performance, component size or cost reduction. They often exploit effects at the limits of light-matter interaction (e.g. plasmonics, controlling the quantum degrees of freedom, sub-wavelength structures and effects, photonic crystals, nano-photonics) or exploit the use of new materials (including meta-materials). The objective here is to bring such technologies from the research lab closer to applications, by demonstrating their industrial potential through a functional component with involvement of industrial players.

Examples include: New components for high performance (including extreme high power) laser systems, in particular compact, cost-effective high-performance laser sources; Exploiting nano-photonic structures and new materials for enabling PICs of higher performance, functionality of complexity; New photonic functions realised in optical fibres by integrating non-conventional materials; Electro-optic modulation and signal processing exploiting alternative materials, novel wave-guide structures or slow-wave effects; New photonic approaches for life sciences, such as biophotonics based tools for investigating bio-chemical and metabolic processes and/or the origins of disease at the cellular level; New photonic approaches for information displays, memory and storage.

c) ERANET-Plus action
A joint call for proposals on a photonics topic of strategic interest, to be funded through an ERANET-Plus action between national and regional grant programmes.

d) Pre-Commercial Procurement action
A pre-commercial procurement ("PCP") action for establishing and implementing a joint call for tender on a photonics topic of common European interest. The action shall be implemented according to the conditions outlined in Objective 11.1 and Annex X.

e) Coordination and support actions

  • An ERA-NET action for the coordination of related national, regional and EU-wide R&D programmes/activities and cooperation between the relevant authorities. This action may also cover the field of organic electronics.
  • Technology road-maps for high power / high energy laser components and systems and identification of new joint research and industrial opportunities in the field of high power lasers, across different application fields and related high power laser research infrastructures;
  • Cooperation and coordination between regional clusters and/or national technology platforms with focus on best practice exchange and promotion of research and innovation;
  • Targeted international cooperation activities driven by stakeholders representing the photonics community, aiming at the identification and development of "win-win" cooperative activities with selected industrialised countries;
  • Supporting the coordination of the European photonics research constituency in the Photonics21 ETP; this may include specific coordination activities aiming at further defining and promoting joint community structuring efforts towards significantly larger scale future activities.
  • Access of SMEs and researchers to advanced technologies, design expertise and/or manufacturing facilities.
  • Education and training actions with strong support from industry: Education actions to foster entrepreneurial and interdisciplinary skills at graduate and post graduate level; Training actions for transferring to industry (in particular SMEs) state-of-the-art skills and hands-on experience that address industrial R&D challenges.

These coordination and support actions should involve the key stakeholders in photonics.

Expected Impact

  • Actions under Application-specific photonic components and subsystems should reinforce European industrial leadership, competitiveness and market share in the concerned application fields; and/or provide significant societal impact with regard to health, safety, or security.
  • •Actions under Cross-cutting technology should secure a European manufacturing basis for components in the concerned application fields, contributing thus also to secure European industrial leadership and market share in those application fields.
  • •Actions under Disruptive photonic technologies should provide clear evidence for a longer-term potential of European industrial leadership or relevant societal benefits in the concerned application fields, or provide significant opportunities for new applications.
  • •The ERANET and ERANET-Plus actions should foster closer cooperation and greater alignment between the participating national/regional/EU-wide research programmes in topics of strategic interest.
  • •The PCP action should accelerate the introduction of advanced photonic technologies and applications on the European market.
  • •Coordination and support actions in high power / high energy lasers should lead to increased knowledge exchange and cooperation and help opening new market opportunities; Cooperation and coordination between regional clusters and national technology platforms should increase their overall effectiveness in promoting research and innovation; Targeted international cooperation activities should lead to greater cooperation between European players and their counterparts elsewhere on common goals for mutual benefit which will further European interests; Supporting the coordination of the European photonics research constituency should facilitate the European consensus building on research priorities and strategies; Access of SMEs and researchers to advanced technologies should foster the broader uptake of advanced photonics technologies; And, education and training actions should foster stronger and more durable collaboration between industry and academia leading to a competitive advantage of European photonics industry at large.

Funding Schemes

  • a): 1-4: IP, STREP; 5: IP;
  • b): STREP;
  • c): ERANET-Plus;
  • d): CSA;
  • e): CSA

Indicative budget distribution

  • a): EUR 78.5 million of which a minimum 50% for IP and a minimum 30% for STREP
  • b): EUR 20 million;
  • c): EUR10 million (Any remaining funds following the selection of an ERANET-Plus action will be transferred to the target outcome a));
  • d): EUR 3 million
  • e): EUR 5 million


  • b), e): ICT Call 7
  • a), c), d): ICT Call 8

Objective ICT-2011.3.6 Flexible, Organic and Large Area Electronics and Photonics
Flexible, Organic and Large Area Electronics (OLAE) is based on combining new materials using cost-effective large area production processes to provide completely new applications and products that are generally thin, cheap, lightweight and flexible. The objective also includes smart textiles based on conformable and stretchable electronics that have similar technical characteristics to OLAEs. Addressing the full value chain - from materials to devices and from researchers to component manufacturers – is required for IPs and also expected for STREPs as far as possible.

Target outcomes

a) OLAE technology and components

Development of advanced OLAE technology, device concepts, processes and materials, considering the full value chain. Addressing technology barriers whilst considering the manufacturing implications, component performance, improving materials parameters, and flexible/conformable devices. Better encapsulation and alternative transparent conductors, especially in the areas of OPV (Organic Photovoltaics) and OLED (Organic Light Emitting Diodes). Organic/printed logic and memory components; transparent electronic components and printed batteries, modelling and circuit design, including the combination of OLEDs with CMOS technology, may also be addressed.

  • Technology for low-cost production processes for OLEDs, improving external quantum efficiency, reliability and lifetime with targets > 100 lm/W at brightness levels in the order of 5.000 cd/m2, stable over 10.000 hours lifetime,
  • Technology for mass production processes for low-cost OPVs aiming at costs of ~0.7€/Wp, increased device efficiency of 8-10% on module level, improved in-coupling efficiency and a significant lifetime increase of up to 20 years,
  • Technology for flexible, tileable and sizeable low-cost colour emissive and reflective displays with good image quality displays even in direct sunlight: for emissive displays, focus is on materials and process development; for reflective displays, focus is on video-rate performance front- and backplanes, and solid state device integration enabling a homogeneous system integration.
  • Circuitry with increased functionality and performance: increasing complexity up to 10,000 transistors; increasing mobility in organic semiconductors to well beyond 1 cm2/Vs, lowering drive voltages down to 3V; increasing circuit frequency up to 25 KHz; integrating analogue building blocks such as A/D converters and rectifiers; and addressing issues such as organic and inorganic integration, process variations and process tolerant design, stability, interconnects, multilayers, packaging and encapsulation, modelling, simulation, and novel device and circuit design for OLAE;
  • For smart textiles, interdisciplinary work addressing fibre components, heterogeneous integration of multiple functions (such as sensing, actuation, energy scavenging, power management, data processing and communication) and interconnection, device and materials reliability, packaging and encapsulation, washability and durability.

b) OLAE systems and applications
Demonstration of advanced technology and the integration of components through new or improved systems and devices targeting wider applications to facilitate rapid and extensive exploitation, particularly:

  • Lighting systems with high quality white CRI (Colour Rendering Index) > 90, stable over a 10 year lifetime with reasonable costs;
  • OPV modules with costs of ~0.7€/Wp, external efficiency of 8-10% and a lifetime of up to 20 years for mobile and fixed applications;
  • High quality emissive and reflective colour displays and signage;
  • Flex/foil-based organic and printed electronics for mass market/low cost applications;
  • Integrated Smart Systems for a range of applications including health monitoring and diagnostics, large area sensing, smart labels and packaging. Smart textiles in higher added value products and applications, particularly for health.

c) ERA-NET Plus action A joint call for proposals on an OLAE topic of strategic interest, to be funded through an ERA-NET Plus action between national and regional programmes.

d) Coordination and Support Actions

  • Coordination of OLAE research policy and strategy between competence centres. Manufacturing, roadmaps and (pre)standardisation may also be addressed.
  • Access to OLAE technology and facilities for industry, especially SMEs, and researchers.
  • Targeted international cooperation activities driven by stakeholders representing the OLAE community, particularly with Japan, South Korea, Taiwan and the USA, aiming at the identification and development of "win-win" cooperative activities.
  • Focused education and training actions aiming at keeping industry (in particular SMEs) abreast of OLAE state-of-the-art knowledge and tools, and promoting entrepreneurship;
  • An ERA-NET action for the coordination of related national, regional and EU-wide R&D programmes/activities and cooperation between the relevant authorities.

These coordination and support actions should involve the key stakeholders in OLAE.

Expected impact

  • Actions under OLAE technology and components should yield increased European competitiveness and employment through having OLAE and smart textiles expertise and manufacturing capability in Europe, covering the full technology value chain as far as possible.
  • Actions under OLAE systems and applications should yield greater expertise and capability over the full value chain as well as the accelerated emergence of new devices, products and applications based on OLAE, leading to increased market share of European players in each of the key applications and/or the creation of new markets. Innovative systems and products for high value-added applications should establish or reinforce EU lead markets.
  • The ERA-NET and/or ERA-NET Plus Actions should foster closer cooperation and greater alignment between participating states'/regions' research activities in topics deemed strategically important and of joint interest.
  • Improved coordination of the OLAE competence centres, creating synergies, common strategies, and pooling of resources. Access actions should foster broader take-up of OLAE technology, and transfer OLAE expertise across Europe. International cooperation activities in OLAE should lead to greater cooperation between European players and their counterparts elsewhere on common goals for mutual benefit which will further European interests whilst safeguarding European Intellectual Property. Education and training actions should increase knowledge and expertise across Europe in OLAE.

Funding schemes: a), b): STREP, IP; c): ERA-NET Plus; d): CSA

Indicative budget distribution

  • IP/STREP: EUR 40 million of which a minimum of 50% to IPs and a minimum of 30% to STREPs
  • ERA-NET Plus: EUR 6 million (Any remaining funds following the selection of an ERA-NET Plus action will be transferred to target outcomes a) or b))
  • CSA: EUR 4 million

Call: ICT call 7

6.4 Challenge 4: Technologies for Digital Content and Languages,

Digital content is the foundation of a knowledge based society; it is in digital content that knowledge is stored and from digital content that knowledge is extracted and exploited by individuals and organisations across modalities and languages. This makes it crucial for this resource to be readily and reliably accessible over time to European citizens and enterprises and for every step in its lifecycle to be adequately supported and enhanced in response to changes in the technology landscape.

Challenge 4 focuses on:

  • easing and speeding up the creation of added value, in particular by SMEs, using resources that are today too burdensome to acquire or complex to use; putting the ability to create quality content and innovative services within the reach of individuals and small organisations by lowering skill and cost barriers,
  • allowing people to access and use online content and services across language barriers, in their preferred language.
  • ensuring complete reliability of retrieval and use of digital resources across applications and platforms over time, and design digital content natively engineered for obsolescence avoidance,
  • scaling up data analysis to keep pace with the rate of growth of data streams and collections and enable novel forms of real time intelligence that only become possible on extremely large data volumes.

Objective ICT-2011.4.1 - SME initiative on Digital Content and Languages
SMEs have ideas that sometimes cannot be implemented because they depend on the availability of physical infrastructures, data resources or specialised tools that are too expensive to obtain and maintain. In some areas, data pooling, sharing and reuse are further complicated by Europe's many languages. Actions under this objective aim to make it easier for innovative players, especially SMEs, to exploit and contribute to large digital resource pools.. User-centred experimentation will be supported as well, with the aim of demonstrating the integration of data-intensive technologies within innovative solutions and processes.

Target outcomes

a) Bootstrapping a data economy: Projects are expected to lower the barrier to entry in providing advanced services over linked digital resources, including both data analytics and reuse of creative content. The main objectives are:

  • To remove the need for organisations to re-develop digital content resources that have already been developed elsewhere by making such resources easy to find, evaluate and reuse.
  • To provide guarantees and fair incentives for creators and maintainers of digital content resources to make them available for reuse. This includes the creation of data exchanges or commons whose quality (breadth, timeliness, temporal qualification, ..) and value increases with the number of users and the feedback and validation they contribute. It also includes mechanisms for aggregating demand, thus stimulating the creation of additional resources and services.
  • To develop robust and highly usable new services demanded by citizens and businesses (especially SMEs) particularly when such services create value by correlating independently produced datasets or extract from datasets valuable information not recognised as such by the original data producer. Usability is of paramount importance, particularly when the science underlying such services (statistics, machine learning, data mining, …) is non-trivial.

Projects shall develop (or reuse and recombine where appropriate) practical and automated tools for the finding, matching, screening, validation, conversion, pooling, editing of data and content. Consortia shall consist of a limited number of innovative, fast-moving actors, in particular SMEs, able to identify and address real market needs or opportunities and with a clear stake in the exploitation of results.

b) Community building and best practices: Produce rigorous studies on the actual or projected economic impact of digital resources pooling as a function of well defined parameters such as the size of resources, user populations, socio-economic sectors, and software stacks adopted. Use the results of such studies to set up data exchange facilities, disseminate best practices and increase awareness of existing opportunities in those sectors that are most likely to benefit in the short term. Develop educational curricula designed to produce data analysis professionals that are experts in the maintenance and exploitation of data commons.

c) Sharing language resources: Projects are expected to contribute to and make a fresh use of sizeable collections of language data, metadata and tools, using novel methods and robust techniques. Each project will address multiple EU languages and where relevant the languages of major EU trade partners. The main objectives are:

  • Acquiring: To make faster and more effective the acquisition of language resources exploiting automated and/or collaborative means; in many cases existing resources will need to be pre-processed e.g. cleaned and documented, upgraded to widely-accepted technical or linguistic standards, linked across sources or aligned across languages, etc., before they can be used and shared.
  • Sharing: To contribute actively to the creation and operation of an open "exchange place" based upon the concerted pooling of resources identified as having a significant potential for reuse by other parties. This electronic trading place must be properly managed, it must offer clear incentives and simple and yet robust mechanisms for both providers and users to contribute, maintain and exploit high-value resources, while ensuring that intellectual property rights and agreed access/reuse conditions are respected.
  • Reusing: To show the concrete impact of using, combining or repurposing the above resources in a given usage context, in terms of improved functionality, accuracy, maintainability, scalability and portability across domains or languages.

Consortia shall include progressive players from the demand and supply sides, in particular SMEs, who have a clear stake in the exploitation of results. Consortia are expected to collaborate with each other, with the actions launched under the target outcome d), and with on-going FP7 actions. All projects shall encompass the "sharing" element.

d) Building consensus and common services: The field of language technology and services is characterised by a complex interaction of commercial and research organisations that must be brought together to define how the intended exchange place can be populated and operated, and evolve over time. A number of organisational, legal and technical issues must be investigated, a range of common services must be provided. Dedicated actions under this heading must help establish mechanisms, forums and facilities to (i) coordinate efforts, reach consensus, mobilise the community at large, and (ii) set up and populate the planned electronic trading place, providing services such as registration and online licensing, directory services and managed storage facilities.

Expected impact

  • Improved European competitive position in a multilingual digital market through the provision of better services to citizens and businesses.
  • Novel forms of partnership between new programme entrants and established players, reduced development costs and shorter time-to-market, thus stimulating innovation and expanding markets.
  • Result-driven knowledge transfer between research centres (and their spin-offs) and progressive technology providers (especially SMEs), data brokers/aggregators and content providers.

Funding scheme

  • a), c): STREP
  • b), d): CSA

Indicative budget distribution

  • STREP: EUR 26 million
  • CSA: EUR 5 Million for outcome b) and EUR 4 Million for outcome d)

Calls: ICT Call 8 (This Objective applies a two-step submission scheme.)

Objective ICT-2011.4.2 – Language Technologies
There is a growing need for effective multilingual solutions that support business and inter-personal communication and enable people to make sense of online content and services in Europe's many languages. Actions launched under this Objective aim to advance the state of the art while testing novel methods and techniques in representative usage cases. Projects shall cater for written and/or spoken language as appropriate, address multiple languages and feature various forms of "translation". Technologies must be adaptive (across languages, domains and tasks), they must handle language in its various uses - including conversational and colloquial -, cope efficiently with massive volumes, and be embedded within information and work flows.

Target outcomes

a) Multilingual content processing: Projects will address the digital content lifecycle in distributed online environments, exploiting language-encoded knowledge embedded in documents, social media, web and audiovisual objects. They are expected to (i) advance the current state of the art in the machine translation field, and (ii) improve the usability, performance and cost effectiveness of emerging technologies by means of field testing and embedding within complex processes.

  • Advancing machine translation is geared towards automation and calls for approaches that can significantly improve the quality and suitability of the translation output, drawing where necessary from other disciplines. Expected innovations include the ability to cope with everyday language as found in e.g. social networks; to learn from use and adapt to new situations with minimal manual intervention; to achieve high levels of scalability and maintainability, in particular portability across languages and domains; to compile translation resources from the web, open sources or enterprise repositories, efficiently and accurately. Preference will be given to ambitious open-source endeavours characterised by pro-active evaluation and dissemination of results.
  • Projects under integration of language-enabled content technologies shall address a meaningful combination of content authoring, management, translation and publishing tasks and tools within typical production processes and translation/localisation workflows, in real-life multilingual settings. Consortia are expected to optimise and integrate promising but untried technologies within demanding application environments, and to assess their suitability and potential. Field trials will be an integral element of the projects together with user-related and economic (e.g. cost-benefit) analyses. Preference will be given to solutions which are either open source or highly interoperable and configurable. Consortia will jointly discuss results and share lessons learnt.

b)Information access and mining: Language conveys information, expresses meaning and describes context and relations. The main thrust under this heading is to couple language processing and extra-linguistic semantic analysis to capture knowledge encoded in human language. Projects shall aim to achieve accurate and efficient deep analysis with broad coverage in any suitable mix of the following domains: (i) cross-lingual information search and retrieval; (ii) audio and video mining by means of linguistic cues; (iii) text mining and information extraction from multilingual collections. A key requirement is the ability to capture and represent concepts and facts, find connections and similarities, extract relations between entities, reason over facts while interpreting time and space, etc., well beyond what is possible with existing techniques. Contextualisation is a common requirement and so is personalisation. Projects will address where relevant the integration of diverse natural-language data from different sources, for the purposes of analysis and interpretation. Emphasis is placed on cross-disciplinary approaches and generic technologies that will be evaluated in selected domains and tasks.

c) Natural spoken interaction: Unconstrained, spontaneous interaction between humans and computers is a major challenge for the next generation of voice-based interactive services. The projects under this heading shall develop either complete proof-of-concept systems or component technologies that support a much richer and more effective interaction between humans and computer systems. Projects should target conversational social agents that are able to: recognize and synthesize conversational speech; start adapting instantaneously to new conditions without manual intervention; react proactively to new communicative situations; learn from interaction and exhibit graceful degradation; recognize, interpret and generate social cues. Technologies should be portable across domains, tasks and acoustic environments. They should enable non-intrusive interaction, exhibit real-time performance and feature multi- and where relevant cross-lingual capabilities. Research should focus on speech interaction, although other modalities may be justified in specific cases. Depending on the scale of the project, results should be integrated within larger systems, mobile applications or information appliances.

d) Developing joint plans, methods and services: The target community consists of two main constituencies (speech technology and natural language processing), several specialist groups (e.g. machine translation) and a wide range of research and commercial organisations that must be brought together through dedicated actions, along the following lines:

  • Community building to establish and pursue widely supported technology roadmaps; to stimulate academia/industry partnerships and co-operation with national actors; to ease technology transfer by means of demand-oriented analyses, themed workshops and portal services.
  • Measure progress and performance of different approaches by means of community-driven evaluation methods, metrics and challenges for technology-, system- and application-oriented tasks.
  • Develop standards and guidelines to enhance the quality, (re)usability and interoperability of language datasets and processing tools; promote and support open repositories of research results and other assets of general interest e.g. training data.

Close coordination will be established between the actions launched under this heading, those resulting from Objective 4.1, and ongoing FP7 activities.

Expected impact

  • Improved European competitive position in a multilingual digital market through the provision of better products and services to citizens and businesses.
  • Scientific and technological leadership as a result of a widely accepted vision and roadmap encompassing presently fragmented communities.
  • Closer dialogue and partnership between research and industry, cooperation and exchanges between European and national efforts.
  • Better understanding of user requirements, more emphasis on demand-driven research and experimentation, thus stimulating innovation and technology uptake.

Funding scheme

  • a), c): IP, STREP
  • b): STREP
  • d): CSA

Indicative budget distribution

  • IP/STREP: EUR 42 million of which a minimum of 30% to IPs and a minimum of 50% to STREPs
  • CSA: EUR 8 million

Calls: ICT Call 7

Objective ICT-2011.4.3 Digital Preservation
Digital preservation research focuses on developing technologies, systems and tools for safeguarding digital content. The objective is to preserve digital content in a more effective and cost-efficient manner while protecting its authenticity and integrity, significantly reducing the loss of irreplaceable information, and ensuring it may be reused in the future.

Target outcomes

a) More reliable and secure preservation technologies and methods. Research should cover techniques and tools for recovering loss and for repairing damaged digital objects as well as solutions guaranteeing the long term availability of newly created resources and conceptual frameworks for quality assurance. Research should also analyse which currently available or emerging methods and technologies are most efficient and in which use context or for which kind of resources. This work should be underpinned by research aiming at a deeper understanding of how loss and damage occur and which degree of integrity is required for keeping resources useable.

b) Technologies and systems for intelligent management of preservation. Technologies to support the long term usability of digital resources (including high volume, heterogeneous and volatile content) through a life cycle approach to its preservation. Research should help to support human appraisal and selection processes through innovative technologies that embed reasoning and intelligence in the content itself. Keeping resources usable, i.e. meaningful and understandable overtime, includes taking account of and developing a conceptual understanding of evolving semantics, use contexts, and interpretations. Activities may cover solutions to identify and erase obsolete information.

c) Interdisciplinary research networks bridging technological domains and scientific disciplines concerned with information, and expertise in end-user needs.

d) Promotion schemes for the uptake of digital preservation research outcomes including outreach to new stakeholders and road mapping activities.

Expected impacts:

  • Reduced information loss through better recovery and repair techniques and through deeper understanding of the reasons and implications of digital decay and other forms of data loss.
  • Sustainable access to information: keeping resources not only available but also meaningful and usable.
  • More efficient and effective selection of resources to be preserved and of appropriate preservation processes, methods and technologies.
  • Wider adoption of research results by supply-industry and by end-users.

Funding schemes: a) STREP; b)IP; c) NoE d) CSA

Indicative budget distribution:

  • STREP: EUR 23 million of which a minimum of 50% to IPs and a minimum of 30% to STREPs
  • NoE/CSA: 7 MEURO

Call: Call 9

Objective ICT-2011.4.4 Intelligent Information Management

Target outcomes

a) Reactive algorithms, infrastructures and methodologies (parallelisation, approximation, online processing, compression) for making data intensive techniques (including but not limited to machine learning, inference, statistical analysis) scalable to extremely large data volumes and able to operate in real time. The solutions proposed will need to be rigorously tested on extremely large and realistically complex data sets coming from diverse resources contributed by organisations with a clear stake in the solution and a clear path to deploying it if effective.

b) Intelligent integrated systems that directly support decision making by dynamically integrating, correlating and analysing extremely large volumes of disparate data resources and streams. This includes (but is not restricted to) recognising complex events and patterns that are today difficult or impossible to detect, aggregating and mediating opinions or predictions, offering alternative conceptualisations, guaranteeing timeliness, completeness and correctness, integrating categorical and statistical analyses as well as supporting exploratory data analysis with advanced visualisations. The effectiveness of such solutions will be evaluated against the concrete requirements of relevant professionals and communities and tested on appropriately- sized user groups and extremely large data resources form the respective domains (including, but not limited to, finance, engineering, government, geospace, transport, urban management).

c) Framework and tools for benchmarking and exploring information management diversity and comparing and optimising the performance of non mainstream data management architectures and computing paradigms, novel data structures and algorithms on extremely large volumes of data. While methodological rigour and scientific quality and novelty are the main criteria for success, preference will be given to proposals that address a clearly identified industrial, scientific or societal concern or opportunity and/or bring together hitherto unrelated scientific or software engineering communities.

d) Targeted competition framework speeding up progress towards large scale information management systems of global relevance. The framework will be required to: identify a well justified industrial, scientific or societal objective that cannot be attained with the best performing current information management solutions; define detailed experimental conditions under which quantitative progress towards the objective can be reliably observed; implement a fair testing framework inclusive of data resources realistic in size and nature and capable of supporting large numbers of entrants; broadly advertise the competition; administer several testing rounds and publish the outcome of the competition with an appropriate analysis of performance issues and trends.

e) Community building networks and other initiatives designed to link technology suppliers, integrators and leading user organisations. These actions will disseminate results and best practices and address barriers hindering a wider deployment of research results, work towards establishing or advancing widely recognised standards and benchmarks and increase awareness of the potential of the technologies within broader audiences.

Expected Impact

  • Reinforced ability for a wide range of innovators to tap data infrastructures and to add value beyond the original purpose of the data through data analysis.
  • Reinforced ability to find, reuse and exploit data resources (collections, software components) created in one environment in very different, distant and unforeseen contexts.
  • Value creation through extensive data collection and analysis.
  • Increased economic value of data resources or data analysis services through standards for validation, provenance, accountability, access and privacy control.
  • New scientific investigations enabled by large, interconnected data resources and attending infrastructure.
  • Increased efficiency of organisations and better management of societal challenges (emergencies, planning, ..) through more timely and better decision making..

Funding schemes

  • a) STREP
  • b) IP, STREP
  • c) STREP
  • d) SA
  • e) CA

Indicative budget distribution

  • IP/STREP: EUR 43 million of which a minimum of 30% to IPs and a minimum of 50% to STREPs
  • CSA: EUR 7 million

Calls: ICT Call 8

6.5 Challenge 5 – ICT for Health, Ageing Well, Inclusion and Governance

This challenge addresses advanced ICT research for sustainable high-quality healthcare, demographic ageing, social and economic inclusion, and the governance of our societies.

With chronic diseases consuming over 70% of the expenditure of our healthcare systems, it is important to empower patients with advanced Personal Health Systems (PHS) that provide more and better information and tools to manage their health conditions. PHS research activities aim beyond remote monitoring for disease management and target also rehabilitation and treatment at the point of need with application focus on specific diseases.

By providing new capabilities for modelling and simulation, combined with information about diseases at molecular, tissue, organ and system levels, Virtual Physiological Human (VPH) research activities give rise to a new approach for predictive medicine. VPH research activities will focus on the development of more elaborate and reusable multi-scale models and a VPH information infrastructure (infostructure) composed of larger repositories. Preparatory actions will set the ground for a grand challenge on a "Digital Patient" representing the integration of the different patient-specific models aiming at better prediction and treatment of diseases.

The objective of Patient Guidance Services (PGS) is to enable patients' active participation in care processes. These services will be based on accessibility of patients to their health records and on an intelligent environment supporting patient-doctor interaction. A special emphasis will be given to semantic interoperability to enable integration of patient information from multiple sources and locations and to ubiquitous and secure access to these personal health records.

Complementing the work on ICT for Health, research on ICT for Ageing Well is focussed on developing service and social robotics and highly intelligent environments in support of the ageing population, which are challenging longer term research issues with high potential impact on increasing quality of life and efficiency of care. The important issue of active ageing and work will also be investigated. Research will help exploit longer term opportunities offered by ICT-based “ageing well” solutions through proof of concepts. The applied research in the AAL programme (focussed on smaller-scale projects with a timeframe of 2-3 years to market) is complementary to this advanced research.

Research on ICT for smart and personalised inclusion addresses advanced solutions to improve social and economic inclusion by means of inclusive design, accessible personalisable and human-ICT interfaces, social computing and advanced solutions for learning and skills acquisition, and Brain-Neural Computer Interfaces (BNCI). The aim is to take research to the next level and substantially improve independence and user interaction.

Finally, research into ICT solutions for governance and policy modeling addresses the development of ICT tools for trusted governance and policy impacts analysis. As the public sector faces an increasingly interdependent and complex world and as citizens become more vocal in monitoring and influencing policy decisions through social networking and other mass collaboration technologies, this research should help deal with future scenarios involving even greater complexity and citizens’ involvement.

Objective ICT-2011.5.1: Personal Health Systems (PHS)

Target Outcomes

a) Personal Health Systems for remote management of diseases, treatment and rehabilitation, outside hospitals and care centres. Research will support innovations at system level and at component level if required. Solutions will be based on closed-loop approaches and will integrate components into wearable, portable or implantable devices coupled with appropriate platforms and services. Emphasis will be placed on: (i) auto-adaptive, self-calibrating and energy-efficient modules with multi-sensing, advanced on-board processing, communication and actuation capabilities; (ii) accuracy of measurements as well as remote control and reliable operation of the devices/systems; (iii) context-aware, multi-parametric monitoring of health parameters, activity, lifestyle, ambient environment and operational parameters of the devices; (iv) analysis, interpretation and use of the multi-parametric data, in conjunction with established or newly created medical knowledge, for shared patient-doctor decision support systems; (v) clinical workflows, guidelines and patient pathways to support remote applications, addressing also alarms and crisis management; and (vi) education and motivation of users (e.g., by social gaming and networking).

Each project shall undertake high risk research addressing only one of the domains identified below.

a1) Neurodegenerative diseases: focusing on remote management and treatment of patients at the point of need, addressing also the needs of their carers. Solutions will make use of heterogeneous data (e.g., genetic data, images, movement recordings, interaction and behavioural data) for the assessment of patients’ health status. Depending on the disease addressed, proposals may develop closed-loop approaches which employ neural recording, neurostimulation with feedback control, actuators and/or drug delivery systems.

a2) Rehabilitation of stroke and neurological conditions: providing patient services at home, incorporating tele-supervision by health professionals as and when required. Solutions may build on robotic and haptic technologies, wearable systems, implants, human-computer interfaces, web services or virtual reality environments to facilitate continuity of personalised and self-regulated cognitive and functional rehabilitation. Solutions will make use of heterogeneous data (e.g., biofeedback, monitoring of limb movements, behavioural monitoring and analysis) and predictive models to assess patient status and progress, as well as to monitor risk factors and predict new episodes.

a3) Liver failure: Development of ICT-enabled artificial liver to facilitate detoxification as remote transient therapy at the point of need, offering continuous care from hospital to home settings.

All projects will match clinical needs and treatment concepts with technology solutions into novel service models, which address also structural changes, to support transferability of healthcare outside traditional care centres. Scenario-based design and user-oriented approach will be inherent in the proposed solutions. The target group is only patients with diagnosed conditions (not healthy individuals). In addition to strong involvement of clinical users, projects will also engage experts in regulatory approval. Projects will address issues concerning user acceptance, patient compliance, patient data security and confidentiality. They will also address interoperability issues related to heterogeneous data sources, devices and links with electronic health records; the use of standards and of any suitable open software platform is recommended. Validation will aim to demonstrate the efficiency gains and if possible cost effectiveness of the proposed solution, as well as proof of concept, ideally with statistical significance. Validation should include comparison versus currently accepted gold standards where available, and include quantitative indicators of the added value and potential impact of the proposed solutions.

b) Intelligent systems for the analysis of multi-parametric data. Projects will focus exclusively on analysing multi-parametric data in the context of Personal Health Systems used for prevention or remote management of clearly targeted diseases. Co-morbidities can also be addressed. Multi-parametric data may include physiological measurements, genetic data, medical images, laboratory examinations and other measurements related to a person's activity, lifestyle and surrounding environment. These systems will process and interpret such data, for accurate alerting and signalling of risks and for supporting healthcare professionals in their decision making. This may be either by (i) correlating the multi-parametric data with established biomedical knowledge to derive clinically relevant indicators and/or (ii) creating new medical knowledge (e.g., new indicators for predicting or diagnosing the worsening of conditions at early stages and for prompting early intervention). Projects will make use of simulated data or patient data already available or from other research projects and pilots. Creation of new patient data with the use of previously developed and tested monitoring systems is also possible. Adaptation or extension of such existing monitoring systems is eligible, but the development of new monitoring systems is not in scope. Concerning patient data, projects will pay particular attention to its security and protection. Validation will demonstrate, with quantitative indicators, the effectiveness and the medical and economic benefits of the proposed solutions.

c) One Coordination and Support Action to deliver roadmaps for research and support to wide use in Europe of mobile eHealth (mHealth) solutions for lifestyle and disease management. The roadmaps will include relevant elements such as: technology options for clinically attractive applications and services; any need for dedicated radio frequency bands for continuous provision of care; risk management, user acceptance, security and privacy; any need for update of medical guidelines; business cases; reimbursement; strategies to map future mHealth applications with respect to the regulatory framework of medical devices. In respect of the above, relevant experiences in developing countries will be considered.

Expected Impact

For target outcomes a) and b):

  • Reduced hospitalisation rate and improved disease management, treatment or rehabilitation at the point of need, through more precise assessment of health status and prevention of complications.
  • Strengthened evidence base on medical outcomes, economic benefits and effectiveness of the use of Personal Health Systems in evolved care models.
  • Reinforced medical knowledge with respect to efficient management of diseases.
  • Contribution to a more sustainable European healthcare system through the provision of high quality, personalised care, with better use of the available healthcare resources.
  • Reinforced leadership and innovation capability of the industry in the area of Personal Health Systems, medical devices and services through introduction of new business models, creation of spin-offs and better exploitation of intellectual property contributing to products, standards and regulation.

For target outcomes a) and c):

  • Accelerated establishment of interoperability standards and of secure, seamless communication of health data between all involved partners, including patients.

For target outcome a) only:

  • Participation of essential stakeholders in the production of end-to-end solutions for personalised care. Reinforced national or regional commitment in deployment of innovative services following participation in R&D projects.
  • Improved links and interaction between patients and doctors facilitating more active participation of patients in care processes.

For target outcome c) only:

  • Improved understanding of the technology options, business and regulatory aspects for both consumer/private sector-driven and publicly-funded mobile solutions for healthcare services.

Funding schemes: a): IP/STREP; b) STREP only; c): CSA

Indicative budget distribution

  • IP/STREP: EUR 59.5 million with the objective to support at least 2 IPs under a) in addition to STREPs ; and up to 2 STREPs under b).
  • CSA: EUR 0.5 million (Up to one CSA will be selected with maximum duration of 24 months).

Call: ICT call 7

Objective ICT-2011.5.2 Virtual Physiological Human

Target outcomes

a) More elaborate and reusable multi-scale-scale models (e.g. models of diseases, organs) and larger repositories to show benefits of having both the data and models readily available. Projects should address at least one of the following activities: i) the robustness and reproducibility which are essential to allow models to be re-used when a model representing a physiological function is incorporated into a more comprehensive model. Standards for models and data, tools and repositories should be developed to achieve a high level of robustness and reproducibility of models for re-use; ii) the development of VPH Infostructure including a sustainable VPH model and data repositories. Appropriate tools (e.g. version control, archiving, upgrades…) and attributes such as usability and accessibility should be particularly addressed to ensure VPH community acceptance. The use of open environments and open-source software is expected to improve the accessibly and evolution of the repositories.

b) Patient-specific predictive computer-based models and simulation of major diseases integrating medical, biological and if possible environmental data. Preference will be given to proposals that manage to explore the interaction and integration of environmental factors with clinical and biological factors enabling the development of predictive models and simulation for understanding the evolution and progression of major diseases. These predictive models will allow bio-medical researchers to investigate the influence of environmental factors on major diseases and their interactions with other health factors. The use and benefits of the resulting models must be demonstrated for a specific clinical need covering the prediction and the evolution of a disease. All major diseases could be targeted as clinical application.

c) One Coordination and Support Action to develop an RTD roadmap preparing the ground for a future grand challenge on a "Digital Patient". The "Digital Patient" is a digital representation of the integration of the different patients-specific models for better prediction and treatment of diseases in order to provide patients with an affordable, personalised and predictive care. A road-map should be developed i) to consolidate the research so far, ii) to capture and quantify the needs and iii) to develop a vision and a sound ICT research agenda around the "Digital Patient

d) Early demonstrators and proof of concept of digital representations of health status of patients integrating different patient-specific data and models of organs into a more coherent representation of a "Digital Patient". Innovative digital representations of the health status of patients based on relevant data and models (medical, anatomical, physiological and genetic, etc) , are visualised and represented in 4D models and usable for care, personalized prevention and research.

Expected Impact

  • More predictive, individualised, effective and safer healthcare.
  • Reinforced leadership of European industry and strengthened multidisciplinary research excellence in supporting innovative medical care.

For a)

  • Improved interoperability of biomedical information and knowledge.
  • Increased acceptance and use of realistic and validated models that allow researchers from different disciplines to exploit, share resources and develop new knowledge.
  • Accessibility to existing knowledge by bio-medical researchers through the VPH repositories linking data with models will prove the large scale benefits of having both the data and models readily available.

For b)

  • Accelerated developments of medical knowledge discovery and management in particular through the exploration of environmental factors in predictive models of diseases.

For c)

  • Availability of a common strategic research agenda on the "Digital Patient" between all relevant stakeholders.

For d)

  • Proven concepts of digital representations of patient health status.

Funding schemes: a-b): IP/STREP; c) CSA d): STREP

Indicative budget distribution

  • IP/STREP in a) and b): EUR 58 million with a minimum of 50% to IPs and 30% to STREPs
  • CSA: EUR 1.5 million. Up to one CSA will be selected.
  • STREP in d): EUR 8.5 million
  • A maximum of EUR 3 million will be reserved for third country participants from USA, Japan, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, China, and Russia.


  • c) in Call 7;
  • a), b) and d) in Call 9

Objective ICT-2011.5.3 Patient Guidance Services (PGS), safety and healthcare record information reuse

Target outcomes

Projects are expected to address one of the following 2 application areas:

a) Patient guidance services (PGS) for personalised management of health status. The overall aim is to use ICT to enhance the active engagement of patients in the process of care or disease prevention and ultimately increase health outcomes and patient satisfaction. The work should focus on semantic integration of patient health data into a personal health record system (PHR). This PHR should be ubiquitously and securely accessible by the patient and his/her treating physician and include an intelligent environment for their interaction and cooperation such as a shared patient-clinician decision support system. The users of the PGS will be primarily the patients themselves, their entourage (parents, children, spouses) authorised by the patient to access the PHR, and healthcare professionals. Services will be provided via multi-channel interaction and multimodal interfaces (including mobile devices, Web 2.0 and enhanced human-computer interfaces).

The meaningful services to be supported will be identified in close cooperation with clinicians, patients and their carers and social services. Examples include support to treatment compliance; safety incident detection and reporting; medication withdrawal and other safety incident alerts; evidence based information and patient networking and finally treatment personalisation on patients' parameters.

The PGS will interoperate via an integration framework with state-of-art and emerging, wearable or portable, auto-adaptive, self-calibrating systems for health status monitoring and diagnosis, that take into account (i) the operation and acquisition of physiological data in non-clinically controlled environments and (ii) the variability in the population by adjusting clinical parameters and their thresholds to the individual's conditions, where required. They will incorporate available state of the art modelling and predictive algorithms to analyse patterns in behaviour or recorded data and to enable the shared patient-doctor decision support systems. The PGS will be capable of integrating the latest available medical knowledge and adapt to changes in it.

The personal health record systems developed will integrate data from and interoperate with the highly heterogeneous and fragmented healthcare information systems. Issues of security and protection of sensitive information (including mechanisms of information hiding that do not compromise patient safety) should be addressed.

b) Tools and environments enabling the re-use of electronic health records.
Development of an advanced environment for clinical research that enables seamless, secure and consistent integration or linking of clinical care information in electronic health records (EHR) with information in clinical trial systems. Results are expected to help health professionals to avoid double data entry, assist in automatic identification of patients for clinical trials, and to enable early detection of potential patient safety issues. Research will focus on the areas of improving semantic interoperability between EHR and clinical research systems. This will include the definition and validation of core data sets that enable scalable and standardised linking with EHR repositories. Proposals will address data protection and security needs and be fully compliant with all applicable legislation as well as best practice. It is expected that research results will be validated in use cases with a high potential for improving patient safety in the clinical research and epidemiology fields.

A significant part of the effort of proposals in both areas a) and b) will address semantic interoperability. Specifically resources are to be targeted to use and complete the common shared info-structure (terminologies, health care record structures, and medical logic representations) that will be established by the CSA under the governance of the Network of Excellence described below.

c) A Network of Excellence on semantic interoperability and European Health Infostructure.
The aim is to engage leaders and organisations, including professional organisations, national competence centres and standards development organisations major players to define and implement a research agenda on the semantic interoperability of health information systems, in particular the semantic interoperability of electronic health records. European and international organisations in the domains of medical terminology, record architecture, medical logic and workflow are expected to participate. The work will also include set up and a governance of a European virtual organisation for multilingual, multicultural adaptation of international classifications and terminology and propose ways for sustainability and governance of health information info-structure.

d) Pre-commercial Procurement (PCP) Coordination Actions aiming to develop services for patients based on mobile access to existing regional or national patient portals, personal health records systems or other systems and applications using patient's health information. It will support mobility of patients enabling secure and fast access anywhere in the EU to individual's health data such as medications, emergency data, latest diagnoses and examinations using mobile devices.

Examples of services include support to communication between health services and patients (e.g., for scheduling of appointments, alerts, emergency admissions, prescriptions abroad, interaction with emergency paramedic or pharmacists at the point of need) as well as support to chronic disease management (closed-loop applications are seen as a merit) and lifestyle choices. Preference will be given to projects that will provide a possibility of displaying the patients' information on mobile or other devices in different languages so that patients can share their medical information with physicians in another country they choose to do so or if the need arises. Use of open standards and open source is encouraged. Applicable legislation, specifically Medical Device legislation covering certification, will be complied with. PCP CSAs shall be implemented according to the conditions outlined in objective 11.1 and Annex XX.

Expected Impact

For target outcome a), b), c) and d):

  • Common platform for a wide range of ICT-based healthcare services including telemedicine, targeted healthcare information, patient-oriented decision support, better therapy targeting and lifestyle advisors.
  • Increased international competitiveness and consolidated position of European Healthcare Information Services and Software industry.
  • Higher level of awareness of healthcare information systems issues in “green field” member states.
  • Accelerated establishment of interoperability standards and of secure, seamless communication of health data between all involved partners, including patients.
  • Wider-scale epidemiology based on homogenous Europe-wide Healthcare information system.

For target outcome a), c) and d):

  • Increased availability of medical expertise in remote areas, via improved decision-support systems.
  • Increased patient mobility and patient safety through the provision of personal healthcare records that can be moved, read and used throughout Europe.
  • Improved disease management and treatment through provision of services which adapt to the patients' personal context.
  • Reinforced participation of patients in care processes and health management.

For target outcomes b), c) and d):

  • Faster medication innovation cycle and lower costs through a more dynamic and efficient research process.

For target outcome d) only:

  • Accelerated establishment of access for patients and healthcare professionals to public health information data portals using mobile platforms.
  • Well articulated support for future implementations of closed loop applications using mobile solutions.

Funding schemes: a-b): IP/STREP; c): NoE; d): CSA

Indicative budget distribution

  • IP/STREP: EUR 28 million with the objective to support at least one IP in a) and at least one IP in b)
  • NoE: EUR 3 million
  • CSA: 3 million


  • c) and d): Call 7
  • a) and b): Call 7

Objective ICT-2011.5.4 ICT for Ageing and Wellbeing

Target Outcomes

a)Service and social robotics systems for “Ageing Well”: The work should focus on integration of advanced robotics systems and intelligent environments for improved independent living and quality of life of elderly people and their carers. The proposed solutions should demonstrate a measurable impact on sustained independence, improved quality of life and better efficiency of care. Major challenges to be addressed include: autonomous, self-learning robotics solutions, which can adapt to the user needs and contextual information shared with other artefacts in the surroundings of the user, can navigate in unstructured environments, can perform precise manipulation of relevant objects, and can offer affective and empathetic user-robotic interaction, taking into account the acceptance by users. Development of basic robotics components is not called for.

b)Smart and self-adaptive environments prolonging independent living: Focus is on flexible ICT solutions able to provide early detection and adaptive support to changing needs related to ageing (e.g. increased risk of falls, depression or cognitive decline), take a person’s situation into account (e.g. through a life course perspective) and support timely involvement of carers and family. The aim is to promote better prediction, prevention and support through long-term trend analysis of basic daily behavioural data, building on unobtrusive behavioural sensing and advanced reasoning with humans-in-the-loop. Major challenges to be addressed include self-learning solutions, which can dynamically adapt to the user preferences and needs, platform-based and interoperable implementations, sharing of contextual information with other artefacts in the surroundings of the user, reliable and low maintenance systems capable of graceful degradation in case of failure as well as affective and empathetic user interaction, taking into account the capabilities of elderly users.

c)Coordination frameworks to develop i) RTD roadmap and stakeholder coordination on ICT for “Ageing Well”, as well as strengthening development of standards and international cooperation with North America and Asia. This should take into account work already started under the AALIANCE innovation platform (ref Web-site …). ii) RTD roadmap and stakeholder coordination on ICT for ‘active ageing at work' establishing a sound ICT research analysis and exploration of possible ethical issues.

d) Pre-commercial procurement coordination actions to develop targeted services for extended independent living of elderly people and support for higher efficiency and quality of care work based on robotics solutions. Examples of services include support to daily tasks, mediated social interaction with carers and relatives as well as support to mobility. Preference should involve key stakeholders in the value chain of service provision, such as care service providers, insurance companies, housing organisations, relevant industry partners and public authorities. Involvement of users will be an essential element as well as appropriate consideration of safety and ethical aspects. Use of open robotics platforms and contribution to standards is encouraged. PCP CSAs shall be implemented according to the conditions outlined in objective 12.1 and Annex X.

Proposals addressing either a) or b) should have ambitious objectives at the level of a complete system and aim at breakthroughs that demonstrably go well beyond the state of the art. The proposed R&D should cover all relevant aspects to allow for operational validation including relevant service models, business models (also those with an active role of the elderly person), safety and reliability as well as ethical aspects. Participation of industry and service providers is important and it is essential that the work builds on and actively contributes to standards. A multi-disciplinary research approach combining technological with sociology, cognitive, behavioural, and gerontology sciences is required. The work shall ensure involvement of elderly people, carers and other users in order to take account of the needs and acceptance of the target user groups and to ensure validation and impact analysis, by building on realistic test environments. Willingness to contribute to the wider cooperation on research into ageing in Europe is expected.

Expected impact

  • Novel “ageing well” concepts providing convincing indication of substantial efficiency gains for care provision and augmented independence and quality of life for the ageing population.
  • Improved competitiveness of EU industry through proven feasibility and impact to move the results into downstream RTD or innovation.
  • Strengthened potential for Europe to become a global leader in the field of ICT and “ageing well”, including development of global interoperability standards in the field.

For objective 5.4.a)

  • Strengthened global position of European industry in service robotics for “ageing well” as well as significantly advanced state of the art in the field.

For objective 5.4.b)

  • Proven concepts for early detection of ageing-related risks, substantial reduction in costs through standardisation and increased quality of life.

For objective 5.4.c)

  • Reinforced consensus, common strategic visions and RTD roadmaps shared by relevant key stakeholders in Europe and beyond in ICT for “ageing well” and ICT for “active ageing at work”.

For objective 5.4.d)

Effective cooperation and longer-term research-deployment linkage securing the sustainable implementation in real-life of innovation in robotics solutions for ageing well, with substantial improvements in care productivity and elderly quality-of-life

Funding schemes: a): One IP and STREPS; b): STREPs; c): 2 CSAs; d) 1 CSA

Indicative budget distribution: EUR 37 million with indicative targets of a) EUR 18 million; b) EUR 13.5 million; c) EUR 1.5 million of which i) EUR 1 million, ii) EUR 0.5 million d) EUR 3 million.

Call: Call 7

Objective ICT-2011.5.5 ICT for smart and personalised inclusion

Target Outcome

a)ICT tools, infrastructures and devices for mainstream accessibility in daily life: The objective is to support persons with disabilities, in various settings and while changing contexts (e.g. home, workplace, public transport, shops, education or medical centres, other public spaces, both indoors and outdoors), in view of their full participation in daily life activities. Focus will be on seamless availability of accessible solutions and services. Research projects should focus on one or more of: 1) Virtual reality and simulation approaches for developers to design daily life environments and explore potential user interactions building on previous work on 'virtual user'; and prototypes for ambient intelligence infrastructure (supported by networked sensors, terminals, etc) interacting with users' interoperable and portable IT devices; 2) Personalisable web-based assistive solutions supported through online/cloud-based platforms for technology developers and service providers to deliver software-based assistive technologies and services for inclusion, interacting with and incorporating feedback from users. This research should address generic and responsive open solutions that can dynamically adapt to specific user profiles, considering physical, cognitive and mental capacities, personal preferences, ICT equipment and applications already available to the user.

b)Intelligent and social computing for social interaction, user empowerment and learning or skills acquisition for people at risk: Advanced ICT-enabled solutions -including social computing, affective and persuasive technologies, and possibly serious games - for the empowerment of people with disabilities or people at risk of social exclusion, with particular emphasis on people with low literacy, cognitively or mentally challenged, or with anti-social behaviour, which may include young people. This research should explore novel approaches for interaction between users (final users, intermediaries supporting final users, and communities of users) and ICT-delivered information and services. This will aim at self-learning ICT solutions which take into consideration user profiling and feedback, in view to deliver personalised services and enhanced participation in work, education or training. Special attention will be paid to information representation, information appropriation and learning by users, and social dynamics.

c)Brain-Neural Computer Interfaces (BNCI) for assisting people with disabilities: Building on previous research, the BNCI foci now are: adapting BNCI sensor technology for out-of-the-lab use, fusion of BNCI into multi-sensor and multi-modal interfaces solutions, and data/pattern analysis for interaction with ICT-enabled devices and applications. Modularisation, interoperability, and smart processing of BNCI/sensor inputs for increased efficiency (e.g. through predictive approaches) are expected to be key aspects. Work on interoperability of BNCI devices, in particular, should consider potential contribution to standardisation. While this area originated from work for people with disabilities (at any age, including elderly), and projects are assumed to continue to address these groups, the new approaches will have to explore as well possible synergies with mainstream application domains, e.g. in gaming, virtual reality or alternative user-to-ICT input in complex multi-task settings.

d) Coordination and Support Actions to develop: i) a cooperation framework with Latin America on ICT for skills and empowerment of disadvantaged social groups and local communities, and on ICT for improving personal autonomy of people at risk of exclusion. ii) a cooperation framework at European or international level for promoting the development of accessibility guidance for advanced technologies, services and contents (including evaluation methodologies), with special focus on the internet, and for setting research agendas on e-accessibility.

In a), b) and c) it is essential to thoroughly address user requirements relating to issues such as privacy and other ethical aspects, safety, security and trust, and identity management. It is also very important to involve final and intermediary users at all stages of the research (from design to validation) while, especially for b), facilitating active user participation in any step of the innovation process.

Projects will consider viable business models and applications with high potential and measurable impact on individual quality of life and/or on society at large. Strong involvement of service providers (whether from commercial or public sectors) and other industry is expected. The projects should take account of existing standards and aim at their further development.

Projects should include comprehensive expertise while avoiding an excessive number of partners.

Expected impact

For a) and b)

  • Significant progress on accessibility of ICT, advance human-machine interaction and intelligent computing by strong involvement of final and intermediary users.
  • Increased user ability, notably of persons with disabilities, to carry out daily life activities and to interact with ICT.
  • Improved competitiveness of Europe mainstream ICT industry, including through appropriate pre-standardisation.
  • Higher levels of user empowerment and richer social interactions through personalised web-based assistive and social computing solutions.

For c)

  • More advanced proof of concept of BNCI technologies and reinforced perspectives for mainstream exploitation.
  • Augmented human capabilities through wider use of BNCI.

For objective 5.5.d)

  • Reinforced international cooperation on ICT to support social inclusion and development.
  • Common strategic visions and RTD roadmaps between relevant key stakeholders in ICT accessibility.

Funding schemes: a): IP (up to 3 IPs); b): IP/STREP (up to 1 IP and STREPs); c): IP/STREP (up to 1 IP and STREPs); d): At least one CSA for each area

Indicative budget distribution:

  • IP/STREP: EUR 33 million
  • CSA: EUR 2 million

Call: Call 7

Objective ICT-2011.5.6 ICT solutions for governance and policy modelling

Target Outcomes

a) ICT solutions for governance and policy modelling: Research will focus on the development of innovative ICT solutions for policy modelling, prediction of policy impacts, new governance models, collaborative solving of complex societal problems and modelling the next generation of public services as complex service systems. This research will result in innovative ICT solutions, including open source solutions, that build on Web2.0/Web3.0 and social networking, crowd-sourcing and collaborative technologies.

The ICT solutions will concentrate on modelling new policy initiatives taking into account all relevant parameters, variables and interferences. The resulting tools should be able to perform societal simulations to forecast potential impacts of proposed policy measures including those at urban or regional scale. The solutions are expected to include non-classical economic and societal modelling, reflexivity and build on innovative approaches, advancing research in simulation and visualisation techniques, process modelling, gaming-based simulation and mixed reality technologies. The tools shall dynamically identify the emerging societal trends as a result of the economic environment, and should further advance crowd-sourcing techniques to engage citizens in sharing knowledge and expertise to collectively solve complex, large-scale problems in a distributed fashion.

Innovative development in this area will also focus on the creation of governance tools that will enable modelling, simulation and validation of the next generation of public services as complex service systems, particularly taking into account the needs of the younger generation. The solutions are expected to include dynamics methodology techniques to analyse and model complex systems and cooperative vs. competitive systems. The work in this area should exploit the vast reserves of Europe's public sector collective data and knowledge resources, which are also developing dynamically.

Examples of fields of application can include, but are not limited to, urban planning policy, social and economic policies, life-long learning, mobility, demographics, etc, where the involvement of citizens through public consultations has been recognised as valuable.

The resulting tools and solutions should demonstrate measurable interactivity, reusability and scalability characteristics. Stakeholders such as public administrations, policy institutes, industries including SMEs, and academia are expected to play a key role.

b) Coordination and Support actions should deliver: (i) an RTD roadmap to identify emerging technologies and potential applications at international level in this research area; (ii) an international network to promote cooperation of relevant stakeholders and teams working in these areas worldwide and encourage multidisciplinary constituency building. Expectations are to fund one CSA under (i) with and indicative duration of 12 months, and one CSA funder (ii) with an indicative duration of 24-36 months.

Expected Impact

  • Improved prediction of impacts of policy measures leading to more efficient implementation of government policies and better identification of the benefits and consequences for citizens and businesses.
  • Increased engagement of citizens and wider use of ICT tools resulting in higher potential of innovation concerning interaction of citizens with the government.
  • Improved transparency of information related to the impact of economic decisions on society; improved capacity to react to the main societal challenges and increased trust of stakeholders and the public at large in governance.
  • Strengthened competitive position of European industry (including SMEs) in modelling, cooperation platforms, simulation and visualisation tools as well as increased potential for wider use of those tools beyond EU level.

Funding schemes: a): IP, STREP; b): CSA

Indicative budget distribution:

  • IP/STREP: EUR 24 million; the objective is to support one IP only
  • CSAs: EUR 1 million

Call: ICT Call 7

6.6 Challenge 6: ICT for a low carbon economy

Exploiting ICT to conserve our natural resources

The ICT sector itself increasingly perceives the ‘green’ dimension of demand as a key opportunity for growth in the coming years. The general aim is to improve efficiency of resource management through ICT while at the same time ensuring that both the energy performance of ICT and the improvements achieved through ICT are measurable and comparable.

The Challenge explores how ICT can be exploited to conserve our natural resources and in particular reduce our dependence on those natural resources which are non-renewable. Work would focus on achieving substantial efficiency gains in the distribution and use of key resources such as energy and water, in particular through developing a better understanding of system-level issues, and make use of or further develop relevant metrics and indicators.

A number of areas have emerged calling for distinct ICT expertise and specific user communities:

  • The future electricity distribution network – work on the distribution grid itself calls for partnerships between ICT equipment providers and distribution network operators; work on business models calls for software companies and utilities companies;
  • Energy efficient design and decision support tools – work on ICT tools calls for partnerships between software companies and standards experts as well as specific user companies;
  • Water management, including demand-side management, integrated water resource management frameworks and comprehensive decision support systems – work would call for partnerships between software companies and water authorities;
  • Energy-efficient buildings, neighbourhoods and urban areas – work on the buildings construction cycle calls for partnerships between software companies, ICT equipment providers, and buildings and construction companies; work on complex urban systems calls for partnerships between some or all of software companies, RES providers, ICT equipment providers, buildings and construction companies, utilities companies, public authorities (planners).

The potential impact is huge; the ICT sector itself claims that ICTs could contribute to a 15% reduction in carbon emissions across the economy by 2020. The business opportunities emanating from sustainability are enormous because of the large infrastructural changes that will have to take place – in buildings, the electricity distribution grid, urban areas and beyond.

Towards effective low-carbon multi-modal mobility and freight
The Challenge also addresses mobility of people and goods which is a cornerstone of Europe's economic activity. Currently, it represents 30% of the total energy consumption in the EU. Technological innovations making use of advanced ICT will contribute to meeting the challenges of European Transport Policy, especially regarding decarbonisation of transport. Recent studies report that by applying ICT, over 25% reduction in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in transport can be achieved.

The Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) Action Plan and the Freight Transport Logistics Action Plan identify ICT as key enabler for multi-modal mobility and energy efficient freight transport. ICT plays an essential role in achieving efficiency and sustainability in freight transport, which is spearheading the move towards greener and more intelligent transport solutions.

The logistics sector is largely inefficient today with load factors around 65% only. Open platforms for transport logistics need to be developed, based on intelligent cargo systems, which offer the means for better efficiency. The worldwide integration of such systems is urgently needed. The capability to choose the best transport mode requires easy-to-use information services for all stakeholders. The fragmentation of this industry sector marked by few global players and a huge number of SMEs is a particular challenge to be addressed. Mobility of people and goods needs to be ensured across borders and on global level, building on interoperable global standardised services.

Enabling a low-carbon economy with Cooperative Systems
Cooperative Systems based on vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) and vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I and I2V) communications are enablers of decarbonised transport as they allow monitoring and control of the transport networks and direct communication with individual drivers in a given area, simultaneously collecting traffic data and providing information to users, for example about recommended speeds or suggested routes. The information is therefore far more targeted than the existing communications with travellers, and allows to adapt rapidly individual driving behaviour according to changing road, weather, environmental or traffic conditions, including special events and incidents.

A broad approach is needed where cooperative systems connect all the traffic participants, enabling energy efficient journey planning and decisions on alternative means of transport, foresighted driving as well as keeping those on the road aware of traffic and incidents ahead. They will thus foster a holistic, pro-active approach to urban and inter-urban traffic monitoring, control and management. They will also enable the development of traffic management systems that become proactive predicting traffic flow and volume and taking pre-emptive measures to avoid incidents (traffic build up, air pollution peaks, etc) rather that reacting to traffic situations.

Objective ICT-2011.6.1 Smart Energy Grids
The evolution of the electricity grid in Europe is a key challenge for Europe's electricity networks. The current distribution infrastructures do not enable a sufficient level of control, monitoring and management of the grid, in order to reach the objectives of resilience, sustainability and competitiveness for the European electricity networks. ICT can play a major role in reducing losses, increasing efficiency and managing ever increasing local energy sources. In this respect, the integration of renewable energies and local generation represents a key technical challenge. The successful combination of smart processes (e.g. demand side/response management, real-time consumption management) and smart technologies (e.g. smart meters, home energy management devices…) will enable to deliver the expected energy reduction.

Targeted Outcome:
Intelligent systems that can assist in the management of the electricity distribution networks in an optimized, controlled and secured manner.

Key research challenges to be addressed:

  • a)Strengthening the distribution grid by providing the control systems, management and decision support tools that enable the connection of large scale local generation and renewable energy sources.
  • b)Developing automation and control systems that support decentralized electricity generation, enabling smaller scale electricity supply sources to contribute to the grid in a secured and reliable manner, incorporating the production from intermittent sources, protection of equipments, fault alerting and self-healing.
  • c)high power electronics building blocks, featuring the protection of equipments, fault alerting and self-healing.
  • d)Integrating heterogeneous communications infrastructure to allow electricity production and consumption to be measured, reported (and eventually credited or billed).
  • e)Home energy controlling hubs that will collect real time energy consumption from smart household appliances and enable intelligent automation.
  • f)Building consensus on industry-driven open standards to ensure the interoperability of smart grids control and management systems.

Projects could focus on one or a combination of the following:

  • Development of smart grid building blocks for the distribution network, e.g. distribution grid management systems, communication channels, distributed intelligence, power electronics, smart appliances, smart meters
  • Integration of data and decision support systems to monitor and manage the electricity distribution networks, including energy generation at customer premises / micro-grids
  • Interoperable platforms integrated with home and building automation systems allowing to achieve a global energy optimisation in residential and tertiary buildings

In all cases, projects shall include a significant validation in real use conditions.

Expected Impact:

  • Reinforced collaboration between the European electricity suppliers and distributors, electricity equipment manufacturers of all sizes and the ICT sector.
  • Facilitated connection and operation of distributed and intermittent generators of diverse technologies.
  • Demand side and demand response management enabled by innovative decision support systems.
  • Producers-consumers allowed to play a novel role in the management of their energy consumption.
  • Quantifiable and feasible energy reductions in the electricity distribution grid, leading to reduction of the overall environmental impact of electricity grids.
  • Enhanced levels of reliability and security of electricity supply.

Funding schemes

  • a), b), c) and d): IP/STREP
  • e): CSA

Indicative budget distribution:

  • IP/STREP: EUR 29 million with a minimum of 50% to IPs and 30% to STREPs
  • CSA: EUR 1 million

Call: ICT Call 8

Objective ICT-2011.6.2 ICT systems for energy efficiency
Target Outcomes

a) Development of ICT components addressing energy efficiency and emission reduction. Definition of patterns, profiles, energy consumption models and their interrelations resulting in building blocks to be incorporated in existing ICT services and systems.

b) Incorporation of these building blocks in one of the following types of systems:

  • Systems to support development and planning. Examples are: simulation and design tools to assess the full life-cycle energy associated with new products and systems before their realisation.
  • Decision support systems for urban planning to provide an understanding of the systems implications – in terms of energy-performance and cost-effectiveness of different design and planning alternatives.
  • Systems to optimise the energy-performance of operations. Examples are: enterprise management systems to implement energy savings and emissions trading across industries; system-oriented schemes for data-centre management that consider in addition to high efficiency power distribution architectures and ultra-high efficiency power supplies, also cooling, incorporation of renewable energy sources and connection with the electricity grid.

c) Validation of the resulting systems in real use conditions. Based on defined indicators, during this phase, projects should record evidence of energy savings and carbon reductions, total cost of operations versus potential benefits, user acceptance and replication potential and extract lessons that may be used in different settings.

d) To support the "Green Digital Charter" based on the Commission Recommendation on "mobilising ICT to facilitate the transition to an energy-efficient, low-carbon economy", Coordination and Support Action to enlarge the number of signatory cities, to develop common approaches, as well as coordination with similar initiatives, dissemination and public events. It should also explore how best to link the Charter to other initiatives such as the Covenant of Mayors.

In addition to partners with expertise in ICT, consortia must include partners from the relevant application domain. The final users must be involved in the validation phase.

Expected Impact

  • Transparent methods of measuring energy performance.
  • Strengthened and consolidated European excellence in engineering at the intersection of control, computing, communications and energy.
  • Reduction of energy consumption and CO2 emissions, through ICT.

Funding schemes

  • a) b) and c) IPs and STREPs
  • d) CSA

Indicative budget

  • a) b) and c) EUR 34 million with a minimum of 50% to IPs and 30% to STREPs
  • d) EUR 1 million

Call: ICT Call 7

Objective ICT-2011.6.3 ICT for efficient water resources management
Targeted outcomes:

ICT-enabled solutions for integrated water resources management (IWRM), involving as key building blocks: innovative demand management systems, decision support systems and data management technologies.

The proposed ICT solutions should involve a well-justified set of technologies permitting a holistic approach towards IWRM, and possibly include new data management technologies with real-time predictive capability demand forecasting, advanced metering, real-time communication of consumption patterns, adaptive pricing, and/or combined energy and water management schemes.

Project should cover (1) research into a set of innovative ICT technologies and systems, (2) substantial validation of these in at least two real-life operational environments, (3) evaluation of their anticipated cost and benefits and market prospects, and (4) demonstration of final results in a major public dissemination event.

Evidence of commitments from all project stakeholders and end users involved, such as authorities, utility providers, ICT suppliers, and infrastructure test-bed owners, should be provided.

Expected impact:

  • Reinforced industrial collaboration between European water distributors, water management equipment suppliers and the ICT sector.
  • Behavioural changes for water usage in agricultural, industrial and domestic processes, leading to quantifiable water consumption reduction.
  • Enhanced supervision of water network leading to better management of supply and flows and improved control of water quality.

Funding schemes: STREPs
Indicative budget distribution: EUR 15 million
Call: ICT Call 8

EEB-ICT-2011.6.4 ICT for energy-efficient buildings and spaces of public use
Target Outcomes

a) Building Energy Management Systems integrating in a single system different energy efficient sub-systems, such as solid state lighting, heat exchange or blind control, deployed in spaces of public use. These systems should be based on advanced control algorithms capable of learning from previous operations and situations and load-balancing in near-real time. They may include wireless sensor networks that employ energy harvesting techniques, power electronics devices to drive LED lighting and actuators in particular variable speed motors and pumps.

Interoperation of these systems with other ICT-based sub-systems (e.g. for security, safety, comfort) will be considered an asset.

The proposed system should cover both the inside of buildings as well as the exterior and surrounding space. Examples of such spaces include: a motorway service area, a football stadium with its surrounding parking space, a university campus, a shopping mall.

In addition to systems integration, proposals should include a substantial validation phase focussing on the operation of the building(s) and surrounding space in real user conditions. During this phase, proposals should record evidence of energy savings, total cost of operation and benefits that accrue, and extract lessons for those planning to deploy and finance such systems.

b) Coordination and Support Actions: Bringing together all relevant stakeholders including ICT software and equipment providers, RES (Renewable Energy Systems) providers, energy companies (including ESCOs-Energy Service Companies), building and construction sector and local and regional authorities, to:

  • Extend the notion of energy-positive from homes and buildings to large areas including neighbourhoods and extended urban/rural communities in a holistic dimension;
  • Identify the needs for bridging actions from research to actual procurement;
  • Analyse the relationship between producers, distributors and consumers of energy, new business models, with special emphasis on the role of SMEs, and the transfer of knowledge, identifying best practices;
  • Support the establishment of European-scale actions spanning research, innovation and deployment of ICT Infrastructures for energy-positive neighbourhoods".

The tasks should include editing and up-dating public documents, organising expert hearings and workshops, dissemination and networking events.

Expected Impact

  • Contribution to the opening of a market for novel ICT-based customized solutions for buildings operation and maintenance integrating numerous products from different vendors.
  • Establishment of a collaboration framework between the ICT and buildings and construction and energy sectors.
  • Reduction of energy consumption and CO2 emissions through ICT

Funding schemes: a) STREP; b) CSA
Indicative budget: STREP: EUR 19 million, CSA: EUR 1 million
Call: PPP-EEB 2010

EEB-ICT-2011.6.5 ICT for energy-positive neighbourhoods
Target Outcomes

Projects supported under this objective shall contribute to the European Energy-Efficient Buildings Initiative by developing management and control systems and decision support systems addressing the dynamics of energy supply and demand in neighbourhoods and extended urban/rural communities. These systems should optimise the use of energy beyond the buildings (considering for instance street lighting, urban heat production, electrical vehicles), and they should include the integration of renewable energy sources and the connection to the energy grid in order to take advantage of variable tariffs and diversity of supply.

In addition to technical developments, projects should address the necessary convincing and reliable business models, how to split incentives, engage end users and the commitment of public authorities to the deployment of such systems.

Interoperation of these systems with other ICT-based systems (e.g. traffic management systems, Geographical Information Systems) that may be deployed in the area will be considered an asset.

In addition to systems integration, proposals should include a substantial validation phase. During this phase, projects should record evidence on the benefits and total cost of operation for use by those planning to deploy and finance such systems and draw lessons which can be replicated.

Expected Impact

  • Contribution to the opening of a market for ICT-based district/community energy management systems.
  • Establishment of a collaboration framework between the ICT and buildings and construction and energy sectors.
  • Reduction of energy consumption and CO2 emissions through ICT.

Funding schemes: IP/STREP
Indicative budget: IP/STREP: EUR 30 million with a minimum of 50% to IPs and 30% to STREPs
Call: PPP-EEB 2011

Objective ICT-2011.6.6 Low carbon multi-modal mobility and freight transport
Target Outcome

a) ICT for low-carbon multi-modal freight and logistics covering technologies and services for multi-modal freight and logistics, and using new technologies such as RFID, wireless sensor networks and common platforms and architectures. The focus is on integration of different transport modes (road, rail, air and sea transport), following Europe's transport policy principle of co-modality, including the more efficient integration of transportation networks through transfer points (transport hubs), in particular between road transport and other modes. Also addressed are intermodal interoperable logistics management systems and Intelligent Cargo systems which support the decarbonisation of transport by providing real-time process and status information on cargo and its movements to shippers and operators, and the integration of the intelligent cargo systems into the multi-modal transport data infrastructures including urban logistics services.

b) ICT for clean and efficient multi-modal mobility for further improving energy efficiency and reducing CO2 emissions in all modes of transport for passengers and goods. This includes new tools, systems and services supporting energy-efficient driving and driver behaviour adaptation (eco-driving and eco-navigation), environmentally aware route and access planning, definition of digital map attributes for eco-routing and advanced multi-modal travel and traffic advice and information systems for individual and collective transport. It also includes methodologies for assessing the impact of advanced ICT in energy efficiency and CO2 reduction, and in instantaneous emission models which take into account driver behaviour.

c) Coordination and Support Actions
Support in the framework of the Intelligent Car Initiative to the eSafety Forum activities such as stakeholder consultations, road mapping and organising events and dissemination. Support to research agendas for energy efficiency, international cooperation (priority is with the USA and Japan), user awareness raising and dissemination of research results, international standardisation and harmonisation. Support the establishment of European large scale actions spanning research, innovation and deployment of service infrastructures for innovative ICT solutions for sustainable mobility and transport.

The Coordination and Support Actions should include relevant stakeholders in the domain.

Expected Impact

  • Strengthened position of Europe's logistics and freight industries in the marketplace for low-carbon products and services
  • Significant improvements in efficiency and environmental friendliness of mobility and transport in Europe; target: 25% reduction in GHG emissions in transport
  • Full integration of intelligent cargo items into the multi-modal transport infrastructure, with special emphasis on urban multi-modal logistics;
  • Widening the market for new ICT-based mobility and transport services in Europe and worldwide.

Funding Schemes: a) and b): IP, STREP; c): CSA

Indicative budget distribution

  • IP, STREP: EUR 46 million, with a minimum of 50% to IPs and 30% to STREPs
  • CSA: EUR 4 million

Call: ICT call 7

Objective ICT-2011.6.7 Cooperative Systems for energy efficient and sustainable mobility
Target Outcome

a) Cooperative Systems for low-carbon multi-modal mobility covering cooperative applications and services for energy efficiency and eco-friendly mobility based on the harmonised European Communications Architecture, open interoperable in-vehicle platforms, extended sensors and sensor networks and bidirectional vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) and vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) communication technologies. Key research challenges to be addressed include design, development and testing of new cooperative and pro-active traffic and travel management and control strategies based on the availability of reliable real-time system-wide data, including handling of special events and recovery after incidents. Challenges also include ICT-based interaction between the driver, the vehicle and the infrastructure and the barriers in the adoption, user acceptance and deployment of cooperative energy efficiency services, taking into account the needs of Fully Electric Vehicles such as integration with charging networks. Liability, privacy, reliability and security should be addressed as well. The focus should be on road transport, as this sector presents the largest challenges. Projects could also address all transport modes according to the principle of co-modality, and include smart urban mobility (including public and collective transport).

b) European Wide Service Platform (EWSP) for cooperative system enabled services, aiming at providing to the drivers a large variety of energy efficiency, mobility, comfort and safety related services. Key research challenges to be addressed include intelligent combination of wireless communication technologies, development of network and transport communication protocols and security and control mechanisms, and support to their standardisation. For service deployment, the research challenges include development of EWSP subsystems including service development, discovery, provision and operations as well as of authorisation / authentication, subscriptions / identification, payment / billing / charging and customer relationship management. They also include the development of innovative services for the EWSP, based on Future Internet technologies and in coordination with activities under the Future Internet PPP of Challenge 1, including applicable business models when necessary.

c) Coordination and support actions
Dissemination of results, user awareness campaigns, assessments of socio-economic impact and training.
In accordance with the specific cooperation agreements with Japan and the USA: active exchange of information and results, and international standardisation and harmonisation.
The coordination and support actions should include relevant stakeholders in the domain.

Expected Impact

  • Decarbonisation of transport. Significant improvements in energy efficiency and environmental friendliness of transport and mobility in Europe
  • Improving the competitiveness of the European transport industry as a whole, and enabling them to continue to address global markets successfully. World leadership of Europe's automotive industry in the area of Cooperative Systems.
  • Opening new markets for mobility, safety, energy efficiency and comfort services in Europe. Ensuring market leadership by Europe's industry in green products and services.

Funding Schemes: a) and b): IPs, STREPs; c): CSA

Indicative budget distribution

  • IP, STREP: EUR 37 million, the objective is to support at least 1 IP under a) and 1 IP under b), in addition to STREPs
  • CSA: EUR 3 million

Call: ICT Call 8

GC-ICT-2011.6.8 ICT for fully electric vehicles
Full electric vehicles (FEV) means electrically propelled vehicles that provide significant driving range on pure battery based power. It includes vehicles having an on-board fuel based electrical generator (Range Extender based on Internal Combustion Engine or fuel cells).

Projects supported under this objective should contribute to the European Green Cars Initiative (EGCI, http://www.green-cars-initiative.eu/) by advancing the development and integration of major building blocks of the FEV, and by integrating the FEV with infrastructures. To make the FEV a valuable and successful mass product, projects should also advance system integration providing improved safety, energy efficiency, reliability, cost effectiveness and comfort, exploring the full potential of standardised components and mass customisation.

Target outcomes:

a)Energy/Power Storage Systems, targeting control system solutions for batteries only as well as batteries and supercapacitors integrated either at a pack-to-pack or at cell-to-cell level. Electronic architectures have to manage optimal charging and discharging rates of the cells in relation to their typology and operating temperatures. Sensors and networking capabilities should be developed for monitoring and controlling the energy/power storage system's efficiency, lifetime, reliability and safety, including monitoring and early warning of fault conditions environmental monitoring, temperature conditioning and shock protection/spark avoidance. Furthermore, high voltage switches and interconnects and system interfaces need to be developed. Electro-chemical material developments are excluded.

b)Architectures for Energy, Drive Train, Communication and Thermal Management Energy optimised systems are an essential element to ensure maximum FEV range. With a multiple voltage system, an optimised distribution of functions is necessary:: power-train, bilateral grid connection, on-board energy harvesting, heating and cooling conditioning systems, vehicle stability and comfort, lighting, driving assistance sensors, on board information and entertainment and other auxiliaries. Each layer requires its own optimisation and operated by real-time and fail-safe standard communication to assure the best compromise between safety, driving and comfort.

c)Vehicle-to-grid Interface (V2G)
Connection of the vehicle to the grid should enable controlled flow of energy and power by integrating means of safe, secure, energy efficient and convenient transfer of electricity and data. Focus is on technologies for efficient charging conditions. Related issues to consider include E/M compatibility, robustness, reliability, safety, security and impact on health and grid stability. Solutions should be independent of a specific platform, be based on pan-European consensus and conform to interface standards for Smart Grids.

d)Vehicle Stability Control
Control architectures with 2, 3 or 4 electrical motors for stability of the electric power train thus providing safety, comfort and fun-to-drive. Examples of developments include: novel distributed propulsion with high efficiency over a wide operating range, stability control, full torque control at all speeds, torque vectoring to distributed motors, and high efficiency on regenerative breaking and safe redundant drive train components architectures. Vehicle dynamics simulation and robust E/M compatibility have also to be addressed as well as generic and standardized bus-based solutions for communication and control. System faults like maximum torque / oscillating torque at a single wheel /two wheels and issues like controlled shut down procedures in case of a crash should be taken into account.

e)Electric Drive and Electronic Components
Partitioned and highly efficient power electronics devices, converter and inverter and electrical interconnects that simplify packaging and cooling, EMI-EMC designs, the management of high voltages, currents and temperatures and hardware-in-the-loop technology for algorithm and component testing. Projects should aim to reduce the need for high cost electronics and fast market introduction for reliable and fail safe tested components. Projects should target the level of integration between the drive and the motor while maximising the efficiency of the drive over a wide range of operation of the motor as well as in relation to temperature excursions and voltage variability.

f)Integration of the FEV in the cooperative transport infrastructure

ICT-based interaction between the driver, the vehicle and the transport and energy infrastructures, for FEV trip planning and optimization including energy use and charging. In order to compensate for the limited autonomy range, gains in energy efficiency and route optimisation are needed to turn the FEV into a mass market product. Adaptive strategies, algorithms and operation modes are needed for the charge and discharge management of the FEV's that balance, predict the range and adapt to the energy needs of the user in respect of the properties of vehicle’s battery and the grid. The use of traffic information for route optimisation to the available charging spots in reach should be taken into account when developing charging strategies. Research should also address opportunities for improving energy efficiency provided by automated driving and driver training.

g)Functional Safety and Durability of the FEV
Electrical and electronic components affect vehicle dynamics, safety and durability. Fail-safe concepts are an essential element of the system. Requirements and standards related to electromagnetic compatibility and health impacts of electromagnetic fields should be developed. Continuous improvements are expected against low frequency electromagnetic fields as well as on local sensing of currents and electromagnetic fields, on safe and robust components and subsystems. Research will also address adaptation and improvement of in-vehicle active safety for FEVs, integrated driver-vehicle – infrastructure safety, protection of vulnerable road users, and FEV emergency handling procedures. Moreover, test methods will be required.

h)Coordination and Support Action “FEV made in Europe”
One action for the coordination of a FEV Strategic Research Agenda for ICT, components and systems, for the clustering of R&D projects in the field, and for training, education and dissemination activities. The agenda should also investigate new usages for the FEV (e.g. last mile delivery and mobility for the elderly and disabled); it should cover standardisation measures; it should propose measures for harmonisation of national research policy measures and programmes, and also propose actions for international collaboration. The action should involve relevant electrical vehicle stakeholders.

Expected impacts:

  • Improved energy efficiency and extended driving range of the FEV
  • Reduced costs of the electronic components and the overall FEV at increased performance
  • Mitigated constrains for the user of the FEV versus the Internal Combustion Engine vehicle
  • the FEV seamlessly implemented in the smart grids and existing infrastructure
  • Significant improvement of FEV's safety, comfort and new information and comfort services for FEV users.
  • Strengthened global competitiveness of the European automobile, ICT and battery sectors. Market penetration of key components of FEVs.

Funding Schemes: STREP
Indicative Budget: a,b,c, d) 30 Mio € in 2011, e,f,g) 29 Mio € in 2012, h) 1 Mio € in 2012 
Call: a, b, c, d) PPP-GC 2010, e, f, g,h) PPP-GC 2011

6.7 challenge 7: ICT for the Enterprise and Manufacturing

The Factories of the Future (FoF) initiative is part of the European Economic Recovery Plan launched in November 2008 to respond to the global economic crisis. This Public-Private-Partnership (PPP) aims at helping EU manufacturing enterprises, in particular SMEs, to adapt to global competitive pressures by improving the technological base of manufacturing across a broad range of sectors. The ICT contribution to this initiative aims at improving the efficiency, adaptability and sustainability of manufacturing systems as well as their better integration within business processes in an increasingly globalised industrial context. Challenge 7 is fully dedicated to supporting the FoF PPP.

The Challenge includes the areas:

  • 'Smart factories' including application experiments of control and sensor-based systems, laser systems and industrial robots.
  • 'Manufacturing solutions for new ICT products' addressing manufacturing processes for Organic Large Area Electronics (OLAEs) and organic photonics.
  • 'Virtual factories and enterprises' addressing end-to-end integrated ICT allowing for innovation and higher management efficiency in networked operations and supporting the emergence of 'smarter' virtual factories and enterprises.
  • 'Digital manufacturing' including products life cycle management, modelling, design and optimisation.

FoF-ICT-2011.7.1 Smart Factories: Energy-aware, agile manufacturing and customisation
The capability to produce large varieties of sophisticated products requires manufacturing sites to be flexible, fast and reactive. Lean and easy-to-implement ICT enables those sites to be resource efficient as well as cost effective.

Target outcomes:

a) Demonstration and benchmarking of novel process automation and control (for discrete, continuous or batch industries): Systems, strategies and tools for an integrated control and dynamic optimisation of factory assets. The challenge is to develop ICT driven approaches and scalable architectures (e.g. service-oriented architectures or other appropriate architectures) for next-generation production automation and control solutions with flexibility, autonomy, robustness and energy transparency. Projects should address efficient aggregation of information across existing legacy systems at all production levels, factory level optimisation of production processes, and include demonstrations in real industrial environments. The aim is to show the operational and economic benefits of new ICT-driven approaches in factories against today’s process automation and control solutions.

b) Large-scale validation of advanced industrial robotics systems through user-friendly methods of interaction with, and tasking of, intelligent cooperative robotic systems (including new programming paradigms and direct physical interaction) and through robotics-enabled production processes. Research shall focus on methods that allow workers to productively and safely deploy robots without specialised training. Cooperation between human-robot and between robot-robot should aim to provide easy-to-access support for skilled or heavy duty tasks on the shop floor. Real-world validation of R&D shall demonstrate its large-scale applicability to flexible, small batch and craft manufacturing. Results should contribute to future benchmarking standards.

c) Applications based on factory-wide networks of intelligent sensors and new metrology tools and methods, demonstrating management of manufacturing information in real time, including planning, scheduling and dispatching. R&D should in particular address modularity, reliability/accuracy and energy efficiency aspects of quality control systems and automation/handling equipment supporting discrete manufacturing down to lot sizes of 1. Results should support international standardisation.

d) Lasers and laser systems for manufacturing and materials processing with the following focus: i) high-brilliance diode lasers (laser arrays) with nearly diffraction limited beam quality: simultaneous targets are multi kW continuous wave output power, efficiency of 40% or more, numerical aperture 0.1 and coupling into fibres of 300µm or less; ii) New wavelengths and on-line adaptation of beam properties: novel lasers and laser systems opening-up new process windows and/or contributing to optimised process efficiencies. This includes widely tuneable lasers, ultra-short pulse lasers, versatile frequency conversion systems and photonic components enabling the on-line adaptation of essential beam parameters in order to produce stable beams of sufficient power and quality for the intended process.

Projects are expected to be industry-driven and to contain a strong validation element with quantifiable targets.

Expected impact:

  • Strengthened global position of European manufacturing industry through the introduction of advanced automation into mainstream manufacturing and contributions to international standardisation
  • Larger European market for advanced technologies such as electronic devices, control systems, new assistive automation and robots.
  • Intelligent management of manufacturing information for customisation and environmental friendliness.
  • Reinforced European leadership and industrial competitiveness of laser component and system producers and users and substantial improvement of manufacturing processes.

Funding schemes:

  • a) and c): IP;
  • b) and d): STREP

Indicative budget distribution

  • EUR 40 million with a minimum of 50% to IPs and 30% to STREPs

Calls: PPP-FoF 2011

FoF-ICT-2011.7.2 Manufacturing solutions for new ICT products
Organic Large Area Electronics (OLAE) is based on a combination of new materials and uses large area production processes to provide completely new applications and products that are generally thin, cheap, lightweight and flexible. Key to realising the potential is developing low cost, high volume and high throughput manufacturing technologies of electrical, electronic and photonic components. The striking example for such production methods is printing and the adaptation of roll-to-roll (R2R) and similar technologies is therefore of utmost importance. Most investments up till now have focused on developing technologies at laboratory level. This objective aims at a "from lab to fab" approach i.e. bridging the gap between research prototypes and low-cost mass production methods. Applications range from OLED lighting, organic photovoltaics and printed batteries, to signage and displays, organic and large area sensor arrays, organic and printed electronics as well as flex/foil-based integrated smart systems.

Targeted outcomes

Feasibility demonstrators for industrial, low cost, high volume and high throughput manufacturing processes and production of organic and large area electronics and photonics products. Solutions should in particular make use of roll-to roll wet deposition, but could also address evaporation, hot-embossing, laser processing and other low-temperature processes. R&D will focus on addressing the main roadblocks such as patterning processes, resolution and registration accuracy, process stability, multilayer lamination, encapsulation, automation, in-line quality control, and architectures to cut production costs. Standardisation issues should be addressed as appropriate.

Projects are expected to be industry-driven and the proposed work should include strong quality control, testing and validation elements in order to demonstrate the feasibility of the manufacturing at an industrial scale.

Expected impact

  • New market opportunities for European manufacturing industry in new low cost, high volume and high throughput manufacturing processes for OLAE products tailored to meet key societal and economic needs; and, extending the range of applications of "conventional" industries (e.g. printing and plastic), into the OLAE field.
  • Availability of European-produced OLAE products tailored to meet key societal and economic needs.

Funding schemes: IP
Indicative budget distribution: EUR 20 million
Call: PPP-FoF 2011

FoF-ICT-2011.7.3 Virtual Factories and enterprises
This objective focuses on end-to-end integrated ICT solutions that enable innovation and higher management efficiency in networked enterprise operations.

Target outcomes

a)Distributed, adaptive, and interoperable virtual enterprise environments for business innovation, extensive monitoring, evaluation, forecasting, risk assessment and prevention, e.g. through collaborative business intelligence, productivity, knowledge management and/or mixed reality tools. R&D should aim at integrating novel management methods and ICT to help virtual factories and enterprises move beyond existing operational capability.

b)Real-time management of volatile manufacturing assets: ICT tools and applications to support end-to-end management of tangible and intangible assets (e.g. inventories, stakeholder relationships, product configurations, production knowledge, skills) across the entire value chain. Proposed solutions should be validated for scalability, interoperability, reliability, and security.

c)Component-based tools and architectures enabling the innovative dynamic composition of services for product maintenance, reliability, upgrades, re-manufacturing, recycling or disposal. The proposed solutions should help achieve efficient and sustainable lifecycle management of products and services.

d)Internet-based, user-centric collaboration, sharing and/or mixed reality tools supporting the emerging networked enterprise concepts. They should enable new manufacturing business models and practices that enhance and sustain the value of products and services (including value-added, service-enhanced products) by involving all relevant stakeholders in the innovation process, from R&D and design phases to after-sales.

Projects are expected to be industry-driven and to contain a strong validation element with quantifiable targets.

Expected impact

  • Higher management efficiency of networked and sustainable business operations.
  • ICT tools enabling the participation of SMEs in virtual factory environments.
  • New business models and innovation scenarios for a low-carbon economy.

Funding schemes: IPs/STREPs
Indicative budget: EUR 45 million, with a minimum of 50% to IPs and 30% to STREPs
Calls: PPP-FoF 2010

FoF-ICT-2011.7.4 Digital factories: Manufacturing design and product lifecycle management
The work addresses the early stages of manufacturing through interoperable models, engineering platforms, computer-assisted product and process development and analysis, and virtual prototyping and testing environments to reduce the need for physical mock-ups.

Target outcomes:

a) Comprehensive engineering platforms that enable cross-disciplinary information sharing, workflow integration and the capture of product-relevant knowledge (e.g. manufacturing process knowledge embedded in the models and the engineering tools), supporting the re-use of knowledge across stakeholders and the product lifecycle (e.g. from use to design). Projects should also contribute to ongoing international cooperation activities (e.g. IMS) on sustainable engineering and on standardisation for long-term archiving of product information.

b) Simulation and virtual prototyping tools with forward and backward compatibility (e.g. from use to engineering) using finer digital models to increase accuracy and integrating aspects such as functionality, forming, painting and assembly. The work should also aim at interoperable models enabling the use of various aspects of design and engineering, model auto-generation and robustness (e.g. automated meshing and optimisation) as well as the use of CAD-, CAE-, VR-, volume-, fluid-, structure-, polygonal- and process models in the various engineering stages. The adaptation and scaling of engineering codes to next-generation high-performance multicore computing clusters should also be addressed.

c) Tools for holistic modelling and simulation of full complex products using multi-physics and support for tolerance changes in the models. Digital modelling and simulation of product and process behaviour, e.g., regarding material properties from micro to macro scale (from the atomic level upwards) should also be considered.

Projects are expected to be industry-driven and to contain a strong validation element with quantifiable targets.

Expected impact:

  • Reinforced European leadership in knowledge-driven platforms, tools, methodologies, product development and manufacturing.
  • Accelerated product design and manufacturing, enabling new products to be realised with a considerably shorter time-to-production and time-to-market.
  • Drastically improved accuracy, reliability and speed of simulation techniques for manufacturing processes and/or full complex products permitting design decisions earlier in the design process.

Funding schemes:

  • a) - b) IPs, STREPs
  • c) IPs, STREPs, CSA

Indicative budget

  • IP, STREPs: EUR 33.5 million with a minimum of 50% to IPs and 30% to STREPs
  • CSA: EUR 1.5 million

Calls: PPP-FoF 2010

6.8 Challenge 8: ICT for Learning and Access to Cultural Resources

The challenge addresses the need for flexible and efficient access to relevant information and knowledge, for educational and cultural purposes. It focuses on advances in how we learn when using information and communication technologies and on enhancing the meaning and experiences we can get from digital cultural and scientific resources. It responds to societal (active and responsible learners) and economic needs of individuals and organisations (better skilled and creative workforce).

Research under this Challenge will fuel progress in a wide range of applications from schools to workplaces, museums, libraries and other cultural institutions. Individual personal spheres are being extended by advances in areas like pervasive network environments, social networking technology and mobile computing, rising the expectations of users and consumers of the digital learning and cultural resources in terms of level of interaction and engagement.

The aim is to exploit Europe’s vast and exclusive cultural resources and learning traditions as a source of innovation and creativity, for businesses, researchers, educational organisations and the general public.

Objective ICT-2011.8.1 Technology-enhanced learning
Target outcomes

a) Technology Enhanced Learning systems endowed with the capabilities of human tutors. Research should advance systems’ capabilities to react to learners’ abilities and difficulties, and provide systematic feedback based on innovative ways of interpreting the user's responses - particularly in relation to deep/shallow reasoning and thinking. Research should in particular advance systems’ understanding and using of the most appropriate triggers (praise, constructive comments, etc.) that are effective in influencing the learning process of specific users. The systems shall improve learners’ meta-cognitive skills, understand and exploit the underlying drivers of their learning behaviours. Solutions should exploit advances in natural language interaction techniques (dialogues), in rich and effective user interfaces and should have a pedagogically sound instructional design. (STREP)

b) Educational technologies for science, technology and maths: (b1) Supporting students to understand and construct their personal conceptual knowledge and meaning of scientific, technological and/or mathematical subjects. Research should focus on novel - ICT-based - ways of taking the learners through the complexity of the subjects, preserving, activating and feeding their curiosity and reasoning, towards understanding (including of abstract or complex concepts) and creative applications of the theory. (STREP; NoE) (b2) Supporting the creation and sustainability of a European-wide service for access to and use of federated remote laboratories and virtual experimentations for learning and teaching purposes. It shall enable online interactive experimentations by accessing and controlling real equipment and instruments, or using simulated solutions. Open interfacing components for easy plug-and-play of remote and virtual labs should be made available to stimulate the growth of the network of labs. Research shall also address the issue of creating user interfaces that mediate the complexities of creation and usability of experiments in specific pedagogical contexts in primary and secondary schools and higher education. This part of the target outcome should be pursued by large-scale IPs.

c) Advanced solutions for fast and flexible deployment of learning opportunities at the workplace (targeting SMEs in particular): they should enable faster, situated, just-in-time up-/re-skilling, and lower the costs/efforts of developing and maintaining quality instructional material to be used in the training process. Solutions should aim creating a networking environment that fosters cross-organisational learning and that will help SMEs to adopt and sustain effective learning attitudes. Proposals must include research on novel business training models, and on how to overcome organisational, inter-organisational and individual barriers to widespread adoption of the developed technologies. This target outcome focuses specifically on the needs of SMEs in sectors without an established tradition in the adoption of learning solutions and facing competitiveness challenges deriving from efficiency needs or new processes/products development. Proposals should include SMEs and relevant professional associations. SMEs shall be the final users of the solutions, and be actively involved in clearly justified, representative and sizeable pilots. The validation and demonstration should be focused on the effectiveness of the learning in relation to better individual and organisational benefits. (IP)

d) Computational tools fostering creativity in learning processes: innovative tools encouraging nonlinear, nonstandard thinking and problem-solving, as well as the exploration and generation of new knowledge, ideas and concepts, or new associations between existing ideas or concepts. The aim is to support people’s learning by developing technological solutions that facilitate questioning and challenging, foster imaginative thinking, widen the perspectives and make purposeful connections with people and their ideas. Proposals shall not address "artistic" creativity. (STREP)

e) Exploratory activities for fundamentally new forms of learning through ICT; establishment of a pan-European network of living schools for validations, demonstrations and showcases. (CSA)

For all target outcomes, projects should include a scientifically sound evaluation component.

Expected impact

  • Significantly higher level of effective ICT-based tutoring, leading to its wide-spread penetration in schools and at home.
  • Higher level of engagement of youngsters in science, technology and maths, through novel educational software and opening up opportunities to access and use of laboratory equipments and virtual experiments.
  • Reinforced competitiveness of the current and future workforce, particularly in SMEs, through faster, more timely and more cost-effective up/re-skilling through learning technologies and increased adoption of these learning technologies by SMEs.
  • Emergence of new learning models, including models invoking creativity

Funding schemes: a) STREP; b) STREP/NoE (b1) and IP (b2); c) IP; d) STREP; e) CSA 
Indicative budget allocation: IP/STREP: EUR 53 million with a minimum of 40% to IPs and 30% to STREPs, NoE/CSA: EUR 7 million
Call: Call 8

Objective ICT-2011.8.2 ICT for access to cultural resources
Target outcomes

a) Technologies for creating personalised and engaging digital cultural experiences: research should address adaptability of systems for personalised interaction with users. Research should investigate technologies that add value to cultural digital artefacts and improve user engagement with cultural resources, for example through smart, context-aware artefacts and enhanced interfaces with the support of features like story-telling, gaming and learning features.

b) Open and extendable platforms for building services that support use of cultural resources for research and education: research should explore seamless and universal access to digital cultural resources across a wide range of technical formats (sound, image, 3D, text), including cultural resources/objects with diverse characteristics (e.g. languages, temporal, spatial). Usability should be demonstrated through large scale pilots and specific contextual use cases (e.g. functionalities that support active research, creation of new knowledge, meaning extraction...).

c) Improved and affordable technologies for the digitisation of specialised forms of cultural resources, including tools for virtual reconstructions: the focus is on innovative approaches for capturing, imaging and 3D modelling, resulting in enriched virtual surrogates which convey and embed knowledge beyond the original object.

d) Awareness raising of research results through road mapping and support to validation and take up of such results in practical settings.

Expected impact

  • Affordability and widespread availability of tools and services for releasing the economic potential of cultural heritage in digital form and for adding value to cultural content in educational, scientific and leisure contexts;
  • Wider range of users of cultural resources in diverse real and virtual contexts and considerably altered ways to experience culture in more personalised and adaptive interactive settings;

Funding schemes: a) STREP/IP b) IP c) STREP d) CSAs
Indicative Budget allocation: IP/STREP: EUR 35 million with a minimum of 40% to IPs and 30% to STREPs, CSA: EUR 5 million
Call: Call 9

6.9 Future and Emerging Technologies

Future and Emerging Technologies (FET) fosters frontier research that will open up new avenues across the full breadth of future information and communication technologies. FET acts as a pathfinder while having the agility to react to new ideas and opportunities, as they arise from within science or society. It aims to go beyond the conventional boundaries of ICT and ventures into uncharted areas, often inspired by and in close collaboration with other scientific disciplines.

FET addresses transformative research and supports the exploration of new and alternative ideas, concepts or paradigms that, because of their risky or non-conventional nature, would not be supported elsewhere in the ICT Work Programme. In this respect, FET can be considered as the home for 'transformative research' that through its initiatives and actions can initiate and lead to a range of exceptional and unprecedented outcomes and disrupt established technologies, practices and theories.

FET fosters excellence in foundational and purpose-driven technology-oriented research that combines the best in science and engineering. Radical breakthroughs in ICT increasingly rely on fresh synergies, cross-pollination and convergence with different scientific disciplines (for instance, biology, chemistry, nanoscience, neuro- and cognitive science, ethology, social science, economics) and with the arts and humanities. This trans-disciplinary and high-risk research this calls for requires new attitudes and novel collaborations between a broad diversity of actors in research, both in academia and in private organisations. As catalyser of such collaborations FET research can reshape disciplines and the ways they interact, or initiate new ones.

Expanding and strengthening FET research
The FET Communication "Moving the frontiers of ICT – a strategy for research on future and emerging technologies in Europe" sets out the policy priorities in which FET engages to extend its scope and ambition in order to address major scientific and technological challenges, share an European culture of research excellence, engage new talent and entrepreneurship, and stimulate international collaborations with top-level partners. In doing so, FET reinforces its two complementary schemes, FET Open and FET Proactive

Open scheme: challenging current thinking and attracting future potential

FET-Open is a light, topic-agnostic and deadline-free scheme specifically designed to be open and continuously responsive to radically novel and fragile ideas. It groups together specific actions that aim to challenge the current thinking and to engage new communities of young researchers and entrepreneurs that have the talent and ambition to lead the future scientific and technological developments of ICT.

Although FET is open to the broad participations of young researchers and SMEs, two new specific objectives are introduced to ensure the emergence of projects that will put young researchers and high-tech research-intensive SMEs in a driving position to seize collaboration opportunities in the future. Young researchers will be the future leaders in science, technology and innovation. FET aims to bring them more to the forefront so that they can jointly explore radical new ideas that may not fit within current academic research agendas. Likewise, high-tech, research-intensive SMEs are instrumental for pushing forward alternative visions and for turning novel research results into a competitive advantage for creating new markets. FET aims to increase their role in cooperative research to further amplify their disruptive innovation potential and to unlock longer-term scientific as well as industrial leadership in emerging areas of ICT. This workprogramme devotes at least 20% of the FET Open scheme budget to continuously support collaborative projects empowering young researchers and high-tech, research-intensive SMEs.

International participation is an untapped resource for FET. There is clear added value in pooling resources and boosting excellence at global level. FET research is especially well placed for global collaboration due to its foundational nature and to the global dimension of the scientific challenges it addresses. This workprogramme provides opportunities to extend and enhance on-going FET projects with new international collaboration components (top-up) aiming inter-alia to increase collaboration with the best researchers worldwide so as to create momentum and raise the level of ambition around new research avenues incepted within FET.

Proactive scheme: tackling targeted transformative research and exploring new large-scale scientific challenges and cooperation models

FET Proactive provides targeted support to selected promising domains where critical mass needs to be built up, aligned with economic and social challenges and priorities that call for long-term foundational and transformative research.

This work programme identifies three major research areas around which Proactive Initiatives are focused: "challenging current computing and communicating", "complexity, evolution and adaptation", and "co-evolution of society, science and technology". The importance of driving a global research agenda is embedded and highlighted for some of the Proactive Initiatives.

Foundational ICT research in Europe today remains fragmented in most domains, leading to duplication of effort, diverging priorities and untapped potential. FET fosters the networking of research activities conducted at national or regional level, including the development of joint research agendas and a shared vision for foundational research among Member States, through ERA-NET and ERA-NET+ actions.

Going beyond this, FET Flagship Initiatives are visionary, science-driven, goal-oriented, large-scale, multidisciplinary research initiatives nucleated from ICT future and emerging technologies. They are envisioned to be long term programmes that seek to combine and augment currently fragmented efforts on a scale much beyond current FET Proactive Initiatives. Activities in this work programme target Coordination and Support Actions to prepare for such FET Flagship Initiatives, enabling the launch of some of them by 2013.

Special Initiatives
A special initiative on exascale software and systems with a significant international cooperation dimension, a long term perspective and the engagement of industry is foreseen under this Work Programme. The outcome of this initiative will serve, inter alia, to underpin the scientific challenges of the 21st century.

A Joint Call ICT-SSH on 'Science of Global Systems' will aim at progressing research on global systems dynamics to better understand the interactions between ecological and socio-economic systems and to improve their ability to respond to global environmental changes.

FET Open
Radically new ideas can come anytime, from anybody and from anywhere. They obviously do not necessarily fit within predefined topical calls, nor do they comfortably support submission deadlines. FET-Open is a light and deadline free funding scheme specifically designed to be open and responsive to such fresh courageous ideas and developments. It aims to give promising but still fragile thinking the opportunity to mature into a credible and well-founded new direction of research.

What is common to all objectives under FET-Open is that they aim to support proposals on radically new concepts and visions of the nature and use of information and information technologies, grounded in scientifically plausible and often inter-disciplinary ideas on how to achieve them. In spite of the high risk of failure, FET-Open projects can be, if successful, the first steps on the way towards future European scientific and industrial leadership in areas that today simply do not exist yet.

The FET-Open scheme is unique in that it applies a two step submission process in which short proposals of 5 pages maximum can be submitted at anytime. The first step in the evaluation uses the excellence of the scientific and technological content as the sole criterion. Only proposers of the most promising ideas are then invited to submit a full proposal and these are evaluated in batches as indicated in the table below. This design makes the scheme highly responsive while the overhead for the proposing consortium in case of failure to pass the evaluation is minimized.


Short STREP proposals start date submission period

Short STREP proposals end date submission period

full STREP and CSA cut-off date (at 17:00 Brussels time)





























The FET-Open scheme features the following objectives:

  • Objective ICT-2011.9.1: Challenging current Thinking
  • Objective ICT-2011.9.2: High-Tech Research Intensive SMEs in FET research
  • Objective ICT-2011.9.3: FET Young Explorers
  • Objective ICT-2011.9.4: International cooperation on FET research

Together these four objectives aim at fostering and supporting the best ideas grounded in scientific and technological excellence, whenever, wherever and whoever they may come from.

Note that all FET-Open objectives call for STREPs. CSAs, which are accepted only under objective 2011.9.1, are submitted directly as full proposals and are evaluated in one step, grouped per batch, as indicated in the previous table.

Objective ICT-2011.9.1: Challenging current Thinking
Target Outcome

This FET-Open objective supports the exploration of new and alternative ideas, concepts or paradigms that, because of their risky or non-conventional nature, would not be supported elsewhere in the ICT Workprogramme. It targets foundational breakthroughs that can lead to radically new forms and uses of information and information technologies in the future. A project under FET-Open will have a clearly articulated long-term vision that is far beyond the state of the art, and it will propose a plausible path towards major scientific breakthroughs that are crucial for achieving that vision. It will be aimed at an ambitious proof-of-concept and at developing its supporting scientific foundation. Novelty should come from new ideas and inter-disciplinary cross-fertilisation and not from the refinement of current ICT approaches. This may necessitate engaging in scientific research collaboration with a variety of scientific disciplines as well as with prominent and internationally recognized non-EU research teams.

In addition, this objective provides support to Coordination and Support Actions for facilitating high-risk and high-impact visionary research. These activities may be, for example:

  • actions aiming for instance at stimulating the emergence and the structuring of research communities or generating new collaborations involving a broad diversity of disciplines and actors into FET research;
  • actions supporting and facilitating the involvement of high-tech research intensive SMEs in exploratory research directions relevant to future and emerging ICT and promoting their networking and collaborations with the wider research community.
  • actions supporting and facilitating the creation of pioneering teams of young researchers along new, exploratory research directions relevant to future and emerging ICT.
  • actions aiming to strengthen the international dimension of FET.
  • horizontal actions such as networking events and dissemination activities aiming at stimulating new collaborations across disciplines and at creating the best conditions within which FET exploratory research can develop, flourish and create the transformative impacts that it aspires to.

Expected Impact

All FET-Open activities should contribute to securing and strengthening the future potential for high-risk / high-impact visionary research.

  • For STREP projects: contribution to the scientific foundations of future information and communication technologies radically different from present day ICT, that open new avenues for science and technology, or lead to a paradigm shift in the way technologies are conceived or applied. International collaboration should exploit synergies in the global science and technology scene, to increase impact and to raise the level of excellence.
  • For CSA actions: catalyse lasting and transformative effects on the communities and practices for high-risk and high-impact research as well as on the mechanisms to support the global nature of such research. These actions will lead to new and more dynamic, engaged and risk-taking research communities that can develop the new and non-conventional approaches that will be key to addressing the scientific, technological and societal challenges that Europe and the world are facing.

Funding schemes: STREP, CSA
Indicative budget distribution: EUR 75 million, out of which a maximum of EUR 5 million for CSA.
Call: FET-Open continuous call

Proposals are continuously receivable until 11 September 2012 (STREP) and 12 March 2013 (CSA). FET-Open applies a two-step submission scheme and FET-Open specific eligibility and evaluation criteria (see Appendix 5 of this document).

Objective ICT-2011.9.2: High-Tech Research Intensive SMEs in FET research
Target outcomes

This objective fosters the active participation of high-tech, research intensive SMEs in collaborative research projects targeting visionary, multi-disciplinary research.

It seeks to enhance their research capacity and to generate a scientific and technological asset base on which the SMEs can establish themselves firmly as future innovation players in emerging technology areas with a high potential for future commercial or societal impact.

This research should link novel ideas, results or paradigms from science on the one hand, and marketable ideas on the other, that may lead to new business opportunities in the future.

This objective does not seek short term commercial outcomes. It will therefore not support, for example, the incremental improvement of state-of-the-art technology, mainstream research aimed at short term product or service development, the incremental improvement of existing lines of business activity, research aimed to catch-up with the competition, foresighting or market studies, or the mere development of new business models or business plans.

The consortium will contain at least one research intensive high-tech SME with an already established in-house research capacity that will play an active and driving role in setting and executing the transformative and foundational research agenda of the project in which they are prime beneficiaries. This objective is expected to be addressed by small STREPs proposals, each requesting a grant in the order of 1M€, where the largest share of the resources mobilised are allocated to participants SME(s).

Expected Impact

  • In-house research capacity and research eco-system of the SMEs secured and broadened, thus leading to sustainable future innovation potential.
  • High-tech, research-intensive SMEs recognised as first-class players in European research partnerships for FET research.
  • Increased visibility and exposure of FET research.
  • Shortening the time from science to commercial impact of FET research.

Funding scheme: STREP
Indicative budget distribution: EUR 9 million 
Call: FET-Open continuous call

Proposals are continuously receivable until 11 September 2012. Two-step submission and evaluation process with hearing and specific eligibility and evaluation criteria (see Appendix 5 of this document).

Objective ICT-2011.9.3: FET Young Explorers
Target outcomes

This objective aims at harnessing the creativity potential of young generations of researchers by fostering the leadership and the participation of young researchers in collaborative research projects targeting exploratory, multi-disciplinary research.

This exploration should be grounded in scientifically plausible ideas on how to take major steps towards the development of new concepts and visions. It should aim to extend the conventional boundaries of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) research. New multi-disciplinary research approaches and unconventional research methodologies are encouraged.

This objective is expected to be addressed by small STREPs proposals, each requesting a grant in the order of 1M€. Projects must be led by young researchers, and the leadership by young researchers of at least half of the project's work packages is also required. The leadership by young researchers of the participants' teams would be an additional asset. No more than six years should have elapsed between the award of a Ph.D. (or equivalent) for each such young researcher and the full STREP cut-off date of the batch.

Expected Impact

  • Empower the next generation of European science and technology leaders through an increased exposure to coordination roles within collaborative ICT research.
  • Promote early independence of young high potential researchers.

Funding scheme: STREP
Indicative budget: EUR 6 million 
Call: FET-Open continuous call

Proposals are continuously receivable until 11 September 2012. FET-Open applies a two-step submission scheme and FET-Open specific eligibility and evaluation criteria (see Appendix 5 of this document).

Objective ICT-2011.9.4: International cooperation on FET research
Target outcomes

This objective aims to increase and accelerate the impact of FET research projects by cooperating with non-EU partners of excellent global standing. It targets the extension of ongoing FET projects with complementary research activities which can benefit from engaging in research collaborations with non-EU research partners.

The research content is expected to focus on new activities that expand the research challenges and reinforce the impact of the ongoing project. The outcome of that research is expected to be made freely and openly available for the benefit of the research community.

Funding can be requested by the partners from the ongoing FET project and by the new non-EU research participants to cover the coordination and joint research activities necessary to complement the ongoing project.

Expected Impact

  • Enhanced global reach and impact of ongoing FET research projects strengthened by engaging in research collaboration with non-EU participants with complementary expertise.
  • Research cooperation between world-class EU and non-EU researcher teams reinforced, thus facilitating the emergence of global alliances.

Funding scheme: Additional funding to existing grant for on-going FET IP and STREP projects ending at least 18 months after the cut-off date of the batch.
Indicative budget distribution: EUR 3 million
Call: FET-Open continuous call

Proposals are continuously receivable until 12 March 2013. One-step submission and evaluation process and specific eligibility and evaluation criteria (see Appendix 5 of this document).

FET Proactive
 FET Proactive Initiatives spearheads transformative research, support community building, and enhance Europe's innovation potential around a number of fundamental long-term challenges in ICT that will be key to the long-term sustainability of a technological future in Europe. It aims at research that can lead to foundational breakthroughs and radically new technologies to overcome technological roadblocks, and that balances high risk with high potential impact. In particular the following areas will be addressed:

  • Challenging Current Computing and Communicating: Nature exhibits forms in which information can exist or be transferred that are qualitatively different from the principles used in ICT today. These show functionalities and properties that go far beyond existing paradigms and could have a great potential for computing and communication. New paradigms based on inspiration from nature and physics will be investigated in Quantum Information and Communication Technologies, Neuro-Bio Inspired Systems and Unconventional Computing.
  • Complexity, Evolution and Adaptation: Large systems are encountered in both nature and engineering: systems of a technical nature, of a techno-social, social or biological nature. The theory and fundamental insights needed to address the ICT challenges relating to such systems, e.g. understanding how they function and how to control them, need to be developed within a new framework. The theory behind complex systems is studied in Dynamics of Multi-Level Complex Systems, and the fundamental principles behind systems that consist of a collection of adaptive elements is pursued in Fundamentals of Collective Adaptive Systems.
  • Co-evolution of Society, Science and Technology: When societal challenges such as energy consumption and efficiency, epidemics or policy impact assessment have an impact on science and technology, there is a need to seize the opportunity for finding radically different ICT technologies. New ways of computing near the thermal limit will be explored in Minimising Energy Consumption of Computing to the Limit. Also, the initiative on Dynamics of Multi-Level Complex Systems investigates various societal issues that require understanding of large amounts of heterogeneous data.
  • In addition, a call for Coordination and Support Actions aim to prepare for FET Flagship Initiatives that would integrate fragmented research efforts around large-scale, visionary and goal-driven, multidisciplinary research initiatives going much beyond the scale of present FET activities and leveraging research from across the Framework Programme and national initiatives.

The above initiatives will be carried out as follows:

  • 6bis/PPP call in July (together with the Call on PPP's):
  • ICT-2011.9.5 FET Flagship Initiative Pilots

Call 7: FP7-ICT-2011ICT-2011-7

  • ICT-2011.9.12: Coordinating Communities, Identifying new research topics for FET Proactive Initiatives and Coordination of National and Regional Research Programmes (foci c, d and e)

Call 8: FP7-ICT-2011-8

  • ICT-2011.9.5 Unconventional Computing (UCOMP)
  • ICT-2011.9.7 Dynamics of Multi-Level Complex Systems (DyM-CS)
  • ICT-2011.9.8 Minimising Energy Consumption of Computing to the Limit (MINCON)
  • ICT-2011.9.12: Coordinating Communities, Identifying new research topics for FET Proactive Initiatives and Coordination of National and Regional Research Programmes (foci a, b, c and d)

Call 9: FP7-ICT-2011-9

  • ICT-2011.9.9 Quantum ICT (QICT) including ERA-NET-Plus
  • ICT-2011.9.10 Fundamentals of Collective Adaptive Systems (FOCAS)
  • ICT-2011.9.11 Neuro-Bio Inspired Systems (NBIS)
  • ICT-2011.9.12: Coordinating Communities, Identifying new research topics for FET Proactive Initiatives and Coordination of National and Regional Research Programmes (foci a, b, c and d)

Candidate topics for calls in Work Programme 2013 include new breakthroughs arising from the FET Proactive Initiatives launched in earlier calls of FP7, namely Atomic Scale Technologies, Embodied Intelligence and Human Computer Confluence. Other topics include those presented in the series of consultations held in 2009 (see http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/ict/fet-proactive/shapefetip-wp2011-12_en.html) and not covered by the present Work Programme, such as empowering creativity, the subjective machine, moving away from charge as an information carrier and the developmental dynamics of cognitive and information processing systems. Additionally, FET Flagship Initiative(s) are foreseen to be launched.

Use of Instruments and expected participation:
In FET Proactive Initiatives, Integrated Projects should combine different aspects of multidisciplinary research, together with additional actions e.g. on wide dissemination, education, links with industry, international co-operation. They should assemble the set of multi-disciplinary research teams necessary to efficiently carry out the research and other activities. STREP projects will target a focused research topic with a limited set of teams. Involvement and participation of young researchers, high-tech SMEs and other industrial partners as well as international partners from developed and/or emerging economies is highly welcomed and encouraged. FET Proactive aims to support involvement of non-European partners to foster excellence in science and technology with around 5% of the budget, with a focus on three initiatives (Unconventional Computing, Dynamics of Multi-Level Complex Systems and Neuro-Bio Inspired Systems).

FET Proactive Initiatives apply specific eligibility and evaluation criteria (see Appendix N).

Objective ICT-2011.9.5: FET Flagship Initiative Preparatory Actions
FET Flagship Initiatives are visionary, science-driven, goal-oriented, large-scale, multidisciplinary research initiatives nucleated from ICT future and emerging technologies. The goals of such an initiative should be highly ambitious, requiring cooperation among a range of scientific disciplines and research topics going beyond the ICT programme. FET Flagship Initiatives are envisioned to be long term programmes on a scale much beyond current FET Proactive Initiatives. The overarching nature and magnitude implies that they can only be realised through a federated effort of the different scientific communities, along with Member States and funding agencies at all levels, and where appropriate, global partners and industry.

As part of the FET Flagship Initiatives setup process, this objective calls for actions, of a maximum duration of 12 months, to outline the overall and unifying goal and key scientific or technological breakthroughs for a candidate FET Flagship Initiative; to create a broad support from the scientific community, from key players such as Member States, funding agencies and as appropriate, from global partners; and a detailed plan for the operational realisation with identification of resources.

Specific aspects to consider are:

  • Ambition: the goal should be a breakthrough involving major challenges in science and technology, requiring a large federated effort, and justified via comparison with existing activities and state of the art
  • Impact: a clear leverage effect, substantial progress and major innovation in science and technology; affecting European competitiveness, industry, society, governance and sustainability
  • Integration: an operational framework describing why and how relevant disciplines, stakeholders and resources will be brought together at European or larger scale, and how they can be coordinated in an efficient way
  • Plausibility: the different areas of research should be at appropriate level to be assembled into a well-defined roadmap with reasonable milestones

Target Outcome

Proposals should address only one of the following two outcomes:

  1. Complete design and description of a consolidated candidate FET Flagship Initiative, including its implementation and operation, and an assessment of the feasibility in scientific, technical and financial terms. This includes a well-defined goal, thoroughly justified in terms of scientific advance and impact, an implementation roadmap, the identification of resources, an operational framework, and the commitment of stakeholders. It should present clear evidence of maturity, capacity and commitment from key stakeholders (in particular scientific communities, Member States, funding agencies and global partners) to embark on a joint effort with adequate level of integration in place, including the alignment of research agendas and combination of resources, to enable the launch of the FET Flagship Initiative by 2013.
  2. Support to the setup of candidate FET Flagship Initiatives by coordination of common issues, such as establishment of common platforms to tackle frequent tasks or shared interests, organisation of joint events, promoting networking and interaction with the scientific community.

Expected Impact

  • A goal-driven, federated effort towards a key scientific or technological breakthrough that holds a strong potential for future technological innovation and economic exploitation over the longer term
  • Engagement from key stakeholders, in particular scientific communities, Member States, funding agencies and global partners
  • Launch of FET Flagship Initiatives that deliver through their implementation key benefits for science, technology, economy and society, and which will significantly contribute to the coordination of EU and national research programmes and initiatives.

Funding Scheme: CSA
Indicative Budget Distribution: EUR 10 million
Call: ICT call 6bis (together with the Call on PPP's)

Objective ICT-2011 9.6: FET Proactive: Unconventional Computation (UCOMP)
Nature (e.g. living cells), and our physical environment in general, shows many unconventional ways of information processing, such as those based on (bio-)chemical, natural, wetware, DNA, molecular, amorphous, reversible, ternary, fluidics or analogue computing. These are generally very sophisticated, ingenious and highly effective for specific purposes, but sufficient knowledge (either from a theoretical or an engineering perspective) to properly exploit, mimic, or adapt these systems, is lacking.

The objective of this FET Proactive Initiative is to develop alternative approaches for situations or problems that are challenging or impossible to achieve with conventional methods and models of computation (i.e. von Neumann, Turing). Typical examples include computing in vivo, and performing massively parallel computation.

The focus of this FET Proactive Initiative is beyond already existing initiatives that address quantum information foundations and technologies and quantum processing and communication, or investigate the brain as a source of computing power (as in existing Quantum ICT, Neuro-IT and Brain-Inspired ICT Proactive Initiatives).

Target outcomes

Foundations for a radically new kind of information processing technology based on unconventional paradigms. The proposed concept should be developed within the framework of a broader, long-term vision on its potential implementation and impact.

Projects should:

  1. pursue information processing, respecting the link between computation and the physico-chemical properties of its embodiment.
  2. strengthen the theoretical foundations in the area, keeping a strong focus on their potential application in (future) systems and devices.
  3. demonstrate key steps towards physical information processing systems, including appropriate construction, organisation, adaptation and operation methodologies.
  4. develop an appropriate interface to conventional IT systems and devices, wherever relevant

Expected impact

  • Contribution to solutions based on a radically new kind of computation.
  • Possible contributions beyond the area of information and communication technologies (e.g. health, environment or security)
  • World-class international research cooperation and global alliances established in this research area, in particular with participants from USA, Canada, New Zealand and Japan.

Funding schemes: STREP
Indicative budget distribution: EUR 15 million
Call: ICT call 8

Objective ICT-2011.9.7: FET Proactive: Dynamics of Multi-Level Complex Systems (DyM-CS)
Many artificial and natural systems are characterized by a high level of differentiation in structure and organization. Such systems exist in areas as diverse as the Internet, energy management, climate, financial markets, infrastructures (including ICT systems), biology, transport, epidemics, meteorology, urban planning, social simulation and policy impact assessment. In order to describe and control these systems there is a need to observe and reconstruct their dynamics and make sense of large amounts of heterogeneous data gathered on various scales.

Most of the above areas have a world-wide relevance and would benefit from an international effort in collecting and sharing data, models and from looking for a general, common theoretical approach. The science of complex systems (CSS) offers a framework for this theoretical approach.

The objective of this Initiative is to make steps towards a general theory on complex systems though contributions in the area of dynamics of multi-level systems.

Target outcomes:

  1. New mathematical and computational formalisms on dynamics of multi-level systems, developed and validated on real-world applications involving large and heterogeneous data sets. This could involve, for example, addressing emergence of and interactions between scales, combining the concepts of ‘programmability’ and ‘self-organisation’, or addressing 'out of equilibrium’ considerations. Priority application areas could include any complex system that presents clearly defined challenges to ICT and/or have a relevant user/social/economic component. Through these areas, CSS should be able to provide solutions for current ICT systems or lay the foundations for new ICT paradigms. For the validation, appropriate organizational structures should be chosen, e.g. large socio-technological systems, complex biological organisms or large organizations that could be validation partners and test the theory and simulation on themselves.
  2. World-class international research cooperation, global alliances in this research area, and links with similar actions outside Europe, in particular with participants from USA, Japan, New Zealand and China.

Expected impact

  • Progress towards a general theory on complex systems
  • New ICT-based methods and principles for the management of large scale systems, including ICT systems themselves.
  • Better understanding of structural patterns (e.g. resilience, sensitivity to failure) of complex systems in socio-economic and technological areas.

Funding schemes

  • a): IP, STREP
  • b): CSA, including at least two partners from non-EU countries.

Indicative budget distribution

  • IP/STREP: EUR 22 million
  • CSA: EUR 1 million

Call: ICT call 8

Objective ICT-2011.9.8: FET Proactive: Minimising Energy Consumption of Computing to the Limit (MINCON)
The energy consumption of computing technologies becomes more and more an obstacle to realizing new functionalities in, for instance, mobile or distributed applications, and limits performance. It also has an increasing impact on energy supply and environment. Since energy efficiency of today's technologies is orders of magnitude above the theoretical limits, disruptive solutions and radically new approaches are needed to close this gap.

Target outcomes:

Proposals should lay the foundations for radically new technologies for computation that strive for the theoretical limits in energy consumption while maintaining or even enhancing functionality and performance.

At least one of the following outcomes should be addressed:

  1. New elementary devices and inter-device-communication mechanisms operating at the limits of minimum energy consumption.
  2. Novel computing paradigms with radically improved energy efficiency. Examples include efficient information coding, energy efficient approaches inspired by biology, post-Boolean logics and computing taking into account uncertainty, randomness and unreliability resulting from low-energy device properties.
  3. Software models and programming methodologies supporting the strive for the energetic limit (e. g. energy cost awareness or exploiting the trade-off between energy and performance/precision).

Proposals should aim for a proof of concept and investigate the viability of the approach. The expected energy gain should be indicated, and the proposal should foresee to investigate efficiency metrics or benchmarks beyond the number of operations per Watt in order to verify gains by the end of the project.

Expected impact

  • Understanding of theoretical limits of energy efficiency in computation (e.g. energy dissipation, thermodynamic and quantum physics limits)
  • Foundations of computing technologies with negligible energy consumption
  • Reducing the environmental impact caused by the energy consumption of ICT towards the theoretical limit.

Funding schemes: STREP
Indicative budget distribution: EUR 15 million
Call: ICT call 8

Objective ICT-2011 9.9: FET Proactive: Quantum ICT (QICT) including ERA-NET-Plus
The objective is to conceive theoretically and develop experimentally novel and powerful technological applications of quantum coherence and entanglement. In particular, projects should develop a new conceptual platform for a family of potentially disruptive technologies, advance their scope and breadth and speed up the process of bringing them from the lab to the real world.

Target outcomes

The results obtained should push forward the boundaries of our knowledge and ensure a constant progress in the quantum ICT area, in particular by

  1. Demonstration of quantum simulators capable to operate on quantum many-particle systems and to simulate technologically relevant systems (e.g. coupled systems in condensed matter, new materials and chemical compounds).
  2. Demonstration of hybrid systems linking different quantum bit realizations (e.g. by bridging atomic/molecular and optical systems with condensed matter systems). Possible devices include those that interconnect different qubit memories and quantum information carriers, and quantum repeaters.
  3. Novel quantum devices exploiting entanglement and quantum coherence as a resource, such as quantum sensing, imaging, measurement and communication
  4. Enabling methods and technologies to support aforementioned outcomes (e.g., the control of coherent operations with many quantum bits in the experimental domain, or the search for new algorithms and protocols in the theoretical domain.)
  5. A joint call for proposals on QICT, to be funded through an ERA-NET-Plus action between national and/or regional grant programmes.

STREPs should address at least one of the research foci a)-d), IPs should address two or more of these foci.

Expected impact

  • Significant technological achievements with higher performance and superior energy efficiency such as entanglement assisted sensors and metrology
  • Better understanding of the dynamics of complex systems and phenomena and design of novel artificial materials with tailored properties through quantum simulators and computers
  • Extending the distance of secure quantum links through quantum repeaters based on hybrid systems
  • Closer cooperation and greater alignment between the participating national/regional research programmes through an ERA-NET-Plus action

Funding schemes

  • a)-d): STREP, IP
  • e): ERA-NET-Plus

Indicative budget distribution

  • a)-d): EUR 15 million
  • e): EUR 7 million

Call: ICT call 9

(Any funds remaining following the selection of an ERA-NET-Plus action will be transferred to IP/STREP actions under this Objective)

Objective ICT-2011 9.10: FET Proactive: Fundamentals of Collective Adaptive Systems (FOCAS)
The socio-technical fabric of our society more and more depends on systems that are constructed as a collective of heterogeneous components and that are tightly entangled with humans and social structures. Their components increasingly need to be able to evolve, collaborate and function as a part of an artificial society.

A key feature of Collective Adaptive Systems (CASs) is that they comprise many units/nodes, which have their own individual properties, objectives and actions. Decision-making is distributed and possibly highly dispersed and interaction between the units may lead to the emergence of new and/or unexpected phenomena and behaviours. Also, they are open, in that nodes may enter or leave the collective at any time, and boundaries between different CASs are fluid. The units themselves can be highly heterogeneous (computers, robots, agents, devices, biological entities, networks, etc), each operating at different temporal and spatial scales, and having different (potentially conflicting) objectives and goals.

The objective of this FET Proactive Initiative is to establish a foundational framework for CASs.

Target outcomes

  1. Operating Principles: principles by which CASs can operate. These should go beyond existing control and optimisation theories, taking into account the diversity of objectives within the system, the necessity to resolve conflicts, the need for long term stability, and the need to reason in the presence of partial, noisy, out-of-date and inaccurate information
  2. Design Principles: principles necessary to build and manage CASs, such as enabling the emergence of behaviour and facilitating prediction and control of those behaviours. These principles should exploit the inherent concurrency and include methods for system validation.
  3. Evolutionary Properties: properties concerning the evolutionary nature of CASs, e.g. open-ended (unbounded) evolutionary systems, the trade-off and interaction between learning and evolution, and the effect of evolution on operating and design principles.

IPs should address all three target outcomes. STREPs should address all but have a main focus.

Expected impact

  • New functionalities for adaptive ICT systems enabled through novel principles, methods and technologies for designing and operating collective adaptive systems
  • New insights into the general properties of large scale distributed systems

Funding schemes: IP, STREP
Indicative budget distribution: EUR 23 million
Call: ICT call 9

Objective ICT-2011 9.11: FET Proactive: Neuro-Bio-Inspired Systems (NBIS)
Brains are remarkable computing systems which clearly outperform conventional architectures in many real-world tasks. Computational neuroscience has made tremendous progress in uncovering the key principles by which neural systems process information, and ICT has advanced to a point where it is possible to integrate a comparable number of transistors in a VLSI system as neurons in a mammalian brain. Yet, we are still unable to develop artificial neural systems with basic "thinking" abilities equivalent to those of even simple insect brains.

In particular, this objective addresses the need to:

  • learn more about the relationship between structure, dynamics and function in neuronal circuits and assemblies, and how information is represented or “coded” in a brain.
  • develop deeper and more comprehensive theories of neural processing, possibly building on results obtained in the domains of dynamic and complex systems.
  • close the gap between neuroscience and engineering by further motivating interdisciplinary work that ties data with theories, novel computing paradigms, models and implementations

Target outcome

  1. Developing and applying radically new neural recording, imaging or interfacing concepts and designs for a deeper understanding of neural information processing.
  2. New multi-scale dynamical theories of neural representation for the development of neuro-bio-ICT systems that can perform high-level tasks (such as robust object recognition, or classification), going beyond purely sensory-driven information processing.
  3. Development and prototyping of modular brain-like computing architectures that combine neural processing primitives to give an improved understanding of brain function and facilitate the design of more complex processing systems for real-time and optimized performance.
  4. World-class international research cooperation and global alliances in this research area, and links with similar actions outside Europe, in particular with participants from USA and Japan.

IP/STREP proposals should address at least 2 of a), b) and c). CSA proposal should address d).

Expected impact

  • New computing paradigms leading to advanced bio-inspired sensing and processing systems, which are naturally able to learn and adapt
  • New concepts leading to new brain-computer interface technologies
  • New collaborations between researchers in multiple disciplines spanning engineering, physical and life science domains.
  • World-class international research cooperation, global alliances in this research area, and links with similar actions outside Europe, in particular with participants from USA, Japan and BRIC countries.

Funding schemes

  • a-c): IP, STREP
  • d): CSA

Indicative budget distribution

  • IP/STREP: EUR 22 million
  • CSA: EUR 1 million

Call: ICT call 9

Objective ICT-2009.9.12: Coordinating Communities, Identifying new research topics for FET Proactive initiatives and Fostering Networking of National and Regional Research Programmes:
Target Outcome

  1. Actions supporting the coordination and cooperation of the targeted research communities, assessing the impact and proposing measures to increase the visibility of the initiative to the scientific community, to targeted industries and to the public at large through dedicated events and/or media campaigns. These actions should also foster the consolidation of research agendas.
  2. Actions supporting and promoting international cooperation with non-EU research teams in foundational research on topics in future and emerging technologies, with a balanced participation from partners in the EU and from target countries.
  3. Short duration actions (typically 6-12 Months) to organise consultations of multi-disciplinary communities to formulate novel and widely supported FET research topics. Proposals should concentrate on new emerging areas of research complementing the FET Proactive Initiatives portfolio. They may consolidate, revisit, or widen topics elicited in earlier calls and previous consultations on the work programme, or bridge with emerging new communities established through FET Open projects. The main objective should be to identify and motivate one or more new research avenues from a global perspective, the associated fundamental challenges, and to analyse the expected impact on science, technology and society.
  4. Actions to organise conferences and workshops which should foster dialogue between science, policy and society on the role and challenges of interdisciplinary ICT related long-term research towards the development of policy options for increasing Europe's creativity and innovation base. It should also bridge diverse European research communities and disciplines and stimulate the creation of new research collaborations empowering Europe to take the lead in future information and communication technologies.
  5. ERA-NET actions fostering the networking of FET research activities conducted at national or regional level, facilitating the mutual opening of national and regional research programmes where appropriate. These actions should involve in particular national and/or regional research programme owners and aim at the eventual launch of an ERA-NET-Plus action in a subsequent phase.

Proposals should focus exclusively on one of the target outcomes.

Expected impact

  • Reinforced coordination of research projects in FET Proactive Initiatives in current or previous calls, strengthening research excellence and co-operation with partners from outside Europe.
  • Structuring and integrating effects through ERA-NET actions
  • Novel widely supported and well motivated research topics to be considered as inputs for future ICT work programmes.
  • Early identification and increased awareness of new trends emerging on a global scale in support of future proactive initiatives
  • Increased visibility of the FET community and links between European research communities

Funding Scheme: CSA

Indicative Budget Distribution

  • EUR 3 million in call 7 of which 2,5 million will be reserved for CSA under focus e)
  • EUR 3 million in call 8
  • EUR 2,5 million in call 9


  • ICT call 7 (foci c, d and e)
  • ICT call 8 (foci a, b, c and d)
  • ICT call 9 (foci a, b, c and d)

Special initiatives
Objective ICT-2011.9.13 Exa-scale computing, software and simulation
Target outcomes:

a) Exascale computing
The target is to develop a small number of advanced computing platforms with extreme performance (100 petaflop/s in 2014 with potential for exascale by 2020), as well as application codes that are optimised for these platforms and are driven by the computational needs of today's grand challenges such as climate change, energy, industrial design and manufacturing, systems biology and others.

These platforms should either rely on proprietary hardware by vendors or on COTS (Components-Off-The-Shelf for chipsets, memory, interconnects etc.). They should address the major challenges of extreme parallelism with millions of cores in the areas of programming models, compilers and intelligent relocation techniques, runtime support, operating systems, algorithms, memory access latency, interconnects, power consumption and system resilience.

All software should be developed as open source.

Each project should bring together (a) one or more supercomputing centres taking a leading role in system software development; (b) technology and system suppliers, including one or more system vendors in case the development targets future machines of a particular vendor; and (c) industrial or academic centres to co-develop a small number of exa-scaled application codes, with clear responsibility assigned to one centre for each code. Each project should split the effort roughly 40/60 in applications and simulation vs. systems development.

Proposals should demonstrate synergies with efforts under the Capacities programme on the deployment of leadership-class HPC (High Performance Computing) systems.

Project selection will attempt a balance between application domains and exascale computing approaches. Two to three projects are expected to be funded, including international cooperation components that are complementary to European expertise and essential to address the exa-scale grand challenge.

b) Coordination of international cooperation
Supporting a common European strategy and a driving role for European stakeholders in international efforts on the development of future extreme-scale HPC systems (assessing application needs, road-mapping, exploring cooperation models, etc). Additional international cooperation activities could take place under target outcome (a).

Expected impact:

  • Europe in the frontline of international efforts for the development of HPC system software and tools; ultimately, this action should reinforce and prepare European industry and research organisations to achieve a world-leading position in the supply and operation of HPC systems.
  • European excellence in exascale level simulation codes for the benefit of policy making, society and industrial competitiveness; emergence of top-class simulation centres for exa-scale systems in Europe, enabling scientific breakthroughs and providing competitive benefits to industry.
  • Strengthened European industry supplying HPC systems, software, tools and related technologies.
  • Reinforced cooperation in the context of the international endeavours on exascale software and systems.

Funding schemes: a): IP, b) CSA

Indicative budget distribution:

  • IP: EUR 24 million
  • CSA: EUR 1 million

Call: ICT Call 7

Objective ICT-2011.9.14 Joint Call ICT-SSH on 'Science of Global Systems'
Progress in global systems dynamics is required to understand better the interactions between ecological and socio-economic systems and to improve their ability to respond to global environmental change. This is particularly needed because current system failures are challenging the underlying assumptions of traditional research models that do not include a systemic view. Global coordination requires new developments in science based on global system models that span the whole range from local regional to global multi-national decision making. A science of global systems must pay special attention to the interface with policy and society to better ground the scientific tools. IT will support the massive needs in computing and data handling capacity of this science and help establishing new links between science, policy and society.

Target outcomes:

  • Improve use of data and knowledge from the past to choose between options for the future: Tools to represent uncertainty and to construct chains of causality (narratives) from models and data to outcomes for use in socio-political decision processes.
  • Strengthen model/data pragmatics: ICT tools for better use-centred modelling techniques and user-pertinent data collection and improved user-model interaction. Methods to simplify system models to better address their use in a policy decision context.
  • Understanding of distributed multilevel policy decision processes. Identify system patterns relevant for properties like resilience, vulnerability, and regime shift tendencies.
  • Use and develop formal languages, constructive type theory and domain specific languages to make policy interfaces of models more adaptable to changing contexts.

Expected impact:

  • Better links between modellers and stakeholders facilitated by new policy-relevant concepts in modelling of global systems.
  • Overcome fragmentation in research in various policy-relevant models resulting in a better uptake of modelling results for global coordination of policies.
  • Impact will be measured by policy uptake in targeted areas: socio-ecological system and climate change impacts, innovation as a global system, dynamics of the financial system and new models for economy

Funding scheme: STREP
Indicative budget distribution: EUR 2.5 million (ICT contribution)
Call: Joint call between RDT and INFSO - ICT Call 7 and DG RTD call 8 (2010)

6.10 International Cooperation

Objective ICT-2009.10.1 EU-Brazil Research and Development cooperation

[text still under development]

Brazil’s unique demand in areas such as agriculture, environment, energy and health call for a widespread use of advanced technologies in order to efficiently tackle its continental scale challenges. For the rest of the world the solution for such challenges sets paradigms as to how they can be tackled anywhere else.

At the same time, Brazil is quickly building an impressive research and development environment in microelectronics and microsystems, already reaching in many areas a degree of excellence comparable to Europe and elsewhere.

Historically there have been various successful examples of collaborative efforts between Brazil and European countries, albeit on a limited scale and on an ad hoc basis. Very importantly, in recent years various European research institutions have been establishing offices in Brazil for more formal and long-lasting ties.

Therefore, beyond collaborative efforts founded on application opportunities there is a strong, demonstrated potential for building alliances between the Brazilian and European R&D communities.

Topic 1: Microelectronics/Microsystems
Target Outcomes

  1. Methodology, design blocks and specific design tools that complement and go beyond the capabilities of commercially available software in the areas of: design of integrated multi-technology systems, ultra low power design, RF design, design of energy efficient systems, methodology and tools for system in package and 3D integration;
  2. Heterogeneous Microsystems integration and packaging technologies. Sensor technology, integrated solutions encompassing all aspects for technological uptake, from sensor networks and RFIDs to standardisation including energy scavenging.

The focus of this effort should be on the technology development and the build-up of technology infrastructure rather than exclusively on applications.

Specifically encouraged applications areas to be used as proof of concept and demonstration vehicles are: monitoring, tracking and traceability in areas that include environment, food quality, agriculture, logistics and public transport. Supporting technologies for solar energy exploration such as converters and energy storage; Electric power trains in vehicles; telemedicine solutions and tools for the early diagnostics of endemic and epidemic diseases.

Expected Impact

  • Closer cooperation between materials, equipment and component suppliers, integrators, manufacturing plants and institutes on both sides of the Atlantic. Strong involvement of industry participants interacting closely with research organisations and users.
  • Increased knowledge and skills at the frontier of smart component and smart systems integration, increased efficiency and effectiveness of smart components and smart systems engineering contributing to the competitiveness of the European industry involved, increased attractiveness to investments and putting research organisations in leading positions
  • Contributing to environment protection through smart solutions for energy management and distribution, smart control of electrical drives, smart logistics or energy-efficient facility management

Topic 2: Control Systems
Target Outcomes

Engineering of Networked Monitoring and Control Systems, emphasising the engineering challenges associated with networked cooperative embedded and control elements, including WSNs-Wireless Sensor Networks, for monitoring and control of complex large-scale systems with a view to improve system efficiency in terms of energy and raw materials.

Challenges to be addressed include, but are not limited to, scalability, self-configuration, availability, self-healing, context awareness, including location awareness, reconfigurability, adaptability, networking in harsh environments, mix of real-time, quasi-real-time and non-real-time constraints and optimisation taking into consideration price signals, plus associated programming development as well as operations and management tools and platforms.

Expected Impact

  • Closer cooperation between materials, equipment and component suppliers, integrators, manufacturing plants and institutes on both sides of the Atlantic. Strong involvement of industry participants interacting closely with research organisations and users.
  • Increased knowledge and skills at the frontier of smart component and smart systems integration, increased efficiency and effectiveness of smart components and smart systems engineering contributing to the competitiveness of the European industry involved, increased attractiveness to investments and putting research organisations in leading positions
  • Contributing to environment protection through smart solutions for energy management and distribution, smart control of electrical drives, smart logistics or energy-efficient facility management

Topic 3: Future Internet - experimental facilities
Target Outcomes

A shared experimental communication infrastructure, at large scale, supporting access to mobile and/or wireless technologies, interconnected or federated with existing FIRE/Future Internet infrastructures. These flexible network experimental facilities can be based on the integration of a large-scale optical transport network with a variety of access technologies, including wireless. The testing of the interconnection and interoperability may include, as experience pilots, the development and test of concrete advanced applications and services of public utility, in target areas such as: education, telemedicine, environmental and climate monitoring, applications supporting biodiversity.

The underlying emerging technologies and research areas to be considered and investigated should be the most suitable for this kind of developments, e.g. network virtualization, delay-tolerant networks, opportunistic communications, people-centred and content-centred routing / naming / addressing schemes.

The developments should be based on open standards with open Application Programming Interfaces, such as Openflow or InterCloud communications, and consider existing activities (e.g. Onelab, Federica, Panlab, ORBIT-OMF).

Expected Impact

Creating a large-scale experimental facility for Future Internet research in Brazil, involving the Brazilian network research community and associated industry, federated with similar facilities in Europe, to lower entry barriers and promote competition in the development and experimental validation of proposals for new network architectures, services and applications of public utility.

Topic 4: Future Internet - security
Security and trust are important conditions for ensuring the wider use of ICT and countering the "Digital Divide". There are two complementary and timely initiatives taking place in Europe and Brazil: The Future Internet Assembly and the provision of broadband access to digital information, which aim to maximise uptake of valued trustworthy services for citizens the Information Society.

Target Outcomes

In order to deliver an environment that can guarantee digital inclusion for all citizens, independent of their educational, cultural and economic environment, the following challenges must be addressed in an integrated manner:

  1. The development of trusted communications infrastructures providing consistent user access to services independent of cost, location, service type, access device. Addressing control and security of personal data, device independent access, user profile management, ensure same quality of experience irrespective of chosen access device, quality of service and accessibility are import element of this challenge.
  2. The development of application service environment(s) providing secure and consistent access to functionality irrespective of access device, access network and service provider network. Issues associated with citizen data management and handling such as access, storage, protection and accountability are key elements of this challenge
  3. Personalisation, usability and accessibility regardless of educational and technical background is key to citizen empowerment. Addressing the issues of trust and security up front are necessary for the successful acceptance and uptake of the digital inclusion environments. Citizens will benefit from these environments; however, in order to use them, they will need to trust them without undue technical burdens and they must satisfy citizens needs and circumstances.

The wrapping of these key research topics with the required Trust and Security is one of the most important challenges of this new communications environment. The level of engagement within this environment will be highly dependant on the level of security provided.

Expected Impact

Creating an environment for digital inclusion with globally relevant solutions that are trusted by citizens and that incorporate technological, social and legal requirements.

Topic 5: Future Internet - e-Infrastructures
Target Outcomes

An e-Infrastructure enabling collaboration on taxonomy and virtual & remote instrumentation, with particular emphasis on biodiversity and climatology. More specifically, R&D should address:

  • Open Source platforms and organisational structures in support of geographically dispersed scientific communities cooperating on biodiversity informatics and taxonomy. This should allow the creation of Open Source Taxonomy platforms both as enablers of biodiversity collaborative research and as educational environments.
  • Remote operation of scientific instruments and virtual observatories that take advantage of Brazil's geographical position and climatic conditions (e.g. in astronomy and climate research). Integrated and easy to use interfaces should be created to provide scientists with seamless access to the infrastructure (e.g. to data pools, electronic publication of the biodiversity-taxonomic data, data curation tools, networking collaboration tools, etc.).
  • Simulation and visualization tools and storage of results for later reuse.

Expected Impact

The creation of a state of the art e-Infrastructure which exploits the computational and data resources on both sides, enabling the EU and Brazil to address grand challenges in science and society. Bringing together the taxonomy and Open Source communities will facilitate the former to progress towards Open Science, Access and management in various scientific fields.

Funding schemes: STREP
Indicative budget distribution: EUR 5 million
Call: ICT Call 7

Objective ICT-2009.10.2 EU-Russia Research and Development cooperation

[text still under development]

Target outcomes

(a) Programming Models and Runtime Support
Programming models to address programmability and portability issues for multicore and accelerator based systems. Work should focus on developing or selecting specifications of generic and portable programming models (e.g. via languages, directives or library APIs) and provide implementations (compilers and runtime support libraries) on heterogeneous multicore and accelerator based nodes. The models should address the integration issues between system level and node level models in hybrid programming styles as well as compatibility between different low level devices (GPUs, FPGAs,...). This includes flexible and efficient mechanisms for synchronization and locality handling. Efforts to evaluate the developed environments in comparison to other alternatives would be desirable.

(b) Performance Analysis Tools for High-Performance Computing
Portable and efficient performance measurement, analysis, and modeling tools to support hybrid programming (e.g., mixed MPI/OpenMP/Accelerator) both on homogeneous and heterogeneous multicore hardware architectures and accelerators including GPUs and FPGAs. Tools should be targeted towards abstract characterisations of the performance of applications hiding the user from the specifics of given hardware platform from the whole system down to the level of separate low-level units.

(c) Optimisation, Scalability and Porting of Codes
Optimisation and scaling of application codes to thousands of cores including porting of codes to new (heterogeneous or homogeneous) multicore hardware architectures, using advanced methods, technologies, and tools. Examples include: use of new methods for mesh generation, new solver parallelisation, various forms of task and data parallelisation, utilization of specific accelerators, including GPU and FPGA. Scientific computing domains and application domains are focused on, but not limited to: CFD, molecular dynamics, electromagnetic, biology, seismic signal processing and remote sensing.

Expected impacts

  • Improved understanding of the advantages/disadvantages/applicability of programming models
  • Improved programmability of parallel computing systems
  • Significant advances in the state-of-the-art in hybrid parallel programming methodologies
  • Development of tools to support mixed-mode programming and programming of heterogeneous architectures
  • Significant adavces in the state-of-the-art in optimisation and scalability methodologies. Effective measurements of improved performance and comparison between various types of parallelisation will be valuable
  • Porting of codes to bigger number of cores
  • Increased cooperation between EU and Russian organisations

Funding Schemes: STREP
Indicative budget breakdown: EUR 4 million
Call: INCO Russia

Objective ICT-2009.10.3 : International partnership building and support to dialogues
Target outcome

a) Support to dialogues with strategic partner countries and regions, to create cooperative research links between European organisations and partners in third countries

The aim is to support dialogues between the European Commission and strategic partner countries and regions, and to increase cooperation with strategic third countries and third country organisations in collaborative ICT R&D both within FP7 and under third country programmes. This could include in particular:

  • the identification and analysis of ICT research priorities in third countries, and the provision of recommendations for future co-operation initiatives, including e.g. coordinated calls, and the facilitation of access of European organisations to third country programmes,
  • the organisation of events synchronised with dialogue meetings, providing input and follow-up for example on common R&D priorities, opportunities and challenges,
  • the strengthening of cooperative research links between European organisations and relevant organisations in third countries, with the aim of establishing strategic partnerships,

Targeted countries/regions: ACP, Asia, Eastern Europe and Central Asia, High Income Countries, Latin America, Mediterranean Partner Countries and West Balkan Countries.

b) Enable Partnership building in low and middle income countries
The aim is to leapfrog from traditional promotion support action projects and launch a set of targeted research projects (STREP/SICAs) addressing at the same time technology and business model innovations. Specific technological targets could include for example low-cost technologies, intuitive user interfaces and local content provisioning.

Targeted countries: Low and middle income countries., including Africa

Expected impact

  • Reinforcement of strategic partnerships with selected countries and regions in areas of mutual interest and added value in jointly addressing important issues.
  • Reinforced international dimension of the EU ICT research programme and higher level of international cooperation with low and middle income countries in ICT R&D with a focus on areas where the EU has a comparative advantage and where there are new leadership opportunities for Europe.

Activities under this objective should be covered in balanced partnership with relevant third country organisations. Consortia are strongly encouraged to include, as appropriate, leading research centres/universities, relevant industry representation, third country multipliers (e.g. national research authorities/agencies), communication specialists and/or experienced market research organisations.

Funding schemes: Part a) CSA (Support Actions) Part b) STREP/SICA
Indicative budget distribution: Total 6 M€, of which 4 M€ for part a) in ICT Call 7; 2 M€ for part b) in ICT Call 9.
Calls: ICT Call 7; ICT Call 9

6.11 Horizontal Actions

Objective ICT-2009.11.1 Pre-Commercial Procurement Coordination Actions

[text still under development]

The objective is to develop and strengthen the networking and cooperation of public authorities in Europe active in the implementation of Pre-Commercial Procurement (PCP), with a view of establishing joint PCP calls for tender on topics of common European interest.

The minimum number of participants in the actions is three independent legal entities which are public authorities preparing for or already experienced in the implementation of PCP. Each of these must be established in a different Member or Associated State.

Eligible public authorities are:

  • Public purchasers, i.e. contracting agencies in the meaning of the public procurement Directives at all levels (local, regional, national and supra-national) that finance and/or manage public procurement programmes and have plans to incorporate PCP in their activities
  • Public authorities (e.g. public authorities managing research and innovation programmes) that are allowed and have plans to co-organise and/or co-finance with, or to provide financial incentives to, public purchasers to undertake PCP.

In addition to the minimum number of such public authorities, other legal entities which are stakeholders in the implementation of PCP may participate if their participation is well justified an adds value to the overall action.

Consortia shall demonstrate that they represent the necessary critical mass of public purchasers to trigger wide implementation of the solutions that will be specified and/or developed with clear financial commitments. In order to have a lasting impact, the co-operation developed during the actions should provide reliable indications that it could continue beyond the EU funding.

Actions shall cover the full PCP life cycle of solution design, prototyping, and original development of a limited volume of products/services in the form of a test series.

Actions can address for example public sector needs for new ICT solutions in healthcare, inclusion, e-government, transport, improved energy efficiency, environment, security etc.

This Objective complements the support to PCP actions under the specific Objectives in Health, Ageing and Photonics and is open to all areas that correspond to public sector needs.

Target outcome

Actions shall cover one or more of the following levels of cooperation and coordination between public authorities:

(1) Awareness raising and exchange of experiences
Systematic exchange of information and good practices on the implementation of PCP between public authorities, in particular public purchasers working in similar areas.

(2) Definition and preparation of joint PCP activities
Identifications of the areas which will be addressed in cooperation through PCP. This concerns the definition of mid-to-long term procurement plans and identification of elements thereof that require new R&D that could be procured through PCP. This should result in an action plan, which sets out common strategic issues and prepares for a concrete implementation of joint PCP activities.

Actions may include the allocation and training of additional resources within the participating public authorities that are devoted to develop a strategy for PCP implementation. It may also involve building links with other stakeholders (e.g. other public purchasers, national or regional authorities responsible for R&D and innovation programmes etc).

(3) Implementation of joint activities including financing of joint PCP call for tenders
Actions are encouraged to try to develop and implement, from an early stage, common, joint, strategic PCP activities – even if in a pilot form - such as:

  • Definition of joint specifications for a joint PCP call for tender and joint contribution to standardisation bodies (e.g. based on joint solution requirements specifications)
  • Establishing good practice procedures for multinational PCP evaluation and monitoring (common evaluation criteria and implementation methods).
  • Development of schemes for personnel exchange and joint training activities on pre-commercial procurement to help support a wider cooperation between public purchasers across Europe.
  • Specific cooperation agreements or arrangements between participants to prepare the ground for further trans-national pre-commercial procurement projects or programmes and ensure that potential legal obstacles are removed.
  • Financing and implementation of a joint trans-national PCP pilot action or programme.

Different constellations for joint procurement are allowed, such as common procurement entity and lead authority constellations. A common evaluation mechanism, including a common set of selection/award criteria, for evaluating the offers submitted to the joint PCP call for tender shall be foreseen. Detailed rules for companies to participate in the financed projects shall be defined by the public purchasers. The call organisers shall organise the PCP while respecting the Treaty principles and the specific requirements for PCP Coordination Actions in Annex X.

For actions that cover financing and implementation of a joint trans-national PCP pilot action or programme, a financial incentive is provided by 'topping-up' the contributions of the public purchasers participating to the joint PCP call for tender with additional EU funding. This joint PCP call for tender involves the award of pre-commercial procurement contracts to third parties participating in the PCP call for tender launched under the PCP Coordination Action. In these cases, the EU contribution shall take the form of a grant that will combine the reimbursement of eligible costs for the activities linked to the preparation and coordination of the joint PCP call for tender plus a 'top-up' of maximum 100% of the combined contributions of the public purchasers (for activities relating to the financing of the R&D to be performed by selected tenderers participating in the PCP).

Expected Impact

  • More forward-looking, concerted, public sector approach to societal challenges: Experience sharing on developing more forward looking public procurement strategies to bring radical improvements to the quality and efficiency of public services by triggering industry to develop new products and services for which there are no solutions on the market yet.
  • Cooperation between stakeholders across public sector domains and boundaries: Joining forces to develop common answers to societal challenges faced by the public sector across a number of EU Member or Associated States. Increased cooperation between stakeholders in different governmental departments or organisations involved in setting up PCP strategies.
  • Reduced fragmentation of public sector demand: Enabling public authorities to collectively develop and implement PCP strategies in areas, which due to their nature are better addressed jointly, or which they would not have been able to tackle independently. The creation of joint cross-border PCP calls for tender. Exploitation of synergies between national PCP initiatives.
  • Stronger critical mass on the demand side: Increased opportunities for wide market uptake and economies of scale for the supply side by forming critical mass on the public demand side, wide publication and contribution to standardisation of jointly defined public sector PCP solution requirements specifications, and wide dissemination of lessons learnt and results of cross border PCP activities across Europe.

Funding Scheme: CSA
Indicative budget distribution: EUR 3.5 million
Call: ICT Call TBC

7. Implementation of calls


Other expenditures TBC
The International Human Frontier Science Programme Organisation TBC
IMS Secretariat TBC

ICT Contribution to General FP7 Activities

Other contributions

Call title: ICT call 7

Call title: ICT call 8

Call title: ICT call 9

Public-Private Partnership "Factories of the Future" - Cross thematic cooperation between NMP and ICT

Call title: "Factories of the Future"-2011

Public-Private Partnership "Energy-efficient Buildings" - Cross thematic cooperation between NMP, ICT, ENERGY, ENVIRONMENT (including climate change)

Call title: "Energy-efficient Buildings"-2011

Public-Private Partnership "Green Cars": Cross-Thematic cooperation between NMP, Energy, Environment, Transport and ICT Themes

Call title: "ICT for Green Cars"-2011

Public-Private Partnership "Future Internet"
Call title: "Future Internet"-2011

Call title: FET Open

8. Indicative priorities for future calls

Challenges and public-private partnerships are expected to remain largely valid beyond the first and second work programmes as they express aims to be achieved in a 10-15 years timeframe. For the next work programmes, changes will take place within the scope of the Framework and Specific Programmes. They will take into account the experience from previous calls as well as technological developments, socio-economic evolutions and political priorities.

Appendix 1: Minimum number of participants


Appendix 2: Funding schemes


Appendix 3: Coordination of national or regional research programmes


Appendix 4: Distribution of budget commitment


Appendix 5: FET eligibility, evaluation, selection and award criteria



ANNEX X: Specific Requirements related to third party financing with EU funding through Pre-Commercial Procurement

[text still under development]

In accordance with the Decisions concerning the 7th Framework Programme and the 'Cooperation' Specific Programme, the provisions of Article 120(1) of the Council Regulation on the Financial Regulation and Article 184 (section on 'Implementation Contracts') of the Commission Regulation on the Implementing Rules of the FR shall be applicable with regard to the financing provided by the beneficiaries of the Community grant (the participating public purchasers in the PCP CAs) to third parties (the tenderers participating in the pre-commercial procurement selected following PCP calls for tender launched under these actions).

In accordance with the above articles, the following requirements are applicable to PCP calls for tender launched under PCP CAs to ensure that the conditions for the Article 16f/24e exemption of the public procurement directives are respected, that the risk-benefit sharing in pre-commercial procurement takes place according to market conditions and that the Treaty principles are fully respected throughout the pre-commercial procurement process:

  • The consortium of public purchasers should verify that the topic proposed for the joint PCP call for tender would fit the scope of an R&D services contract.
  • The practical set-up foreseen for the pre-commercial procurement shall be clearly announced in the PCP contract notice. This shall include the intention to select multiple companies to start the pre-commercial procurement in parallel, as well as the number of phases and the expected duration of each phase.
  • Functional specifications shall be used in order to formulate the object of the PCP tender as a problem to be solved without prescribing a specific solution approach to be followed.
  • In view of triggering tenderers to send in innovative offers that include R&D that can bring breakthrough improvements to the quality and efficiency of public services, the selection of offers shall not be based on lowest price only. The PCP contracts shall be awarded to the tenders offering best value for money, that is to say, to the tender offering the best price-quality ratio, while taking care to avoid any conflict of interests. Award criteria shall be used that include besides the 'ability to address the problem posed in the tender' also the 'technological quality & innovativeness' and the 'added value for society/economy'. The 'added value for society/economy' criteria should besides plain cost aspects also take into account the added value brought to improving the quality and effectiveness of public services and the associated benefits for the whole society and economy. The criteria that are chosen must be specified in such a way as to be readily understandable, quantifiable and verifiable.
  • In respect of the Treaty principles the public purchasers shall ensure EU wide publication for he PCP call for tender in at least English and shall evaluate all offers according to the same objective criteria regardless of the geographic location of company head offices, company size or governance structure. The pre-commercial procurement process should be organised so as to stimulate companies to locate a relevant portion of the R&D and operational activities related to the pre-commercial development contract in the European Economic Area or a country having concluded a Stabilisation and Association Agreement with the EU.
  • In pre-commercial procurement, the public purchaser does not reserve the R&D results exclusively for its own use. To ensure that such an arrangement is beneficial both for the public purchaser and for the companies involved in pre-commercial procurement, R&D risks and benefits are shared between them in such a way that both parties have an incentive to pursue wide commercialisation and take up of the new solutions. Therefore, for PCP CAs ownership rights of IPRs generated by a company during the PCP contract should be assigned to that company. The public purchasers should be assigned a free licence to use the R&D results for internal use and they should be assigned the right to require participating companies to license IPRs to third parties under fair and reasonable market conditions.
  • In order to enable the public purchasers to establish the correct (best value for money) market price for the R&D service, in which case the presence of State aid can in principle be excluded according to the definition contained in Art. 87 (1) of the Treaty, the distribution of rights and obligations between public purchasers and companies participating in the PCP, including the allocation of IPRs, shall be published upfront in the PCP call for tender documents and the PCP call for tender shall be carried out in a competitive and transparent way in line with the Treaty principles which leads to a price according to market conditions, and does not involve any indication of manipulation. The consortium of public purchasers should ensure that the PCP contracts with participating companies contain a financial compensation according to market conditions compared to exclusive development price for assigning IPR ownership rights to participating companies, in order for the PCP call for tender not to involve state aid.
  • The pre-commercial procurement contract that will be concluded with each selected organisation shall take the form of one single framework contract covering all the pre-commercial procurement phases, in which the distribution of rights and obligations of the parties is published upfront in the tender documents and which does not involve contract renegotiations on rights and obligations taking place after the choice of participating organisations. This framework contract shall contain an agreement on the future procedure for implementing the different phases, including the format of the intermediate evaluations after the solution design and prototype development stages that progressively select organisations with the best competing solutions.

Appendix XX: Future Internet PPP programme logic, evaluation, selection and award criteria

The proposed PPP is aimed at producing results within a medium term time perspective. As such, it calls, in its final phases, for the eventual deployment of a large scale test and validation infrastructure that can be open to user driven innovation. The target infrastructure requires organising the work through two perspectives:

  • A horizontal perspective, covering the research, design, development and implementation of the core open network and service platform supporting various use cases.
  • A vertical perspective, deriving the platforms requirements from the target use case scenarios; covering the research, design, development and implementation of domain-specific instantiations of the core platform expected to be built on a selection of core platform generic capabilities complemented by domain-specific capabilities; and taking into account that a use case scenarios to be tested may involve requirements stemming from various "elementary" use cases (mash up of use cases).

Tight co-ordination between these two activities is imperative to ensure the success of the initiative. In order to maximise the impact, it is mandatory that "vertical" type projects run in parallel to "horizontal" type projects. On the other hand, it is not expected that the actors involved in the horizontal system development are exactly the same as those involved in the vertical use case part. Vertical projects fuel the horizontal projects with system/platform requirements, whilst horizontal projects fuel the vertical projects with technological and system constraints and awareness.

PPP requirements towards medium term impact, deployment and innovation, and information flow across projects drive the following requirements:

  • The PPP projects have to be selected not as a set of loosely coupled projects, but as a set of projects that can effectively exchange information among them, each one being as part of a consistent programme;
  • The PPP projects have to be implemented as a consistent set of projects over time (across subsequent calls);
  • The drive towards an experimental platform open to user driven innovation calls for the implementation of a limited set of interrelated projects, with critical mass;
  • The need to conceive the initiative as a programme calls for a programme support action handling the various non R&D issues that the programme has to face. This accompanying measure has to have clean interfaces with the R&D&I projects running in the various phases.
  • Similarly, the implementation of a public private partnership in this domain calls for the early identification of public infrastructure (local, regional, in cities..) that can be used in the context of the user driven use case pilots. Early identification of such infrastructures is needed to pave the way towards their further integration in the retained pilot use cases.
  • As the developed platform is subject to user driven trial in phase 3, it is necessary to put in place an operational board taking care of managing the access to the platform resources, potentially building on the FIRE mechanisms and experiences. This board should already be prepared under the second phase of the PPP implementation (call 2 of the PPP Work Programme);

Comment on evaluation criteria:
These needs require that dedicated evaluation criteria are put in place across the 3 envisaged PPP phases and areas of work. Whilst it can not be proposed to amend the three key evaluation criteria that have been adopted through legislative act, it is proposed to make use of the available flexibility in specifying the sub-criteria, such that they can be modulated to serve the required target output. In that context, and taking into account the objective of implementing a coherent set of projects with a comprehensive programmatic perspective, the weight of the three evaluation criteria should be adjusted:

  • The "impact" criterion (criterion 3) should represent the heaviest weight.
  • Second should be the consortium and the credibility of its industrial dimension (criterion 2).
  • Third in weight or at most equal to the weight for criterion 2 should be State of the Art and scientific value (criterion 1), with a focus on innovation rather than on progress of scientific knowledge.

Implementation Framework
The following boundary conditions should be considered to frame the project activities within a coherent programme context:

a) Phased Approach
The PPP is implemented in 3 subsequent phases. Each phase correspond to an ICT call, the third phase call being outside of this Work Programme. The envisaged phases tentatively cover the following issues:

Phase 1

  • Set the creation of the core platform and the development of the basic enablers in motion.
  • Engage a limited set of Usage areas in progressing their requirements on the Future Internet and how their business processes may be supported. They must also define their test scenarios and negotiate with available infrastructures to support their functionality. In addition they must begin preparing their domain specific functionality for their test and demonstration work.
  • Establish a programme support/governance activity that ensures the integration of the project activities across the programme and addresses not-technical issues to enhance the usefulness of the technical results.
  • Start the evaluation of test infrastructures and consider where investments need to be made to bring infrastructures to the level necessary to enable pilot implementations.
  • Start development of components and functional prototypes for the core platform and for the usage area instantiations.

Phase 2

  • Ensure the availability of the necessary test infrastructure.
  • Final selection of a limited set of use case scenarios driving the implementation of the first pilots.
  • Instantiate the platforms with the common enablers that would allow the tests/demonstrations to run.
  • Start limited scale trials and validation pilots.
  • Preparation of SME participation as application and service developers.
  • Prepare for integration of the large scale test and trial infrastructure on a pan European scale.

Phase 3 (Part of follow up work programme 2013)

  • Populate the test environments with a variety of applications to prove the feasibility of scale, use of common enablers and viability of the environments.
  • Involvement of SME as developers of test applications;
  • Increase the scope and functionality of common enablers and support the application work.
  • Maintenance of the test and demonstration infrastructure

Publication of results on interfaces, architectures and other reference points that can be used to support standardisation runs across the three phases.

b) Industry driven initiative
It is expected that the initiative will be driven by the European networking and services industries agreeing on a common specification of the Future Internet Core Platform to be developed. Research and academic organisations are expected to bring into the development their specific expertise, notably in terms of innovation and also piggybacking on earlier results/expertise achieved in relevant domains. An important contribution from outside the core ICT industry is also expected, especially for what concerns the "Use Case" projects.

c) Programme-level collaboration requirements
An efficient collaboration structure between all projects under all lines of activity, is a prerequisite for success and mandatory, including exchange of documents and concertation meetings. Open liaison and multiplier groups should be set-up and meet regularly in order to discuss and agree programme-level issues, to consolidate requirements and feedback from outside the consortium, and to pave the ground for broad acceptance and take-up of the European Future Internet community at large.

The table below tentatively outlines the collaboration requirements and flow of information across the various projects composing the initiative.


Use Case Projects

Core Platform

Infrastructure Support

Programme Support

Use Case Projects

Architectural model, common enablers, SDK/API's, interfacing requirements

Supported functionalities, Interface requirements, technological constraints

Co-ordination and planning of information from other projects, Interfaces and standards test and validation plans

Core Platform

Scenarios,, functional specifications, enabler, requirements

Supported functionalities, Interface requirements, technological constraints, virtualisation requirements

Co-ordination and planning of information from other projects, Interfaces and standards test and validation plans

Infrastructure Support

Interface requirements

Architectural model, common enablers, SDK/API's, interfacing requirements

Co-ordination and planning of information from other projects, Interfaces and standards, test and validation plans

Programme Support

Scenarios, reference implementations, test case scenarios, operational usability constraints

Architectural model, common enablers, SDK/API's, interfacing requirements, usability "cookbook"

Supported functionalities, Interface requirements, operational usability constraints

d) Expenditure Profile
The following table outlines the proposed funding profile:





Core Platform

1 IP


40 M€, 30%open

Use Case 1

Up to 8 IP @ 5M€


40 M€

Use Case 2

Up to 5 IP @ 13 M€


65 M€

Capacity building support

1 CSA @ 2 M€


3 M€

Infrastructure support, availability and integration

1 IP


12 M€

Programme management, support and dissemination

1 SA


10 M€


170 M€