Guidelines for Authors

Please submit your final paper by May 1, 2005 to:

Formatting Requirements

Document type

Please use either MSWord or RTF format

Page layout settings

(For Non-US authors) Margin settings: top 3 cm; bottom 3 cm; left 4.06; right 2.79 cm

(For US Authors) Margin settings: top 1.18 inches; bottom 1.18 inches; left 1.58 inches; right 1.18 inches

Please do not number your pages.


Times New Roman


Papers should be 3500 – 9000 words, including references.


Title [style: 20 point bold lettering, use essential capitals only. Start text from the left-hand margin]

Space - 2 blank lines

Author name [style: 12 point italics. Use author initials with full stops, not first names]

Affiliation [style: as author]

Address, country, telephone and fax numbers and e-mail address [style: as author]

Space - 3 blank lines

Abstract title [style: 10 point bold centred]

Abstract body [style: Main body of text in 10 point]

(Abstract should be 100-250 words)

Space - 1 blank line

Keywords [style: 10 point bold centred]

(please provide 5 to 10 key words or short phrases)

Space - 1 blank line

Heading Level 1: [style: 12 point roman capitals]

Text: [style: 10 point justified] Do not indent paragraphs which follow headings. Indent all other paragraphs by three character spaces. If necessary, you may exceed the length of the text area by one line in order to complete a section of text or paragraph. Type your paper in Times Roman font.

Space - 1 blank line

Heading Level 2: [style: 12 pt bold upper and lower case]

Heading Level 3: [style: 12 point italic upper and lower case, 1 line space above]

General points to remember:

Use minimal capitals, usually only for the first letter of headings, captions, chapter title names, proper nouns and acronyms and abbreviations.


Italics should be used for emphasis, but as sparingly as possible.


Ensure spelling style (US/UK) is consistent within the paper.


Use single quotes; %, not percent; do not use ampersands (&) except if quoting the name of an official organisation or company.


Use minimal hyphenation; do not hyphenate coordinate or ‘non’ words, such as nonlinear.


Use en-rules – (for linking number ranges, complexes, or for asides in the text); do not use em-rules (—).


Close up four-figure numbers but set five-figure numbers with a thin space, e.g. 4500 and 45 000.


Do not end headings with full stops. Do not start headings at the foot of a page or with only one line of text below; put the heading on the next page. Remember not to number any sections or paragraphs.

Tables: Tables should be placed in the text as close as possible to their citations. They generally look best at the top or bottom of the page. Centre each table on the text width. Number tables Table 1, 2, 3 and so on.

Punctuation: Leave one character space after all punctuation. Do not indent paragraphs that follow headings. Indent all other paragraphs by three character spaces. In general, keep punctuation to a minimum.

Lists: There should be no extra line spaces between items. Label items in the list with Arabic numerals with a full point if order of items is important, e.g. 1. 2. 3. and so on. If order of items is unimportant, label items with solid bullets. If the items in the list are complete or near complete sentences they should each begin with capital letters and end with a full stop; if they are short phrases they should start with lower case letters and end with semi-colons; single items need no punctuation or capitals. The final item in any list should end with a full stop. If punctuation is used to introduce the list, use a colon.

Footnotes: [style: 8 pt roman text within the text area. Use a superscript '1' to indicate]

Endnotes: [style: 8 pt roman text within the text area. Use a superscript '1' to indicate]

Figures: Number figures consecutively, e.g. Figure 1, 2, 3. Use (a), (b), (c) to distinguish individual subjects in a composite figure. Do not number line illustrations and photographs separately. However, figures to be printed in colour should be numbered and presented separately from other figures and be described as plates, e.g. Plate 1, Plate 2 etc. Colour figures should be avoided unless absolutely essential.

Each figure must have a caption. Place captions at the foot of figures, ranged to the left. The caption should be set in 10 point roman upper and lower case and end with a full stop. Always refer to figures as ‘Figure’, not Fig.

Place figures on the text page, close to the relevant text citation, ideally towards the top of the page. Centre them vertically in the middle of the page; alternatively, small illustrations can be placed side-by-side. For electronic submissions, please supply encapsulated PostScript of all figures and include these within the files.

If you include black and white photographs please ensure that you supply either TIFF files on disc or black and white originals.

Line illustrations: Reproduce line illustrations to the correct size and place them in position on the page. Use spray adhesive to attach figures – do not put tape over the figure or text. If you are unable to incorporate the line illustration within the text, please supply figures separately, with figure and page numbers clearly indicated on each original. Be sure to leave sufficient blank space in the text, and allow two lines of blank space above the figure and one below the caption. Please avoid faint lines, tiny lettering, complicated shading and tints.

Do not supply coloured line figures. Keep labels simple, preferably in a sans serif typeface such as Helvetica or Univers. Labels should be 10 point size if possible. Do not put boxes around figures.

Photographs: Only include photographs if they are black and white prints of excellent quality with good contrast. Please include a file of scanned photographs where possible. Subjects presented as a piece of printed material (book/journal page), photocopies or colour prints (to be reproduced as black and white) are not suitable. Please do not fix photos in place on the page. Instead, fix a photocopy in place as a guide to position and size and supply the photo separately. Label the original photo on the back with the figure number, your name and an arrow showing the top. Use a light pencil or crayon or adhesive label, and take care not to press to hard with your pencil. Please ensure that you remember to include originals or TIFF files.

Mathematical text:

Use italics for variables (i); bold for vectors (no arrows) (i); bold capitals for matrices (I); bold italic for variable vectors (i) and capital bold italic (I) for variable matrices. Ö ( ) is preferable to Ö —, especially in multi-linear fractions. Use ith, jth, nth, not ith, jth, nth. The order of brackets should be {[()]}, except where brackets have a special significance.

References: Use the Harvard system. References should be cited in the text by name and date, e.g. (Smith, 1989) or Smith (1989). All references listed must be cited, and all cited references must be included in the reference list. Indent the second and any further lines of each reference as shown below. The list should be in alphabetical order of author; where there is more than one reference by the same author they should be listed chronologically. Give full titles of articles and journals.


Benbow, C.P. and Stanley, J.C. (1980) Sex differences in mathematical ability: fact or artifact. Science, 210, 1262–4.

[Example style for journal paper]

Papert, S. (1980) Mindstorms. Children, computers, and powerful ideas. Basic Books, New York.

[Example style for book]

Ruiz i Tarrago, F. (1993) Integration of Information Technology in Secondary Education: Main Issues and Perspectives, in Guidelines for Good Practice (ed. T.J. van Weert), IFIP Working Group 3.1, Geneva.

[Example style for chapter in edited book]

Biography: At the end of your paper include a short description of your career and position. Please include no more than 100 words about yourself. Put the biography right at the end of your paper (after the reference section).