Watson, dr. S.J. (Steven)

Steven Watson



Verbal and non-verbal markers of malevolent behaviour


Interview rapport


Risk perception



Research Interests

I am based at Lancaster University in the UK where I am currently working on projects focussed upon identifying non-verbal and linguistic markers of malevolent and deceptive behaviour, and understanding the communication dynamics of investigative interviewing. I am a multi-disciplinary researcher and in the past I have explored the effects of androgen exposure on human development, medication taking, and unlawful file sharing. I also have an interest in research synthesis and meta-analysis. While visiting the University of Twente I will be collaborating on two projects. The first will utilise virtual reality and motion capture technology to help us develop an immersive training suite for investigative interviewers. A second will explore interpersonal sense-making in a novel negotiation scenario to help us better understand how incorrect assumptions about our conversation partners can disrupt communicative processes, and how we can remedy this to attain cooperative outcomes.


Watson, S. J., Zizzo, D. J., & Fleming, P. (2015). Determinants of Unlawful File Sharing: A Scoping Review. PLoS ONE, 10(6), e0127921. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0127921

Bhattacharya, D., Easthall, C., Willoughby, K. A., Small, M., & Watson, S. (2012). Capecitabine non-adherence: Exploration of magnitude, nature and contributing factors. Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice, 18(3), 333-342. doi:10.1177/1078155211436022

Hönekopp, J., & Watson, S. (2011). Meta-analysis of the relationship between digit-ratio 2D:4D and aggression. Personality and Individual Differences, 51(4), 381-386. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2010.05.003

Hönekopp, J., & Watson, S. (2010). Meta-analysis of digit ratio 2D:4D shows greater sex difference in the right hand. American Journal of Human Biology, 22(5), 619-630. doi:10.1002/ajhb.21054