Ramses A. Wessel


Decaan MB_05

Foto: Arjan Reef, UT Nieuws

University Dean of Educational Innovation

Professor of International and European Law and Governance

University of Twente

Centre for European Studies

Faculty of Behaviourial, Management & Social Sciences

P.O. Box 217

NL-7500 AE Enschede

The Netherlands

Secretariat Educational Innovation


Secretariat EU and International Law

(+31)(0)53.489.3260 (Room Ravelijn 4216)

Personal e-mail

Visits: Citadel Building, room H 417

Go directly to Publications



New Releases

978-90-6704-902-3 (1) Informal International Lawmaking

Professional functions

Full Professor of International and European Law and Governance, University Dean of Educational Innovation, Former Dean at the School of Management and Governance, and Co-Director of the Centre for European Studies (a Centre of Expertise connected to the Institute for Innovation and Governance Studies - IGS).The Chair is part of the Law & Regulation group of the Department of Public Administration. Additional functions include:

Visiting Professor Universidad Internacional de Andalucía and Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Sevilla;

Editor-in-Chief and founder of the International Organizations Law Review; Editor-in-Chief of the Netherlands Yearbook of International Law; former Editor-in-Chief of Vrede en Veiligheid;

Editor of European Papers: A Journal of Law and Integration; and of Nijhoff Studies in European Union Law;

Member of the Editorial Board of The European Union in International Affairs book series and the CLEER Working Papers series

Member of the standing governmental Advisory Committee on Issues of Public International Law (CAVV);

Senior member of the Netherlands Institute of Government (NIG) and the Research School Ius Commune;

Fellow of the Hague Institute for the Internationalisation of the Law (HiiL); Fellow of the Centre for Conflict and Security Law; and Member of the Governing Board and co-founder of the Centre for the Law of EU External Relations (CLEER) in The Hague;

Member of the International Steering Committee for the European Union in International Affairs (EUIA) conferences

Research – Innovating the Governance of Multilevel Regulation

Research expertise lies in the field of international and European institutional law and governance, with a focus on (the influence of technological developments on) global governance, international organizations, EU external relations, European and global foreign, security and defence policy, and the vertical relations between legal orders (global-EU-domestic). The effects of international developments on the EU and its Member States (and vice versa) forms a central theme. This theme is approached from the perspective of new developments and innovations in EU and global governance and multilevel regulation as part of the multi-disciplinary and highly acclaimed research program Innovation of Governance, which focuses on changes in the relationships between citizens and their government at various levels, with specific attention for the emergence of multilevel governance, from the viewpoints of legitimacy and effectiveness. With a view to the university’s High Tech, Human Touch approach, research projects deal with the regulation of technological innovations in various sectors (including railways, nanotechnology, medical devices, telecom, (cyber) security, (green) energy and the internet). Research activities are furthermore embedded in the program Constitutional Processes (theme: Constitutional Processes in the International Legal Order) of the Ius Commune Research School.

My whereabouts

>11-13 May 2016: The European Union in International Affairs V conference, Brussels, Belgium

>31 March-1 April 2016: Universidad Internacional de Andalucía, Sevilla, Spain

>March-April 2016: Visiting Professor at Università di Roma ‘La Sapienza’, Department of International and European Law, Rome, Italy

>18 December 2015: Editorial Board Meeting European Papers, Università di Roma ‘La Sapienza’, Rome, Italy

>26-27 November 2015: Presentation on The Reception of EU Law in the International Legal Order, 20th Ius Commune Congress, Leuven, Belgium

>26 November 2015: Guest lecture The Law of International Organizations, Faculty of Law, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium

>24 November 2015: Keynote The Implementation of ‘TOM’: Lessons Learned, Conference Towards a new educational vision for the EUR, Erasmus University Rotterdam, The Netherlands

>6 November 2015: Annual Conference Koninklijke Nederlandse Vereniging voor Internationaal Recht, The Hague Institute for Global Justice, The Hague, The Netherlands

>5-6 November 2015: Annual Conference Netherlands Institute for Government (NIG), Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands

>20 October 2015: Keynote speech Developing a Research Agenda for EU Performance in International Institutions, kick-off of the IES Autumn Lecture Series 2015, Institute for European Studies, Brussels, Belgium

>12 October 2015: European Commission, Brussels, Belgium

>1 October 2015: Speech Reconsidering the Theoretical Foundations of the Autonomy of EU Law at the conference The Autonomy of EU Law from the Perspective of International Judicial Bodies: A Mixed Blessing?, Hungarian Academy of Sciences Centre of Social Sciences, Budapest, Hungary

>23-26 September 2015: 1st Jean Monnet workshop on the Dialogue Between Judges: The Court of Justice of the European Union and Other International Courts, Geneva, Switzerland

>17 September 2015: Editorial Board meeting European Papers: A Journal of Law and Integration, Université Paris-Sorbonne, Paris, France

>9-11 September: European Society of International Law, Annual Conference, Oslo, Norway

>4 September 2015: participation PhD-committee Hans Merket, Gent, Belgium

>1-3 July 2105: International Society of Public Law (ICON·S) Conference on Public Law in an Uncertain World, New York University, New York, USA

>26 June 2015: Academy of European Law, Trier, Germany

>25-26 June 2015: Conference Constructive Links or Dangerous Liaisons? The Case of Public International Law and European Union Law, Queen Mary, University of London, London, UK

>23 June 2015: Lecture European Institutions, Master of Public Management, Scotland House, Brussels, Belgium

>22 June 2015: Keynote speech ‘EU External Representation Post-Lisbon’, 1st CLEER Graduate workshop on the Law of EU External Relations, Brussels, Belgium

>19 June 2015: Editorial Board meeting European Papers, Università di Roma ‘La Sapienza’, Rome, Italy

>13 May 2015: Keynote speech ‘The State of Affairs in EU External Relations Law’, Joint RENFORCE-CLEER Workshop on The External Effects of EU Law, Utrecht, The Netherlands

>24 April 2015: Conference Powers under External Pressure, Amsterdam Centre for European Law and Governance, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

>22-23 April 2015: Research project PROCON, Europe's contribution to a value-based global order, Brussels, Belgium

>10 April 2015: Panel Risk Regulation on Emerging Technologies at the UCALL Congres 'Law in the Risk Society’, Utrecht, The Netherlands

>19-21 March 2015: Universidad Internacional de Andalucía, Sevilla, Spain

>26-27 February 2015: Participation in CEPS Ideas Lab ‘More or Less Europe?’, Centre for European Policy Studies, Brussels, Belgium

>19-20 February 2015: Co-organiser of The EU and International Dispute Settlement, Joint Workshop organised by the ESIL Interest Group on The EU as a Global Actor, the Centre for the Law of EU External Relations (CLEER) and the European University Institute, EUI, Firenze, Italy

>12 February 2015: Conference Het Rijk en de G4 in Europa, Utrecht, The Netherlands

>5-6 February 2015: Research project PROCON, Europe's contribution to a value-based global order, Rapallo, Italy

>earlier events


>Recent case law: Today in Luxembourg

>June 2105: M. Ambrus and R.A. Wessel (Eds.), Between Pragmatism and Predictability: Temporariness in International Law, ESIL Reflections, 2015

>May 2015: Report on the EU and Subnational Governments: Europa als kans:

Better Regulation voor Nederlandse medeoverheden

>January 2015: The European Court of Justice blocks the EU’s accession to the ECHR, CEPS Commentary

>August 2014: Humanitaire hulpverlening, Report of the Advisory Committee of Issues of Public International Law

>May 2014: Extern optreden van de Europese Unie en international recht, Report of the Advisory Committee of Issues of Public International Law

>March 2014: Registration open for the 2nd CLEER Summer School on The Law of EU External Relations, June 2014, Brussels

>November 2013: EEAS Commentary published online: S. Blockmans, M. Cremona, D. Curtin, G. De Baere, S. Duke, C. Eckes, C. Hillion, B. Van Vooren, R. Wessel, and J. Wouters, European External Action Service 2.0: Recommendations for the 2013 EEAS Review

>October 2013: International law and drones, Main conclusions of the Advisory Committee of Issues of Public International Law

>old news


Key Projects

>2015-now: Evaluatie crisisbeheersing MH17

>2014-now: PROCON (Horizon 2020): Europe's contribution to a value-based global order

>2014-now: RETUNE (Horizon 2020): Training network The Post-crisis Legitimacy of the European Union

>2014-2015: The Influence of the EU on Sub-National Authorities (Ministry for the Interior)

>2012-2014: EEAS 2.0 project – Redrafting the 2010 Decision on the organisation and functioning of the European External Action Service

>2011-2015: NanoNextNL, project 01C.04 Governance and regulation

>2010-2012: Informal International Law-Making (INLAW), HiiL (Geneva, Leuven, Twente)

>2010-2011: Marie Curie Initial Training Network EXACT in the field of EU External Action

>2008-now: EUPERFORM network on the performance of the EU in multilateral institutions

>2004-2008: EU Network of Excellence Connecting Excellence on European Governance (CONNEX)


The Chair is responsible for a number of courses in the European Public Administration and European Studies programs. Undergraduate courses include: European Legal Integration, European Legal Governance, EU External Legal Relations, and Introduction to Law

Graduate course: European Union Law

Post-graduate: Masterclass Europa in de Publieke Sector

Selected guest lectures: Bogotá, Grenoble, Moscow, Trier, Sevilla, Berlin, Luxembourg, Sheffield, Cologne, Riga, Helsinki, Dubrovnik, Münster

Ph.D supervision

As promoter

Karolien Pieters, The Integration of the Mediterranean Neighbours into the EU Internal Market (successfully defended October 2009)

Chris Breuer, The Regional Conundrum: How Regions and Encompassed Actors are Involved in EU Regional Policy (successfully defended April 2011)

Martin Holterman, The Transaction Costs of Semi-Public Institutions: The History of the Railways as a Challenge for Coase (successfully defended September 2011)

Nupur Chowdhury, European Regulation of Medical Devices: Regulatee Expectations of Legal Certainty (successfully defended September 2013)

Maurits Sanders, Publiek-Private Samenwerking in de Nederlandse energiesector: vorm en legitimiteit (successfully defended December 2013)

Lesley Broos, ‘Publieksvriendelijk’ versnellen van innovatie in netwerksectoren: exploratie van wetstechnische mogelijkheden ter bevordering van innovatie in de telecomsector, met behoud van de bescherming van publieke belangen (successfully defended February 2014)

Marcel Kiers, Er zijn meerdere wegen die naar Brussel leiden. Strategie en doelbereiking van Nederlandse provincies in Europa (successfully defended February 2014)

Evisa Kica, The Legitimacy of Transnational Private Governance Arrangements Related to Nanotechnologies: The Case of International Organization for Standardization (successfully defended January 2015)

Claudio Matera, The European Union as an International Actor in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice. A Legal Constitutional Analysis (in progress)

Renuka Dhinakaran, The Legal Regime governing Employment Relations in International Organisations (in progress; joint project with Utrecht University)

Morid Pagardi, EU Sanctions and Iran (in progress)

As member of the assessment committee

Maaike Damen-Koedijk, EU Cohesion Policy & Accountability: Coverage, Context, Content & Costs in the Case of ERDF in the Netherlands (University of Twente, 2016)

Hans Merket, The European Union and the Security-Development Nexus: Bridging the Legal Divide (Universiteit Gent, 2015)

Aline Reichow, Effective Regulation under Conditions of Scientific Uncertainty: How Collaborative Networks Contribute to Occupational Health and Safety Regulation for Nanomaterials (University of Twente, 2015)

Moritz Moelle, Cooperation of International Organisations in Peacekeeping Operations and Issues of International Responsibility (Universities of Geneva and Leiden, 2014)

Marc Harmsen, Ambtshalve toetsing door de bestuursrechter: gerechtvaardigde uitzondering of uitgeholde regel? (University of Twente, 2013)

Scarlett McArdle, The International Responsibility of the European Union: a Critique of the International Law Commission’s Articles on the Responsibility of International Organizations (The University of Sheffield, UK, 2013)

Muhire G. Yves, The African Union’s Right of Intervention and the UN System of Collective Security (Utrecht University, 2013)

Dennis Gyllensporre, The EU as a Crisis Management Actor: An Examination of the Common Security Defence Policy through Lenses of Idealism and Realism (University of Maastricht, 2010)

Bart van Vooren, A Paradigm for Coherence in EU External Relations Law: The European Neighbourhood Policy (European University Institute, Florence, 2010)

Gloria Fernandez Arribas, Las capacidades de la Unión Europea como sujeto de Derecho Internacional (University Pablo de Olavide of Seville, 2008)

Frederik Naert, International Law Aspects of the EU’s Security and Defence Policy, with a particular focus on the law of armed conflict and human rights (Catholic University Leuven, 2008)

Derek Jan Fikkers, Geruisloos beleid: West-Europese regio's in hun zoektocht naar hoger opgeleiden (University of Twente, 2008)

Steven Blockmans, Tough Love: The European Union’s Relations with the Western Balkans (University of Leiden, 2007)

Stephen Sieberson, Dividing lines between the European Union and its member states: assessing the impact of the constitutional treaty (Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2007)

Tobias Nowak, How Judgments Become Law and How Law Restricts Judgments: The Infuence of the European Court of Justice on the Legislative Process of the European Community (University of Groningen, 2007)

Isabel Nunes, Multilevel Role Prescriptions: Portugal, NATO and the CFSP (University of Twente, 23 August 2006)

Aleš Vlk, Higher Education and GATS: Regulatory Consequences and Stakeholders’ Responses (University of Twente, 29 June 2006)

Tanja Aalberts, Politics of Sovereignty (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, 7 June 2006)

Mendeltje van Keulen, How the Dutch Government Shapes European Union Policy (University of Twente, 30 March 2006)

Delano Verwey, The European Community, the European Union and the International Law of Treaties (Erasmus University Rotterdam, 7 October 2004)