Human Factors

What is the estimated time of negative mood and stress to cause craving?-van Lier

Alcohol abuse is a major societal challenge. It is currently the fourth leading unhealthy lifestyle behavior contributing to morbidity and mortality and has devastating effects on individuals and their families. Craving for alcohol is generally considered as an important cause of relapse (Rohsenow & Monti, 1999) and many patients and their clinicians regard craving as a highly challenging obstacle for achieving recovery (Lowman, Hunt, Litten, & Drummond, 2000). If we can predict craving prior to the occurrence of craving, we can warn a person of the upcoming craving. Multiple variables (e.g. negative affect, stress) are known to cause craving, however the time of occurrence prior to craving is unclear. Therefore the aim of this thesis is to study the moment in time from which we can predict future craving based on current events. First, a literature review to determine prior research on the time interval between negative mood, stress and craving will be performed. Second, data from a 100 day study were negative mood, stress and craving are administered multiple times a day will be (collected and) analyzed. 

Supervisors
Eerste begeleider: Erika van Lier MSc
Tweede begeleider: Dr. Matthijs Noordzij

Lowman, C., Hunt, W. a, Litten, R. Z., & Drummond, D. C. (2000). Research perspectives on alcohol craving: an overview. Addiction (Abingdon, England), 95 Suppl 2(January), S45–S54. http://doi.org/10.1046/j.1360-0443.95.8s2.14.x

Rohsenow, D. J., & Monti, P. M. (1999). Does urge to drink predict relapse after treatment? Alcohol Research & Health : The Journal of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, 23(3), 225–232.