Ramses A. Wessel


Decaan MB_05

Foto: Arjan Reef, UT Nieuws

University Dean of Educational Innovation

Professor of International and European Institutional Law

University of Twente

Centre for European Studies

Faculty of Behaviourial, Management & Social Sciences

P.O. Box 217

NL-7500 AE Enschede

The Netherlands

Secretariat Educational Innovation


Secretariat EU and International Law

(+31)(0)53.489.3260 (Room Ravelijn 4216)

Personal e-mail

Visits: Citadel Building, room H 417

Go directly to Publications




New Releases

978-90-6704-902-3 (1) Informal International Lawmaking http://www.brill.com/files/brill.nl/imagecache/product_full-195x275px/covers/images/products/295x295/43133.jpg

Professional functions

Full Professor of International and European Institutional Law, University Dean of Educational Innovation, Former Dean at the School of Management and Governance, and Co-Director of the Centre for European Studies (a Centre of Expertise connected to the Institute for Innovation and Governance Studies - IGS).The Chair is part of the Law & Regulation group of the Department of Public Administration. Additional functions include:

Editor-in-Chief and founder of the International Organizations Law Review; Editor-in-Chief of the Netherlands Yearbook of International Law;

Editor of Nijhoff Studies in European Union Law; Member of the Editorial Board of The European Union in International Affairs book series

Member of the editorial boards of Vrede en Veiligheid; the Internationale Spectator, and the CLEER Working Papers series

Member of the standing governmental Advisory Committee on Issues of Public International Law (CAVV);

Senior member of the Netherlands Institute of Government (NIG) and the Research School Ius Commune;

Fellow of the Hague Institute for the Internationalisation of the Law (HiiL); Fellow of the Centre for Conflict and Security Law; and Member of the Governing Board and co-founder of the Centre for the Law of EU External Relations (CLEER) in The Hague;

Member of the International Steering Committee for the European Union in International Affairs (EUIA) conferences

Research – Innovating the Governance of Multilevel Regulation

Research expertise lies in the field of international and European institutional law, with a focus on international organizations, EU external relations, European and global foreign, security and defence policy, and the vertical relations between legal orders (global-EU-domestic). These themes are approached from the perspective of new developments and innovations in EU and global governance and multilevel regulation as part of the multi-disciplinary research program Innovation of Governance, which focuses mainly on changes in the relationships between citizens and their government at various levels, with specific attention for the emergence of multilevel governance, from the viewpoints of legitimacy and effectiveness. With a view to the university’s High Tech, Human Touch approach, research projects also deal with the regulation of technological innovations in various sectors (including railways, nanotechnology, medical devices, telecom, (cyber) security, (green) energy and the internet). Research activities are furthermore embedded in the program Constitutional Processes (theme: Constitutional Processes in the International Legal Order) of the Ius Commune Research School.

My whereabouts

>31 October 2014: Invited speech on The EU as a Global Actor: Institutional Aspects Relating to Trade and Investment, conference The European Union as an Actor in International Trade and Investment, Oslo, Norway

>25-26 September 2014: Conference The EEAS and the New Institutional Balance in EU External Action: Reconciling Autonomy and Cooperation, University of Salamanca, Spain

>4-6 September 2014: 10th Anniversary Conference of the European Society of International Law, Vienna, Austria

>1-3 August 2014: Conference Indicators: Law, Gaps and Democracy, Universidad de Los Andes, Bogotá, Colombia

>26-27 June 2014: Academy of European Law, Trier, Germany

>25-27 June 2014: Presentation The Appropriate Level of Enforcement in Multilevel Regulation, 5th Bienial ECPR Conference on Regulatory Governance between Global and Local, Barcelona, Spain

>23 June 2014: Lecturing at the 2nd CLEER Summer School on The Law of EU External Relations, Brussels

>16 June 2014: Presentation at the OECD Academic pre- conference on Transparency and Stakeholder Engagement in Regulatory Policy, Peace Palace, The Hague, The Netherlands,

>22-24 May 2014: The European Union in International Affairs IV, Brussels, Belgium

>20 May 2014: Presentation at the Leadership Development Programme of the European Consortium of Innovative Universities (ECIU), Brussels, Belgium

>16-17 May 2014: Invited speech on Political Economy and Decisions of International Organizations, Conference The Political Economy of International Law, ‘La Sapienza’ University, Rome, Italy

>8 May 2014: Debate on The EU’s Drive Towards Regulatory Convergence in Bilateral FTA’s: The Case of TTIP at the occasion of the launch of the new textbook EU External Relations Law: Text, Cases and Materials, Brussels, Belgium

>7 April 2014: Invited speech at the conference The EEAS: Building a New Common Diplomacy?, University of Economics / Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic, Czernin Palace, Prague, Czech Republic

>27-28 March 2014: Universidad Internacional de Andalucía, Sevilla, Spain

>20 March 2014: Invited speech on New Diplomatic Activities of the European Union and the Limits of International Law, Lecture Series on the EU as International Global Actor (flyer), University of Luxembourg

>6 February 2014: Invited presentation on Art. 5 of the EEAS Decision, EEAS 2.0: Launch of Recommendations, Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS), Brussels, Belgium

>23-24 January 2014: Guest lectures Sciences Po Grenoble, Grenoble, France

>22-23 January 2014: Study trip European Studies, EEAS, Brussels, Belgium

>15-17 January 2014: Invited speech on The Legal Dimensions of EU Performance, Conference The Performance of the European Union in International Institutions (EUPERFORM project), Brussels, Belgium

>20 December 2013: Academic Workshop EU External Action Revisited, Europees Instituut, University of Ghent, Ghent, Belgium

>12 December 2013: Invited speech at the Swedish Institute for European Policy Studies (Sieps) and the Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs on The Interface Between the EU and International Law after the Lisbon Treaty, Stockholm, Sweden

>10 December 2013: Guest lecture EU Security and Defence Policy, Law Faculty (Prof. Eric Myjer), Utrecht University, Utrecht

>6 December 2013: Conference Human Security as a Tool for a Comprehensive Approach to Human Rights and Security Linkages in EU Foreign Policy, Centre for the Law of EU External Relations (CLEER), The Hague (conference co-director)

>27-28 November 2013: Invited speech on Decisions of International Organizations in EU Law, Conference The European Union’s External Action in Times of Crises, Universidad de Granada, Granada, Spain

>27-28 November 2013: Annual Conference Netherlands Institute of Government (NIG), University of Twente

>19 November 2013: Invited speech on European Law and the EEAS: New Legal Competences in EU Diplomacy (paper with Geert De Baere), European Diplomacy post-Westphalia and the European External Action Service: Taking Stock and Looking Forward, a conference at Europe House organised by the London School of Economics, with the support of EU Representation in the UK and UACES, London, UK

>8 November 2013: External Examiner PhD Viva, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK

>7 November 2013: Invited speech on New Diplomatic Activities of the European Union and the Limits of International Law, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK

>25 October 2013: Farewell Symposium prof. Fred Soons - What’s Wrong with International Law?, Utrecht University, Utrecht

>19 October & 5 November 2013: moderator of the debates on De wereld anno 2050: (h)eerlijke nieuwe wereld?, Studium Generale, Universiteit Twente

>27 September 2013: Kadi II seminar, Expertisecentrum Europees Recht (ECER), Ministry for Foreign Affairs, The Hague

>earlier events


>Recent case law: Today in Luxembourg

> March 2014: Registration open for the 2nd CLEER Summer School on The Law of EU External Relations, June 2014, Brussels

> November 2013: EEAS Commentary published online: S. Blockmans, M. Cremona, D. Curtin, G. De Baere, S. Duke, C. Eckes, C. Hillion, B. Van Vooren, R. Wessel, and J. Wouters, European External Action Service 2.0: Recommendations for the 2013 EEAS Review

> October 2013: International law and drones, Main conclusions of the Advisory Committee of Issues of Public International Law

>19 October & 5 November 2013: De wereld anno 2050: (h)eerlijke nieuwe wereld?, Universiteit Twente

>October 2013: Registration open Conference Human Security as a Tool for a Comprehensive Approach to Human Rights and Security Linkages in EU Foreign Policy, Centre for the Law of EU External Relations (CLEER), The Hague

>September 2013: Flyer Informal International Lawmaking available

>August 2013: forthcoming: EU External Relations Law: Text, Cases and Materials, Cambridge University Press

>June 2013: Free access for 3 months to issue 9.2 of the International Organizations Law Review

>May 2013: Call for papers International Organizations: New Centres of Governance, NIG Annual Conference, 28-29 November 2013

>24-28 June 2013: 1st CLEER Summer School on The Law of EU External Relations, Brussels

>8 February 2013: EEAS Commentary published: EEAS 2.0: A Legal Commentary on Council Decision 2010/427/EU Establishing the Organisation and Functioning of the European External Action Service

>11 January 2013: OUT NOW: The 2nd Informal International Lawmaking book is full-text available - A. Berman, S. Duquet J. Pauwelyn, R.A. Wessel, and J. Wouters, (Eds.), Informal International Lawmaking: Case Studies, The Hague: Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher, 2012

>4 January 2013: OUT NOW: R.A. Wessel and S. Blockmans (Eds.), Between Autonomy and Dependence: The EU Legal Order Under the Influence of International Organisations, The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press/Springer, 2013

>old news


Key Projects

>2012-2014: EEAS 2.0 project – Redrafting the 2010 Decision on the organisation and functioning of the European External Action Service

>2011-now: NanoNextNL, project 01C.04 Governance and regulation

>2010-2012: Informal International Law-Making (INLAW), HiiL (Geneva, Leuven, Twente)

>2010-2011: Marie Curie Initial Training Network EXACT in the field of EU External Action

>2008-now: EUPERFORM network on the performance of the EU in multilateral institutions

>2004-2008: EU Network of Excellence Connecting Excellence on European Governance (CONNEX)


The Chair is responsible for a number of courses in the European Public Administration and European Studies programs. Undergraduate courses include: European Legal Integration, European Legal Governance, EU External Legal Relations, and Introduction to Law

Graduate course: European Union Law

Post-graduate: Masterclass Europa in de Publieke Sector

Ph.D supervision

As promoter

Karolien Pieters, The Integration of the Mediterranean Neighbours into the EU Internal Market (successfully defended October 2009)

Chris Breuer, The Regional Conundrum: How Regions and Encompassed Actors are Involved in EU Regional Policy (successfully defended April 2011)

Martin Holterman, The Transaction Costs of Semi-Public Institutions: The History of the Railways as a Challenge for Coase (successfully defended September 2011)

Nupur Chowdhury, European Regulation of Medical Devices: Regulatee Expectations of Legal Certainty (successfully defended September 2013)

Maurits Sanders, Publiek-Private Samenwerking in de Nederlandse energiesector: vorm en legitimiteit (successfully defended December 2013)

Lesley Broos, ‘Publieksvriendelijk’ versnellen van innovatie in netwerksectoren: exploratie van wetstechnische mogelijkheden ter bevordering van innovatie in de telecomsector, met behoud van de bescherming van publieke belangen (successfully defended February 2014)

Marcel Kiers, Er zijn meerdere wegen die naar Brussel leiden. Strategie en doelbereiking van Nederlandse provincies in Europa (successfully defended February 2014)

Claudio Matera, The European Union as an International Actor in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice. A Legal Constitutional Analysis (in progress)

Evisa Kica, The Regulation and Standardisation of Nanotechnology (in progress)

Renuka Dhinakaran, The Legal Regime governing Employment Relations in International Organisations (in progress; joint project with Utrecht University)

As member of the assessment committee

Moritz Moelle, Cooperation of International Organisations in Peacekeeping Operations and Issues of International Responsibility (Universities of Geneva and Leiden, 2014)

Marc Harmsen, Ambtshalve toetsing door de bestuursrechter: gerechtvaardigde uitzondering of uitgeholde regel? (University of Twente, 2013)

Scarlett McArdle, The International Responsibility of the European Union: a Critique of the International Law Commission’s Articles on the Responsibility of International Organizations (The University of Sheffield, UK, 2013)

Muhire G. Yves, The African Union’s Right of Intervention and the UN System of Collective Security (Utrecht University, 2013)

Dennis Gyllensporre, The EU as a Crisis Management Actor: An Examination of the Common Security Defence Policy through Lenses of Idealism and Realism (University of Maastricht, 2010)

Bart van Vooren, A Paradigm for Coherence in EU External Relations Law: The European Neighbourhood Policy (European University Institute, Florence, 2010)

Gloria Fernandez Arribas, Las capacidades de la Unión Europea como sujeto de Derecho Internacional (University Pablo de Olavide of Seville, 2008)

Frederik Naert, International Law Aspects of the EU’s Security and Defence Policy, with a particular focus on the law of armed conflict and human rights (Catholic University Leuven, 2008)

Derek Jan Fikkers, Geruisloos beleid: West-Europese regio's in hun zoektocht naar hoger opgeleiden (University of Twente, 2008)

Steven Blockmans, Tough Love: The European Union’s Relations with the Western Balkans (University of Leiden, 2007)

Stephen Sieberson, Dividing lines between the European Union and its member states: assessing the impact of the constitutional treaty (Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2007)

Tobias Nowak, How Judgments Become Law and How Law Restricts Judgments: The Infuence of the European Court of Justice on the Legislative Process of the European Community (University of Groningen, 2007)

Isabel Nunes, Multilevel Role Prescriptions: Portugal, NATO and the CFSP (University of Twente, 23 August 2006)

Aleš Vlk, Higher Education and GATS: Regulatory Consequences and Stakeholders’ Responses (University of Twente, 29 June 2006)

Tanja Aalberts, Politics of Sovereignty (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, 7 June 2006)

Mendeltje van Keulen, How the Dutch Government Shapes European Union Policy (University of Twente, 30 March 2006)

Delano Verwey, The European Community, the European Union and the International Law of Treaties (Erasmus University Rotterdam, 7 October 2004)